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Gymnolaemata

Gymnolaemata

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eutriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Neotriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eucoelomata  ⇒ Stamm: Bryozoa

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Klasse

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Allman, 1856

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Gymnolaemata

Ausführliche Beschreibung

Weitere Unterteilung

  • Ordnung: Cryptostomata Vine, 1883
  • Ordnung: Cheilostomata Busk, 1852

    • Unterordnung: Anasca Levinsen, 1909
    • Unterordnung: Ascophora Levinsen, 1909
  • Ordnung: Ctenostomata Busk, 1852

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 251 Ma - Endalter: 0 Ma
0
0.0117
1.806
5.332
13.65
23.03
37
55.8
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
189.6
203.6
237
251
Meghalayan
Nordgrippian
Greenlandian
Oberes Pleistozän
Mittleres Pleistozän
Unteres Pleistozän
Gelasium
Piacenzium
Zancleum
Messinium
Tortonium
Serravallium
Langhium
Burdigalium
Aquitanium
Chattium
Rupelium
Priabonium
Bartonium
Lutetium
Ypresium
Thanetium
Selandium
Danium
Maastricht
Campan
Santon
Coniac
Turon
Cenoman
Alb
Apt
Barreme
Hauterive
Valangin
Berrias
Tithonium
Kimmeridgium
Oxfordium
Callovium
Bathonium
Bajocium
Aalenium
Toarcium
Pliensbachium
Sinemurium
Hettangium
Rhät
Nor
Karn
Ladin
Anis
Olenekium
Induum
Holozän
Pleistozän
Pliozän
Miozän
Oligozän
Eozän
Paläozän
Obere Kreide
Untere Kreide
Malm
Dogger
Lias
Obere Trias
Mittlere Trias
Untere Trias
Quartär
Neogen
Paläogen
Kreide
Jura
Trias
Startalter: 477.7 Ma - Endalter: 251 Ma
251.1
265.8
275.6
299
311.7
345.3
385.3
407
418.7
426.2
439
455.8
478.6
Changhsingium
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Sheinwood
Telychium
Aeronium
Rhuddanium
Hirnantium
Katium
Sandbium
Darriwilium
Dapingium
Floium
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Oberes Ordovizium
Mittleres Ordovizium
Unteres Ordovizium
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Silur
Ordovizium

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: angehängt, stationär
Ernährungsweise:

Filtrierer (suspension feeder)

Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Aragonit, Calcit mit niedrigem Mg-Gehalt

