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Scaphopoda

Scaphopoda

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Pictures (1 Images total)

Scaphopoda
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Scaphopoda
unpräpariert in Muschelkalk, Baden-Württemberg / Stuttgart, Bezirk / Ludwigsburg, Landkreis / Mundelsheim / Steinbruch Epple, sichtbare Länge des Fossils ca. 2 cm
Copyright: Reinhold; Contribution: Reinhold
Collection: Günter Morlock
Location: Deutschland/Baden-Württemberg/Stuttgart, Bezirk/Ludwigsburg, Landkreis/Mundelsheim/Steinbruch Epple
Fossil: Scaphopoda
Image: 1473876561
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Scaphopoda

unpräpariert in Muschelkalk, Baden-Württemberg / Stuttgart, Bezirk / Ludwigsburg, Landkreis / Mundelsheim / Steinbruch Epple, sichtbare Länge des Fossils ca. 2 cm

Collection: Günter Morlock
Copyright: Reinhold
Contribution: Reinhold 2016-09-14
Locality: Steinbruch Epple / Mundelsheim / Ludwigsburg, Landkreis / Stuttgart, Bezirk / Baden-Württemberg / Deutschland

Grouping

Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eutriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Neotriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eucoelomata  ⇒ Superstamm: Eutrochozoa  ⇒ Stamm: Mollusca

Taxo­nomic seg­ment

Klasse

This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Bronn, 1862

Other languages

German

Kahnfüßer

scientific

Scaphopoda

Detailed description

Weitere Unterteilung

  • Ordnung: Dentaliida Gray, 1847
  • Ordnung: Gadilida Stoliczka, 1862

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 251 Ma - End age: 0 Ma
0
0.0117
1.806
5.332
13.65
23.03
37
55.8
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
189.6
203.6
237
251
Meghalayan
Northgrippian
Greenlandian
Upper Pleistocene
Ionian
Calabrian
Gelasian
Piacenzian
Zanclean
Messinian
Tortonian
Serravallian
Langhian
Burdigalian
Aquitanian
Chattian
Rupelian
Priabonian
Bartonian
Lutetian
Ypresian
Thanetian
Selandian
Danian
Maastrichtian
Campanian
Santonian
Coniacian
Turonian
Cenomanian
Albian
Aptian
Barremian
Hauterivian
Valanginian
Berriasian
Tithonian
Kimmeridgian
Oxfordian
Callovian
Bathonian
Bajocian
Aalenian
Toarcian
Pliensbachian
Sinemurian
Hettangian
Rhaetian
Norian
Carnian
Ladinian
Anisian
Olenekian
Induan
Holocene
Pleistocene
Pliocene
Miocene
Oligocene
Eocene
Paleocene
Upper/Late Cretaceous
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic
Middle Jurassic
Lower/Early Jurassic
Upper/Late Triassic
Middle Triassic
Lower/Early Triassic
Quaternary
Neogene
Paleogene
Cretaceous
Jurassic
Triassic
Start age: 423 Ma - End age: 251 Ma
251.1
265.8
275.6
299
311.7
345.3
385.3
407
418.7
426.2
Changhsingian
Wuchiapingian
Capitanian
Wordian
Roadian
Kungurian
Artinskian
Sakmarian
Asselian
Gzhelian
Kasimovian
Moscovian
Bashkirian
Serpukhovian
Visean
Tournaisian
Famennian
Frasnian
Givetian
Eifelian
Emsian
Pragian
Lochkovian
Ludfordian
Gorstian
Homerian
Lopingian
Guadalupian
Cisuralian
Pennsylvanian
Mississippian
Upper Devonian
Middle Devonian
Lower Devonian
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Permian
Carboniferous
Devonian
Silurian

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: slow-moving
Diet:

deposit feeder

Compositon of the remains:

Aragonite

Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 225)

Taxonomic assignment (302)

Occurrences (27)

