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Proteales

Proteales

Additional Functions

Grouping

Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Plantae  ⇒ Unterreich: Viridaeplantae  ⇒ Infrareich: Streptophyta  ⇒ Stamm: Tracheophyta  ⇒ Unterstamm: Spermatophyta  ⇒ ohne Rang: Angiospermae

Taxo­nomic seg­ment

Ordnung

This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Jussieu, 1829

Other languages

scientific

Proteales

German

Silberbaumartige

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 251 Ma - End age: 0 Ma
0
0.0117
1.806
5.332
13.65
23.03
37
55.8
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
189.6
203.6
237
251
Meghalayan
Northgrippian
Greenlandian
Upper Pleistocene
Ionian
Calabrian
Gelasian
Piacenzian
Zanclean
Messinian
Tortonian
Serravallian
Langhian
Burdigalian
Aquitanian
Chattian
Rupelian
Priabonian
Bartonian
Lutetian
Ypresian
Thanetian
Selandian
Danian
Maastrichtian
Campanian
Santonian
Coniacian
Turonian
Cenomanian
Albian
Aptian
Barremian
Hauterivian
Valanginian
Berriasian
Tithonian
Kimmeridgian
Oxfordian
Callovian
Bathonian
Bajocian
Aalenian
Toarcian
Pliensbachian
Sinemurian
Hettangian
Rhaetian
Norian
Carnian
Ladinian
Anisian
Olenekian
Induan
Holocene
Pleistocene
Pliocene
Miocene
Oligocene
Eocene
Paleocene
Upper/Late Cretaceous
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic
Middle Jurassic
Lower/Early Jurassic
Upper/Late Triassic
Middle Triassic
Lower/Early Triassic
Quaternary
Neogene
Paleogene
Cretaceous
Jurassic
Triassic
Start age: 427.4 Ma - End age: 251 Ma
251.1
265.8
275.6
299
311.7
345.3
385.3
407
418.7
428.2
Changhsingian
Wuchiapingian
Capitanian
Wordian
Roadian
Kungurian
Artinskian
Sakmarian
Asselian
Gzhelian
Kasimovian
Moscovian
Bashkirian
Serpukhovian
Visean
Tournaisian
Famennian
Frasnian
Givetian
Eifelian
Emsian
Pragian
Lochkovian
Ludfordian
Gorstian
Homerian
Sheinwoodian
Lopingian
Guadalupian
Cisuralian
Pennsylvanian
Mississippian
Upper Devonian
Middle Devonian
Lower Devonian
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Permian
Carboniferous
Devonian
Silurian

Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 124)

Taxonomic assignment (272)