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei GBIF
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 78)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • J. López-Gappa, 2019 - A new genus and species of Chaperiidae (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata) from the early Miocene of Patagonia (Argentina) - Ameghiniana (56), 422-429 (journal article, English)
  • S. O. Martha, 2017 - The oldest erect cheilostome bryozoan: Jablonskipora gen. nov. from the upper Albian of south-west England - Papers in Palaeontology (), - (journal article, English)
  • P. Moissette, 2017 - Pleistocene (Calabrian) deep-water corals and associated biodiversity in the eastern Mediterranean (Karpathos Island, Greece) - Journal of Quaternary sciene (), - (journal article, English)
  • S. Martha, 2016 - A new Western European Cretaceous Bryozoan genus from the Early Cenomanian radiation of Neocheilostomes - Papers in Palaeontology (2), 311-321 (journal article, English)
  • S. O. Martha, 2015 - On rediscovered types of Santonian cheilostome bryozoans described by Ehrhard Voigt (1924, 1930) from the Subhercynian Cretaceous Basin and its surroundings - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (89), 689-706 (journal article, English)
  • E. Di Martino, 2015 - Miocene Bryozoa from East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Part II: ‘Ascophoran’ Cheilostomata. - Scripta Geologica (148), 1-142 (journal article, English)
  • S. P. Avila, 2015 - Palaeoecology, taphonomy, and preservation of a lower Pliocene shell bed (coquina) froma volcanic oceanic island (Santa Maria Island, Azores) - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (430), 57-73 (journal article, English)
  • D. P. Gordon, 2015 - Bryozoa of the Early Eocene Tumaio Limestone, Chatham Island, New Zealand - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (), 1-88 (journal article, English)
  • E. Di Martino, 2014 - Miocene Bryozoa from East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Part I: Cyclostomata and 'Anascan' Cheilostomata - Scripta Geologica (146), 17-126 (journal article, English)
  • K. Zágorsek, 2014 - A new genus of the family Jaculinidae (Cheilostomata, Bryozoa) from the Miocene of the tropical western Atlantic - Zootaxa (3838), 98-112 (journal article, English)
  • E. Di Martino, 2013 - First bryozoan fauna from a tropical Cretaceous carbonate: Simsima Formation, United Arab Emirates-Oman border region - Cretaceous Research (43), 80-96 (journal article, English)
  • K. Zagorsek, 2013 - Late Tortonian bryozoans from Mut Basin, Central Anatolian Plateau, southern Turkey - Acta Paleontologica Polonica (58), 595-607 (journal article, English)
  • A. K. Guha, 2013 - Tertiary bryozoa from Western Kachchh, Gujarat - A Review - Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India (58), 3-15 (journal article, English)
  • E. Di Martino, 2012 - Systematics and life history of Antoniettella exigua, a new genus and species of cribrimorph bryozoan from the Miocene of East Kalimantan (Indonesia) - Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana (51), 99-108 (journal article, English)
  • D. F. Lazar, 2012 - Sedimentary succession of the Lower Cretaceous deposits from the north-western part of Pădurea Craiului (Apuseni Mountains, Romania) - Studia UBB Geologia (57), 33-51 (journal article, English)
  • L. A. Viskova, 2012 - Tamanicella gen. nov., a New Genus of Bryozoans Forming the Late Miocene Bioherms of Cape Panagia in the Taman Peninsula (Russia) - Paleontological Journal (46), 29-43 (journal article, English)
  • P. D. Taylor, 2010 - Barremian bryozoans from Serre de Bleyton (Drôme, SE France) - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A (112), 673-700 (journal article, English)
  • K. Zagorsek, 2010 - New Middle Miocene Bryozoa from Gârbova de Sus (Romania) and their relationship to the sedimentary environment - Geologica Carpathica (61), 495-512 (journal article, English)
  • S. Schneider, 2009 - A parautochthonous shallow marine fauna from the Late Burdigalian (early Ottnangian) of Gurlarn (Lower Bavaria, SE Germany): Macrofaunal inventory and paleoecology - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie (254), 63-103 (journal article, English)
  • B. Berning, 2008 - Revision of the north‐eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean species of the genera Herentia and Therenia (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata) - Journal of Natural History (42), 1509-1547 (journal article, English)
  • J. Maletz, 2008 - The Middle Ordovician Proventocitum procerulum radiolarian assemnblage of Spitsbergen and its biostratigraphic correlation - (51), 1181-1200 (journal article, English)
  • P. D. Taylor, 2008 - Late Cretaceous cheilostome Bryozoans from California and Baja California - Journal of Paleontology (82), 823-834 (journal article, English)
  • A. K. Guha, 2007 - Some fossil ascophoran bryozoan taxa from Tertiary sequences of western Kachchh, Gujarat - Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India (52), 195-222 (journal article, English)