Locations with GPS information

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • S. Dominici, 2020 - Paleobiology from Museum collections: comparing historical and novel data on Upper Miocene molluscs of the Livorno Hills - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (126), 65-109 (journal article, English)
  • P. J. Wagner, 2020 - Paleozoic Gastropod, Rostroconch, Helcionelloid and Tergomyan Database (2006 - 2020) - (), - (compendium, English)
  • A. J. W. Hendy, 2020 - Unpublished taxonomic backbone for Eastern Pacific Invertebrate Communities of the Cenozoic (EPICC) Thematic Collections Network - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • A. Nützel, 2014 - Diversity, palaeoecology and systematics of a marine fossil assemblage from the Late Triassic Cassian Formation at Settsass Scharte, N Italy - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (88), 405-431 (journal article, English)
  • M. Harzhauser, 2011 - A late Burdigalian bathyal mollusc fauna from the Vienna Basin (Slovakia) - Geologica Carpathica (62), 211-231 (journal article, English)
  • Y. Okan, 2009 - Early Eocene (middle-late Cuisian) Molluscs Assemblage from the Harpactocarcinid Beds, in the Yoncal Formation of the Çankr Basin, Central Anatolia, and Implications for Tethys Paleogeography - Geological Bulletin of Turkey (52), - (journal article, English)
  • P. A. Maxwell, 2009 - Cenozoic Mollusca - New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume one. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia (), 232-254 (book chapter, English)
  • P. D. Reynolds, 2008 - Chapter 7. Scaphopoda - Phylogeny and Evolution of the Mollusca (), 143-161 (book/book chapter, English)
  • A. J. W. Hendy, 2008 - Unpublished census data from Atlantic coastal plain and circum-Caribbean Neogene assemblages and taxonomic opinions - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • T. A. Darragh, 2008 - Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia - Records of the Western Australian Museum (24), 217-246 (journal article, English)
  • A. J. W. Hendy, 2007 - Circum-Pacific Late Cenozoic Paleobiogeography: Consideration of latitudinal gradients, provincialism and beta diversity (Unpublished taxonomic opinions) - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • J. Godefroid, 2006 - Restudy of the Lower Carboniferous Scaphopoda described by de Koninck (1843, 1883) - Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Sciences de la Terre (76), 137-163 (journal article, English)
  • D. M. Rohr, 2006 - Scaphopoda from the Alexander Terrane, Southeast Alaska: The first occurrence of Scaphopoda in the Silurian - Palaeoworld (15), 211-215 (journal article, English)
  • C. H. S. Caetano, 2006 - Scaphopoda (Mollusca) from the Brazilian continental shelf and upper slope (13° to 21°S) with descriptions of two new species of the genus Cadulus Philippi, 1844 - Zootaxa (1267), 1-47 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. A. Kosnik, 2002 - personal opinion. - (), - (unpublished, )
  • A. Wells, 2001 - - Zoological Catalogue of Australia: Mollusca (17), - (serial monograph, English)
  • K. I. Schnetler, 2001 - The Selandian (Paleocene) mollusc fauna from Copenhagen, Denmark: the Poul Harder 1920 collection - Geology of Denmark Survey Bulletin (37), 1-85 (journal article, )
  • H. H. Camacho, 2000 - Invertebrado marinos eocenos de los cerros Palique y Castillo, subdoeste de la provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina - Ameghiniana (37), 59-72 (journal article, Spanish)
  • C. Bonci, 2000 - The Oligocene mollusc fauna of the Piedmont Basin (north-western Italy) 1. Scaphopoda and Archaeogastropoda - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (106), 203-236 (journal article, English)
  • G. Wienrich, 1999 - Die Fauna des marinen Miozäns von Kevelaer (Niederrhein). Band 2 Bivalvia, Scaphopoda, Cephalopoda, Bryozoa, Annelida, Brachiopoda - Backhuys Publishers, Leiden (2), 188-384 (serial monograph, German)
  • L. W. Ward, 1998 - Mollusks from the Lower Miocene Pollack Farm Site, Kenty County, Delaware: A preliminary analysis - Geology and paleontology of the lower Miocene Pollack Farm Fossil Site, Delaware (), - (book/book chapter, English)
