'._('einklappen').'
 

† Placodermi

Placodermi

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Pisces

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Klasse

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

M'Coy, 1848

Andere Sprachen

Deutsch

Panzerfische

wissenschaftlich

Placodermi

Ausführliche Beschreibung

Panzerfische sind eine Klasse der Fische (Pisces). Sie traten im Silur auf und verschwanden im Devon wieder. Die ersten Panzerfische lebten im Süßwasser, besiedelten im Devon auch das Meer. Panzerfische haben einen mit Knochenplatten gepanzerten Kopf und Rumpf.

Fundpunkte für Panzerfische in Deutschland: Bundenbach, Gemünden, Bad Wildungen.

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 419.2 Ma - Endalter: 298.9 Ma
294.6
306.5
326.4
374.5
397.5
421.3
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Silur

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 4)

Fossilzuordnungen (470)

Vorkommen (9)

Lokationen mit GPS-Informationen

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • Z. Pan, 2015 - A new petalichthyid placoderm from the Early Devonian of Yunnan, China - Comptes Rendus Palevol (14), 125-137 (journal article, English)
  • V. Vaškaninová, 2014 - The largest Lower Devonian placoderm - Antineosteus rufus sp. nov. from the Barrandian area (Czech Republic) - Bulletin of Geosciences (89), 635-644 (journal article, English)
  • G. C. Young, 2014 - New arthrodires (placoderm fishes) from the Aztec Siltstone (late Middle Devonian) of southern Victoria Land, Antarctica - Australian Journal of Zoology (62), 44-62 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Long, 2011 - - The Rise of Fishes: 500 Million Years of Evolution (Second Edition) (), 1-287 (book, English)
  • M. Rücklin, 2011 - First selenosteid placoderms from the eastern Anti-Atlas of Morocco; osteology, phylogeny and palaeogeographical implications - Palaeontology (54), 25-62 (journal article, English)
  • G.-R. Zhang, 2010 - A basal antiarch (placoderm fish) from the Silurian of Qujing, Yunnan, China - Palaeoworld (19), 129-135 (journal article, English)
  • G. C. Young, 2010 - Placoderms (Armored Fish): Dominant Vertebrates of the Devonian Period - Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences (38), 523-550 (journal article, English)
  • R. K. Carr, 2010 - Two new species of Dunkleosteus Lehman, 1956, from the Ohio Shale Formation (USA, Famennian) and the Kettle Point Formation (Canada, Upper Devonian), and a cladistic analysis of the Eubrachythoraci (Placodermi, Arthrodira) - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (159), 195-222 (journal article, English)
  • K. Trinajstic, 2009 - Phenotypic plasticity, polymorphism and phylogeny within placoderms - Acta Zoologica (90), 83-102 (journal article, English)
  • M. D. Brazeau, 2009 - The braincase and jaws of a Devonian 'acanthodian' and modern gnathostome origins - Nature (457), 305-308 (journal article, English)
  • G. C. Young, 2008 - An Asterolepidoid Antiarch (Placeoderm Fish) from the Early Devonian of the Georgina Basin, Central Australia - Alcheringa (8), 65-79 (journal article, English)
  • S. V. Moloshnikov, 2007 - Psammosteiforms (Agnatha, Heterostraci) from the Lower Frasnian of the Mikhailovskii Mine, Kursk Region, Russia - Paleontological Journal (41), 84-88 (journal article, English)
  • R. E. Weems, 2004 - Bothriolepis virginiensis, a valid species of placoderm fish seperable from Bothriolepis nitida - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (24), 245-250 (journal article, English)
  • G. F. Hanke, 2004 - New teleostome fishes and acanthodian systematics - Recent Advances in the Origins and Early Radiation of Vertebrates (), 189-216 (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • K. S. Thomson, 2001 - On the status of species of Bothrioplepis (Placodermi, Antiarchi) in North America - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (21), 679-686 (journal article, English)
  • E. Lukševičs, 2001 - Bothriolepid antiarchs (Vertebrata, Placodermi) from the Devonian of the north-western part of the East European platform - Geodiversitas (23), 489-609 (journal article, English)
  • M. Zhu, 2001 - Interrelationships of basal osteichthyans - Major Events in Early Vertebrate Evolution: Paleontology, Phylogeny and Development (), 289-314 (book chapter, English)
  • H. G. Johnson, 2000 - A new actinolepid arthrodire (Class Placodermi) from the Lower Devonian Sevy Dolomite, east-central Nevada - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (129), 241-266 (journal article, English)
  • D. Dineley, 1999 - Chapter 1. British fossil fish and amphibian sites - Fossil Fishes of Great Britain (), 1-29 (book/book chapter, English)
  • D. L. Dineley, 1999 - Chapter 4. Early Devonian fossil fishes sites of the Welsh Borders - Fossil Fishes of Great Britain (), 2731- (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. A. Long, 1997 - Ptyctodontid fishes (Vertebrata, Placodermi) from the Late Devonian Gogo Formation, Western Australia, with a revision of the European genus Ctenurella Orvig, 1960 - Geodiversitas (19), 515-555 (journal article, English)
