https://www.edelsteine-neuburg.de
https://www.mineralbox.biz
https://www.mineral-bosse.de
http://www.spessartit.de/walldorf.html
https://www.mineraliengrosshandel.com
'._('einklappen').'
 

Gymnospermae

Gymnospermae

Additional Functions

Pictures (81 Images total)

Baryt
Views (File:
1666600359
): 51
Baryt
Baryt auf Gymnospermen-(Koniferen)holz. Die Paragenese befindet sich in einer Vilser Kugel aus den Tannheimer Schichten und wurde aus Calcit ausgesäuert. Steinbruch Vils Fall, Bb. 1,3 mm
Copyright: Kainosit; Contribution: Kainosit
Collection: Klaus Vogt
Location: Österreich/Tirol/Reutte, Bezirk/Vils/Steinbruch Fall
Mineral: Baryte
Fossil: Gymnospermae
Image: 1666600359
Rating: 10 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Baryt

Baryt auf Gymnospermen-(Koniferen)holz. Die Paragenese befindet sich in einer Vilser Kugel aus den Tannheimer Schichten und wurde aus Calcit ausgesäuert. Steinbruch Vils Fall, Bb. 1,3 mm

Collection: Klaus Vogt
Copyright: Kainosit
Contribution: Kainosit 2022-10-24
Locality: Steinbruch Fall / Vils / Reutte, Bezirk / Tirol / Österreich
Sphalerit
Views (File:
1666599915
): 35
Sphalerit
Sphalerit auf Gymnospermen-(Koniferen)holz- Die Paragenese mit Baryt befindet sich in einer Vilser Kugel aus den Tannheimer Schichten und wurde aus Calcit ausgesäuert. Anscheinend fungiert Kohlenstoff in den Holzfossilien als Ionenfänger. Steinbruch Vils Fall, Bb. 1,1 mm
Copyright: Kainosit; Contribution: Kainosit
Collection: Klaus Vogt
Location: Österreich/Tirol/Reutte, Bezirk/Vils/Steinbruch Fall
Mineral: Sphalerite
Fossil: Gymnospermae
Image: 1666599915
Rating: 8.5 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Sphalerit  R
Analysed with RAMAN spectroscopy

Sphalerit auf Gymnospermen-(Koniferen)holz- Die Paragenese mit Baryt befindet sich in einer Vilser Kugel aus den Tannheimer Schichten und wurde aus Calcit ausgesäuert. Anscheinend fungiert Kohlenst...

Collection: Klaus Vogt
Copyright: Kainosit
Contribution: Kainosit 2022-10-24
Locality: Steinbruch Fall / Vils / Reutte, Bezirk / Tirol / Österreich
Verkieseltes Nadelholz
Views (File:
1146857327
): 5174
Verkieseltes Nadelholz
Verkieseltes Nadelholz, Hauset-Bingeberg, Durchmesser ca. 18 cm
Copyright: Andreas-; Contribution: bardenoki
Location: Belgien/Lüttich (Liège; Luik), Provinz/Lüttich (Liege), Bezirk/Raeren/Hauset/Bingeberg
Fossil: Gymnospermae, Plantae
Encyclopedia: Holz
Image: 1146857327
Rating: 7.67 (votes: 3)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Verkieseltes Nadelholz

Verkieseltes Nadelholz, Hauset-Bingeberg, Durchmesser ca. 18 cm

Copyright: Andreas-
Contribution: bardenoki 2006-05-05
Locality: Bingeberg / Hauset / Raeren / Lüttich (Liege), Bezirk / Lüttich (Liège; Luik), Provinz / Belgien
Versteinertes Holz (Achat) Arizona
Views (File:
1393570323
): 1557
Versteinertes Holz (Achat) Arizona
Nahansicht von versteinertem Baumstamm ("Holzachat") aus Arizona, angeschliffen und poliert, im Angebot in Tucson 2014
Copyright: Manganit; Contribution: Manganit
Collection: Wild West Rock, Show Low, Arizona, USA
Location: USA/Arizona/Apache Co./Petrified Forest National Monument/Petrified Forest
Mineral: Agate
Fossil: Gymnospermae
Image: 1393570323
Rating: 7.5 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Versteinertes Holz (Achat) Arizona

