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Pinales

Pinales

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Plantae  ⇒ Unterreich: Viridaeplantae  ⇒ Infrareich: Streptophyta  ⇒ Stamm: Tracheophyta  ⇒ Unterstamm: Spermatophyta  ⇒ ohne Rang: Gymnospermae  ⇒ Abteilung: Coniferophyta  ⇒ Klasse: Pinopsida

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Ordnung

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Dumortier, 1829

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Pinales

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 251 Ma - Endalter: 0 Ma
0
0.0117
1.806
5.332
13.65
23.03
37
55.8
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
189.6
203.6
237
251
Meghalayan
Nordgrippian
Greenlandian
Oberes Pleistozän
Mittleres Pleistozän
Unteres Pleistozän
Gelasium
Piacenzium
Zancleum
Messinium
Tortonium
Serravallium
Langhium
Burdigalium
Aquitanium
Chattium
Rupelium
Priabonium
Bartonium
Lutetium
Ypresium
Thanetium
Selandium
Danium
Maastricht
Campan
Santon
Coniac
Turon
Cenoman
Alb
Apt
Barreme
Hauterive
Valangin
Berrias
Tithonium
Kimmeridgium
Oxfordium
Callovium
Bathonium
Bajocium
Aalenium
Toarcium
Pliensbachium
Sinemurium
Hettangium
Rhät
Nor
Karn
Ladin
Anis
Olenekium
Induum
Holozän
Pleistozän
Pliozän
Miozän
Oligozän
Eozän
Paläozän
Obere Kreide
Untere Kreide
Malm
Dogger
Lias
Obere Trias
Mittlere Trias
Untere Trias
Quartär
Neogen
Paläogen
Kreide
Jura
Trias
Startalter: 346.7 Ma - Endalter: 251 Ma
251.1
265.8
275.6
299
311.7
359.2
Changhsingium
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Perm
Karbon

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei GBIF
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 18)

Fossilzuordnungen (506)