  • L. A. Nessov, 1995 - Dinozavri severnoi Yevrazii: Novye dannye o sostave kompleksov, ekologii i paleobiogeografii [Dinosaurs of northern Eurasia: new data about assemblages, ecology, and paleobiogeography] - Institute for Scientific Research on the Earth's Crust, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg (), 1-156 (book/book chapter, Russian)
  • J. A. Long, 1994 - A second incisoscutid arthrodire (Pisces, Placodermi) from the Late Devonian Gogo Formation, Western Australia - Alcheringa (18), 59-69 (journal article, English)
  • Y.-H. Liu, 1991 - On a new petalichthyid, Eurycaraspis incilis gen. et sp. nov., from the middle Devonian of Zhanyi, Yunnan - Early Vertebrates and related Problems of Evolutionary Biology (), 139-177 (book/book chapter, English)
  • L. Grande, 1986 - A review of antarctic ichthyofaunas in the light of new fossil discoveries - Palaeontology (29), 113-137 (journal article, English)
  • R. H. Denison, 1985 - A new ptyctodont placoderm, Ptyctodopsis, from the Middle Devonian of Iowa - Journal of Paleontology (59), 511-522 (journal article, English)
  • D. L. Dineley, 1984 - A new actinolepid arthrodire from the Lower Devonian of Arctic Canada - Palaeontology (27), 875-888 (journal article, English)
  • R. H. Denison, 1984 - Further consideration of the phylogeny and classification of the order Arthrodira (Pisces: Placodermi) - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (4), 396-412 (journal article, English)
  • K. Dennis-Bryan, 1983 - Corrigendum: Renaming of Kimberia Dennis-Bryan & Miles, 1983 - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (78), 397- (journal article, English)
  • R. E. Weems, 1981 - A new species Bothriolepis (Placodermi: Bothriolepidae) from the Upper Devonian of Virginia (U.S.A.) - Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington (94), 984-1004 (journal article, English)
  • K. Dennis, 1979 - A second eubrachythoracid arthrodire from Gogo, Western Australia - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (67), 1-29 (journal article, English)
  • R. Denison, 1978 - Placodermi - Handbook of Palaeoichthyology (2), 1-128 (book/book chapter, English)
  • R. H. Denison, 1975 - Evolution and classification of placodermi fishes - Brevoria (432), 1-24 (journal article, English)
  • A. Ritchie, 1973 - Wuttagoonaspis gen. nov., an unusual arthrodire from the Devonian of Western New South Wales, Australia - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (143A), 58-72 (journal article, English)
  • H. N. Andrews, 1970 - Index of Generic Names of Fossil Plants, 1820-1965 - Geological Survey Bulletin (), 1-354 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. J. Straka, 1969 - A dinichthyid in Middle Devonian of Iowa - Journal of Paleontology (43), 1423-1428 (journal article, English)
  • D. V. Obruchev, 1964 - Branch Gnathostomi. Superclass Pisces, Fishes. Class Placodermi - In D. V. Obruchev (ed.), Fundamentals of Paleontology. Vol. XI. Agnatha, Pisces. Izdatel'stvo "Nauka", Moscow (), 168-262 (book/book chapter, English)
  • D. V. Obruchev, 1964 - Branch Agnatha - In D. V. Obruchev (ed.), Fundamentals of Paleontology. Vol. XI. Agnatha, Pisces. Izdatel'stvo "Nauka", Moscow (), 36-167 (book/book chapter, English)
  • D. S. Jordan, 1963 - The Genera of Fishes and a Classification of Fishes - Stanford University Press (), 1-816 (book, English)
  • A. S. Romer, 1956 - - Osteology of the Reptiles, University of Chicago Press (), 1-772 (book, English)
  • G. P. Whitley, 1940 - The Nomenclator Zoologicus and some new fish names - Australian Naturalist (10), 241-243 (journal article, English)
  • C. Arambourg, 1940 - Le groupe des Ganopristinés [The group of the ganopristines] - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, série 5 (10), 127-147 (journal article, French)
  • E. A. Stensiö, 1934 - On the Placodermi of the Upper Devonian of East Greenland: I. Phyllolepida and Arthrodira - Meddelelser om Grønland (97), 1-58 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. L. Bryant, 1932 - Lower Devonian Fishes of Bear Tooth Butte, Wyoming - Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (71), 225-254 (journal article, English)
  • E. B. Branson, 1931 - The Journal of Geology - (39), 509-531 (journal article, English)
  • O. Jaekel, 1911 - - Die Wirbeltiere. Eine Übersicht über die Fossilen und Lebenden Formen [The Vertebrates. An Overview of the Fossil and Living Forms] (), viii-252 (book, German)
  • O. P. Hay, 1902 - - Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey (179), 1-868 (serial monograph, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1892 - On some new and little known Paleozoic vertebrates - Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (30), 221-229 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Woodward, 1891 - Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum (Natural History). Part II - Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum (Natural History) (2), - (book/book chapter, English)
  • F. M'Coy, 1848 - On some new Fossil Fish of the Carboniferous Period - The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Second Series (2), 1-10 (journal article, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1843 - - Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome I (livr. 18). Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel (), xxxii-188 (book, English)