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† Spiriferinoidea

Spiriferinoidea

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eutriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Neotriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eucoelomata  ⇒ Klade: Phoronozoa  ⇒ Stamm: Brachiopoda  ⇒ Unterstamm: Rhynchonelliformea  ⇒ Klasse: Rhynchonellata  ⇒ Ordnung: Spiriferinida  ⇒ Unterordnung: Spiriferinidina

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Superfamilie

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Davidson, 1884

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 423 Ma - Endalter: 163.5 Ma
161.2
171.6
189.6
203.6
237
251.1
265.8
275.6
299
311.7
345.3
385.3
407
418.7
426.2
Callovium
Bathonium
Bajocium
Aalenium
Toarcium
Pliensbachium
Sinemurium
Hettangium
Rhät
Nor
Karn
Ladin
Anis
Olenekium
Induum
Changhsingium
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Dogger
Lias
Obere Trias
Mittlere Trias
Untere Trias
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Jura
Trias
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Silur

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: stationär
Lebensweise und Ort: niedrige Ebene epifaunal
Ernährungsweise:

Filtrierer (suspension feeder)

Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Calcit mit niedrigem Mg-Gehalt

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 2)

Fossilzuordnungen (192)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • Z. Guo, 2019 - The Anisian (Middle Triassic) brachiopod fauna from Qingyan, Guizhou, south-western China - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (), 1-55 (journal article, English)
  • M. Gaetani, 2019 - Systematic palaeontology, in Upper Spathian to Bithynian (Lower to Middle Triassic) brachiopods from North Dobrogea (Romania) - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (125), 91-123 (journal article, English)
  • J. F. Baeza-Carratalá, 2016 - Cisnerospira (Brachiopoda, Spiriferinida), an atypical Early Jurassic spire bearer from the Subbetic Zone (SE Spain) and its significance - Journal of Paleontology (90), 1081-1099 (journal article, English)
  • W. H. He, 2016 - Taxonomy, in A new genus Liaous of early Anisian Stage (Middle Triassic) brachiopods from southwestern China: systematics, reassessment of classification of the Spiriferinioidea, community paleoecology, and paleoenvironmental implications - Journal of Paleontology (89), 966-979 (journal article, English)
  • M. Gaetani, 2016 - Brachiopods from the type-section of the Bithynian substage (Anisian, Middle Triassic, northwestern Turkey) - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (122), 61-76 (journal article, English)
  • R. Paredes, 2013 - Braquiópodes do Sinemuriano superior da região de S. Pedro de Moel e de Peniche (Bacia Lusitânica, Portugal) - Comunicações Geológicas (100), 29-35 (journal article, Portugese)
  • F. García Joral, 2011 - Mass extinction and recovery of the Early Toarcian (Early Jurassic) brachiopods linked to climate change in Northern and Central Spain - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (302), 367-380 (journal article, English)
  • A. Vörös, 2011 - A new Early Jurassic brachiopod fauna from the Eastern Pontides(Turkey) - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen (260), 343-363 (journal article, English)
  • Y. Alméras, 2010 - Brachiopodes du Jurasique Inférieur et moyen d'Arabie Saoudite centrale - Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de Lyon (168), 1-247 (serial monograph, French)
  • A. Vörös, 2009 - The Pliensbachian brachiopods of the Bakony Mountains (Hungary) - Geologica Hungarica, Series Palaeontologica (58), 1-300 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Siblik, 2008 - A Jurassic brachiopod fauna from the Mitterwand area near Hallstatt (Upper Austria) - Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundensanstalt (148), 59-87 (journal article, English)