Vorkommen (3)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • D. L. Contreras, 2019 - Reconstructing the early evolution of the Cupressaceae: A whole-plant description of a new Austrohamia species from the Cañadón Asfalto Formation(Early Jurassic), Argentina - International Journal of Plant Sciences (180), 834-868 (journal article, English)
  • S. Gnaedinger , 2015 - Coniferous woods and wood-decaying fungi from the El Freno Formation (Lower Jurassic), Neuquén Basin, Mendoza Province, Argentina. - Ameghiniana (52), 447-467 (journal article, English)
  • J. Koppka, 2015 - Revision of the Bivalvia from the Upper Jurassic Reuchenette Formation,Northwest Switzerland—Ostreoidea - Zootaxa (3927), 1-117 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. R. Pujana, 2015 - A new megaflora (fossil woods and leaves) from the Miocene of southwestern Patagonia - Ameghiniana (52), 350-366 (journal article, English)
  • P. Wilf, 2014 - First South American Agathis (Araucariaceae), Eocene of Patagonia - American Journal of Botany (101), 156-179 (journal article, English)
  • R. R. Pujana, 2014 - Conifer fossil woods from the La Meseta Formation (Eocene of Western Antarctica): Evidence of Podocarpaceae-dominated forests - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (), 122-137 (journal article, English)
  • S. R. Manchester, 2014 - Revisions to Roland Brown's North American Paleocene Flora - Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae (70), 153-210 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Doweld, 2013 - Proposals to reject the names Solenostrobus (fossil Myrtaceae or Theaceae) and Frenelites (fossil Lauraceae) - Taxon (62), 845-846 (journal article, English)
  • S. Chatterjee, 2013 - A Dicroidium flora from the Triassic of Allan Hills, South Victoria Land, Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica - Alcheringa (37), 209-221 (journal article, English)
  • M. Macphail, 2013 - First Evidence for Wollemi Pine-type Pollen (Dilwynites: Araucariaceae) in South America - PLoS ONE (8), 1-8 (journal article, English)
  • M. Brea, 2012 - Fossil plant studies from late Early Miocene of the Santa Cruz Formation: paleoecology and paleoclimatology at the passive margin of Patagonia, Argentina - Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia: High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation (), 104-128 (book chapter, English)
  • G. M. Del Fueyo, 2012 - An ultrastructural study of the araucarian pollen grain Cyclusphaera radiata Archangelsky from the Albian of Patagonia - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (173), 57-67 (journal article, English)
  • G. W. Rothwell, 2012 - The seed cone Eathiestrobus gen. nov.: fossil evidence for a Jurassic origin of Pinaceae - American Journal of Botany (99), 708-720 (journal article, English)
  • A. Rios Netto, 2012 - Palinoestratigrafia do intervalo Alagoas da Bacia do Araripe, Nordeste do Brasil - Revista Brasileira de Geociências (42), 331-342 (journal article, English)
  • S. Archangelsky, 2012 - Palinología y paleoambientes en el perfil de Bajo Comisión (Cretácico), provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina - Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales (14), 23-39 (journal article, English)
  • L. Povilauskas, 2012 - Palinología de la Formación Monte Chico (Cretácico Tardío) de la Provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina: Gimnospermas - Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia (15), 85-94 (journal article, English)
  • A. A. M. Eisawi, 2012 - Palynozonation of the Cretaceous to Lower Paleogene Strata of the Muglad Basin, Sudan - Palynology (36), 191-207 (journal article, English)
  • G. Dietl, 2011 - Im Reich der Meerengel. Der Nusplinger Plattenkalk und seine Fossilien - (), - (book, German)
  • P. Moisan, 2010 - A Late Triassic flora from Gomero (Santa Juana Formation), Chile - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie-Abhandlungen (258), 89-106 (journal article, English)
  • E. I. Vera, 2010 - Estudios anatómicos en paleofloras del Aptiano de Antártida y Patagonia, y su comparación - Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (), 294- (Ph.D. thesis, Spanish)
  • M. Pole, 2009 - A new terrestrial Cretaceous-Paleogene site in New Zealand turnover in macroflora confirmed by palynology - Cretaceous Research (30), 917-938 (journal article, English)
  • R. Paull, 2009 - Libocedrus Macrofossils from Tasmania (Australia) - International Journal of Plant Sciences (170), 381-399 (journal article, English)
  • R. A. Stockey , 2008 - Lower Cretaceous conifers from Apple Bay, Vancouver Island: Picea-like leaves, Midoriphyllum piceoides gen. et sp. nov. (Pinaceae) - Botany (86), 649-657 (journal article, English)
