'._('einklappen').'
 

Colubridae

Colubridae

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Tetrapoda  ⇒ Serie: Amniota  ⇒ Klade: Sauropsida  ⇒ Infraklasse: Eureptilia  ⇒ ohne Rang: Romeriida  ⇒ Unterklasse: Diapsida  ⇒ Klade: Eosuchia  ⇒ Klade: Neodiapsida  ⇒ Klade: Sauria (Klade)  ⇒ ohne Rang: Lepidosauromorpha  ⇒ Superordnung: Lepidosauria  ⇒ Ordnung: Squamata  ⇒ Unterordnung: Ophidia  ⇒ Klade: Serpentes  ⇒ Infraordnung: Alethinophidia  ⇒ Überfamilie: Colubroidea

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Familie

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Oppel, 1811

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Colubridae

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 41.3 Ma - Endalter: 0 Ma
0
0.0117
1.806
5.332
13.65
23.03
48.6
Meghalayan
Nordgrippian
Greenlandian
Oberes Pleistozän
Mittleres Pleistozän
Unteres Pleistozän
Gelasium
Piacenzium
Zancleum
Messinium
Tortonium
Serravallium
Langhium
Burdigalium
Aquitanium
Chattium
Rupelium
Priabonium
Bartonium
Lutetium
Holozän
Pleistozän
Pliozän
Miozän
Oligozän
Eozän
Quartär
Neogen
Paläogen

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: aktiv mobil
Lebensweise und Ort: Boden bewohnend
Umweltbedingungen: landgebunden (terrestrisch)
Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

phosphatisch

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei GBIF
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 9)

