'._('einklappen').'
 

† Orthoidea

Orthoidea

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eutriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Neotriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eucoelomata  ⇒ Klade: Phoronozoa  ⇒ Stamm: Brachiopoda  ⇒ Unterstamm: Rhynchonelliformea  ⇒ Klasse: Rhynchonellata  ⇒ Ordnung: Orthida  ⇒ Unterordnung: Orthidina

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Überfamilie

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Woodward, 1852

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Orthoidea

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 492 Ma - Endalter: 166.1 Ma
164.7
175.6
196.5
216.5
245
253.8
268
284.4
303.9
318.1
359.2
391.8
411.2
421.3
428.2
443.7
460.9
492
Bathonium
Bajocium
Aalenium
Toarcium
Pliensbachium
Sinemurium
Hettangium
Rhät
Nor
Karn
Ladin
Anis
Olenekium
Induum
Changhsingium
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Sheinwood
Telychium
Aeronium
Rhuddanium
Hirnantium
Katium
Sandbium
Darriwilium
Dapingium
Floium
Tremadocium
Stufe 10
Dogger
Lias
Obere Trias
Mittlere Trias
Untere Trias
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Oberes Ordovizium
Mittleres Ordovizium
Unteres Ordovizium
Furongium
Jura
Trias
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Silur
Ordovizium
Kambrium
Startalter: 513 Ma - Endalter: 492 Ma
Phanerozoic
(Phanerozoikum)
Paleozoic
(Paläozoikum)
Cambrian
(Kambrium)
Furongian
(Furongium)
Series 3
(Serie 3)
Series 2
(Serie 2)
Stage 9
(Stufe 9)
Paibian
(Paibium)
Guzhangian
(Guzhangium)
Drumian
(Drumium)
Stage 5
(Stufe 5)
Stage 4
(Stufe 4)
492
496
496
499
499
503
503
506.5
506.5
510
510
515

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: angehängt, stationär
Lebensweise und Ort: epifaunal
Ernährungsweise:

Filtrierer (suspension feeder)

Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Calcit mit niedrigem Mg-Gehalt

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei GBIF
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 4)