Nahansicht von versteinertem Baumstamm ("Holzachat") aus Arizona, angeschliffen und poliert, im Angebot in Tucson 2014

Collection: Wild West Rock, Show Low, Arizona, USA
Copyright: Manganit
Contribution: Manganit 2014-02-28
Locality: Petrified Forest / Petrified Forest National Monument / Apache Co. / Arizona / USA
Gymnospermen-(Koniferen)holz?
Views (File:
1666602867
): 25
Gymnospermen-(Koniferen)holz?
Gymnospermen-(Koniferen)holz? Das fossile Holz befindet sich in einer Vilser Kugel aus den Tannheimer Schichten. Die Zellen sind zum Teil mit Pyrit oder Chalkopyrit gefüllt. Steinbruch Vils Fall Bb. 1,2 mm
Copyright: Kainosit; Contribution: Kainosit
Collection: Kainosit
Location: Österreich/Tirol/Reutte, Bezirk/Vils/Steinbruch Fall
Fossil: Gymnospermae
Image: 1666602867
Rating: 8 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Gymnospermen-(Koniferen)holz?

Gymnospermen-(Koniferen)holz? Das fossile Holz befindet sich in einer Vilser Kugel aus den Tannheimer Schichten. Die Zellen sind zum Teil mit Pyrit oder Chalkopyrit gefüllt. Steinbruch Vils Fall Bb...

Collection: Kainosit
Copyright: Kainosit
Contribution: Kainosit 2022-10-24
Locality: Steinbruch Fall / Vils / Reutte, Bezirk / Tirol / Österreich
versteinertes Holz mit Achat
Views (File:
1103645124
): 3595
versteinertes Holz mit Achat
Fundort: Arizona, USA
Copyright: Bernd G; Contribution: Mineralienatlas
Collection: Bernd G
Location: USA/Arizona
Fossil: Gymnospermae
Image: 1103645124
Rating: 7.33 (votes: 3)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
versteinertes Holz mit Achat

Fundort: Arizona, USA

Collection: Bernd G
Copyright: Bernd G
Contribution: Mineralienatlas 2004-12-21
Locality: Arizona / USA

Additional information / Summary

Taxon obsolet, siehe: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nacktsamige_Pflanzen

Grouping

Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Plantae  ⇒ Unterreich: Viridaeplantae  ⇒ Infrareich: Streptophyta  ⇒ Stamm: Tracheophyta  ⇒ Unterstamm: Spermatophyta

Taxo­nomic seg­ment

ohne Rang

This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Mabberley, 2000

Other languages

scientific

Gymnospermae

German

Nacktsamer

Alternative Name

Gymnospermen

Detailed description

Weitere Unterteilung

Gymnospermen mit unklarer Verwandtschaft

  • Abteilung: Gnetophyta (Gnetales: mehr als 4 Verwandschaftshypothesen; untere Kreide - Rezent)
  • Abteilung: Hermanophyta (Hermanophytales: Jura - Kreide)
  • Abteilung: Pentoxylales (Zwischen Samenfarn, Gnetales und Angiospermen; Jura)

Beschreibung

Die Gymnospermen wurden erstmals von Theophrast erwähnt. Er faßte darunter alle Pflanzen zusammen, deren Samen ungeschützt sind. Es sind primitive Samenpflanzen, jedoch repräsentieren die Gymnospermae kein phylogenetisch einheitliches Taxon.

Die Samenanlagen sind nicht in einen Fruchtknoten eingeschlossen, der Pollen wird bei der Befruchtung direkt auf die Mikropyle der Samenanlage übertragen. Die Blüten sind fast immer eingeschlechtlich und windbestäubt.

Alle Vertreter der Gymnospermen sind vieljährige Holzpflanzen mit sekundärem Dickenwachstum. Das Holz ist nur wenig differenziert.