Fossilzuordnungen (226)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • Y. Chen, 2019 - Pleistocene fossil snakes (Squamata, Reptilia) fromShanyangzhai Cave, Hebei, China - Historical Biology (), 1-13 (journal article, English)
  • G. L. Georgalis, 2019 - Fossil amphibians and reptiles from the Neogene locality of Maramena (Greece), the most diverse European herpetofauna at the Miocene/Pliocene transition boundary - Palaeontologia Electronica (22.3.68), 1-99 (journal article, English)
  • J. I. Mead, 2017 - Late Pleistocene snakes (Squamata: Serpentes) from Abaco, The Bahamas - Geobios (50), 431-440 (journal article, English)
  • T. Ikeda, 2016 - Early Pleistocene Fossil Snakes (Reptilia: Squamata) from Okinawajima Island in the Ryukyu Archipelago, Southwestern Japan - Herpetological Monographs (30), 143-156 (journal article, English)
  • K. T. Smith, 2013 - New constraints on the evolution of the snake clades Ungaliophiinae, Loxocemidae and Colubridae (Serpentes), with comments on the fossil history of erycine boids in North America - Zoologischer Anzeiger (252), 157-182 (journal article, English)
  • Z. Szyndlar, 2012 - Early Oligocene to Pliocene Colubridae of Europe: a review - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France (183), 661-681 (journal article, English)
  • D. Parmley, 2010 - Fossil snakes of the Clarendonian (late Miocene) Pratt Slide local fauna of Nebraska, with the description of a new natricine colubrid - Journal of Herpetology (44), 526-543 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. Alfaro, 2008 - Phylogeny, evolutionary history, and biogeography of Oriental–Australian rear-fanged water snakes (Colubroidea: Homalopsidae) inferred from mitochondrialand nuclear DNA sequences - Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (46), 576-593 (journal article, English)
  • M. Böhme, 2008 - Ectothermic vertebrates (Teleostei, Allocaudata, Urodela, Anura, Testudines, Choristodera, Crocodylia, Squamata) from the Upper Oligocene of Oberleichtersbach (Northern Bavaria, Germany) - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg (260), 161-183 (journal article, English)
  • M. Venczel, 2008 - Late middle Miocene amphibians and squamate reptiles from Taut, Romania - Geodiversitas (30), 731-763 (journal article, English)
  • D. A. Burney, 2008 - New findings at Andrahomana Cave, southeastern Madagascar - Journal of Cave and Karst Studies (70), 13-24 (journal article, English)
  • H. Ferrarezzi, 2005 - Phylogenetic relationships of a new species of Apostolepis from Brazilian Cerrado with notes on the Assimilis group (Serpentes: Colubridae: Xenodontinae: Elapomorphini) - Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia, Museu de Zoologia a Universidade de Sao Paulo (45), 215-229 (journal article, English)
  • P. Uetz, 2005 - Suborder Ophidia (Serpentes)- Snakes - The European Molecular Biology Laboratory Reptile Database (), - (guidebook, English)
  • J. W. Gibbons, 2004 - North American Watersnakes: A Natural History - (), 1-438 (book, English)
  • M. Delfino, 2003 - Coluber etruriae Portis, 1890 (Serpentes: Colubridae), a redescription - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatschefte (2), 65-72 (journal article, English)
  • U. Utiger, 2002 - Molecular systematics and phylogeny of old and new world ratsnakes, Elaphe auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae) - Russian Journal of Herpetology (9), 105-124 (journal article, English)
  • M Ivanov, 2002 - The oldest known Miocene snake fauna from Central Europe: Merkur-North locality, Czech Republic - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (47), 513-534 (journal article, )
  • C. H. Ernst, 2002 - Regina Baird and Girard. Crayfish snakes - Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (756), 1-4 (journal article, English)
  • G. K. Pregill, 2000 - Fossil vertebrates from Palau, Micronesia: a resource assessment - Micronesica (33), 137-152 (journal article, English)
  • M. Venczel, 2000 - The Genus Elaphe in the Carpathian Basin: Fossil Record - Nymphaea – Folia Naturae Bihariae (28), 65-82 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1999 - Early Oligocene (Whitneyan) snakes from Florida (USA), the second oldest colubrid snakes in the North America - Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia (42), 447-454 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1998 - Reptiles of the Lower Miocene (Hemmingfordian) Pollack Farm Fossil Site, Delaware. - Geology and Paleontology of the Lower Miocene Pollack Farm Site, Delaware. Delaware Geological Survey Special Publication. (21), 141-147 (book/book chapter, English)
  • M. Venczel, 1998 - Late Miocene snakes (Reptilia: Serpentes) form Polgárdi (Hungary): a second contribution - Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia (41), 1-22 (journal article, English)
  • M. Salotti, 1997 - Castiglione 3, un nouveau remplissage fosilifere d'age Pleistocene moyen dans le karst de la region d'Oletta (Haute-Corse) - Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, Serie IIa (324), 67-74 (journal article, French)
  • Z. Szyndlar, 1997 - A review of the fossil Snakes (Reptilia: Serpentes) described by Herman von Meyer - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen (203), 211-219 (journal article, English)
  • N. Frank, 1996 - A Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Reptiles and Amphibians of the World - (), 1-377 (book, English)
  • D. Parmley, 1995 - Hemphillian (late Miocene) snakes from Nebraska, with comments on Arikareean through Blancan snakes of midcontinental North America - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (15), 79-95 (journal article, English)
  • Z. Szyndlar, 1994 - Oligocene snakes of southern Germany. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (14), 24-37 (journal article, )
  • G. S. Morgan, 1994 - Late Quaternary fossil vertebrates from the Cayman Islands - The Cayman Islands: Natural History and Biogeography (), 465-508 (book chapter, English)
