Procyonidae (Kleinbären)


Additional Functions


Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Tetrapoda  ⇒ Klasse: Mammalia  ⇒ Unterklasse: Theriiformes  ⇒ Infraklasse: Holotheria  ⇒ Superlegion: Trechnotheria  ⇒ Legion: Cladotheria  ⇒ Sublegion: Zatheria  ⇒ Infralegion: Tribosphenida  ⇒ Superkohorte: Theria  ⇒ Unterklasse: Eutheria  ⇒ Überordnung: Laurasiatheria  ⇒ Klade: Carnivoramorpha  ⇒ Ordnung: Carnivora  ⇒ Überfamilie: Arctoidea  ⇒ Superfamilie: Musteloidea

Taxo­nomic seg­ment


This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Gray, 1825

Other languages





Alternative Name



Bonaparte, 1850
Ref.: C.-L. Bonaparte. 1850. Conspectus Systematis Mastozoologiae. Editio Altera Reformata Survey of the system of mammals. Second revised edition. E. J. Brill, Leyden



Bonaparte, 1850
Ref.: C.-L. Bonaparte. 1850. Conspectus Systematis Mastozoologiae. Editio Altera Reformata Survey of the system of mammals. Second revised edition. E. J. Brill, Leyden

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 22.4 Ma - End age: 0 Ma
Upper Pleistocene

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: actively mobile
Environment: terrestrial


Compositon of the remains:


Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 2)

Taxonomic assignment (93)

Occurrences (2)

