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† Protasteridae

Protasteridae

Additional Functions

Grouping

Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Klade: Ambulacraria  ⇒ Stamm: Echinodermata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Asterozoa  ⇒ Klasse: Ophiuroidea  ⇒ Klasse: Oegophiurida  ⇒ Unterordnung: Lysophiurina

Taxo­nomic seg­ment

Familie

This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Miller, 1889

Other languages

scientific

Protasteridae

Alternative Name

scientific

Palaeophiomyxidae

Stürtz, 1899
Ref.: E. Stürtz. 1899. Ein weiter Beitrag zur Kenntnis paläozoischer Asteroiden. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen vereins der preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 56:176-240

scientific

Taeniasteridae

Gregory, 1899
Ref.: J. W. Gregory. 1899. On Lindstromaster and the classification of Palaeasterids. Geological Magazine 6:341-354

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 460.9 Ma - End age: 272.3 Ma
266.9
290.1
303.7
323.2
358.9
387.7
410.8
425.6
433.4
443.8
467.3
Roadian
Kungurian
Artinskian
Sakmarian
Asselian
Gzhelian
Kasimovian
Moscovian
Bashkirian
Serpukhovian
Visean
Tournaisian
Famennian
Frasnian
Givetian
Eifelian
Emsian
Pragian
Lochkovian
Ludfordian
Gorstian
Homerian
Sheinwoodian
Telychian
Aeronian
Rhuddanian
Hirnantian
Katian
Sandbian
Darriwilian
Guadalupian
Cisuralian
Pennsylvanian
Mississippian
Upper Devonian
Middle Devonian
Lower Devonian
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Upper Ordovician
Middle Ordovician
Permian
Carboniferous
Devonian
Silurian
Ordovician

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: slow-moving
Habit: low-level epifaunal
Environment: marine
Diet:

detritivore, suspension feeder

Compositon of the remains:

high Mg Calcite

Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 1)

Taxonomic assignment (67)