  • Y. Alméras, 2007 - Les brachiopods liasiques d'Algérie occidentale - Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon (163), 1-241 (serial monograph, French)
  • A. Williams, 2006 - - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology Part H, Brachiopoda. Volume 5: Rhynchonelliformea (part) (5), 1689-2320 (compendium, English)
  • M. Siblik, 2005 - Brachiopods from the Upper Triassic reef habitats of the Northern Calcareous Alps (Dachstein Limestone, Hochschwab, Austria) - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (111), 413-437 (journal article, English)
  • M. J. Campi, 2005 - Guadalupian (Middle Permian) brachiopods from Sungai Toh, a Leptodus Shale locality in the central belt of peninsular Malaysia - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (273), 97-160 (journal article, English)
  • J. Palfy, 2003 - The Pelsonian brachiopod fauna of the Balaton Highland - Geologica Hungarica, Series Palaeontologica (55), 139-158 (journal article, )
  • A. Dulai, 2003 - Hettangian and Early Sinemurian (Early Jura ssic)brachiopods of the Transdanubian Central Range(Hungary) II(A Dunántúli­középhegység hettangi és kora szinemuri (kora­jura) brachiopoda faunája II) - A Bakony Termeszettudomanyi Kutatasanak Eredmenyei (27), 5-124 (serial monograph, other)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. E. Gahr, 2002 - Palökologie benthischer Faunen aus dem Unter-Toarc SW-Europas - (), - (Ph.D. thesis, German)
  • M. R. Sandy, 2000 - A southern Tethyan brachiopod fauna from the Late Triassic of the United Arab Emirates - Geobios (33), 561-567 (journal article, English)
  • M. Siblik, 1999 - New data on the Hettangian brachiopod fauna of the Northern Calcareous Alps (Austria, Bavaria) - Abhandlungen der geologischen Bundesanstalt (56), 419-438 (journal article, )
  • N. V. Kalashnikov, 1998 - - Permian Spiriferids from the North of European Russia (), 1-139 (book/book chapter, Russian)
  • V. Torti, 1997 - Middle Triassic Brachiopods from Val Palina, Bergamasc Alps, Italy - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (103), 149-172 (journal article, English)
  • E. F. Owen, 1997 - Early Jurassic brachiopods from Gibraltar, and their Tethyan affinities - Palaeontology (40), 497-513 (journal article, English)
  • A. Dulai, 1993 - Hettangian (Early Jurassic) brachiopod fauna of the Bakony Mts. (Hungary) - Fragmenta Mineralogica et Palaeontologia (16), 27-50 (journal article, English)
  • M. O. Mancenido, 1993 - Early Jurassic brachiopods From Greece: a review - Mesozoic Brachiopods of Alpine Europe (), 79-100 (book/book chapter, English)
  • M. Iordan, 1993 - Triassic brachiopods of Romania - Mesozoic Brachiopods of Alpine Europe (), 49-58 (book chapter, English)
  • A. Dulai, 1992 - The early Sinemurian(Jurassic) brachiopod fauna of the Lókút Hill (Bakony Mts, Hungary) - Fragmenta Mineralogica et Palaeontologica (15), 41-94 (journal article, English)
  • M. Siblík, 1991 - Triassic brachiopods from Ahgdarband (NE-Iran) - Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (38), 165-174 (journal article, English)
  • A. Vörös, 1989 - The Anisian/Ladinian boundary in the Vászoly section (Balaton Highland, Hungary) - Fragmenta Mineralogica et Palaeontologica (14), 17-27 (journal article, English)
  • G. A. Cooper, 1989 - Jurassic brachiopods of Saudi Arabia - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (65), 1-213 (serial monograph, English)
  • D. L. Sun, 1985 - Triassic brachiopod names, in Late Paleozoic and Triassic brachiopods from the east of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau - Paleontology and Stratigraphy of Western Sichuan and Eastern Xizang (), 212-234 (journal article, English)