  • A. Archangelsky, 2008 - Aptian Angiosperm Pollen from the Ticó Flora Patagonia, Argentina - Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales (10), 185-198 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 2008 - Agathis (Araucariaceae) macrofossils from Cainozoic sediments in south eastern Australia - Australian Systematic Botany (21), 162-177 (journal article, English)
  • I. H. Escapa, 2008 - A new genus of the Cupressaceae (sensu lato) from the Jurassic of Patagonia:Implications for conifer megasporangiate cone homologies - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (151), 110-122 (journal article, English)
  • M. G. Passalia, 2007 - Nuevos registros para la flora cretácica descripta por Halle (1913) en lago San Martín, Santa Cruz, Argentina - (44), 565-595 (journal article, Spanish)
  • P. Vallati, 2006 - Las primeras angiospermas en el Cretácico de la Cuenca Neuquina (Centro Oeste de Argentina): Aspectos geológicos relacionados - Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia (9), 83-92 (journal article, Spanish)
  • D. J. Cantrill, 2006 - Wairarapaia mildenhallii gen. et sp. nov., a New Araucarian Cone Related to Wollemia from the Cretaceous (Albian-Cenomanian) of New Zealand - International Journal of Plant Sciences (167), 1259-1269 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. Quattrocchio, 2006 - Early Cretaceous palynostratigraphy, palynofacies and palaeoenvironments of well sections in northeastern Tierra del Fuego, Argentina - Cretaceous Research (27), 584-602 (journal article, English)
  • G. M. Del Fueyo, 2005 - A new araucarian pollen cone with in situ Cyclusphaera Elsik from the Aptian of Patagonia, Argentina - Cretaceous Research (26), 757-768 (journal article, English)
  • S. R. Manchester, 2005 - Middle Eocene flora of Huadian, Jilin Province, Northeastern China - Acta Palaeobotanica (45), 3-26 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 2003 - Fitzroya (Cupressaceae) macrofossils from Cenozoic sediments in Tasmania, Australia - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (126), 145-152 (journal article, English)
  • M. R. Ahuja, 2002 - Origins of Polyploidy in Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens (D. DON) ENDL.) and Relationship of Coast Redwood to other Genera of Taxodiaceae - Silvae Genetica (51), 93-100 (journal article, English)
  • A. Vijaya, 2002 - An Early Cretaceous age for the Rajmahal traps, Panagarh area, West Bengal: palynological evidence - Cretaceous Research (23), 789-805 (journal article, English)
  • G. M. Del Fueyo, 2002 - Araucaria grandifolia Feruglio from the Lower Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina - Cretaceous Research (23), 265-277 (journal article, English)
  • S. Y. Smith, 2002 - Permineralized pine cones from the Cretaceous of Vancouver Island, British Columbia - International Journal of Plant Sciences (163), 185-196 (journal article, English)
  • V. Barreda, 2000 - Palinoestratigrafía de depósitos del Oligoceno tardío-Mioceno en el área sur del Golfo San Jorge, provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina - Ameghiniana (37), 103-117 (journal article, Spanish)
  • D.J. Mabberley, 2000 - The Plant-Book, 2nd ed. - Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 858 p. (), - (book/book chapter, )
  • S. S. Whang, 1999 - Late Palaeocene Cupressaceae Macrofossils at Lake Bungarby, New South Wales - Australian Systematic Botany (12), 241-254 (journal article, English)
  • D. Burger, 1996 - Mesozoic palynomorphs from the North West Shelf, offshore Western Australia - Palynology (20), 49-103 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1996 - A New Species of Fitzroya (Cupressaceae) from Oligocene Sediments in North-western Tasmania - Australian Systematic Botany (9), 867-875 (journal article, English)
  • D. J. Cantrill, 1995 - Late Triassic plant fossils from the Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica - Antarctic Science (7), 51-62 (journal article, English)
  • V. Srinivasan, 1995 - Conifers from the PUddledock locality (Potomac Group, Early Cretaceous) in eastern North America - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (89), 257-286 (journal article, )
  • G. J. Jordan, 1995 - Extinct conifers and conifer diversity in the Early Pleistocene of western Tasmania - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (84), 375-387 (journal article, English)
  • S. McLoughlin, 1995 - A Cenomanian Flora from the Winton Formation, Eromanga Basin, Queensland, Australia - Memoirs of the Queensland Museam (38), 273-313 (journal article, )
  • G. R. Upchurch, 1994 - The Megaflora from the Quantico Locality (Upper Albian), Lower Cretaceous Potomac Group of Virginia - Virginia Museum of Natural History (4), 1-57 (serial monograph, )