  • P. Jeffery, 1997 - The Early Eocene London Clay Formation mollusc fauna of the former Bursledon Brickworks, Lower Swanwick, Hampshire - Tertiary Research (17), 75-137 (, )
  • S. K. Skwarko, 1994 - - Mollusca in Indonesian Cenozoic biostratigraphy (a computerised compilation) (), - (book/book chapter, English)
  • D. T. Dockery, 1993 - The Streptoneuran gastropods, exclusive of the Stenoglossa, of the coffee sand (Campanian) of Northeastern Mississippi - Bulletin (Mississippi Office of Geology) (129), 1-191 (, )
  • M. C. Perrilliat, 1992 - Bivalvos y gasterópodos de la formacion Ferrotepec (Mioceno Medio) de Michoacan - Paleontologia Mexicana (60), 1-48 (serial monograph, Spanish)
  • P. A. Maxwell, 1992 - Eocene Mollusca from the vicinity of McCulloch's Bridge, Waihao River, South Canterbury, New Zealand: Paleoecology and systematics - New Zealand Geological Survey Paleontological Bulletin (65), 1-280 (journal article, )
  • R. L. Squires, 1992 - Paleontology of the Eocene Bateque Formation, Baja California Sur, Mexico - Contributions in Science (Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County) (434), 1-55 (, )
  • B. S. Kues, 1991 - Some pelecypods and scaphopods from the Lower Wolfcampian (basal Permian) Laborcita Formation - New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook (42), 231-242 (guidebook, English)
  • E. K. Yoo, 1988 - Early Carboniferous Mollusca from Gundy, Upper Hunter, New South Wales - Records of the Australian Museum (40), 233-264 (journal article, English)
  • L. Marincovich, 1988 - Recognition of an earliest Middle Miocene warm-water event in a southestern Alaskan molluscan fauna - Saito-Ho-on Kai Special Publication (1), 1-24 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Squires, 1988 - Eocene Macropaleontology of Northern Lockwood Valley, Ventura County, California - Contributions in Science (Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County) (398), 1-23 (, )
  • L. W. Ward, 1987 - Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene Mollusca from the James City and Chowan River Formations at Lee Creek Mine - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (61), 113-283 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. J. Cordiner, 1986 - Exposures of the Barton Beds along the Highland Water in the New Forest, Hants - Tertiary Research (7), 133-137 (journal article, English)
  • H. Pugaczewska, 1984 - Tertiary Bivalvia and Scaphopoda from glaciomarine deposits at Magda Nunatak, King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica) - Studia Geologica Polonica (29), 53-58 (journal article, )
  • R. L. Squires, 1984 - Megapaleontology of the Eocene Llajas Formation, Simi Valley, California - Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (350), 1-76 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. C. Janse, 1983 - The mollusc fauna of the Stemerdink Bed (Miocene, Reinbekian) from outcrops in the Slinge brook at Winterswijk-Brinkheurne (The Netherlands, province of Gelderland) - (20), 105-140 (journal article, English)
  • J. B. Waterhouse, 1980 - Scaphopod, gastropod and rostroconch species from the Permian of New Zealand - Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand (10), 195-214 (journal article, English)
  • T. E. Yancey, 1978 - Brachiopods and mollusca of the Lower Permian Arcturus Group, Nevada and Utah, Part 1: brachiopods, scaphopods, rostroconchs, and bivalves - Bulletins of American Paleontology (74), 257-367 (journal article, English)
  • E. J. Moore, 1976 - Oligocene marine mollusks from the Pittsburg Bluff Formation in Oregon - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (922), 1-66 (journal article, English)
  • W.O. Addicott, 1976 - Molluscan paleontology of the lower Miocene Clallam Formation, northwestern Washington - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (976), 1-44 (journal article, )
  • W. W. Nassichuk, 1976 - Scaphopods from the Permian Assistance Formation, Canadian Arctic Archipelago - Journal of Paleontology (50), 1150-1156 (journal article, )