  • G. R. Xu, 1983 - Systematic Description: Brachiopods - Triassic of the southern Qilian Mountains (), 84-128 (book/book chapter, Chinese)
  • D. L. Sun, 1982 - Middle Triassic brachiopods from the Tosu Lake area, central Qinghai - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (21), 153-173 (journal article, Chinese)
  • D. L. Sun, 1981 - The Mesozoic brachiopods of Xizang - Palaeontology of Xizang, Book III, The Series of the Scientific Expedition to Qinghai-Xizang Plateau (), 177-260 (book/book chapter, Chinese)
  • Y. G. Jin, 1979 - Mesozoic brachiopod names - Paleontological atlas of northwest China, Qinghai Volume (1), 131-217 (book/book chapter, Chinese)
  • G. R. Xu, 1978 - Triassic Brachiopoda - Palaeontological Atlas of Southwest China - Sichuan Volume (2), 267-314 (journal article, English)
  • D. A. B. Pearson, 1977 - Rhaetian brachiopods of Europe - Neue Denkschriften des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien (1), 1-85 (serial monograph, English)
  • Y. G. Jin, 1977 - Upper Triassic brachiopod fauna from the area in the east of Hengduan Mountain, western Yunnan - Mesozoic Fossils from Yunnan (2), 39-69 (journal article, Chinese)
  • Y. G. Jin, 1976 - Taxonomic names, in Mesozoic and Cenozoic brachiopods from the Mount Jolmo Lungma region - A Report of the Scientific Expedition in the Mount Jolmo Lungma Region (1966-1968) (2), 271-357 (book/book chapter, Chinese)
  • M. Kochanova, 1975 - Fossilien aus dem Wettersteinkalke des Slowakischen Karstes (Lokalitat Silicka) - Geologicke prace, Spravy (63), 55-56 (journal article, other)
  • A. S. Dagys, 1974 - - Triassic Brachiopods (Morphology, Classification, Phylogeny, Stratigraphical Significance and Biogeography) (), 1-387 (book/book chapter, Russian)
  • C. H. C. Brunton, 1974 - A Lower Carboniferous brachiopod fauna from the Manifold Valley, Staffordshire - Palaeontology (17), 811-840 (journal article, English)
  • J. H. Delance, 1969 - Etude de Quelques Brachiopodes Liasiques du Nord-Est de L'Espagne - Annales de Paléontologie (75), 3-44 (journal article, French)
  • T. Y. Yang, 1966 - - Triassic Brachiopods of Central Guizhou Province (), 1-151 (book, Chinese)
  • A. S. Dagys, 1965 - - Triasovye Brakhiopody Sibiri (), 1-186 (serial monograph, Russian)
  • M. Siblik, 1965 - Some New Liassic Brachiopods - Geologicky Sbornik (), 73-82 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Dagys, 1963 - - Upper Triassic brachiopods of the southern USSR (), 1-238 (book/book chapter, Russian)
  • R. P. S. Jefferies, 1961 - Brachiopoda, in Upper Triassic brachiopods and lamellibranchs from the Oman Peninsula, Arabia - Palaeontology (4), 5-11 (journal article, English)
  • R. G. S. Hudson, 1961 - Upper Triassic brachiopods and lamellibranchs from the Oman Peninsula, Arabia - Palaeontology (4), 1-41 (journal article, English)
  • R. D. Hoare, 1961 - Desmoinesian Brachiopoda and Mollusca from southwest Missouri - Missouri University Studies (36), 1-262 (journal article, English)
  • F. R. C. Reed, 1944 - Brachiopoda and Mollusca from the Productus limestones of the Salt Range - Palaeontogica Indica, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, New Series (23), 1-596 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. A. Douglas, 1936 - A Permo-Carboniferous fauna from south-west Persia (Iran) - Palaeontologia Indica, New Series (22), 1-59 (journal article, English)
  • G. H. Girty, 1927 - Descriptions of new species of Carboniferous and Triassic fossils (from southeastern Idaho) - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (152), 411-446 (serial monograph, )
  • J. P. Smith, 1927 - Upper Triassic marine invertebrate faunas of North America - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (141), 1-262 (serial monograph, English)
  • L. Krumbeck, 1924 - Die Brachiopoden, Lamellibranchiaten und Gastropoden der Trias von Timor II - Palaeontologie von Timor (13), 1-275 (serial monograph, German)