Locations with GPS information

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • L. H. Soibelzon, 2019 - First record of fossil procyonid (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Uruguay - Journal of South American Earth Sciences (92), 368-373 (journal article, English)
  • L. B. Albright, 2019 - Cenozoic vertebrate biostratigraphy of South Carolina, U.S.A. and additions to the fauna - Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History (57), 77-236 (journal article, English)
  • C. M. Deschamps, 2016 - Late Cenozoic vertebrates from the Southern Pampean region: systematic and bio-chronostratigraphic update - Palinología del Meso-Cenozoico de Argentina - Volumen en homenaje a Mirta Elena Quattrocchio (16), 202-225 (book chapter, English)
  • L. H. Soibelzon, 2011 - First description of milk teeth of fossil South American procyonid from the lower Chapadmalalan (Late Miocene–Early Pliocene) of ‘‘Farola Monte Hermoso,’’ Argentina: paleoecological considerations - Paläontologische Zeitschrift (85), 83-89 (journal article, English)
  • A. M. Forasiepi, 2007 - Revisión taxonómica de Parahyaenodon argentinus Ameghino y sus implicancias en el conocimiento de los grandes mamíferos carnívoros del Mio-Plioceno de América de Sur - Ameghiniana (44), 153-159 (journal article, Spanish)
  • X. Wang, 2005 - Amphicticeps and Amphicynodon (Arctoidea, Carnivora) from Hsanda Gol Formation, Central Mongolia and phylogeny of basal arctoids with comments on zoogeography - American Museum Novitates (3483), 1-57 (journal article, English)
  • J. Marmi, 2004 - Phylogeny, evolutionary history and taxonomy of the Mustelidae based on sequences of the cytochrome b gene and a complex repetitive flanking region - Zoologica Scripta (33), 481-499 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Baskin, 2004 - Bassariscus and Probassariscus (Mammalia, Carnivora, Procyonidae) from the early Barstovian (Middle Miocene) - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (24), 709-720 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Baskin, 2003 - New procyonines from the Hemingfordian and Barstovian of the Gulf Coast and Nevada, including the first fossil record of the Potosini - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (279), 125-146 (journal article, English)
  • J. Alroy, 2002 - Synonymies and reidentifications of North American fossil mammals - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • N. Hollister, 2000 - The genera and subgenera of raccoons and their allies - Proceedings of the US National Museum (49), 143-150 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Baskin, 1998 - Procyonidae - Evolution of Tertiary mammals of North America (), 144-151 (book/book chapter, English)
  • M. Morlo, 1996 - Carnivoren aus dem Unter-Miozän des Mainzer Beckens - Senckenbergiana Lethaea (76), 193-249 (journal article, German)
  • M. Wolson, 1993 - Phylogeny and classification of early European Mustelida (Mammalia: Carnivora) - Acta Theriologica (38), 345-384 (journal article, English)
  • M. R. Voorhies, 1990 - Vertebrate biostratigraphy of the Ogallala Group in Nebraska - Geologic Framework and Regional Hydrology: Upper Cenozoic Blackwater Draw and Ogallala Formations, Great Plains (), 115-151 (book/book chapter, English)
  • A. H. Harris, 1990 - Taxonomic status of the Pleistocene ringtail Bassariscus sonoitensis (Carnivora) - Southwestern Naturalist (35), 343-346 (journal article, English)
  • J. E. A. Bertram, 1990 - Differential scaling of the long bones in the terrestrial Carnivora and other mammals - Journal of Morphology (204), 157-169 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Baskin, 1989 - Comments on New World Tertiary Procyonidae (Mammalia: Carnivora) - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (9), 110-117 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Carroll, 1988 - - Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution (), 1-698 (compendium, English)
  • A. A. Biewener, 1983 - Allometry of quadrupedal locomotion: the scaling of duty factor, bone curvature and limb orientation to body size - Journal of Experimental Biology (105), 147-171 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Baskin, 1982 - Tertiary Procyoninae (Mammalia: Carnivora) of North America - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (2), 71-93 (journal article, English)
  • E. R. Hall, 1981 - - The Mammals of North America (), 1-1181 (book, English)
  • O. J. Linares, 1981 - Tres nuevos carnivoros Procionidos fósiles del Mioceno de Norte y Sudamerica - Ameghiniana (18), 113-121 (journal article, Spanish)
  • B. Kurten, 1980 - - Pleistocene mammals of North America (), 1-442 (book, English)
  • P. D. Gingerich, 1979 - Indraloris and Sivaladapis: Miocene adapid primates from the Siwaliks of India and Pakistan - Nature (279), 415-416 (journal article, English)
  • W. W. Dalquest, 1978 - Early Blancan mammals of the Beck Ranch local fauna of Texas - Journal of Mammalogy (59), 269-298 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Wilson, 1960 - Miocene carnivores, Texas Coastal Plain - Journal of Paleontology (34), 983-1000 (journal article, English)
  • J. L. Kraglievich, 1954 - Un nuevo Procionido del Plioceno de Las Playas (Provincia de Córdoba) - Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina (9), 210-231 (journal article, Spanish)
  • C. W. Hibbard, 1952 - A New Bassariscus From the Upper Pliocene of Kansas - Journal of Mammalogy (33), 379-381 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Hibbard, 1950 - Mammals of the Rexroad Formation from Fox Canyon, Kansas - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan (8), 113-192 (journal article, English)
  • M. F. Skinner, 1942 - The fauna of Papago Springs Cave, Arizona, and a study of Stockeros; with three new antilocaprines from Nebraska and Arizona - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (80), 143-220 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Hibbard, 1941 - New Mammals from the Rexroad Fauna, Upper Pliocene of Kansas - American Midland Naturalist (26), 337-368 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Hibbard, 1933 - A new Bassariscus from the Lower Pliocene of Nebraska - University of Kansas Science Bulletin (21), 273-278 (journal article, English)
  • G. G. Simpson, 1929 - Pleistocene mammalian fauna of the Seminole Field, Pinellas County, Florida - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (56), 561-599 (journal article, English)
  • E. R. Hall, 1927 - Species of the mammalian subfamily Bassaricinae - University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences (16), 435-448 (journal article, English)
  • C. Ameghino, 1925 - Un prociónido Cercoleptoide en el Pampeano inferior de la Argentinca "Brachynasua merani", n. gen. n. sp. - Comunicaciones del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural "Bernardino Rivadavia" Buenos Aires (2), 181-191 (journal article, Spanish)
  • J. A. Allen, 1919 - Preliminary notes on African Carnivora - Journal of Mammalogy (1), 23-31 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Merriam, 1916 - Tertiary Vertebrate Fauna From The Cedar Mountain Region of Western Nevada - University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology (9), 161-198 (journal article, English)
  • C. Rovereto, 1914 - Los Estratos Araucanos y sus fósiles - Anales del Museo de Historia Natural de Buenos Aire (25), 1-24 (book, Spanish)
  • J. A. Allen, 1913 - New mammals from Colombia and Ecuador - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (32), 469-484 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Merriam, 1911 - Tertiary Mammal Beds Of Virgin Valley and Thousand Creek In Northwestern Nevada. Part II.-Vertebrate Faunas - University of California Publications Bulletin of the Department of Geology (6), 199-304 (journal article, English)
  • W. D. Matthew, 1909 - A Pliocene fauna from western Nebraska - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (26), 361-414 (journal article, English)
  • F. Ameghino, 1904 - Nuevas especies de mamíferos, cretáceos y terciarios de la República Argentina [New species of mammals, Cretaceous and Tertiarty, from the Argentine Republic] - Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina (56–58), 1-142 (journal article, Spanish)
  • O. Thomas, 1903 - New mammals from Chiriqui - The annals and magazine of natural history; zoology, botany and geology (7), 376-382 (journal article, English)
  • O. P. Hay, 1902 - - Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey (179), 1-868 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. Ameghino, 1885 - Nuevos restos de mamíferos fósiles Oligocenos recogidos por el Profesor Pedro Scalabrini y pertenecientes al Museo Provincial de la ciudad del Parana [New remains of Oligocene fossil mammals collected by Professor Pedro Scalabrini and belonging to the Pro - Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias (8), 1-205 (journal article, Spanish)
  • C.-L. Bonaparte, 1850 - - Conspectus Systematis Mastozoologiae. Editio Altera Reformata [Survey of the system of mammals. Second revised edition]. E. J. Brill, Leyden (), 1- (serial monograph, other)
  • J. L. Leconte, 1848 - Notice of five new species of fossil Mammalia from Illinois - American Journal of Science and Arts (5), 102-106 (journal article, English)
  • F. Holl, 1829 - - Handbuch der Petrefactenkunde, mit einer Einleitung über die Vorwelt der organischen Wesen auf der Erde von Dr. Ludwig Choulant (1), 1-115 (serial monograph, German)
  • J. E. Gray, 1825 - An outline of an attempt at the disposition of Mammalia into Tribes and Families, with a list of genera apparently appertaining to each Tribe - Annals of Philosophy, new series (10), 337-344 (journal article, English)
  • C. Linnaeus, 1758 - - Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima (1), 1-824 (book, other)


GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) h54iInMUKkWPucg4-FTQng
GUID (Global unique identifier) 22229E87-1473-452A-8FB9-C838F854D09E
Database ID 3629