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 251 Ma - End age: 0 Ma
0
0.0117
1.806
5.332
13.65
23.03
37
55.8
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
189.6
203.6
237
251
Meghalayan
Northgrippian
Greenlandian
Upper Pleistocene
Ionian
Calabrian
Gelasian
Piacenzian
Zanclean
Messinian
Tortonian
Serravallian
Langhian
Burdigalian
Aquitanian
Chattian
Rupelian
Priabonian
Bartonian
Lutetian
Ypresian
Thanetian
Selandian
Danian
Maastrichtian
Campanian
Santonian
Coniacian
Turonian
Cenomanian
Albian
Aptian
Barremian
Hauterivian
Valanginian
Berriasian
Tithonian
Kimmeridgian
Oxfordian
Callovian
Bathonian
Bajocian
Aalenian
Toarcian
Pliensbachian
Sinemurian
Hettangian
Rhaetian
Norian
Carnian
Ladinian
Anisian
Olenekian
Induan
Holocene
Pleistocene
Pliocene
Miocene
Oligocene
Eocene
Paleocene
Upper/Late Cretaceous
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic
Middle Jurassic
Lower/Early Jurassic
Upper/Late Triassic
Middle Triassic
Lower/Early Triassic
Quaternary
Neogene
Paleogene
Cretaceous
Jurassic
Triassic
Start age: 358.9 Ma - End age: 251 Ma
251.1
265.8
275.6
299
311.7
359.2
Changhsingian
Wuchiapingian
Capitanian
Wordian
Roadian
Kungurian
Artinskian
Sakmarian
Asselian
Gzhelian
Kasimovian
Moscovian
Bashkirian
Serpukhovian
Visean
Tournaisian
Lopingian
Guadalupian
Cisuralian
Pennsylvanian
Mississippian
Permian
Carboniferous

Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

Search for taxonomy at PaleobioDB.org
Search for taxonomy at Fossilworks
Search for taxonomy at The Taxonomicon

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 5)

Occurrences (59)