Fossilzuordnungen (519)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • B. Huang, 2019 - A new Cathaysiorthis (Brachiopoda) fauna from the lower Llandovery of eastern Qinling, China - Papers in Palaeontology (), - (journal article, English)
  • Z. Z. Anonymous, 2018 - Subspecies kluges: a pointless taxonomic database to create species opinions for subspecies that then will be over-ruled and allow subspecies to be recognized - (), - (compendium, English)
  • M. Liljeroth, 2017 - Ordovician rhynchonelliformean brachiopods from Co. Waterford, SE Ireland: Palaeobiogeography of the Leinster Terrane - Fossils and Strata (), 1-164 (journal article, English)
  • L. E. Popov, 2017 - The World’s second oldest strophomenoid-dominated benthic assemblage in the first Dapingian (Middle Ordovician) brachiopod fauna identified from Iran - Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (140), 1-12 (journal article, English)
  • J. Paškevičius, 2016 - New Early Katian species of Leptestiidae and Hesperorthidae (Brachiopoda) from Lithuania - Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences (65), 75-84 (journal article, English)
  • E. Villas, 2015 - Late Ordovician brachiopods from Peru and their palaeobiogeographical relationships - Palaeontology (52), - (journal article, English)
  • J. L. Benedetto, 2015 - A Middle Ordovician (Darriwilian) dysaerobic brachiopod assemblage from the Precordillera terrane of Argentina: implications for early colonization of deep waters - Ameghiniana (52), 69-106 (journal article, English)
  • Y. Candela, 2014 - Synoptic revision of the Ordovician brachiopods of the Barr and Lower Ardmillan groups of the Girvan area, Scotland - Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (105), 61-69 (journal article, English)
  • L. E. Popov, 2014 - Late Ordovician brachiopods from the Chingiz Terrane, Kazakhstan, and their palaeogeography - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (12), 687-758 (journal article, English)
  • K. G. Jakobsen, 2014 - Middle Ordovician brachiopods from the Stairway Sandstone, Amadeus Basin, central Australia - Alcheringa (38), 190-208 (journal article, English)
  • L. Hints, 2014 - Revision of the concept of the orthide brachiopod Cyrtonotella in the Middle Ordovician of the East Baltic - Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences (63), 63-70 (journal article, English)
  • L. R. M. Cocks, 2014 - The Late Ordovician brachiopods of southern Pembrokeshire and adjacent south-western Wales - Special Papers in Palaeontology (91), 1-89 (serial monograph, English)
  • K. G. Jakobsen, 2014 - Brachiopods associated with stromatoporoid mounds from the Middle to Upper Ordovician Cashions Creek Limestone, Tasmania - Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 45 (45), 249-265 (journal article, English)
  • R. Zhan, 2014 - Middle Ordovician Aporthophyla brachiopod fauna from the roof of the world, southern Tibet - Palaeontology (57), 141-170 (journal article, English)
  • D. F. Wright, 2014 - Species-level phylogenetic revision of the Ordovician orthide brachiopod Glyptorthis from North America - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (12), 893-906 (journal article, English)
  • C. Sayar, 2013 - A new Late Ordovician Hirnantia brachiopod fauna from NW Turkey, its biostratigraphical relationships and palaeogeographical setting - Geological Magazine (150), 479-496 (journal article, English)
  • D. F. Wright, 2013 - Phylogenetic revision of the Late Ordovician orthid brachiopod genera Plaesiomys and Hebertella from Laurentia - Journal of Paleontology (87), 1107-1128 (journal article, English)
  • J. Rong, 2013 - Latest Ordovician and earliest Silurian brachiopods succeeding the Hirnantia fauna in south-east China - Special Papers in Palaeontology (90), 1-142 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sproat, 2013 - Evolution of the Late Ordovician plaesiomyid brachiopod lineage in Laurentia - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (50), 872-894 (journal article, English)
  • R. Zhan, 2013 - The earliest known strophomenoids (Brachiopoda) from early Middle Ordovician rocks of South China - Palaeontology (56), 1121-1148 (journal article, English)
  • C. M. O. Rasmussen, 2013 - Late Ordovician brachiopods from eastern North Greenland: equatorial offshore migration of the Red River Fauna - Palaeontology (56), 359-379 (journal article, English)
  • C. M. O. Rasmussen, 2012 - Late Ordovician brachiopods from west-central Alaska: systematics, ecology and palaeobiogeography - Fossils and Strata (58), 1-103 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Ghobadi Pour, 2011 - Middle Ordovician (Darriwilian) brachiopods associated with the Neseuretus biofacies, eastern Alborz Mountains, Iran - Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists (42), 263-283 (journal article, English)