  • C. T. Trechmann, 1917 - The Trias of New Zealand - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (73), 165-246 (journal article, English)
  • G. Arthaber, 1915 - Die Trias von Bithynien (Anatolien) - Beiträge zur Paläontologie und Geologie Österreich-Ungarns und des Orients (27), 85-206 (journal article, German)
  • J. P. Smith, 1914 - The Middle Triassic marine invertebrate faunas of North America - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (83), 1-254 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. De Toni, 1913 - Illustrazione della fauna triasica di Valdepena (Cadore) [Illustration of the Triassic fauna of Valdepena (Cadore)] - Memorie dell´ Instituto Geologico della R. Università di Padova (2), 1-194 (serial monograph, Italian)
  • F. Frech, 1912 - Neue Zweischaler und Brachiopoden aus der Bakonyer Trias [New bivalves and brachiopods from the Bakony Trias] - Resultate der Wissenschaftlichen Erforschung des Balatonsees, II Band: Paläontologie der Umgebung des Balatonsees (1), 1-138 (journal article, German)
  • A. Bittner, 1912 - Brachiopoden aus der Trias des Bakonyer Waldes [Brachiopods from the Triassic of the Bakony Forest] - Resultate der Wissenschaftlichen Erforschung des Balatonsees, II Band: Paläontologie der Umgebung des Balatonsees (1), 1-60 (journal article, German)
  • F. Broili, 1904 - Die Fauna Pachycardientuffe der Seiser Alp (mit Ausschluss der Gastropoden und Cephalopoden) - Palaeontographica (50), 145-227 (journal article, German)
  • A. Bittner, 1902 - Brachiopoden und Lamellibranchiaten aus der Trias von Bosnien, Dalmatien, und Venetien [Brachiopods and bivalves of the Triassic of Bosnia, Dalmatia and Veneto] - Jahrbuch der Kaiserlich Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt, Wien (52), 495-646 (journal article, German)
  • T. N. Tschernyschew, 1902 - Verkhnekamennougol'nyya Brakhiopody Urala i Timana [Upper Carboniferous Brachiopods of the Urals and Timan] - Trudy Geologicheskago Komiteta (16), 1-749 (serial monograph, Russian)
  • G. G. Gemmellaro, 1899 - La Fauna dei Calcari Con Fusulina della Valle del Fiume Sosio nella Provincia di Palermo, Brachiopoda - Giornale di Scienze Naturali ed Economiche Palermo (21), 95-202 (journal article, Italian)
  • W. Salomon, 1895 - Geologische und palaeontologische Studien uber die Marmolata - Palaeontographica (42), 1-210 (journal article, German)
  • A. Bittner, 1892 - Neue Arten aus der Trias von Balia in Kleinasien - Jahrbuch der Kaiserlich-Königlichen, Geologischen Reichsanstalt (42), 77-89 (journal article, German)
  • C. F. Parona, 1890 - I fossili del Lias inferiore di Saltrio in Lombardia - Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali (33), 69-104 (journal article, Italian)
  • A. Bittner, 1890 - Brachiopoden der alpinen Trias - Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt (14), 1-325 (serial monograph, German)
  • H. Zugmayer, 1882 - Untersuchungen über rhätische Brachiopoden - Beiträge zur Paläontologie und Geologie Österreich-Ungarns und des Orients (1), 1-42 (journal article, German)
  • G. C. Laube, 1865 - - Die Fauna der Schichten von St. Cassian: Ein Beitrag zur Paläontologie der Alpinen Trias. II. Abtheilung. Brachiopoden und Bivalven (), 1-76 (serial monograph, German)
  • W. M. Gabb, 1864 - Description of the Triassic fossils of California and the adjacent territories - Geological Survey of California Palaeontology (1), 19-35 (journal article, English)
  • J. d. C. Sowerby, 1827 - No. XCVI of the mineral conchology of Great Britain; or colored figures and descriptions of those remains of testaceous animals or shells, which have been preserved at various times and depths in the Earth - The Mineral Conchology of Great Britain (6), 109-120 (book/book chapter, English)