Locations with GPS information

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • D. L. Contreras, 2019 - Reconstructing the early evolution of the Cupressaceae: A whole-plant description of a new Austrohamia species from the Cañadón Asfalto Formation(Early Jurassic), Argentina - International Journal of Plant Sciences (180), 834-868 (journal article, English)
  • R. R. Pujana, 2015 - A new megaflora (fossil woods and leaves) from the Miocene of southwestern Patagonia - Ameghiniana (52), 350-366 (journal article, English)
  • S. Gnaedinger , 2015 - Coniferous woods and wood-decaying fungi from the El Freno Formation (Lower Jurassic), Neuquén Basin, Mendoza Province, Argentina. - Ameghiniana (52), 447-467 (journal article, English)
  • J. Koppka, 2015 - Revision of the Bivalvia from the Upper Jurassic Reuchenette Formation,Northwest Switzerland—Ostreoidea - Zootaxa (3927), 1-117 (serial monograph, English)
  • P. Wilf, 2014 - First South American Agathis (Araucariaceae), Eocene of Patagonia - American Journal of Botany (101), 156-179 (journal article, English)
  • S. R. Manchester, 2014 - Revisions to Roland Brown's North American Paleocene Flora - Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae (70), 153-210 (journal article, English)
  • R. R. Pujana, 2014 - Conifer fossil woods from the La Meseta Formation (Eocene of Western Antarctica): Evidence of Podocarpaceae-dominated forests - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (), 122-137 (journal article, English)
  • S. Chatterjee, 2013 - A Dicroidium flora from the Triassic of Allan Hills, South Victoria Land, Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica - Alcheringa (37), 209-221 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Doweld, 2013 - Proposals to reject the names Solenostrobus (fossil Myrtaceae or Theaceae) and Frenelites (fossil Lauraceae) - Taxon (62), 845-846 (journal article, English)
  • M. Macphail, 2013 - First Evidence for Wollemi Pine-type Pollen (Dilwynites: Araucariaceae) in South America - PLoS ONE (8), 1-8 (journal article, English)
  • E. Kustatscher, 2012 - A new Middle Triassic (Pelsonian) plant locality in the Non Valley (Trentino, Northern Italy) - Geo.Alp (9), 60-73 (journal article, English)
  • A. Rios Netto, 2012 - Palinoestratigrafia do intervalo Alagoas da Bacia do Araripe, Nordeste do Brasil - Revista Brasileira de Geociências (42), 331-342 (journal article, English)
  • L. Povilauskas, 2012 - Palinología de la Formación Monte Chico (Cretácico Tardío) de la Provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina: Gimnospermas - Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia (15), 85-94 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Sohn, 2012 - An annotated catalog of fossil and subfossil Lepidoptera (Insecta: Holometabola) of the world - Zootaxa (3286), 1-132 (journal article, English)
  • G. W. Rothwell, 2012 - The seed cone Eathiestrobus gen. nov.: fossil evidence for a Jurassic origin of Pinaceae - American Journal of Botany (99), 708-720 (journal article, English)
  • M. Brea, 2012 - Fossil plant studies from late Early Miocene of the Santa Cruz Formation: paleoecology and paleoclimatology at the passive margin of Patagonia, Argentina - Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia: High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation (), 104-128 (book chapter, English)
  • G. M. Del Fueyo, 2012 - An ultrastructural study of the araucarian pollen grain Cyclusphaera radiata Archangelsky from the Albian of Patagonia - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (173), 57-67 (journal article, English)
  • S. Archangelsky, 2012 - Palinología y paleoambientes en el perfil de Bajo Comisión (Cretácico), provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina - Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales (14), 23-39 (journal article, English)
  • A. A. M. Eisawi, 2012 - Palynozonation of the Cretaceous to Lower Paleogene Strata of the Muglad Basin, Sudan - Palynology (36), 191-207 (journal article, English)
  • G. Dietl, 2011 - Im Reich der Meerengel. Der Nusplinger Plattenkalk und seine Fossilien - (), - (book, German)
  • P. Moisan, 2010 - A Late Triassic flora from Gomero (Santa Juana Formation), Chile - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie-Abhandlungen (258), 89-106 (journal article, English)
  • E. I. Vera, 2010 - Estudios anatómicos en paleofloras del Aptiano de Antártida y Patagonia, y su comparación - Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (), 294- (Ph.D. thesis, Spanish)