  • J. Hansen, 2011 - Taxonomy and biostratigraphy of Ordovician brachiopods from northeastern Ny Friesland, Spitsbergen - Zootaxa (3076), 1-122 (journal article, English)
  • M. Rubel, 2011 - Silurian brachiopods Dictyonellida, Strophomenida, Productida, Orthotetida, Protorthida and Orthida from Estonia - Fossilia Baltica (4), 1-65 (serial monograph, English)
  • L. Hints, 2010 - A new glyptorthid species (Brachiopoda: Orthida) from the Upper Ordovician of Estonia - Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences (59), 189-194 (journal article, English)
  • J. Reyes-Abril, 2010 - Orthid brachiopods from the Middle Ordovician of the Central Iberian Zone, Spain - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (55), 285-308 (journal article, English)
  • L. E. Popov, 2009 - Billengsellide and orthide brachiopods: new insights into earliest Ordovician evolution and biogeography from northern Iran - Palaeontology (52), 35-52 (journal article, English)
  • D. Kaljo, 2008 - The succession of Hirnantian events based on data from Baltica: brachiopods, chitinozoans, conodonts, and carbon isotopes - Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences (57), 197-218 (journal article, English)
  • M. A. Zuykov, 2008 - New endemic brachiopod and echinoderm genera from the Upper Ordovician of the St. Petersburg region, northwestern Russia - Geological Society of Sweden, Geologiska Föreningen (130), 87-93 (journal article, English)
  • J. Rong, 2008 - The earliest Silurian Cathaysiorthis Fauna (Brachiopods) of E China and its evolutionary significance - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (47), 141-167 (journal article, English)
  • J. Jin, 2008 - Late Ordovician Orthide and Billingsellide Brachiopods from Anticosti Island, Eastern Canada: Diversity Change Through Mass Extinction - National Research Council of Canada Monograph Series (), - (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Jin, 2008 - A new genus of Late Ordovician-Early Silurian pentameride brachiopods and its phylogenetic relationships - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (53), 221-236 (journal article, English)
  • M. A. Zuykov, 2007 - Platystrophia (Orthida) and new related Ordovician and Early Silurian brachiopod genera - Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences (56), 11-34 (journal article, English)
  • J. Jin, 2007 - Epipunctae and phosphatized setae in Late Ordovician plaesiomyid brachiopods from Anticosti Island, eastern Canada - Journal of Paleontology (81), 666-683 (journal article, English)
  • A. Williams, 2007 - - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology Part H, Revised, Brachiopoda Volume 6: Supplement (6), 2321-2355 (compendium, English)
  • J. C. Gutiérrez−Marco, 2007 - Brachiopods from the uppermost Lower Ordovician of Peru and their palaeogeographical significance - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (52), 547-562 (journal article, English)
  • O. I. Nikitina, 2006 - Mid Ordovician (Darriwilian) brachiopods of South Kazakhstan - Studies in Palaeozoic palaeontology (25), 145-222 (book chapter, English)
  • R. Li, 2006 - Early Silurian (Llandovery) orthide brachiopods from Anticosti Island, eastern Canada: the O/S extinction recovery fauna - Special Papers in Palaeontology (76), 5-71 (serial monograph, English)
  • R.-B. Zhan, 2005 - Brachiopods from the Dashaba Formation (Middle Ordovician) of Sichuan Province, south-west China - Special Papers in Palaeontology (74), 1-63 (journal article, English)
  • R. Zhan, 2005 - Brachiopods from the Middle Orodvician Shihtzupu Formation of Yunnan Province, China - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (50), 365-393 (journal article, English)
  • L. Hints, 2003 - Review of the Ordovician rhynchonelliformean Brachiopoda of the East Baltic: Their distribution and biofacies - Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark (50), 29-43 (journal article, English)
  • I. F. Nikitin, 2003 - Late Ordovician brachiopods from the Selety river basin, north Central Kazakhstan - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (48), 39-54 (journal article, English)
  • J. L. Benedetto, 2003 - New Late Tremadoc-Early Arenig silicified brachiopods from the lower part of the San Juan Formation, Argentine Precordillera - Ameghiniana (40), 513-530 (journal article, English)
  • J. L. Benedetto, 2003 - Early Ordovician (Arenig) brachiopods from volcanicalstic rocks of the Famatina Range, northwest Argentina - Journal of Paleontology (77), 212-242 (journal article, English)