  • M. Venczel, 1994 - Late Miocene Snakes from Polgárdi - Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia (37), 1-29 (journal article, English)
  • Z. Szyndlar, 1993 - Description of Miocene snake from Petersbuch 2 with comments on the lower and middle Miocene ophidian faunas of southern Germany. - Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde, Series B. Geologie und Palaontologie (), 1-47 (journal article, )
  • W. E. Engelmann, 1993 - Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas - (), 1-440 (book, English)
  • Z. Szyndlar, 1993 - Die fossilen Schlangen Deutschlands: Geschichte der Faunen und ihrer Erforschung [The fossil Snakes of Germany: History of the Faunas and their Investigation] - Mertensiella (3), 381-431 (journal article, German)
  • Z. Szyndlar, 1991 - A review of Neogene and Quaternary snakes of Central and Eastern Europe. Part I: Scolecophidia, Boidae, Colubrinae - Estudios Geológicos (47), 103-126 (journal article, English)
  • J.-C. Rage, 1988 - The oldest known colubrid snakes. The state of the art - Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia (31), 457-474 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Carroll, 1988 - - Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution (), 1-698 (compendium, English)
  • Z. Szyndlar, 1988 - Two new extinct species of the Genera Malpolon and Vipera (Reptilia, Serpentes) from the Pliocene of Layna (Spain) - Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia (31), 607-706 (journal article, English)
  • D. Parmley, 1988 - Early Hemphillian (late Miocene) snakes from the Higgins local fauna of Lipscomb County, Texas - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (8), 322-327 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Rage, 1987 - Lower vertebrates from the early-middle Eocene Kuldana Formation of Kohat (Pakistan): Squamata - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan (27), 187-193 (journal article, English)
  • Z. Szyndlar, 1987 - Snakes from the Lower Miocene Locality of Dolnice (Czechoslovakia) - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (7), 55-71 (journal article, English)
  • F Bachmayer, 1987 - A second contribution to the ophidian fauna (Reptilia: Serpentes) of Kohfidisch, Austria - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A: Mineralogie und Petrographie, Geologie und Palaeontologie, Anthropologie Praehistorie (88), 25-39 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1985 - Herpetofauna of Ladds Quarry - National Geographic Research (1), 423-436 (journal article, English)
  • F. Bachmayer, 1985 - Ophidians (Reptilia: Serpentes) from the Kohfidisch fissures of Burgenland, Austria - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A: Mineralogie und Petrographie, Geologie und Palaeontologie, Anthropologie Praehistorie (87), 79-100 (journal article, English)
  • Z. Szyndlar, 1985 - Ophidian fauna (Reptilia, Serpentes) from the uppermost Miocene of Algora (Spain). - Estudios Geologicos (41), 447-465 (journal article, )
  • J. A. Holman, 1984 - Texasophis galbreathi, new species, the earliest New World colubrid snake - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (3), 223-225 (journal article, English)
  • Z. Szyndlar, 1984 - Fossil snakes from Poland - Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia (28), 1-156 (, )
  • J.-C. Rage, 1984 - Des serpents (Reptilia, Squamata) de type nord-américain dans le Miocène Français. Évolution parallèle ou dispersion - Geobios (17), 89-104 (journal article, French)
  • J. A. Holman, 1984 - Texasophis (Reptilia: Serpentes), an addition to the Miocene (Clarendonian) of North America - Copeia (1984), 660-661 (journal article, English)
  • J.-C. Rage, 1983 - Dolniceophis lehmani (Serpentes, Colubridae), a new fossil snake from the Lower Miocene of Czechoslovakia - Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii (28), 17-22 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1982 - New herpetological species and records from the Norden Bridge fauna (Miocene: Late Barstovian) of Nebraska - Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences (10), 31-36 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1981 - A small herpetofauna from the type section of the Valentine Formation (Miocene: Barstovian), Cherry County, Nebraska - Journal of Paleontology (55), 138-144 (journal article, English)
  • R. M. Blaney, 1979 - The Nerodia sipedon complex of water snakes in Mississippi and southeastern Louisiana - Herpetologica (35), 350-359 (journal article, English)
  • J. L. Behler, 1979 - - National Audubon Society Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: North America (), 1-743 (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1977 - Amphibians and reptiles from the Gulf Coast Miocene of Texas - Herpetologica (33), 391-403 (, )
  • J. A. Holman, 1976 - Snakes of the Split Rock Formation (middle Miocene), central Wyoming. - (32), 419-426 (journal article, )
  • J. A. Holman, 1976 - Snakes from the Rosebud Formation (Middle Miocene) of South Dakota. - Herpetologica (32), 41-48 (journal article, English)
  • J.-C. Rage, 1974 - Les Serpents des Phosphorites du Quercy - Palaeovertebrata (6), 274-303 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1974 - A late Pleistocene herpetofauna from southwestern Missouri - Journal of Herpetology (8), 343-346 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1973 - New amphibians and reptiles from the Norden Bridge fauna (Upper Miocene) of Nebraska - Michigan Academician (6), 149-163 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1970 - Herpetofauna of the Wood Mountain Formation (Upper Miocene) of Saskatchewan. - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (7), 1317-1325 (journal article, English)