  • W. Kiessling, 2009 - Taxonomic vetting of messy data in the Paleobiology Database - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • M. Pole, 2009 - A new terrestrial Cretaceous-Paleogene site in New Zealand turnover in macroflora confirmed by palynology - Cretaceous Research (30), 917-938 (journal article, English)
  • R. Paull, 2009 - Libocedrus Macrofossils from Tasmania (Australia) - International Journal of Plant Sciences (170), 381-399 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 2008 - Agathis (Araucariaceae) macrofossils from Cainozoic sediments in south eastern Australia - Australian Systematic Botany (21), 162-177 (journal article, English)
  • A. Archangelsky, 2008 - Aptian Angiosperm Pollen from the Ticó Flora Patagonia, Argentina - Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales (10), 185-198 (journal article, English)
  • R. A. Stockey , 2008 - Lower Cretaceous conifers from Apple Bay, Vancouver Island: Picea-like leaves, Midoriphyllum piceoides gen. et sp. nov. (Pinaceae) - Botany (86), 649-657 (journal article, English)
  • I. H. Escapa, 2008 - A new genus of the Cupressaceae (sensu lato) from the Jurassic of Patagonia:Implications for conifer megasporangiate cone homologies - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (151), 110-122 (journal article, English)
  • E. Taylor, 2008 - Paleobotany: The Biology and Evolution of Fossil Plants - (), 1-1230 (book, English)
  • M. G. Passalia, 2007 - Nuevos registros para la flora cretácica descripta por Halle (1913) en lago San Martín, Santa Cruz, Argentina - (44), 565-595 (journal article, Spanish)
  • P. Vallati, 2006 - Las primeras angiospermas en el Cretácico de la Cuenca Neuquina (Centro Oeste de Argentina): Aspectos geológicos relacionados - Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia (9), 83-92 (journal article, Spanish)
  • D. J. Cantrill, 2006 - Wairarapaia mildenhallii gen. et sp. nov., a New Araucarian Cone Related to Wollemia from the Cretaceous (Albian-Cenomanian) of New Zealand - International Journal of Plant Sciences (167), 1259-1269 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. Quattrocchio, 2006 - Early Cretaceous palynostratigraphy, palynofacies and palaeoenvironments of well sections in northeastern Tierra del Fuego, Argentina - Cretaceous Research (27), 584-602 (journal article, English)
  • G. M. Del Fueyo, 2005 - A new araucarian pollen cone with in situ Cyclusphaera Elsik from the Aptian of Patagonia, Argentina - Cretaceous Research (26), 757-768 (journal article, English)
  • S. N. Nielsen, 2005 - The Triassic Santa Juana Formation at the lower Biobío River, south central Chile - Journal of South American Earth Sciences (19), 547-562 (journal article, English)
  • D. L. Dilcher, 2005 - Fossil plants from the Union Chapel Mine, Alabama - Alabama Paleontological Society Monograph (1), 153-168 (book/book chapter, English)
  • S. R. Manchester, 2005 - Middle Eocene flora of Huadian, Jilin Province, Northeastern China - Acta Palaeobotanica (45), 3-26 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 2003 - Fitzroya (Cupressaceae) macrofossils from Cenozoic sediments in Tasmania, Australia - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (126), 145-152 (journal article, English)
  • G. M. Del Fueyo, 2002 - Araucaria grandifolia Feruglio from the Lower Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina - Cretaceous Research (23), 265-277 (journal article, English)
  • M. R. Ahuja, 2002 - Origins of Polyploidy in Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens (D. DON) ENDL.) and Relationship of Coast Redwood to other Genera of Taxodiaceae - Silvae Genetica (51), 93-100 (journal article, English)
  • A. Vijaya, 2002 - An Early Cretaceous age for the Rajmahal traps, Panagarh area, West Bengal: palynological evidence - Cretaceous Research (23), 789-805 (journal article, English)
  • S. Y. Smith, 2002 - Permineralized pine cones from the Cretaceous of Vancouver Island, British Columbia - International Journal of Plant Sciences (163), 185-196 (journal article, English)
  • M. Araujo Carvalho, 2001 - Paleoenvironmental reconstruction based on palynological and palynofacies analyses of the Aptian-Albian succession in the Sergipe Basin, northeastern Brazil - (), - (Ph.D. thesis, English)
  • A. B. Doweld, 2001 - Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum. Tentamen Systematis Plantarum Vascularium - (), - (book, English)
  • V. Barreda, 2000 - Palinoestratigrafía de depósitos del Oligoceno tardío-Mioceno en el área sur del Golfo San Jorge, provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina - Ameghiniana (37), 103-117 (journal article, Spanish)