  • E. Egerquist, 2003 - New brachiopods from the Lower-Middle Ordovician (Billingen-Volkhov stages) of the East Baltic - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (48), 31-38 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • L. E. Popov, 2002 - Upper Ordovician brachiopods from the Anderken Formation, Kazakhstan: their ecology and systematics - Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Geology Series (58), 13-79 (journal article, English)
  • L. E. Popov, 2001 - Brachiopods of the redefined family Tritoechiidae from the Ordovician of Kazakhstan and South Urals - Geobios (34), 131-155 (journal article, English)
  • J. Jin, 2001 - Late Ordovician Articulate Brachiopods from the Red River and Stony Mountain Formations, Southern Manitoba - (), 1-117 (book, English)
  • L. E. Popov, 2000 - Late Ordovician brachiopods from the Otar Member of the Chu-Ili Range, south Kazakhstan - Palaeontology (43), 833-870 (journal article, English)
  • A. Williams, 2000 - Part H Brachiopoda (revised): Volumes 2 & 3, Linguliformea, Craniiformea, Rhynchonelliformea (part). - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (), 1-919 (serial monograph, English)
  • L R. M. Cocks, 1998 - Caradoc brachiopods from the Shan States, Burma (Myanmar) - Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (54), 109 -130 (journal article, English)
  • J. Jin, 1997 - Late Ordovician brachiopods and biostratigraphy of the Hudson Bay Lowlands, northern Manitoba and Ontario - Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Canada (513), 1-115 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Jin, 1997 - Latest Ordovician-Silurian articulate brachiopods and biostratigraphy of the Avalanche Lake area, southwestern District of Mackenzie, Canada - Palaeontographica Canadiana (13), 1-62 (serial monograph, )
  • G. Geyer, 1997 - Protorthacean brachiopods from the Middle Cambrian of Morocco - Journal of Paleontology (71), 791-812 (journal article, )
  • E. Villas, 1996 - The first early Silurian brachiopod fauna from the Iberian Peninsula - Journal of Paleontology (70), 571-588 (journal article, )
  • J. Jin, 1996 - Upper Middle Ordovician (Caradoc) brachiopods from the Advance Formation, northern Rocky Mountains, British Columbia - Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin (491), 1-77 (journal article, English)
  • I.F. Nikitin, 1996 - Late Ordovician brachiopod assemblage of Hiberno-Salairian type from central Kazakhstan - Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar (118), 83-96 (journal article, English)
  • T. L. Modzalevskaya, 1995 - Earliest Silurian articulate brachiopods from central Kazakhstan - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (40), 399-426 (journal article, English)
  • E. Villas, 1995 - Caradoc through early Ashgill brachiopods from the Central-Iberian Zone (central Spain) - Géobios (28), 49-84 (journal article, English)
  • B. G. Baarli, 1995 - Orthacean and strophomenid brachiopods from the Lower Silurian of the central Oslo Region - Fossils and Strata (), 1-93 (serial monograph, )
  • M. A. Parkes, 1994 - The brachiopods of the Duncannon Group (Middle-Upper Ordovician) of southeast Ireland - Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (50), 105-174 (journal article, English)
  • J. Laskovas, 1993 - The Stratigraphy and Structure of Ordovician Rocks of the South - East Part of the Baltic Basin (Druksiu Area) - Geologija, Detailed Stratigraphy (), 81-98 (journal article, Russian)
  • V. Jaanusson, 1993 - Orthambonites and related Ordovician brachiopod genera - Palaeontology (36), 21-63 (journal article, English)
  • I. Percival, 1991 - Late Ordovician articulate brachiopods from central New South Wales, Australia - Memoir of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists (11), 107-177 (journal article, English)
  • J. R. Laurie, 1991 - Articulate brachiopods from the Ordovician and Lower Silurian of Tasmania - Association of Australasian Palaeontologists Memoir (11), 1-106 (journal article, English)
  • J. Roberts, 1990 - Early Middle Cambrian (Ordian) Brachiopods of the Coonigan Formation, Western New-South-Wales - Alcheringa (14), 257-309 (journal article, English)
  • P. D. Kruse, 1990 - Cambrian palaeontology of the Daly Basin - Northern Territory Geological Survey (7), 1-58 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. W. Potter, 1990 - Middle and Late Ordovician brachiopods from the eastern Klamath Mountains, northern California - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (212), 31-158 (journal article, English)
