This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.
M. V. Nabozhenko, 2020 - The oldest Tenebrionidae (Coleoptera) of the subfamily Diaperinae and the tribe Scaphidemini from the Paleocene of Menat (France) - Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae (66), 23-33 (journal article, English)
E. Reitter, 1922 - Bestimmungstabelle der palaearktischen Helopinae (Col. Tenebrionidae.) I. Teil - Wiener Entomologische Zeitung (39), 1-44 (journal article, German)