  • A. J. Petty, 1975 - Biostratigraphy of the Graford Formation, Missourian, Wise County, Texas - (), - (M.S. thesis, English)
  • C.P. Palmer, 1974 - A suprageneric classification of the scaphopod Mollusca - Veliger (17), 115-123 (journal article, )
  • W. O. Addicott, 1973 - Oligocene molluscan biostratigraphy and paleontology of the Lower Part of the type Temblor Formation, California - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (791), 1-48 (serial monograph, English)
  • T. E. Yancey, 1973 - Reassignment of Dentalium canna White, 1874, to Prodentalium - Journal of Paleontology (47), 1126-1128 (journal article, English)
  • W. P. Woodring, 1973 - Geology and paleontology of canal zone and adjoing parts of Panama: Description of Tertiary mollusks (additions to gastropods, scaphopods, pelecypods: Nuculidae to Malleidae) - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (306), 453-539 (serial monograph, )
  • T. E. Yancey, 1973 - A new genus of Permian siphonodentalid scaphopods, and its bearing on the origin of the Siphonodentaliidae - Journal of Paleontology (47), 1062-1064 (journal article, English)
  • T. A. Darragh, 1970 - Catalogue of Australian Tertiary Mollusca (except chitons) - Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria (31), 125-212 (compendium, English)
  • P. Jung, 1965 - Miocene Mollusca from the Paraguana Peninsula, Venezuela - Bulletins of American Paleontology (49), 389-652 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. H. Easton, 1962 - Carboniferous formations and faunas of central Montana - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (348), 1-126 (, )
  • W. O. Addicott, 1959 - Late Pleistocene Invertebrates from Punta Cabras, Baja California, Mexico - American Museum Novitates (1925), 1-33 (journal article, English)
  • N.H. Ludbrook, 1956 - The molluscan fauna of the Pliocene strata underlying the Adelaide Plains. Part III - Scaphopoda, Polyplacophora, Gastropoda (Haliotidae-Tornidae) - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia (79), 1-36 (journal article, English)
  • A.R. Lillie, 1953 - The Geology of the Dannevirke Subdivision - New Zealand geological Survey Bulletin (46), - (serial monograph, )
  • F. E. Eames, 1952 - A contribution to the study of the Eocene in Western Pakistan and Western India: C. The description of the Scaphopoda and Gastropoda from standard sections in the Rakhi Nala and Zindar Pir areas of the Western Punjab and in the Kohat District - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B (236), 1-168 (journal article, English)
  • J. R. Gardner, 1947 - The Molluscan Fauna of the Alum Bluff Group of Florida - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (), 1-709 (serial monograph, English)
  • L. F. Spath, 1947 - Additional observations on the invertebrates (chiefly ammonites) of the Jurassic and Cretaceous of East Greenland - Meddeleser om Grønland (132), 1-69 (journal article, English)
  • B. L. Clark, 1946 - Eocene Faunas from the Department of Bolivar, Colombia - Geological Society of America Memoir (16), 1-126 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. W. Durham, 1944 - Megafaunal zones of the Oligocene of northwestern Washington - University of California Publications in Geological Sciences (27), 101 -212 (journal article, English)
  • J. A., Jr. Young, 1942 - Pennsylvanian Scaphopoda and Cephalopoda from New Mexico - Journal of Paleontology (16), 120-125 (journal article, English)
  • H. A. Pilsbry, 1941 - A Pliocene fauna from Western Ecuador - Proceedings of the Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (93), 1-79 (journal article, English)
  • J. B. Knight, 1940 - Gastropods of the Whiteforse Sandstone - Geological Society of America Bulletin (51), 302-315 (journal article, English)
  • W. C. Mansfield, 1940 - Mollusks of the Chickasawhay Marl - Journal of Paleontology (14), 171-226 (journal article, English)