  • N. Zhang, 1989 - Wenlockian (Silurian) brachiopods of the Cape Phillips Formation, Baillie Hamilton Island, Arctic Canada: part I - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (206), 49-97 (journal article, English)
  • H. J. Howe, 1988 - Articulate brachiopods from the Richmondian of Tennessee - Journal of Paleontology (62), 204-218 (journal article, English)
  • J. T. Temple, 1987 - Early Llandovery brachiopods of Wales - Palaeontological Society Monographs (139), 1-137 (, )
  • D. A. T. Harper, 1986 - The brachiopod Ptychopleurella lapworthi (Davidson) from the Ordovician of Girvan, S.W. Scotland - Journal of Paleontology (60), 845-850 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Williams, 1985 - Lower Ordovician Brachiopoda from the Tourmakeady Limestone, Co. Mayo, Ireland - Bulletin of the British Museum (38), 183-269 (journal article, English)
  • O. I. Nikitina, 1985 - A new brachiopod association from the Middle Ordovician of Southern Kazakhstan - Paleontological Journal (1985), 31-40 (journal article, English)
  • Kh. S. Rozman, 1983 - Llandeylovskiye brakhiopodovye kompleksy Mongolskogo i Gornogo Altaya. Llandeilian brachiopods assemblages of Mongolian and Gorny Altai. - Trudy - Sovmestnaya Sovetsko-Mongol'skaya Paleontologicheskaya Ekspeditsiya (20), 14-25 (journal article, )
  • A. D. Wright, 1982 - A New Species of Ptychopleurella (Brachiopoda) from the Upper Ordovician Boda Limestone of Dalarna, Sweden - Journal of Paleontology (56), 351-357 (journal article, English)
  • O. N. Andreeva, 1982 - Middle Ordovician brachiopods of Tuva and the Altai region - Paleontological Journal (1982), 48-59 (journal article, English)
  • V. Havlicek, 1980 - Ordovician brachiopods of Bolivia: Succession of assemblages, climate control, affinity to Anglo-French and Bohemian provinces - Rozpravy Ceskoslovenske Akademie Ved. Rada Matematickych a Prirodnich Ved. Academia Praha, Prague, Czechoslovakia (90), 1-54 (, )
  • J. R. Laurie, 1980 - Early Ordovician orthide brachiopods from southern Tasmania - Alcheringa (4), 11-23 (journal article, English)
  • L. R. M. Cocks, 1978 - A review of British lower Palaeozoic brachiopods. Including a synoptic revision of Davidson's monograph - Palaeontographical Society Monographs (549), 1-256 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. B. Neuman, 1978 - Reassessment of Arenig and Llanvirn age (early Ordovician) brachiopods from Anglesey, north-west Wales - Palaeontology (21), 571-613 (journal article, English)
  • W. I. Mitchell, 1977 - The Ordovician Brachiopoda from Pomeroy, Co. Tyrone - The Palaeontographical Society Monographs (130), 1-138 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. G. Bassett, 1974 - A review of Silurian brachiopods from Gotland - Fossils and Strata (), 1-56 (serial monograph, )
  • T. W. Amsden, 1974 - Late Ordovician and Early Silurian articulate brachiopods from Oklahoma, southwestern Illinois, and eastern Missouri - Bulletin - Oklahoma Geological Survey (119), 1-154 (, )
  • A Williams, 1974 - Ordovician Brachiopoda from the Shelve District, Shropshire - Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Geology), Supplement 11 (), 1-158 (journal article, )
  • R. B. Neuman, 1974 - Early Middle Ordovician fossils from the Hølonda area, Trondheim Region, Norway - Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift (54), 69-115 (journal article, English)
  • L. P. Alberstadt, 1973 - Articulate brachiopods of the Viola Formation (Ordovician) in the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma - Oklahoma Geological Survey Bulletin (117), 1-90 (journal article, English)
  • R. B. Neuman, 1971 - An early middle Ordovician brachiopod assemblage from Maine, New Brunswick and northern Newfoundland - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (3), 113-124 (journal article, English)
  • R. W. Macomber, 1970 - Articulate Brachiopods from the Upper Bighorn Formation (Late Ordovician) of Wyoming - Journal of Paleontology (44), 416-450 (journal article, )
  • J. T. Temple, 1970 - The Lower Llandovery brachiopods and trilobites from Ffridd Mathrafal, near Meifod, Montgomeryshire - Palaeontological Society Monographs (124), 1-76 (, )
  • J. G. Johnson, 1970 - Great Basin Lower Devonian Brachiopoda - Geological Society of America Special Paper (), 1-421 (journal article, English)
  • R. J. Ross, 1970 - Ordovician brachiopods, trilobites, and stratigraphy in eastern and central Nevada - United States Geological Survey Bulletin (639), 1-98 (journal article, English)
  • R. K. Jones, 1969 - An upper Llandovery limestone overlying Hollybush sandstone (Cambrian) in Hollybush quarry, Malvern hills - Geological Magazine (106), 457-469 (journal article, English)