  • A. K. Guha, 2007 - New fossil steginoporellid and schizoporellid species (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) from the Tertiary sequences of western Kachchh, Gujarat and their significance - Journal of the Geological Society of India (69), 803-812 (journal article, English)
  • J. Alroy, 2007 - Synonymies and reidentifications of North American fossil vertebrates and so forth - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • A. K. Guha, 2007 - New calloporid (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) species from Tertiary sequences of western Kachchh, Gujarat - Journal of the Geological Society of India (70), 121-130 (journal article, English)
  • P. D. Taylor, 2007 - Bryozoans from the Late Cretaceous Kahuitara Tuff of the Chatham Islands, New Zealand - Alcheringa (31), 339-363 (journal article, English)
  • A. M. Smith, 2006 - Skeletal mineralogy of bryozoans: Taxonomic and temporal patterns - Earth-Science Reviews (78), 287-306 (journal article, English)
  • A. H. Cheetham, 2006 - Morphological differentiation of avicularia and the proliferation of species in mid-Cretaceous Wilbertopora Cheetham, 1954 (Bryozoa, Cheilostomata) - Journal of Paleontology (80), 49-71 (journal article, English)
  • B. Berning, 2006 - The cheilostome bryozoan fauna from the Late Miocene of Niebla (Guadalquivir Basin, SW Spain): environmental and biogeographic implications - Mitteilungen aus dem Geologisch-Paläontologischen Institut der Universität Hamburg (90), 7-156 (journal article, English)
  • A. Rosso, 2005 - Bryozoans and serpuloideans in skeletobiont communities from the Pleistocene of Sicily: spatial utilisation and competitive interactions - Annali dell’Università degli Studi di Ferrara Museologia Scientifica e Naturalistica (), - (journal article, English)
  • A. N. Ostrovsky, 2004 - Systematics of Upper Cretaceous calloporid bryozoans with primitive spinose ovicells - Palaeontology (47), 775-793 (journal article, English)
  • W. Kiessling, 2004 - Ecology opinions - (), - (unpublished, )
  • A. V. Grischenko, 2004 - Systematic descriptions, in New cheilostome bryozoans from the middle Miocene of Hokkaido, Japan, and the first fossil occurrences of Kubaninella and Hayamiellina gen. nov - Paleontological Research (8), 167-179 (journal article, English)
  • R. Schmidt, 2003 - Eocene bryozoa of the St. Vincent Basin, south Australia – taxonomy, biogeography and palaeoenvironments - (), 1-343 (Ph.D. thesis, English)
  • W. Kiessling, 2003 - Personal data - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • P. D. Taylor, 2002 - A Late Cenomanian bryozoan biostrome from north-eastern Nigeria - Cretaceous Research (23), 241-253 (journal article, )
  • D. P. Gordon, 2001 - Genera and subgenera of Cheilostomata - Working list for Treatise (), - (book chapter, English)
  • S. Pouyet, 2000 - Les bryozoaires cheilostomes du Néogène bétique (SE Espagne) - Revista Española de Paleontología (15), 181-202 (journal article, French)
  • G. Wienrich, 1999 - Die Fauna des marinen Miozäns von Kevelaer (Niederrhein). Band 2 Bivalvia, Scaphopoda, Cephalopoda, Bryozoa, Annelida, Brachiopoda - Backhuys Publishers, Leiden (2), 188-384 (serial monograph, German)
  • P. D. Taylor, 1999 - Middle Jurassic bryozoans from the Carmel formation of southwestern Utah - Journal of Paleontology (73), 816-830 (journal article, English)
  • D. P. Gordon, 1999 - Latest Paleocene to earliest Eocene bryozoans from Chatham Island, New Zealand - Bulletin of the Natural History Museum of London: Geology Series (55), 1-45 (serial monograph, English)
  • D. E. Lee, 1997 - Paleoecology of a Late Eocene Mobile Rockground Biota from North Otago, New Zealand - Palaios (12), 568-581 (journal article, English)
  • P. Moissette, 1995 - Plio-Pleistocene deep-water bryozoans from Rhodes, Greece - Palaeontology (38), 771-799 (journal article, English)
  • D. P. Gordon, 1994 - Bryozoan fauna of the Kaipuke Siltstone, northwest Nelson: a Miocene homologue of the modern Tasman Bay coralline bryozoan grounds - New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics (37), 239-247 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Boardman, 1987 - Phylum Bryozoa - Fossil Invertebrates (), 497-549 (book/book chapter, English)
  • P. D. Taylor, 1986 - Charixa Lang and Spinicharixa gen. nov., cheilostome bryozoans from the Lower Cretaceous - Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (40), 197-222 (journal article, English)
  • E. Voigt, 1981 - Upper Cretaceous bryozoan-seagrass association in the Maastrichtian of the Netherlands - Recent and Fossil Bryozoa (), 281-298 (book/book chapter, English)
  • A. H. Simonsen, 1980 - Fenestrate, pinnate, and ctenostome bryozoans and associated barnacle borings in the Wreford Megacyclothem (Lower Permian) of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Nebraska - University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions (101), 1-38 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. H. Cheetham, 1972 - Cheilostome Byrozoa of Late Eocene age from Eua, Tonga - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (), - (serial monograph, English)
  • R. J. Scolaro, 1970 - Note on Miocene Bryozoa from northwestern Florida - Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology (8), 93-98 (journal article, English)