  • D. Burger, 1993 - Early and middle Cretaceous angiosperm pollen grains from Australia - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (78), 183-234 (journal article, English)
  • M. S. Pole, 1993 - The Oligocene Berwick Quarry Flora - Rainforest in a Drying Environment - Australian Systematic Botany (6), 399-427 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1993 - Taxodiaceous Macrofossils from Tertiary and Quaternary Sediments in Tasmania. - Australian Systematic Botany (6), 237-249 (journal article, English)
  • E. E. McIver, 1993 - Flora of the Ravenscrag Formation (Paleocene), Southwestern Saskatchewan, Canada - Palaeontographica Canadiana (10), 1-85 (serial monograph, )
  • R. S. Hill, 1993 - An Early Tertiary macroflora from West Dale, southwestern Australia - Alcheringa (17), 285-326 (journal article, English)
  • B. A. R. Mohr, 1992 - Late cretaceous palynofloras (sporomorphs and dinocysts) from the Kerguelen Plateau, southern Indian Ocean (Sites 748 and 750) - Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results (120), 281-306 (journal article, English)
  • M. Pole, 1992 - Eocene Vegetation from Hasties, North-eastern Tasmania - Australian Systematic Botany (5), 431-475 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1991 - Leaves of Eucryphia (Eucryphiaceae) from tertiary sediments in south-eastern Australia - Australian Systematic Botany (4), 481-497 (journal article, English)
  • R Serbet, 1991 - Taxodiaceous pollen cones from the Upper Cretaceous (Horshoe Canyon Formation) of Drumheller, Alberta, Canada - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (70), 67-76 (journal article, )
  • R. E. Kirby, 1991 - A vertebrate fauna from the Upper Triassic Owl Rock Member of the Chinle Formation in Northern Arizona, Northern Arizona University - (), 1-476 (M.S. thesis, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1990 - Araucaria (Araucariaceae) species from Australian Tertiary sediments – a micromorphological study - Australian Systematic Botany (), 203-220 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1989 - Tertiary gymnosperms from Tasmania: Cupressaceae - Alcheringa (13), 89-102 (journal article, English)
  • J. Shoshani, 1989 - The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidisciplinary study of a late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) locality in Southeastern Michigan - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan (27), 393-436 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Wells, 1989 - Fossil Imbricate-leaved Podocarpaceae from Tertiary Sediments in Tasmania - Australian Systematic Botany (2), 387-423 (journal article, English)
  • R. H. Eyde, 1988 - Comprehending Cornus: Puzzles and Progress in the Systematics of the Dogwoods - The Botanical review (54), 233-351 (journal article, English)
  • E. Schrank, 1987 - Paleozoic and Mesozoic palynomorphs from Northeast Africa (Egypt and Sudan) with special reference to Late Cretaceous pollen and spores - Berliner geowis. Abh. (75), 249-310 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1987 - Tertiary gymnosperms from Tasmania: Araucariaceae - Alcheringa (11), 325-335 (journal article, English)
  • A. J. Bigwood, 1985 - Tertiary Araucarian Macrofossils from Tasmania - Australian Journal of Botany (33), 645-656 (journal article, English)
  • J. Watson, 1984 - A new conifer genus from the Lower Cretaceous Glen Rose Formation, Texas - Palaeontology (27), 719-727 (journal article, )
  • S. V. Meyen, 1984 - Basic features of gymnosperm systematics and phylogeny as evidenced by the fossil record - Botanical Review (50), 1-111 (journal article, English)
  • F. M. Hueber, 1983 - Fossil woods and resin-like substances from the Lee Creek Mine - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (53), 269-285 (journal article, English)
  • D. M. Jarzen, 1982 - Palynology of Dinosaur Provincial Park (Campanian) Alberta - Syllogeus (38), 1-69 (serial monograph, English)
  • V. A. Krassilov, 1982 - Taxonomy: A Unique Find: Pollen in the intestine of Early Cretaceous Sawflies - Paleontological Journal (16), 80-95 (journal article, English)
  • M. R. de Lima, 1982 - Palinologia da Formaçao Codo Na Regiao de Codo, Maranhao - Instituto de Geociências , Universidade de São Paulo (13), 43-134 (journal article, Portugese)
  • W. B. K. Holmes, 1982 - The Middle Triassic flora from Benolong, near Dubbo, central-western New South Wales - Alcheringa (6), 1-33 (journal article, English)
  • G. J. Retallack, 1981 - Middle Triassic megafossil plants from Long Gully, near Otematata, north Otago, New Zealand - Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand (11), 167-200 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. J. Chandler, 1978 - Supplement to the Lower Tertiary floras of Southern England Part 5 - Tertiary Research Special Paper (4), 1-47 (journal article, English)