  • D. E. B. Bates, 1969 - Some early Arenig brachiopods and trilobites from Wales - Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (18), 1-28 (journal article, English)
  • J. T. Temple, 1968 - The Lower Llandovery (Silurian) brachiopods from Keisley, Westmorland - Palaeontological Society (London), Monograph (122), 1-58 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. J. Ross, Jr., 1967 - Some Middle Ordovician Brachiopods and Trilobites from the Basin Ranges, Western United States - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (523-D), D1-D4 (journal article, English)
  • H. J. Howe, 1966 - Orthacea from the Montoya Group (Ordovician) of Trans-Pecos Texas - Journal of Paleontology (40), 241-257 (journal article, )
  • R. B. Neuman, 1964 - Fossils in the Ordovician Tuffs Northeastern Maine, with a section on Trilobita by Harry B. Whittington - United States Geological Survey Bulletin (1181), 1-38 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. D. Wright, 1964 - The Fauna of the Potrane Limestone, II - Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Geology (9), 157-256 (journal article, English)
  • A. Rõõmusoks, 1964 - Some Brachiopods from Ordovician Estonia (Nekotorye Brachiopody iz Ordovika Estonii) - Tartu Riikliku Ülikooli Toimetised (), 1-28 (journal article, Russian)
  • A. Williams, 1963 - The Caradocian brachiopod faunas of the Bala District, Merionethshire - Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (8), 327-471 (journal article, English)
  • A. Williams, 1962 - The Barr and lower Ardmillan series (Caradoc) of the Girvan District, south-west Ayrshire, with descriptions of the Brachiopoda - Memoir - Geological Society of London (3), 1-267 (journal article, English)
  • M. Rubel, 1961 - Brakhiopody nadsemejstv Orthacea, Dalmanellacea i Syntrophiacea iz nizhnego ordovika Pribaltiki [Lower Ordovician brachiopods of the superfamilies Orthacea, Dalmanellacea and Syntrophiacea of the Eastern Baltic] - Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Geoloogia Instituudi Uurimused (6), 141-224 (journal article, Russian)
  • R. J. Ross, 1959 - Brachiopod fauna of Saturday Mountain Formation Southern Lemhi Range Idaho - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (294-L), 441-461 (journal article, English)
  • A. Oraspold, 1959 - Einige Vertreter der Superfamilie Orthacea des Oberordoviziums Estlands - Tartu Riikliku Ülikooli Toimetised (75), 50-85 (journal article, Russian)
  • G. A. Cooper, 1956 - Chazyan and related brachiopods - Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections (127), 1-1245 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. L. Oraspold, 1956 - New brachiopods from the Jõhvi, Keila and Vasalemma stages - Trudy Instituta geologii AN ESSR (1), 41-67 (journal article, Russian)
  • T. N. Alikhova, 1953 - Rukovodyashchaya fauna brakhiopod ordovikskikh otlozhenij severo-sapadnoy chasti russkoj platformy - Trudy Vsesoyusnogo Nauchno-Issledovatel'skogo Geologicheskogo Instituta (VSEBEI) Ministerstva Geologichestii i Okhrany NEDR (), 1-127 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. R. Cowper Reed, 1952 - Revision of certain Ordovician fossils from County Tyrone - Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Sec. B (55), 29-136 (journal article, English)
  • G. A. Cooper, 1952 - Cambrian Stratigraphy and Paleontology near Caborca, Northwestern Sonora, Mexico - Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections (119), 1-181 (journal article, English)
  • A. Williams, 1951 - Llandovery brachiopods from Wales with special reference to the Llandovery District - Quarterly Journal of Geological Society, London (107), 85-136 (journal article, English)
  • W. F. Whittard, 1950 - The Upper Valentian brachiopod fauna of Shropshire, part 1: Inarticulata: Articulata, Protremata, Orthoidea - The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 12th Series (3), 553-590 (journal article, English)
  • Y. Wang, 1949 - Maquoketa Brachiopoda of Iowa - Geological Society of America Memoir (42), 1-55 (journal article, English)
  • A. E. Wilson, 1946 - Brachiopoda of the Ottawa Formation of the Ottawa - St. Lawrence Lowland - Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin (8), 1-149 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. R. Cowper Reed, 1945 - Notes on some Ordovician brachiopods and a trilobite from the Balclatchie Beds of Girvan - The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Zoology, Botany and Geology, 11th serie (12), 309-316 (journal article, English)
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