  • H. E. Vokes, 1939 - Molluscan faunas of the Domengine and Arroyo Hondo Formations of the California Eocene - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (38), 1-246 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. Traub, 1938 - Geologische und paläontologische Bearbeitung der Kreide und des Tertiärs im östlichen Rupertiwinkel, nördlich von Salzburg [Geological and paleontological work on the Cretaceous and Tertiary of the eastern Ruperti region, north of Salzburg] - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (88), 1-107 (journal article, German)
  • C. H. Oostingh, 1935 - Die Mollusken des Pliozäns von Boemiajoe (Java) - Dienst van den Mijnbouw in Nederlandsch-Indië Wetenschappelijke Mededeelingen (26), 1-247 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. M. Anderson, 1935 - Cretaceous geology of Lower California - Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (23), 1-34 (journal article, English)
  • U. S. Grant, IV, 1931 - Catalogue of the Marine Pliocene and Pleistocene Mollusca of California - Memoirs of the San Diego Society of Natural History (1), 1-1036 (serial monograph, English)
  • L. R. Cox, 1930 - The fossil fauna of the Samana Range and some neighbouring areas: Part VIII. The Mollusca of the Hangu Shales - Memoirs of the Geological Suvery of India (14), - (serial monograph, English)
  • A. A. Olsson, 1930 - Contributions to the Tertiary Paleontology of Northern Peru: Part 3, Eocene Mollusca - Bulletins of American Paleontology (17), 1-164 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. M. Anderson, 1929 - Marine Miocene and related deposits of North Colombia - Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences (18), 73-213 (serial monograph, English)
  • T. Nagao, 1928 - Palaeogene fossils of the Island of Kyushu, Japan Part II - Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University (12), 11-140 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1928 - New Vicksburg (Oligocene) Mollusks From Mexico - Proceedings from the United States National Museum (73), 1-11 (journal article, English)
  • B. L. Clark, 1927 - The geology and paleontology of the type section of the Meganos Formation (lower Middle Eocene) of California - University of California Publications in Geological Sciences (17), 63-142 (serial monograph, English)
  • I. Hayasaka, 1925 - On some Paleozoic molluscs of Japan. 1. Lamellibranchiata and Scaphopoda - Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University. 2nd series, Geology (8), 1-29 (journal article, English)
  • W. C. Mansfield, 1925 - Miocene gastropods and scaphopods from Trinidad, British West Indies - Proceedings of the United States National Museum (66), 9116-9125 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. K. Palmer, 1923 - A fauna from the Middle Eocene shales near Vacaville, California - University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences (14), 289-318 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. A. Olsson, 1922 - The Miocene of Northern Costa Rica - Bulletins of American Paleontology (9), 1-309 (serial monograph, English)
  • G. H. Girty, 1915 - The fauna of the Wewoka Formation of Oklahoma - United States Geological Survey Bulletin (544), 1-353 (serial monograph, English)
  • C. J. Maury, 1912 - A contribution to the paleontology of Trinidad - Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (15), 1-112 (serial monograph, English)
  • E. Bose, 1906 - Sobre algunas faunas terciarias - Boletin del Instituto Geologico de Mexico (22), - (serial monograph, English)
  • G. C. Martin, 1904 - Scaphopoda - Maryland Geological Survey (Miocene), 271-274 (journal article, English)
  • E. Kittl, 1903 - Geologie der Umgebung von Sarajevo - Jahrbuch der kaiserlich-königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt (53), 515-748 (journal article, German)
  • E. Kittl, 1899 - Die Gastropoden der Esinokalke, nebst einer Revision der Gastropoden der Marmolatakalke - Annalen des Kaiserlich-Königlichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums (14), 1-237 (journal article, German)
  • R. Tate, 1899 - A revision of the older Tertiary Mollusca of Australia. Part I - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia (23), 249-277 (journal article, English)