Occurrences (2)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • M. Reid, 2019 - A new genus of Protasteridae (Ophiuridea) from the Lower Devonian Bokkeveld Group of South Africa - Palaeontologia africana (53), 66-74 (journal article, English)
  • A. W. Hunter, 2017 - Prolonged co-existence of 'archaic' and 'modern' Palaeozoic ophiuroids - evidencefrom the early Permian, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (16), 891-907 (journal article, English)
  • A. W. Hunter, 2007 - A mixed ophiuroid–stylophoran assemblage (Echinodermata) from theMiddle Ordovician (Llandeilian) of western Brittany, France - Palaeozoic Reefs and Bioaccumulations: Climatic and Evolutionary Controls. Geological Society, London, Special Publications (275), 71-86 (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. Dean Shackleton, 2005 - Skeletal homologies, phylogeny and classification of the earliest asterozoan echinoderms - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (3), 29-114 (journal article, English)
  • A. Boczarowski, 2001 - Isolated sclerites of Devonian nonpelmatozoan echinoderms - Palaeontologia Polonica (59), 3-220 (journal article, English)
  • P. A. Jell, 1999 - Early Devonian echinoderms from South Africa - Memoirs of the Queensland Museum (43), 115-199 (journal article, )
  • F. H. C. Hotchkiss, 1993 - A new Devonian Ophiuroid (Echinodermata: Oegophiurida) from New York State and its bearing on the origin of ophiuroid upper arm plates - Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington (106), 63-84 (journal article, English)
  • W. Hammann, 1986 - Depositional environment and systematics of a new ophiuroid, Taeniaster ibericus n. sp., from the Middle Ordovician of Spain - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen (173), 47-74 (journal article, English)
  • R. Haude, 1983 - Ophiuren (Echinodermata) des hohen Oberdevons in nördlichen Rheinischen Schiefergebirge - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (57), 121-142 (journal article, German)
  • G. Hahn, 1981 - Ein neuer OphiurenFund aus dem Kulm von Herborn (Asterozoa, UnterKarbon IIIalpha, Hessen) - Geologisches Jahrbuch Hessen (109), 5-18 (journal article, German)
  • R. V. Kesling, 1972 - Strataster devonicus, a new brittle-star with unusual preservation from the Middle Devonian Silica Formation of Ohio - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan (24), 9-15 (journal article, English)
  • R. V. Kesling, 1971 - Strataster ohioensis, a new early Mississippian brittle-star, and the paleoecology of its community - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan (23), 305-341 (journal article, English)
  • M. H. P. Rilett, 1971 - Two new fossil ophiuroid species from the Bokkeveld series, near Ceres, cape province - Annals of the Natal Museum (21), 29-35 (journal article, English)
  • R. V. Kesling, 1970 - Drepanaster wrighti, a new species of brittle-star from the Middle Devonian Arkona Shale of Ontario - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan (23), 73-79 (journal article, English)
  • R. V. Kesling, 1969 - A new Brittle-star from the Middle Devonian Arkona Shale of Ontario - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan (23), 37-51 (journal article, English)
  • W. K. Spencer, 1966 - Asterozoans - Moore R.C. ed, Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Echinodermata, University of Kansas Press and the Geological Society of America (3), U4-U107 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. G. Owen, 1965 - A monograph of the British Palaeozoic Asterozoa. Table of contents, supplement and index. - Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, London (1964), 541-583 (journal article, English)
  • W.M. Lehmann, 1957 - Die Asterozoen in den Dachschifern des rheinischen Unterdevons. - Abhandlungen des Hessischen Landeshamtes für Bodenforchung (21), 1-160 (journal article, German)
  • W. K. Spencer, 1940 - A monograph of British Palaeozoic Asterozoa - Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, London (1940), 495-540 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. K. Spencer, 1934 - A monograph of the British Palaeozoic Asterozoa. - Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society (1933), 437-494 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. K. Spencer, 1934 - Starfish from the Welsh borderland. - Geological Magazine (71), 231-236 (journal article, English)
  • W. K. Spencer, 1930 - A monograph of the British Palaeozoic Asteroidea. - Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, London (1828), 389-436 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. K. Spencer, 1925 - A monograph of the British Palaeozoic Asterozoa. - Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, London (1922), 237-324 (serial monograph, English)
  • O.M.J. Jaekel, 1923 - Zur Morphogenie der Asterozoa - Paläontologische Zeitschrift (5), 344-350 (journal article, German)
  • R. Ruedemann, 1916 - Account of some new or little known species of fossils mostly from Palaeozoic rocks of New York. - Paleontological contributions from the New York State Museum (189), 7-97 (journal article, English)
  • C. Schuchert, 1915 - Revision of Paleozoic Stelleroidea with special reference to North American Asteroidea - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (88), 1-311 (journal article, English)
  • A. F. Foerste, 1914 - Notes on the Lorraine faunas of New York and the Province of Quebec - Bulletin of the Scientific Laboratories of Denison University (17), 247-328 (journal article, English)
  • C. Schuchert, 1914 - Fossilium Catalogus. 1: Animalia, pars 3, Stelleroidea palaeozoica - W. Junk, Berlin (), 1-53 (book/book chapter, English)