  • H. N. Andrews, 1970 - Index of Generic Names of Fossil Plants, 1820-1965 - Geological Survey Bulletin (), 1-354 (serial monograph, English)
  • N. G. Shaw, 1967 - Cheilostomata from Gulfian (Upper Cretaceous) rocks of southwestern Arkansas - Journal of Paleontology (41), 1393-1432 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. Dettmann, 1963 - Upper Mesozoic microfloras from South-Eastern - Procidings of Royal Society of Victoria (), 1-176 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Talent, 1963 - The Devonian of the Mitchell and Wentworth Rivers - Geological Survey of Victoria Memoir (24), 1-118 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. H. Cheetham, 1962 - Eocene bryozoa from the McBean Formation in Georgia - Micropaleontology (8), 323-336 (journal article, English)
  • D. A. Brown, 1958 - Fossil cheilostomatous polyzoa from south-west Victoria - Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Victoria (), - (book, English)
  • D. A. Brown, 1956 - Some Pliocene Polyzoa from South Australia - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (9), 593-611 (journal article, English)
  • D. A. Brown, 1952 - The Tertiary Cheilostomatous Polyzoa of New Zealand - (), 1-405 (book, English)
  • I. Crespin, 1944 - Middle Miocene limestone from King Island, Tasmania - Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania (), 15-18 (journal article, English)
  • I. Crespin, 1943 - Report on a collection of fossils from the Lakes Entrance shaft, Gippsland, Victoria - Commonwealth of Australia (), - (journal article, English)
  • W. C. Mansfield, 1940 - Mollusks of the Chickasawhay Marl - Journal of Paleontology (14), 171-226 (journal article, English)
  • F. Traub, 1938 - Geologische und paläontologische Bearbeitung der Kreide und des Tertiärs im östlichen Rupertiwinkel, nördlich von Salzburg [Geological and paleontological work on the Cretaceous and Tertiary of the eastern Ruperti region, north of Salzburg] - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (88), 1-107 (journal article, German)
  • L. W. Stach, 1936 - South Australian Cainozoic Bryozoa. Part 1 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia (60), 127-136 (journal article, English)
  • L. W. Stach, 1935 - Victorian Lower Pliocene Bryozoa. Part 1 - Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (47), 338-351 (journal article, English)
  • F. Canu, 1935 - New species of Tertiary Cheilostome Bryozoa from Victoria, Australia - Smithsonian miscellaneous collections (93), 1-54 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Bassler, 1934 - Notes on fossil and recent Bryozoa - Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences (24), 404-408 (journal article, French)
  • R. S. Bassler, 1934 - Bryozoa (Generum et genotyporum index et bibliographia) - Fossilium Catalogus, I: Animalia (67), - (journal article, English)
  • F. Canu, 1927 - Classification of the cheilostomatous Bryozoa - Proceedings of the United States National Museum (69), 1-44 (journal article, English)
  • J. Bohm, 1926 - Über Tertiäre versteinerungen von den Bogenfelser diamantfeldern - Beiträge zur geologischen Erforschung der deutschen Schutzgebiete (2), 55-87 (journal article, German)
  • C. J. Maury, 1924 - Fosseis Terciarios Do Brazil - Servico Geologico E Mineralogico Do Brazil Monographia (49), - (serial monograph, English)
  • F. Canu, 1920 - North American early Tertiary Bryozoa - Smithsonian Institute Bulletin (106), 1-843 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. S. Bassler, 1911 - The early Paleozoic Bryozoa of the Baltic Provinces - Bulletin of the United States National Museum (77), 1-375 (journal article, English)
  • L. C. Glenn, 1904 - Pelecypoda - Maryland Geological Survey (Miocene), 274-401 (journal article, English)
  • E. O. Ulrich, 1904 - Bryozoa - Maryland Geological Survey (Miocene), 430-431 (journal article, English)
  • M. Cossmann, 1888 - Catalogue illustré des coquilles fossiles de l'eocène des environs de Paris - Annales de la Societe Royale Malacologique Belgique (23), 1-324 (serial monograph, French)
  • L. G. de Koninck, 1863 - Descriptions of some fossils from India, discovered by Dr. A. Fleming of Edinburgh - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (19), 1-19 (journal article, English)
  • T. A. Conrad, 1848 - Observations on the Eocene formations, and descriptions of one hundred and five new fossils from that period, from the vicinity of Vicksburg, Mississippi; with an appendix - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (3), 280-299 (journal article, English)
  • A. D. d'Orbigny, 1842 - - Voyage dans l'Amérique Méridionale: (le Brésil, la République Orientale de l'Uruguay, la République Argentine, la Patagonie, la République du Chili, la République de Bolivia, la République du Pérou), Exécuté Pendant les Années 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830 (), 1-188 (book, French)
  • G. Münster, 1841 - Beiträge zur Geognosie und Petrefacten-Kunde des südöstlichen Tirols vorzüglich der Schichten von St. Cassian. II. Beschreibung und Abbildung der in den Kalkmergelschichten von St. Cassian gefunden Versteinerungen - Beiträge zur Petrefacten-Kunde (4), 25-152 (serial monograph, German)
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