  • D.J. Mabberley, 2000 - The Plant-Book, 2nd ed. - Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 858 p. (), - (book/book chapter, )
  • S. Ash, 1999 - An Upper Triassic upland flora from north-central New Mexico, U.S.A - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (105), 183-199 (journal article, )
  • S. S. Whang, 1999 - Late Palaeocene Cupressaceae Macrofossils at Lake Bungarby, New South Wales - Australian Systematic Botany (12), 241-254 (journal article, English)
  • J. L. Reveal, 1996 - New required suprageneric names in vascular plants - Phytologia (79), 68-76 (journal article, English)
  • D. Burger, 1996 - Mesozoic palynomorphs from the North West Shelf, offshore Western Australia - Palynology (20), 49-103 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1996 - A New Species of Fitzroya (Cupressaceae) from Oligocene Sediments in North-western Tasmania - Australian Systematic Botany (9), 867-875 (journal article, English)
  • S. McLoughlin, 1995 - A Cenomanian Flora from the Winton Formation, Eromanga Basin, Queensland, Australia - Memoirs of the Queensland Museam (38), 273-313 (journal article, )
  • V. Srinivasan, 1995 - Conifers from the PUddledock locality (Potomac Group, Early Cretaceous) in eastern North America - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (89), 257-286 (journal article, )
  • G. J. Jordan, 1995 - Extinct conifers and conifer diversity in the Early Pleistocene of western Tasmania - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (84), 375-387 (journal article, English)
  • D. J. Cantrill, 1995 - Late Triassic plant fossils from the Prince Charles Mountains, East Antarctica - Antarctic Science (7), 51-62 (journal article, English)
  • R. Dino, 1994 - Algumas especies novas de graos de polen do Cretaceo Inferior do Nordeste do Brasil - Boletim de geociencias da Petrobrás (), 257-263 (journal article, Portugese)
  • G. R. Upchurch, 1994 - The Megaflora from the Quantico Locality (Upper Albian), Lower Cretaceous Potomac Group of Virginia - Virginia Museum of Natural History (4), 1-57 (serial monograph, )
  • E. E. McIver, 1993 - Flora of the Ravenscrag Formation (Paleocene), Southwestern Saskatchewan, Canada - Palaeontographica Canadiana (10), 1-85 (serial monograph, )
  • R. S. Hill, 1993 - An Early Tertiary macroflora from West Dale, southwestern Australia - Alcheringa (17), 285-326 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1993 - Taxodiaceous Macrofossils from Tertiary and Quaternary Sediments in Tasmania. - Australian Systematic Botany (6), 237-249 (journal article, English)
  • D. Burger, 1993 - Early and middle Cretaceous angiosperm pollen grains from Australia - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (78), 183-234 (journal article, English)
  • M. S. Pole, 1993 - The Oligocene Berwick Quarry Flora - Rainforest in a Drying Environment - Australian Systematic Botany (6), 399-427 (journal article, English)
  • M. Pole, 1992 - Eocene Vegetation from Hasties, North-eastern Tasmania - Australian Systematic Botany (5), 431-475 (journal article, English)
  • B. A. R. Mohr, 1992 - Late cretaceous palynofloras (sporomorphs and dinocysts) from the Kerguelen Plateau, southern Indian Ocean (Sites 748 and 750) - Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results (120), 281-306 (journal article, English)
  • R. E. Kirby, 1991 - A vertebrate fauna from the Upper Triassic Owl Rock Member of the Chinle Formation in Northern Arizona, Northern Arizona University - (), 1-476 (M.S. thesis, English)
  • R Serbet, 1991 - Taxodiaceous pollen cones from the Upper Cretaceous (Horshoe Canyon Formation) of Drumheller, Alberta, Canada - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (70), 67-76 (journal article, )
  • R. S. Hill, 1991 - Leaves of Eucryphia (Eucryphiaceae) from tertiary sediments in south-eastern Australia - Australian Systematic Botany (4), 481-497 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1990 - Araucaria (Araucariaceae) species from Australian Tertiary sediments – a micromorphological study - Australian Systematic Botany (), 203-220 (journal article, English)
  • J. Shoshani, 1989 - The Shelton Mastodon Site: Multidisciplinary study of a late Pleistocene (Twocreekan) locality in Southeastern Michigan - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan (27), 393-436 (journal article, English)
  • O. H. Papú, 1989 - Estudio Palinológico de la Formación Paso del Sapo (Cretácico Superior), Valle Medio del Río Chubut. Granos de Polen, Consideraciones Estadísticas, Paleoecológicas y Paleoambientales - Ameghiniana (25), 193-202 (journal article, Spanish)