  • B. H. Brattstrom, 1967 - A succession of Pliocene and Pleistocene snake faunas from the High Plains of the United States - Copeia (1967), 188-202 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1967 - A Pleistocene herpetofauna from Ladds, Georgia - Bulletin of the Georgia Academy of Science (25), 154-166 (, )
  • O. W. M. Kuhn, 1966 - - Die Reptilien. System und Stammesgeschichte [The Reptiles. Systematics and Phylogeny.] (), 1-154 (book, German)
  • W. Auffenberg, 1963 - The fossil snakes of Florida - Tulane Studies in Zoology (10), 131-216 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1959 - A Pleistocene herpetofauna near Orange Lake, Florida - Herpetologica (15), 121-125 (journal article, English)
  • W. Auffenberg, 1959 - A small fossil herpetofauna from Barbuda, Leeward Islands, with the description of a new species of Hyla - Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences (21), 248-254 (journal article, English)
  • W. Auffenberg, 1958 - A new genus of colubrid snake from the upper Miocene of North America - American Museum Novitates (1874), 1-16 (journal article, English)
  • B. H. Brattstrom, 1955 - Pliocene and Pleistocene amphibians and reptiles from southeastern Arizona - Journal of Paleontology (29), 150-154 (journal article, English)
  • O. Kuhn, 1946 - Das System der fossilen und rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien [The system of fossil and recent amphibians and reptiles] - Bericht der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Bamberg (29), 49-67 (journal article, German)
  • C. W. Gilmore, 1938 - Fossil snakes of North America - Geological Society of America Special Paper (), 1-96 (journal article, English)
  • H. F. Osborn, 1930 - Biographical memoir of Edward Drinker Cope - National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoirs (13), 127-317 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. Mertens, 1928 - Liste der Amphibien und Reptilien Europas - Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft (41), 1-62 (journal article, German)
  • O. P. Hay, 1917 - Vertebrata mostly from Stratum No. 3, at Vero, Florida, together with descriptions of new species - Florida State Geological Survey Annual Report (9), 43-68 (journal article, )
  • S. Bolkay, 1913 - Additions to the Fossil Herpetology of Hungary from the Pannonian and Preglacial Periode - Mitteilungen aus dem Jahrbuche der Kgl. Ungarischen Geologischen Reichsanstalt (XXI), 216-230 (journal article, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1899 - Vertebrate remains from Port Kennedy bone deposits - Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (11), 193-286 (journal article, English)
  • A. Portis, 1890 - I rettili pliocenici del Valdarno Superiore - (), 1-32 (book, Italian)
  • E. D. Cope, 1875 - Check-list of North American Batrachia and Reptilia; with a systematic list of the higher groups, and an essay on geographical distribution. Based on the specimens contained in the U. S. National Museum - Bulletin of the United States National Museum (1), 1-109 (journal article, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1871 - On the homologies of some of the cranial bones of the Reptilia, and on the systematic arrangement of the class - Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (19), 194-247 (journal article, English)
  • O. Fraas, 1870 - Die Fauna von Steinheim. Mit Rücksicht auf die miocänen Säugethier- und Vogelreste des Steinheimer Beckens - Jahreshefte des Vereins für vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg (26), 145-306 (journal article, German)
  • A. Guichenot, 1850 - - Histoire Naturelle des Reptiles et des Poissons (Exploration scientifique de l'Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842) (), - (book, French)
  • H. von Meyer, 1844 - Coluber reste; - Aspidonectes Gergensii und Vogel-Knochen aus dem Mainzer Becken; - Tapirus Helveticus in Molasse, Cervus lunatus und Chalicomys Jägeri in Braunkohle der Schweitz; - Reptilien-Reste in der Wealden-Formation N.-Deutschlands; - verschiedene - Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefakten-Kunde (1844), 564-567 (journal article, German)
  • H. v. Meyer, 1844 - Mittheilung an H. G. Bronn - Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefakten-Kunde (1844), 329-340 (journal article, German)
  • G. Michahelles, 1833 - Rhinechis Agassizii Michahelles – Agassiz’s Schnautzen-Natter - Descriptiones et icones amphibiorum (), - (book chapter, other)
  • J. Wagler, 1830 - - Natürliches System der Amphibien mit vorangehender Classification der Säugethiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie (), - (book, German)
  • F. Boié, 1827 - Bemerkungen über Merrem’s Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Marburg. 1820. Erste Lieferung: Ophidier - Isis von Oken (20), 508-566 (journal article, German)
  • H. R. Schinz, 1822 - - Das Thierreich eingetheilt nach dem Bau der Thiere, als Grundlage ihrer Naturgeschichte und der vergleichenden Anatomie, von dem Herrn Ritter von Cuvier, Staatsrath von Frankreich und beständiger Secretär der Academie der Wissenschaften u.s.w. Zweiter Ban (), - (book, German)
  • M. Oppel, 1811 - - Die Ordnungen, Familien und Gattungen der Reptilien als Prodom einer Naturgeschichte Derselben. Joseph Lindauer, München (), xii-86 (book, German)
  • J. Hermann, 1804 - - Observationes Zoologicae – quibus novae complures, aliaeque animalium species describuntur et illustrantur (), - (book, other)
  • F. M. Daudin, 1803 - - Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, des reptiles (6), - (book, French)
  • B. Lacépède, 1789 - - Histoire Naturelle des Serpens (2), - (book, French)
  • J. N. Laurenti, 1768 - - Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austriacorum [Medical ideas, showing an emended synopsis of the reptiles together with experiences in poisoning by and antidotes of Austrian reptil (), - (book, other)
  • C. Linnaeus, 1758 - - Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima (1), 1-824 (book, other)