† Ichthyodectiformes


Additional Functions


Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Pisces  ⇒ Klasse: Osteichthyes  ⇒ Unterklasse: Actinopterygii  ⇒ Superdivision: Neopterygii  ⇒ Teilklasse: Teleostei  ⇒ ohne Rang: Osteossomorpha

Taxo­nomic seg­ment


This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Bardack & Sprinkle, 1969

Other languages



Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 150.8 Ma - End age: 38 Ma
Upper/Late Cretaceous
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: actively mobile
Environment: marine
Compositon of the remains:


Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

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Next lower taxonomy level

Taxonomic assignment (110)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • K. N. Bice, 2016 - Fossil marine vertebrates from the Codell Sandstone Member (middle Turonian) of the Upper Cretaceous Carlile Shale in Jewell County, Kansas, USA - Cretaceous Research (65), 172-198 (journal article, English)
  • L. Cavin, 2013 - Osteology of Eubiodectes libanicus (Pictet & Humbert, ) and some other ichthyodectiformes (Teleostei): phylogenetic implications - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (11), 115-177 (journal article, English)
  • R. Vullo, 2012 - Reappraisal of Gwawinapterus beardi from the Late Cretaceous of Canada: a saurodontid fish, not a pterosaur - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (32), 1198-1201 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Long, 2011 - - The Rise of Fishes: 500 Million Years of Evolution (Second Edition) (), 1-287 (book, English)
  • V. M. Arbour, 2011 - An istiodactylid pterosaur from the Upper Cretaceous Nanaimo Group, Hornby Island, British Columbia, Canada - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (48), 63-69 (journal article, English)
  • J. Alvarado-Ortega, 2009 - A New Ichthyodectiform (Actinopterygii, Teleostei) from the Lower Cretaceous Marizal Formation, North-east Brazil - Palaeontology (53), 297-306 (journal article, English)
  • E. Buffetaut, 2008 - An Early Cretaceous spinosaurid theropod from southern China - Geological Magazine (145), 745-748 (journal article, English)
  • K. Shimada, 2006 - Fossil marine vertebrates from the lowermost Greenhorn Limestone (Upper Cretaceous: Middle Cenomanian) in southeastern Colorado - Journal of Paleontology (80), 1-45 (journal article, English)
  • S. L. Cumbaa, 2006 - Cenomanian bonebed faunas from the northeastern margin, Western Interior Seaway - Late Cretaceous Vertebrates from the Western Interior. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin (35), 139-155 (book/book chapter, English)
  • G. Arratia, 2004 - Late Jurassic fishes from Longing Gap, Antarctic Peninsula - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (24), 41-55 (journal article, English)
  • J. Alvarado-Ortega, 2004 - Description and Relationships of a New Ichthyodectiform Fish from the Tlayúa Formation (Early Cretaceous: Albian), Puebla, Mexico - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (24), 802-813 (journal article, English)
  • P. L. Forey, 2003 - Fossil fishes from the Cenomanian (Upper Cretaceous) of Namoura, Lebanon - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (1), 227-330 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • G. Arratia, 2000 - Remarkable teleostean fishes from the Late Jurassic of southern Germany and their phylogenetic relationships - Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, Geowissenschaften Reihe (3), 137-179 (journal article, English)
  • L. Taverne, 2000 - Faugichthys loryi n. gen., n. sp. (Teleostei, Ichthyodectiformes) de l'Albien terminal (Cretace inferieur marin) du vallon de la Fauge (Isere, France) et considerations sur la phylogenie des Ichthyodectidae - Geodiversitas (22), 23-34 (journal article, French)
  • L. Taverne, 1999 - Les poissons Cretaces de Nardo. 9. Note complementaire sur le Saurodontinae (Teleostei, Ichthyodectiformes): Saurodon elongatus, sp. nov. - Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terziari di Bolca (8), 105-116 (journal article, English)
  • J. D. Stewart, 1999 - A new genus of Saurodontidae (Teleostei, †Ichthyodectiformes) from Upper Cretaceous rocks of the Western Interior of North America - Mesozoic Fishes 2—Systematics and Fossil Record (), 335-360 (book chapter, English)
  • D. R. Schwimmer, 1997 - Xiphactinus vetus and the distribution of Xiphactinus species in the eastern United States - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (17), 610-615 (journal article, English)