Occurrences (1)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • S. R. Manchester, 2014 - Revisions to Roland Brown's North American Paleocene Flora - Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae (70), 153-210 (journal article, English)
  • E. A. Wheeler, 2014 - Middle Eocene trees of the Clarno Petrified Forest, John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, Oregon - PaleoBios (30), 105-114 (journal article, English)
  • W. C. Clyde, 2014 - New age constraints for the Salamanca Formation and lower Río Chico Group in the western San Jorge Basin, Patagonia, Argentina: Implications for Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction recovery and land mammal age correlations - Geological Society America Bulletin (126), 289-306 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Deaf, 2014 - Cretaceous (Albian–?early Santonian) palynology and stratigraphy of the Abu Tunis 1x borehole,northern Western Desert, Egypt - Palynology (38), 51-77 (book, English)
  • V. D. Barreda, 2012 - Cretaceous/Paleogene Floral Turnover in Patagonia: Drop in Diversity, Low Extinction, and a Classopollis Spike - PLoS ONE (7), e5245- (journal article, English)
  • M. Brea, 2012 - Fossil plant studies from late Early Miocene of the Santa Cruz Formation: paleoecology and paleoclimatology at the passive margin of Patagonia, Argentina - Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia: High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation (), 104-128 (book chapter, English)
  • R. J. Carpenter, 2012 - Proteaceae leaf fossils from the Oligo–Miocene of New Zealand: new species and evidence of biome and trait conservatism - Australian Systematic Botany (25), 375-389 (journal article, English)
  • A. A. M. Eisawi, 2012 - Palynozonation of the Cretaceous to Lower Paleogene Strata of the Muglad Basin, Sudan - Palynology (36), 191-207 (journal article, English)
  • R. J. Carpenter, 2012 - Near-tropical Early Eocene terrestrial temperatures at the Australo-Antarctic margin, western Tasmania - Geology (40), 267-270 (journal article, English)
  • N. A. Jud, 2011 - Unpublished taxonomic opinions - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • E. Estrada-Ruiz, 2011 - Comparative Morphology of Fossil and Extant Leaves of Nelumbonaceae, Including a New Genus from the Late Cretaceous of Western North America - Systematic Botany (36), 337-351 (journal article, English)
  • J. M. K. Sniderman, 2011 - Early Pleistocene vegetation change in upland south-eastern Australia - Journal of Biogeography (38), 1456-1470 (journal article, English)
  • L. K. Povilauskas, 2010 - Palinología del entorno cretácico/paleógeno del SO de la provincia de Santa Cruz: significado estratigráfico y paleoambiental - Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo de La Plata (), 391- (Ph.D. thesis, Spanish)
  • R. J. Carpenter, 2010 - Leaf Fossils of Banksia (Proteaceae) from New Zealand: an Australian Abroad - American Journal of Botany (97), 288-297 (journal article, English)
  • R. J. Carpenter, 2010 - Leaf fossils of Proteaceae tribe Persoonieae from the Late Oligocene–Early Miocene of New Zealand - Australian Systematic Botany (23), 1-15 (journal article, English)
  • M. Pole, 2009 - A new terrestrial Cretaceous-Paleogene site in New Zealand turnover in macroflora confirmed by palynology - Cretaceous Research (30), 917-938 (journal article, English)
  • The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, 2009 - An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III - Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society (161), 105-121 (journal article, English)
  • L. Povilauskas, 2008 - Polen y esporas de la Formación La Irene (Maastrichtiano), sudoeste de la provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina: primeros resultados - Geobios (41), 819-831 (journal article, Spanish)
  • A. Eisawi, 2008 - Upper Cretaceous to Neogene palynology of the Melut Basin, Southeast Sudan - Palynology (32), 101-129 (journal article, English)
  • A. P. Kershaw, 2007 - A complete pollen record of the last 230 ka from Lynch's Crater, north-eastern Australia - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (251), 23-45 (journal article, English)
  • C. C. Gonzalez, 2007 - Revision of the Proteaceae macrofossil record from Patagonia, Argentina - The Botanical Review (73), 235-266 (journal article, English)
  • R. J. Carpenter, 2006 - Palmately Lobed Proteaceae Leaf Fossils from the Middle Eocene of South Australia - International Journal of Plant Sciences (167), 1049-1060 (journal article, English)
  • R. Cunéo, 2005 - Angiosperm leaves from the Kachaike Formation, Lower Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (136), 29-47 (journal article, English)
  • M. A. Gandolfo, 2005 - Fossil Nelumbonaceae from the La Colonia Formation (Campanian–Maastrichtian, Upper Cretaceous), Chubut, Patagonia, Argentina - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (133), 169-178 (journal article, English)
  • Z. Kvacek, 2004 - Vegetative and reproductive structure of the extinct Platanus neptuni from the Tertiary of Europe and relationships within the Platanaceae - Plant Systematics and Evolution (244), 1-29 (journal article, English)