  • T. W. Stanton, 1895 - Contributions to the Cretaceous paleontology of the Pacific coast. : The fauna of the Knoxville - Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey (133), 1-132 (journal article, English)
  • W. B. Clark, 1895 - Contributions to the Eocene fauna of the Middle Atlantic slope - Johns Hopkins University Circulars (15), 3-6 (journal article, English)
  • E. Kittl, 1891 - Die Gastropoden der Schichten von St. Cassian der südalpinen Trias. I. Theil - Annalen des Kaiserlich-Königlichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums (6), 166-262 (journal article, German)
  • S. von Wöhrmann, 1889 - Die Fauna der sogenannten Cardita- und Raibler-Schichten in den Nordtiroler und bayerischen Alpen. - Jahrbuch des kaiserlich-königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt, Wein (39), 181-258 (journal article, German)
  • R. Tate, 1887 - The Scaphopods of the Older Tertiary of Australia - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia (9), 190-194 (journal article, English)
  • M. Cossmann, 1884 - Étude paléontologique et stratigraphique sur le Terrain Oligocène marin aux environs d'Étampes - Mém. Soc. Géol. France (3), 1-187 (serial monograph, French)
  • L. G. de Koninck, 1883 - Faune du calcaire carbonifère de la Belgique, 4e partie, Gastéropodes (suite en fin) - Musée Royale d’Historie Naturelle Belgique Annales, Série Paléontoloque (8), 1-240 (serial monograph, English)
  • K. Martin, 1879 - Die Tertiärschichten auf Java. Nach den Entdeckungen von Fr. Junghuhn - Geologische-Reichsmuseum (), 1-164 (serial monograph, German)
  • G. Ponzi, 1876 - I fossile del Monte Vaticano - Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Serie Seconda (3), 925-959 (journal article, Italian)
  • N.B. Geinitz, 1866 - Carbonformation und Dyas in Nebraska - Kaiserliche Leopoldinisch-Carolinische Deutsche Akademie Naturforscher Verhandlungen (33), 1-92 (serial monograph, German)
  • W. M. Gabb, 1864 - Description of the Cretaceous fossils - Geological Survey of California Palaeontology (1), 57-217 (journal article, English)
  • L. G. de Koninck, 1863 - Descriptions of some fossils from India, discovered by Dr. A. Fleming of Edinburgh - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (19), 1-19 (journal article, English)
  • H. B. Geinitz, 1861 - Die animalischen ueberreste der Dyas - Dyas oder die Zechstein Formation und das Rothliegende (), 1-130 (book/book chapter, German)
  • C. G. Giebel, 1856 - Die Versteinerungen in Muschelkalk von Lieskau bei Halle - Abhandlungen Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines (1), 53-126 (journal article, German)
  • W. King, 1850 - Monograph of the Permian fossils of England - Palaeontographical Society (), 1-253 (book/book chapter, English)
  • T. A. Conrad, 1848 - Observations on the Eocene formations, and descriptions of one hundred and five new fossils from that period, from the vicinity of Vicksburg, Mississippi; with an appendix - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (3), 280-299 (journal article, English)
  • E. Forbes, 1846 - Report on the fossil invertebrata from southern India, collected by Mr. Kaye and Mr. Cunliffe - Transactions of the Geological Society of London, Series 2 (7), 97-174 (journal article, English)
  • A. Klipstein, 1843 - Beschreibung neuer Versteinerungen von St. Cassian und einiger anderer Localitäten, Erster Abschnitt. Mollusken - Beiträge zur Geologischen Kenntniss der Östlichen Alpen (), 101-207 (book/book chapter, German)
  • L. G. de Koninck, 1843 - - Description des animaux fossiles qui se trouvent dans le terrain carbonifére de Belgique (), 241-480 (book/book chapter, French)
  • G. Münster, 1841 - Beiträge zur Geognosie und Petrefacten-Kunde des südöstlichen Tirols vorzüglich der Schichten von St. Cassian. II. Beschreibung und Abbildung der in den Kalkmergelschichten von St. Cassian gefunden Versteinerungen - Beiträge zur Petrefacten-Kunde (4), 25-152 (serial monograph, German)
  • C. Linnaeus, 1758 - - Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima (1), 1-824 (book, other)