  • W. J. Sollas, 1912 - Lapworthura: a typical brittlestar of the Silurian age; with suggestions for a new classification of the Ophiuroidea. - Philosophical Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (B202), 213-232 (journal article, English)
  • R. Ruedemann, 1912 - The Lower Siluric shales of the Mohawk Valley - New York State Museum Bulletin (162), 1-151 (journal article, English)
  • W. A. Parks, 1908 - Notes on the ophiuran genus, Protaster, with description of a new species. - Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and of the Mining Society of Nova Scotia (8), 363-372 (journal article, English)
  • F. Chapman, 1907 - New or little-known Victorian fossils in the National Museum. Part 8. Some Palaeozoic brittle-stars of the Melbournian series - Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (19), 21-27 (journal article, English)
  • F. A. Bather, 1905 - Sympterura Minveri, n. g. et sp.: a Devonian Ophiurid from Cornwall. - Geological Magazine (2), 161-169 (journal article, English)
  • O.M.J. Jaekel, 1903 - Asteriden und Ophiuriden aus dem Silur Böhmens - Zeitschrift der Deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft (55), 106-113 (journal article, German)
  • E. Stürtz, 1899 - Ein weiter Beitrag zur Kenntnis paläozoischer Asteroiden - Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen vereins der preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens (56), 176-240 (journal article, German)
  • J. W. Gregory, 1899 - On Lindstromaster and the classification of Palaeasterids - Geological Magazine (6), 341-354 (journal article, English)
  • G. F. Whidborne, 1898 - A monograph of the Devonian fauna of the south of England. Vol. III - Pt. III. The fauna of the Marwood and Pilton Beds - Palaeontographical Society Monograph (52), 214-236 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Gregory, 1897 - On the classification of the Palaeozoic echinoderms of the group Ophiuroidea. - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (1896), 1028-1044 (journal article, English)
  • G. F. Whidborne, 1896 - A preliminary synopsis of the fauna of the Pickwell Down, Baggy and Pilton Beds - Proceedings of the Geological Association of London (14), 371-377 (journal article, English)
  • B. Stürtz, 1890 - Neuer Beitrag zur Kenntniss paläozoischer Seesterne. - Palaeontographica (36), 203-247 (journal article, English)
  • S. A. Miller, 1889 - - North American geology and palaeontology for the use of amateurs, students and scientists (), 1-664 (book, English)
  • L. Davy, 1887 - Note sur un ophiure (Protaster daoulasensis) du Dévonien inférieur de la rade de Brest - Bulletin de la Société géologique de France (14), 182-187 (journal article, French)
  • E.N.S. Ringueberg, 1886 - New genera and species of fossils from the Niagara shales - Buffalo Society of Natural Science, Bulletin (5), 1-22 (journal article, English)
  • B. Stürtz, 1886 - Beitrag zur Kenntnis paläozoische Seesterne - Palaeontographica (32), 75-98 (journal article, German)
  • B. Stürtz, 1886 - Über paläozoische Sesterne - Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie (2), 142-154 (journal article, German)
  • S. A. Miller, 1882 - Description of three new species and remarks upon others - Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History (5), 116-117 (journal article, English)
  • S. A. Miller, 1882 - Description of two new genera and eight new species of fossils from the Hudson River Group, with remarks upon others - Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History (5), 34-43 (journal article, English)
  • E. O. Ulrich, 1878 - Descriptions of some new species of fossils from the Cincinnati group. - Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History (1), 92-100 (journal article, English)
  • S. A. Miller, 1878 - Contributions to palaeontology (descriptions of Cincinnatian and Niagaran fossils) - Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History (1), 24-39 (journal article, English)
  • F. B. Meek, 1872 - Descriptions of a few new species and one new genus of Silurian fossils from Ohio. - American Journal of Science (3), 274-281 (journal article, English)
  • J. Hall, 1868 - Contributions to palaeontology. 12. Note on the genus Palaeaster and other fossil starfishes. - Annual report of the Regents of the University of the State of New York on the State Cabinet of Natural History and the Historical and Antiquarian collection annexed thereto (20), 282-303 (journal article, English)
  • E. Billings, 1858 - On the Asteridae of the Lower Silurian rocks of Canada. Figures and descriptions of Canadian organic remains. - Geological Survey of Canada (3), 75-85 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Salter, 1857 - On some new Palaeozoic star-fishes. - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (20), 321-334 (journal article, English)
  • E. Billings, 1857 - Report for the year 1856 - Geological Survey of Canada - Report of Progress for the Years 1853-56 (), 247-345 (book/book chapter, )
  • E. Forbes, 1849 - Figures and descriptions illustrative of British Organic Remains - Memoirs of the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom (Decade 1), 1-64 (journal article, English)
  • E. Forbes, 1848 - On the Asteriadae found fossil in British strata - Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, and of the Museum of Practical Geology in London (2), 457-482 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Salter, 1845 - In A. Sedgwick: On the Older Palaeozoic (Protozoic) rocks of North Wales. - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, London (1), 5-22 (journal article, English)

IDs

GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) 6LNG3t_Us0uzR0TMsRpssQ
GUID (Global unique identifier) DE46B3E8-D4DF-4BB3-B347-44CCB11A6CB1
Database ID 16206