  • II The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, 2003 - An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II - Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society (141), 399-436 (journal article, )
  • O. H. Papú, 2002 - Nueva microflora de edad maastichtiana en la localidad de Calmu-Co, sur de Mendoza, Argentina - Ameghiniana (39), 415-426 (journal article, Spanish)
  • K. R. Johnson, 2002 - Personal field work re: HC and FU formations - (), - (unpublished, )
  • C. A. Jaramillo, 2001 - Middle Paleogene palynology of Central Colombia, South America: A study of pollen and spores from tropical latitudes - Palaeontographica Abteilung B (258), 87-213 (journal article, English)
  • D.J. Mabberley, 2000 - The Plant-Book, 2nd ed. - Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 858 p. (), - (book/book chapter, )
  • V. Barreda, 2000 - Palinoestratigrafía de depósitos del Oligoceno tardío-Mioceno en el área sur del Golfo San Jorge, provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina - Ameghiniana (37), 103-117 (journal article, Spanish)
  • V. Rull, 1999 - Palaeofloristic and palaeovegetational changes across the Paleocene/Eocene boundary in northern South America - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (107), 83-95 (journal article, English)
  • G. J. Jordan, 1998 - The Macrofossil Record of Proteaceae in Tasmania: a Review with New Species - Australian Systematic Botany (11), 465-501 (journal article, English)
  • V. Barreda, 1997 - Palinomorph assemblage of the Chenque Formation, Late Oligocene?- Miocene from Golfo San Jorge Basin, Patagonia, Argentina, Part 4: polycolporate and porate pollen - Ameghiniana (34), 145-154 (journal article, English)
  • M. Pole, 1997 - Paleocene plant macrofossils from Kakahu, south Canterbury, New Zealand - Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand (27), 371-400 (journal article, English)
  • R. J. Carpenter, 1997 - Early Tertiary Macrofossils of Proteaceae from Tasmania - Australian Systematic Botany (10), 533-563 (journal article, English)
  • R. J. Carpenter, 1995 - Eocene Plant Fossils from the Lefroy and Cowan Paleodrainages, Western Australia - Australian Systematic Botany (8), 1107-1154 (journal article, English)
  • G. J. Jordan, 1995 - Early Middle Pleistocene leaves of extinct and extant Proteaceae from western Tasmania, Australia - Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society (118), 19-35 (journal article, English)
  • D. T. Blackburn, 1994 - The Oligo-Miocene coal floras of southeastern Australia - History of the Australian Vegetation: Cretaceous to Recent (), 328-367 (book chapter, English)
  • E. Schrank, 1994 - Palynology of the Yesomma Formation in northern Somalia: A study of pollen, spores and associated phytoplankton from the Late Cretaceous Palmae Province - Palaeontographica Abt. B (231), 63-112 (journal article, English)
  • R. J. Carpenter, 1994 - Banksieaephyllum taylorii (Proteaceae) from the Late Paleocene of New South Wales and its Relevance to the Origin of Australia's Scleromorphic Flora - Australian Systematic Botany (7), 385-392 (journal article, English)
  • D. C. Christophel, 1994 - The early Tertiary macrofloras of continental Australia - History of the Australian Vegetation. Cretaceous to Recent (), - (book chapter, English)
  • K. R. Pedersen, 1994 - Reproductive structures of an extinct platanoid from the Early Cretaceous (latest Albian) of eastern North America - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (80), 291-303 (journal article, )
  • G. R. Upchurch, 1994 - The Megaflora from the Quantico Locality (Upper Albian), Lower Cretaceous Potomac Group of Virginia - Virginia Museum of Natural History (4), 1-57 (serial monograph, )
  • A. M. Baldoni, 1993 - Palynoogy of the Lower Lefipan Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of Barranca de los Perros, Chubut Province, Argentina. Part II. Angiosperm pollen and discussion - Palynology (17), 241-264 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1993 - An Early Tertiary macroflora from West Dale, southwestern Australia - Alcheringa (17), 285-326 (journal article, English)
  • E. E. McIver, 1993 - Flora of the Ravenscrag Formation (Paleocene), Southwestern Saskatchewan, Canada - Palaeontographica Canadiana (10), 1-85 (serial monograph, )
  • P. R. Crane, 1993 - Early Cretaceous (Early to Middle Albian) platanoid inflorescences associated with Sapindopsis leaves from the Potomac Group of eastern North America - Syst Bot (18), 328-344 (journal article, )
  • P. J. D. Dolding, 1992 - Palynology of the Marambio Group (Upper Cretaceous) of northern Humps Island - Antartic Science (4), 311-326 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1991 - Leaves of Eucryphia (Eucryphiaceae) from tertiary sediments in south-eastern Australia - Australian Systematic Botany (4), 481-497 (journal article, English)
  • D. L. Dilcher, 1990 - Mid-Cretaceous angiosperm leaves from a new fossil locality in Lebanon - Botanical Gazette (151), 538-547 (journal article, )
  • E. Ancibor, 1989 - Determinación Xilológica de una raíz petrificada de Proteaceae de la Formación Río Turbio (Eoceno), Santa Cruz, Argentina - Ameghiniana (25), 289-295 (journal article, Spanish)