  • P. M. Wells, 1989 - Fossil Imbricate-leaved Podocarpaceae from Tertiary Sediments in Tasmania - Australian Systematic Botany (2), 387-423 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1989 - Tertiary gymnosperms from Tasmania: Cupressaceae - Alcheringa (13), 89-102 (journal article, English)
  • R. H. Eyde, 1988 - Comprehending Cornus: Puzzles and Progress in the Systematics of the Dogwoods - The Botanical review (54), 233-351 (journal article, English)
  • E. Schrank, 1987 - Paleozoic and Mesozoic palynomorphs from Northeast Africa (Egypt and Sudan) with special reference to Late Cretaceous pollen and spores - Berliner geowis. Abh. (75), 249-310 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Hill, 1987 - Tertiary gymnosperms from Tasmania: Araucariaceae - Alcheringa (11), 325-335 (journal article, English)
  • A. J. Bigwood, 1985 - Tertiary Araucarian Macrofossils from Tasmania - Australian Journal of Botany (33), 645-656 (journal article, English)
  • S. V. Meyen, 1984 - Basic features of gymnosperm systematics and phylogeny as evidenced by the fossil record - Botanical Review (50), 1-111 (journal article, English)
  • J. Watson, 1984 - A new conifer genus from the Lower Cretaceous Glen Rose Formation, Texas - Palaeontology (27), 719-727 (journal article, )
  • F. M. Hueber, 1983 - Fossil woods and resin-like substances from the Lee Creek Mine - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (53), 269-285 (journal article, English)
  • M. R. de Lima, 1982 - Palinologia da Formaçao Codo Na Regiao de Codo, Maranhao - Instituto de Geociências , Universidade de São Paulo (13), 43-134 (journal article, Portugese)
  • D. M. Jarzen, 1982 - Palynology of Dinosaur Provincial Park (Campanian) Alberta - Syllogeus (38), 1-69 (serial monograph, English)
  • V. A. Krassilov, 1982 - Taxonomy: A Unique Find: Pollen in the intestine of Early Cretaceous Sawflies - Paleontological Journal (16), 80-95 (journal article, English)
  • W. B. K. Holmes, 1982 - The Middle Triassic flora from Benolong, near Dubbo, central-western New South Wales - Alcheringa (6), 1-33 (journal article, English)
  • G. J. Retallack, 1981 - Middle Triassic megafossil plants from Long Gully, near Otematata, north Otago, New Zealand - Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand (11), 167-200 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. J. Chandler, 1978 - Supplement to the Lower Tertiary floras of Southern England Part 5 - Tertiary Research Special Paper (4), 1-47 (journal article, English)
  • M. Salard-Cheboldaeff, 1978 - Sur la palynoflore Maestrichtienne et Tertiaire du bassin sedimentaire littoral du Cameroun - Pollen et Spores (XX), 215-260 (journal article, French)
  • L. J. Hickey, 1977 - Stratigraphy and paleobotany of the Golden Valley Formation (Early Tertiary) of western North Dakota - The Geological Society of America Memoir (150), 1-183 (serial monograph, )
  • S. Archangelsky, 1977 - Balmeiopsis, nuevo nombre genérico para el palinomorfo Inaperturopollenites limbatus Balme, 1957 - Ameghiniana (XIV), 122-126 (journal article, Spanish)
  • D. C. Christophel, 1976 - Fossil floras of the Smoky Tower locality, Alberta, Canada - Palaeontographica Abteilung B (157), 1-43 (journal article, )
  • A. M. Blazer, 1975 - Index of Generic Names of Fossil Plants, 1966-1973 - Geological Survey Bulletin (), 1-54 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. S. Norvick, 1975 - Palynology of the Cenomanian of Bathurst Island, Northern Territory, Australia - Department of Minerals and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics (), 1-169 (serial monograph, English)
  • S. D. Chitaley, 1973 - Harrisostrobus Intertrappea Gen. Et Sp. Nov. A Petrified Gymnospermous Cone From The Deccan Intertrappean Beds of India - Paleontographics (), 25-30 (journal article, English)
  • Y. Reyre, 1973 - Palynogie du Mesozoique saharien - Memoires du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Série C, Sciences de la terre (XXVI), - (book, French)
  • W. Volkheimer, 1971 - Algunos adelantos de la microbioestratigrafía del Jurásico en la Argentina y comparación con otras regiones del Hemisferio Austral - Ameghiniana (VIII), 341-355 (journal article, Spanish)
  • J.-C. Gall, 1971 - Faunes et paysages du Grès à Voltzia du Nord des Vosges: Essai paléoécologique sur le Buntsandstein supérieur - Mémoires Service de la Carta Géologique d’Alsace et de Lorraine (34), 1-318 (serial monograph, French)
  • H. N. Andrews, 1970 - Index of Generic Names of Fossil Plants, 1820-1965 - Geological Survey Bulletin (), 1-354 (serial monograph, English)
