† Embolomeri


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Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Tetrapoda  ⇒ Klasse: Amphibia  ⇒ Ordnung: Temnospondyli

Taxo­nomic seg­ment


This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

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Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 336 Ma - End age: 268 Ma

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: actively mobile
Habit: amphibious
Environment: brackish, freshwater, terrestrial
Compositon of the remains:


Reference- and Source indication, Literature

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Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 24)

Taxonomic assignment (35)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • M. Ruta, 2003 - Early tetrapod relationships revisited - Biological Reviews (78), 251-345 (journal article, English)
  • I. V. Novikov, 2000 - Permian and Triassic anthracosaurs from Eastern Europe - The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (), 60-70 (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. A. Gauthier, 1988 - The early evolution of the Amniota - In M. J. Benton (ed.), The Phylogeny and Classification of the Tetrapods, Volume 1: Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds. Systematics Association Special Volume, Clarendon Press (35A), 103-155 (book/book chapter, English)
  • R. L. Carroll, 1988 - - Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution (), 1-698 (compendium, English)
  • J. A. Clack, 1987 - Pholiderpeton scutigerum Huxley, an Amphibian from the Yorkshire Coal Measures - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: B (318), 1-107 (journal article, English)
  • M. J. Boyd, 1980 - The axial skeleton of the Carboniferous amphibian Pteroplax cornutus - Palaeontology (23), 273-285 (journal article, English)
  • A. L. Panchen, 1970 - Handbuch der Palaoherpetologie / Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology Teil 5 / Part 5 Batrachosauria Teil A / Part A Anthracosauria - (), 1-84 (book, English)
  • E. C. Olson, 1970 - New and little known genera and species of vertebrates from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma - Fieldiana: Geology (18), 359-434 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. S. Romer, 1963 - The larger embolomerous amphibians of the American Carboniferous - Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (128), 415-454 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Romer, 1958 - An embolomere jaw from the mid-Carboniferous of Nova Scotia - Breviora (87), 1-8 (journal article, English)
  • O. Kuhn, 1946 - Das System der fossilen und rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien [The system of fossil and recent amphibians and reptiles] - Bericht der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Bamberg (29), 49-67 (journal article, German)
  • D. M. S. Watson, 1926 - Croonian lecture.—The evolution and origin of the Amphibia - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B (214), 189-257 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. L. Moodie, 1911 - A new labyrinthodont from the Kansas coal measures - Proceedings of the United States National Museum (39), 489-495 (journal article, English)
  • A. Fritsch, 1901 - - Fauna der Gaskohle und der Kalksteine der Permformation Böhmens. Vierter Band, Heft III (), 63-101 (serial monograph, German)
  • E. D. Cope, 1875 - Check-list of North American Batrachia and Reptilia; with a systematic list of the higher groups, and an essay on geographical distribution. Based on the specimens contained in the U. S. National Museum - Bulletin of the United States National Museum (1), 1-109 (journal article, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1873 - On some new Batrachia and fishes from the Coal Measures of Linton, Ohio - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Science of Philadelphia (), 340-343 (journal article, English)
  • T. H. Huxley, 1869 - On a new labyrinthodont from Bradford - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society (25), 309-311 (journal article, English)
  • F. L. S. Hancock, 1868 - Notes on the remains of some reptiles and fishes from the shales of the Northumberland coal-field - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (1), 266-278 (journal article, English)
  • T. H. Huxley, 1863 - Description of Anthracosaurus russelli, a new labyrinthodont form the Lanarkshire coal field - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (19), 56-68 (journal article, English)
  • J. S. Newberry, 1856 - Description of several new genera and species of fossil fishes from the Carboniferous strata of Ohio - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (8), 96-100 (journal article, English)