  • R. S. Hill, 1988 - Tertiary leaves of the tribe Banksieae (Proteaceae) from south-eastern Australia - Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society (97), 205-227 (journal article, English)
  • E. M. Friis, 1988 - Reproductive structures of Cretaceous Platanaceae - Biologiske Skrifter Det Kongelige Danske Videnskskabernes Selskab (31), 1-55 (journal article, )
  • R. J. Carpenter, 1988 - Early Tertiary Lomatia (Proteaceae) macrofossils from Tasmania, Australia. - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (56), 141-150 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. Dettmann, 1987 - Cretaceous palynomorphs from the James Ross Island area, Antarctica - A pilot Study - British Antarctic Survey Bulletin (), 13-59 (journal article, English)
  • E. J. Romero, 1986 - Material fúngico y granos de polen de angiospermas de la Formación Río Turbio (Eoceno), provincia de Santa Cruz, República Argentina - Ameghiniana (23), 101-118 (journal article, Spanish)
  • D. C. Christophel, 1984 - Early Tertiary Proteaceae: The First Floral Evidence for the Musgraveinae - Australian Journal of Botany (32), 177-186 (journal article, English)
  • K. J. McNamara, 1983 - A new species of Banksia (Proteaceae) from the Eocene Merlinleigh Sandstone of the Kennedy Range, Western Australia - Alcheringa (7), 185-193 (journal article, English)
  • D. T. Blackburn, 1981 - Tertiary megafossil flora of Maslin Bay, South Australia: numerical taxonomic study of selected leaves - Alcheringa (5), 9-28 (journal article, English)
  • M. Salard-Cheboldaeff, 1978 - Sur la palynoflore Maestrichtienne et Tertiaire du bassin sedimentaire littoral du Cameroun - Pollen et Spores (XX), 215-260 (journal article, French)
  • L. J. Hickey, 1977 - Stratigraphy and paleobotany of the Golden Valley Formation (Early Tertiary) of western North Dakota - The Geological Society of America Memoir (150), 1-183 (serial monograph, )
  • A. P. Kershaw, 1976 - A Late Pleistocene and Holocene pollen diagram from Lynch’s Crater, northeastern Queensland, Australia - New Phytologist (77), 469-498 (journal article, English)
  • S. Archangelsky, 1973 - Palinología del Paleoceno de Chubut. I. Descripciones Sistemáticas - Ameghiniana (10), 339-399 (journal article, Spanish)
  • H. N. Andrews, 1970 - Index of Generic Names of Fossil Plants, 1820-1965 - Geological Survey Bulletin (), 1-354 (serial monograph, English)
  • D. L. Dilcher, 1969 - A study of leaf compressions of Knightiophyllum from Eocene deposits of southeastern North America - American Journal of Botany (56), 936-943 (journal article, )
  • A. Fasola, 1969 - Estudio palinológico de la Formación Loreto (Terciario Medio), Provincia de Magallanes, Chile - Ameghiniana (VI), 3-49 (journal article, Spanish)
  • M. E. Dettmann, 1968 - Taxonomy of some Cretaceous spore and pollen grains from Eastern Australia - Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (81), 69-94 (journal article, English)
  • A. E. González-Guzmán, 1967 - A palynological study on the upper Los Cuervos and Mirador formations (Lower and middle Eocene; Tibu area, Colombia) - (), 1-68 (Ph.D. thesis, English)
  • P. M. J. van Hoeken-Klinkenberg, 1966 - Maastrichtian, Paleocene and Eocene pollen and spores from Nigeria - Lei. Geol. Med (38), 37-48 (journal article, English)
  • T. Van der Hammen, 1966 - The Paleocene pollen flora of Colombia - Leidse Geologische Mededelingen (35), 105-114 (journal article, English)
  • C. Y. Belsky, 1965 - Sporae dispersae der Oberen Kreide von Gabun, Äquatoriales Afrika - Paläontologische Zeitschrift (39), 72-83 (journal article, German)
  • P. M. van Hoeken-Klinkenberg, 1964 - A palynological investigation of some Upper Cretaceous sediments in Nigeria - Pollen et Spores (6), 209-231 (journal article, English)
  • C. B. Campbell, 1961 - Information on the Chas. H. Sternberg, Cretaceous Plants, collection from tags on the specimens - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • R. W. Brown, 1959 - A bat and some plants from the upper Oligocene of Oregon - Journal of Paleontology (33), 125-129 (journal article, English)
  • J. Frenguelli, 1943 - Proteáceas del Cenozoico de Patagonia - Notas del Museo de La Plata (VIII), 201-213 (journal article, Spanish)
  • H. D. MacGinitie, 1941 - A Middle Eocene Flora from the Central Sierra Nevada - Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication (534), 1-178 (serial monograph, English)
  • D. I. Axelrod, 1939 - A Miocene flora from the western border of the Mohave desert - Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications (516), 1-129 (journal article, English)
  • E. W. Berry, 1932 - Fossil plants from Chubut territory collected by the Scarritt Patagonian Expedition - American Museum Novitates (), 1-10 (journal article, English)
  • E. W. Berry, 1922 - The flora of the Cheyenne Sandstone of Kansas - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (129), 199-231 (journal article, English)
  • E. W. Berry, 1914 - The Upper Cretaceous and Eocene floras of South Carolina and Georgia - US Geological Survey Professional Paper (84), 1-200 (journal article, English)
  • L. Lesquereux, 1891 - - Flora of the Dakota Group (), - (book/book chapter, English)
  • O. Heer, 1867 - - Les phyllites crétacées du Nebraska (), - (book/book chapter, French)