  • M. Salard-Cheboldaeff, 1978 - Sur la palynoflore Maestrichtienne et Tertiaire du bassin sedimentaire littoral du Cameroun - Pollen et Spores (XX), 215-260 (journal article, French)
  • L. J. Hickey, 1977 - Stratigraphy and paleobotany of the Golden Valley Formation (Early Tertiary) of western North Dakota - The Geological Society of America Memoir (150), 1-183 (serial monograph, )
  • S. Archangelsky, 1977 - Balmeiopsis, nuevo nombre genérico para el palinomorfo Inaperturopollenites limbatus Balme, 1957 - Ameghiniana (XIV), 122-126 (journal article, Spanish)
  • D. C. Christophel, 1976 - Fossil floras of the Smoky Tower locality, Alberta, Canada - Palaeontographica Abteilung B (157), 1-43 (journal article, )
  • M. S. Norvick, 1975 - Palynology of the Cenomanian of Bathurst Island, Northern Territory, Australia - Department of Minerals and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics (), 1-169 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. M. Blazer, 1975 - Index of Generic Names of Fossil Plants, 1966-1973 - Geological Survey Bulletin (), 1-54 (serial monograph, English)
  • Y. Reyre, 1973 - Palynogie du Mesozoique saharien - Memoires du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série C, Sciences de la terre (XXVI), - (book, French)
  • W. Volkheimer, 1971 - Algunos adelantos de la microbioestratigrafía del Jurásico en la Argentina y comparación con otras regiones del Hemisferio Austral - Ameghiniana (VIII), 341-355 (journal article, Spanish)
  • P. Ellenberger, 1970 - Les niveaux paléontologiques de première apparition des mammifères primoridaux en Afrique du Sud et leur ichnologie. Establissement de zones stratigraphiques detaillees dans le Stormberg du Lesotho (Afrique du Sud) (Trias Supérieur à Jurassique) [The pal - In: S. H. Haughton (ed.), Second Symposium on Gondwana Stratigraphy and Paleontology, International Union of Geological Sciences. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria (), 343-370 (journal article, French)
  • H. N. Andrews, 1970 - Index of Generic Names of Fossil Plants, 1820-1965 - Geological Survey Bulletin (), 1-354 (serial monograph, English)
  • E. M. Kemp, 1970 - Aptian and Albian miospores from southern England - Palaeontographica Abl. B (131), 73-143 (journal article, English)
  • C. A. Menendez, 1966 - Estructura epidermica de araucaria Nathorsti Dus. del Terciario de Pico Quemado, Rio Negro - Ameghiniana (IV), 195-199 (journal article, Spanish)
  • W. C. Elsik, 1966 - New sporomorph genera from the Upper Cretaceous of Peru - Pollen et Spores (8), 553-564 (journal article, English)
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  • M. E. J. Chandler, 1962 - The Lower Tertiary Floras of Southern England. II. Flora of the Pipe-Clay Series of Dorset (Lower Bagshot) - British Museum (Natural History) London (), 1-176 (book/book chapter, English)
  • M. E. J. Chandler, 1961 - Post-Ypresian plant remains from the Isle of Wight and the Selsey Peninsula, Sussex - Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Geology (5), 1-41 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. J. Chandler, 1961 - - The Lower Tertiary Floras of Southern England. I. Palaeocene Floras. London Clay Flora (Supplement) (), 1-354 (book/book chapter, English)
  • S. Endo, 1951 - A Record of Sequoia from the Jurassic of Manchuria - Botanical Gazette (113), 228-230 (journal article, English)
  • I. C. Cookson, 1947 - Plant microfossils from the lignites of Kerguelen Archipielago - B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Research Expedition 1929/1931 (2), 127-142 (journal article, English)
  • D. I. Axelrod, 1939 - A Miocene flora from the western border of the Mohave desert - Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications (516), 1-129 (journal article, English)
  • E. W. Berry, 1914 - The Upper Cretaceous and Eocene floras of South Carolina and Georgia - US Geological Survey Professional Paper (84), 1-200 (journal article, English)
  • T. D. A. Cockerell, 1907 - Some Old World types of insects in the Miocene of Colorado - Science (26), 446-447 (journal article, English)
  • F. H. Knowlton, 1899 - Fossil Flora of the Yellowstone National Park - USGS Monograph Series (32), - (serial monograph, )
  • C. B. Ettinghausen, 1880 - Report on Phyto-Palaeontological Investigations of the Fossil Flora of Sheppey - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (29), 388-396 (journal article, English)
  • E. Emmons, 1856 - - Geological Report of the Midland Counties of North Carolina (), xx-351 (book, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1843 - - Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome I (livr. 18). Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel (), xxxii-188 (book, English)
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