  • P. Ellenberger, 1970 - Les niveaux paléontologiques de première apparition des mammifères primoridaux en Afrique du Sud et leur ichnologie. Establissement de zones stratigraphiques detaillees dans le Stormberg du Lesotho (Afrique du Sud) (Trias Supérieur à Jurassique) [The pal - In: S. H. Haughton (ed.), Second Symposium on Gondwana Stratigraphy and Paleontology, International Union of Geological Sciences. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria (), 343-370 (journal article, French)
  • E. M. Kemp, 1970 - Aptian and Albian miospores from southern England - Palaeontographica Abl. B (131), 73-143 (journal article, English)
  • W. C. Elsik, 1966 - New sporomorph genera from the Upper Cretaceous of Peru - Pollen et Spores (8), 553-564 (journal article, English)
  • C. A. Menendez, 1966 - Estructura epidermica de araucaria Nathorsti Dus. del Terciario de Pico Quemado, Rio Negro - Ameghiniana (IV), 195-199 (journal article, Spanish)
  • M. E. J. Chandler, 1964 - The Lower Tertiary Floras of Southern England. IV. A summary and survey of findings in the light of recent botanical observations - (), - (serial monograph, )
  • J. Rasmussen, 1963 - Fossil Metasequoia from Mikines, Faroe Islands - Fróðskaparrit. Annales Societatis Scientiarum Færoensis (12), 83-96 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. J. Chandler, 1963 - - The Lower Tertiary Floras of Southern England. III. Flora of the Bournemouth Beds, The Boscombe, and the Highcliff Sands (), 1-169 (book, English)
  • M. E. J. Chandler, 1962 - The Lower Tertiary Floras of Southern England. II. Flora of the Pipe-Clay Series of Dorset (Lower Bagshot) - British Museum (Natural History) London (), 1-176 (book/book chapter, English)
  • M. E. J. Chandler, 1961 - - The Lower Tertiary Floras of Southern England. I. Palaeocene Floras. London Clay Flora (Supplement) (), 1-354 (book/book chapter, English)
  • M. E. J. Chandler, 1961 - Post-Ypresian plant remains from the Isle of Wight and the Selsey Peninsula, Sussex - Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Geology (5), 1-41 (journal article, English)
  • S. Endo, 1951 - A Record of Sequoia from the Jurassic of Manchuria - Botanical Gazette (113), 228-230 (journal article, English)
  • H. N. Andrews, Jr., 1949 - Nucellangium, a new genus of fossil seeds previously assigned to Lepidocarpon - Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden (36), 479-505 (journal article, )
  • I. C. Cookson, 1947 - Plant microfossils from the lignites of Kerguelen Archipielago - B.A.N.Z. Antarctic Research Expedition 1929/1931 (2), 127-142 (journal article, English)
  • D. I. Axelrod, 1939 - A Miocene flora from the western border of the Mohave desert - Carnegie Institution of Washington Publications (516), 1-129 (journal article, English)
  • M. M. Ogilvie Gordon, 1927 - Das Grödener-, Fassa- und Enneberggebiet in den Südtiroler Dolomiten: Geologische Beschreibung mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Überschiebungserscheinungen. Teil III. Paläontologie - Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (24), 1-88 (journal article, German)
  • E. W. Berry, 1922 - The flora of the Cheyenne Sandstone of Kansas - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (129), 199-231 (journal article, English)
  • E. W. Berry, 1914 - The Upper Cretaceous and Eocene floras of South Carolina and Georgia - US Geological Survey Professional Paper (84), 1-200 (journal article, English)
  • T. D. A. Cockerell, 1907 - Some Old World types of insects in the Miocene of Colorado - Science (26), 446-447 (journal article, English)
  • F. H. Knowlton, 1899 - Fossil Flora of the Yellowstone National Park - USGS Monograph Series (32), - (serial monograph, )
  • C. B. Ettinghausen, 1880 - Report on Phyto-Palaeontological Investigations of the Fossil Flora of Sheppey - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (29), 388-396 (journal article, English)
  • H. Daudet, 1876 - Description d’une chenille fossile trouvée dans calcaire d’Aix (Provence) - Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (4), 415-424 (journal article, French)
  • E. Emmons, 1856 - - Geological Report of the Midland Counties of North Carolina (), xx-351 (book, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1843 - - Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome I (livr. 18). Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel (), xxxii-188 (book, English)
  • J. S. Bowerbank, 1840 - - A History of the Fossil Fruits & Seeds of the London Clay (), 1-144 (journal article, English)
  • A. T. Brongniart, 1828 - Prodrome d'une histoire des végétaux fossiles - (), - (book, French)