  • L. A. Nessov, 1995 - Dinozavri severnoi Yevrazii: Novye dannye o sostave kompleksov, ekologii i paleobiogeografii [Dinosaurs of northern Eurasia: new data about assemblages, ecology, and paleobiogeography] - Institute for Scientific Research on the Earth's Crust, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg (), 1-156 (book/book chapter, Russian)
  • Y. Yabumoto, 1994 - Early Cretaceous freshwater fish fauna in Kyushu, Japan - Bulletin of the Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History (13), 107-254 (journal article, English)
  • A. L. Cione, 1990 - Reidentification of Portheus patagonicus Ameghino, 1901, a supposed fish from the Middle Tertiary of Patagonia as a delphinoid cetacean - Journal of Paleontology (64), 451-453 (journal article, English)
  • B. Schaeffer, 1984 - Jurassic fishes from the western United States, with comments on Jurassic fish distribution - American Museum Novitates (2796), 1-86 (serial monograph, English)
  • L. A. Nessov, 1981 - Amfibii i reptilii v ekosistemakh Mela sredney Azii [Amphibia and reptiles in Cretaceous ecosystems of central Asia] - The Problems of Herpetology. Fifth Herpetological Conference. Abstracts (), 91-92 (abstract, Russian)
  • S. P. Applegate, 1970 - The vertebrate fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama - Fieldiana: Geology Memoires (3), 385-433 (journal article, English)
  • H. W. Miller, 1967 - Cretaceous vertebrates from Phoebus Landing, North Carolina - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (119), 219-235 (journal article, English)
  • C. Ping, 1933 - Descriptons of two new fossil fishes from Chekiang - Bulletin of the Geological Society of China (2), 269-273 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Woodward, 1919 - The fossil fishes of the English Wealden and Purbeck Formations, Part III - Palaeontographical Society, London (1917), 105-148 (serial monograph, English)
  • O. P. Hay, 1902 - - Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey (179), 1-868 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. S. Woodward, 1901 - - Catalogue of Fossil Fishes in the British Museum (Natural History), Part IV (), 1-636 (book, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1885 - A contribution to the vertebrate paleontology of Brazil - Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (23), 1-21 (journal article, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1877 - On some new or little known reptiles and fishes of the Cretaceous no. 3, of Kansas - Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (17), 176-181 (journal article, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1874 - Review of the Vertebrata of the Cretaceous Period found west of the Mississippi River - Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, First Series (2), 3-48 (journal article, English)
  • J. Leidy, 1873 - Part I. Contributions to the extinct vertebrate fauna of the western territories - Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories (1), 1-358 (serial monograph, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1871 - [A brief account of the expedition of seventeen days, which I have just made in the valley of the Smoky Hill river in Kansas] - Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (12), 174-176 (journal article, English)
  • J. Leidy, 1870 - [Remarks on ichthyorudiolites and on certain fossil Mammalia] - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (22), 12-13 (journal article, English)
  • J. Leidy, 1857 - List of extinct Vertebrata, the remans of which have been discovered in the region of the Missouri River: with remarks on their geological age - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (9), 89-91 (journal article, English)
  • J. Leidy, 1856 - Notices of remains of extinct vertebrated animals of New Jersey, collected by Prof. Cook of the State Geological Survey under the direction of Dr. W. Kitchell - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (8), 220-221 (journal article, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1843 - - Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome I (livr. 18). Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel (), xxxii-188 (book, English)


GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) t5SpJ10A90Cp8bUDY2sivQ
GUID (Global unique identifier) 27A994B7-005D-40F7-A9F1-B503636B22BD
Database ID 3918