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† Protomonaxonida

Protomonaxonida

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Metazoa  ⇒ Stamm: Porifera  ⇒ Klasse: Demospongiae

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Ordnung

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Finks et al., 2004

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Protomonaxonida

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 251 Ma - Endalter: 0.0117 Ma
0.0117
1.806
5.332
13.65
23.03
37
55.8
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
189.6
203.6
237
251
Oberes Pleistozän
Mittleres Pleistozän
Unteres Pleistozän
Gelasium
Piacenzium
Zancleum
Messinium
Tortonium
Serravallium
Langhium
Burdigalium
Aquitanium
Chattium
Rupelium
Priabonium
Bartonium
Lutetium
Ypresium
Thanetium
Selandium
Danium
Maastricht
Campan
Santon
Coniac
Turon
Cenoman
Alb
Apt
Barreme
Hauterive
Valangin
Berrias
Tithonium
Kimmeridgium
Oxfordium
Callovium
Bathonium
Bajocium
Aalenium
Toarcium
Pliensbachium
Sinemurium
Hettangium
Rhät
Nor
Karn
Ladin
Anis
Olenekium
Induum
Pleistozän
Pliozän
Miozän
Oligozän
Eozän
Paläozän
Obere Kreide
Untere Kreide
Malm
Dogger
Lias
Obere Trias
Mittlere Trias
Untere Trias
Quartär
Neogen
Paläogen
Kreide
Jura
Trias
Startalter: 516 Ma - Endalter: 251 Ma
251.1
265.8
275.6
299
311.7
345.3
385.3
407
418.7
426.2
439
455.8
471.8
492
503
521
Changhsingium
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Sheinwood
Telychium
Aeronium
Rhuddanium
Hirnantium
Katium
Sandbium
Darriwilium
Dapingium
Floium
Tremadocium
Stufe 10
Stufe 9
Paibium
Guzhangium
Drumium
Stufe 5
Stufe 4
Stufe 3
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Oberes Ordovizium
Mittleres Ordovizium
Unteres Ordovizium
Furongium
Serie 3
Serie 2
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Silur
Ordovizium
Kambrium

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: angehängt, stationär
Lebensweise und Ort: mittlere Ebene epifaunal
Ernährungsweise:

Filtrierer (suspension feeder)

Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Siliziumdioxid

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Links

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 4)

Fossilzuordnungen (108)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • J. P. Botting, 2019 - Systematic palaeontology, in A late-surviving Triassic protomonaxonid sponge from the Paris Biota (Bear Lake County, Idaho, USA) - Geobios (54), 5-11 (journal article, English)
  • W. Wu, 2014 - Composition and tiering of the Cambrian sponge communities - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (398), 86-96 (journal article, English)
  • D. C. Garcia-Bellido, 2011 - First report of Crumillospongia (Demospongea) from the Cambrian of Europe (Murero biota, Spain) - Bulletin of Geosciences (86), 641-650 (journal article, English)
  • M. S. Beresi, 2010 - A new demosponge, Choiaella scotica, from the Caradoc (Ordovician) of Wallace's Cast, Southern Uplands - Scottish Journal of Geology (46), 77-84 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2010 - Middle Cambrian sponges from the Drum Mountains and House Range in western Utah - Journal of Paleontology (84), 66-78 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2008 - Pennsylvanian sponges from thr Graford Formation, Wise County, Texas - Journal of Paleontology (82), 492-510 (journal article, English)
  • D. C. García-Bellido, 2007 - The Demosponge genus Leptomitus and a new species from the Middle Cambrian of Spain - (50), 467-478 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2007 - A new demospongiid sponge from the Permian Park City Formation near Park City, Utah, USA - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen (245), 153-158 (journal article, English)
  • J. P. Botting, 2007 - "Cambrian" demosponges in the Ordovician of Morocco: Insights into the early evolutionary history of sponges - Geobios (40), 737-748 (journal article, English)
  • R. K. Bambach, 2007 - Supplement to Autecology and the filling of ecospace: Key metazoan radiations - Palaeontology (50), 1-22 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2007 - Hexactinellid and associated sponges from the upper Reef Trail Member of the Bell Canyon Formation, southern Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas - Journal of Paleontology (81), 1241-1256 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2006 - Sponges from the Reef Trail Member of the Upper Guadalupian (Permian) Bell Canyon Formation, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas - Journal of Paleontology (80), 1-42 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2005 - Sponges and associated fossils from the Pennsylvanian Carbondale Formation of northwestern Illinois - Journal of Paleontology (79), 460-468 (journal article, English)
  • S. Xiao, 2005 - Articulated sponges from the Lower Cambrian Hetang Formation in southern Anhui, South China: their age and implications for the early evolution of sponges - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (220), 89-117 (journal article, English)
  • J. P. Botting, 2004 - An exceptional Caradoc sponge fauna from the Llanfawr Quarries, central Wales and phylogenetic implications - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (2), 31-63 (journal article, English)
  • X.-G. Hou, 2004 - - The Cambrian Fossils of Chengjiang, China: the Flowering of Early Animal Life (), - (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2004 - Sponges of the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale and Stephen Formations, British Columbia - Royal Ontario Museum Contributions in Science (1), 1-155 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. M. Finks, 2004 - Porifera (Demospongea, Hexactinellida, Heteractinida, Calcarea) - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology Part E, Revised (E), 1-872 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1998 - Silurian hexactinellid sponges from northern British Columbia, Canada - Journal of Paleontology (72), 202-220 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1995 - Lower Cambrian demosponges and hexactinellid sponges from Yunnan, China - Journal of Paleontology (69), 1009-1019 (journal article, English)
  • J. Y. Chen, 1989 - Lower Cambrian leptomitids (Demospongea), Chengjiang, Yunnan - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (28), 17-30 (journal article, Chinese)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1987 - Early Cambrian sponges from Vermont and Pennsylvania, the only ones described from North America - Journal of Paleontology (61), 451-461 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1986 - Cambrian and Silurian sponges from North Greenland - Rapport Groenlands Geologiske Undersoegelse (132), 51-63 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1979 - A new Silurian sponge fauna from northern British Columbia, Canada - Journal of Paleontology (53), 968-980 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1978 - Porifera of the Middle Cambrian Wheeler Shale, from the Wheeler Amphitheater, House Range, in western Utah - Journal of Paleontology (52), 1325-1345 (journal article, English)
  • V. Y. Goryanskiy, 1977 - Pervaya nakhodka ostatkov gubki v nizhnem kembrii vostochnoy Sibiri [First discovery of sponge remains from the Lower Cambrian of eastern Siberia] - Ezhegodnik Vsesoyuzhnogo Paleontologicheskogo Obshchestva (20), 274-276 (journal article, Russian)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1971 - Sponges of the Ordovician Cat Head Member, Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba - Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin (202), 35-79 (journal article, English)
  • F.J.E. Wagner, 1970 - Faunas of the Pleistocene Champlain Sea - Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Canada (181), - (serial monograph, English)
  • P. A. Gerasimov, 1960 - Gubki podmoskovskoy yury u nizhnego mela [Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous sponges of the Moscow region] - Materialy po Geologii i Poleznym Ickopayemym Tsentral'nykh Rayonov Evropeyskoy Chasti SSSR (3), 5-63 (serial monograph, Russian)
  • A. Schrammen, 1910 - Die Kieselspongien der oberen Kreide von Nordwestdeutschland, Teil 1 Tetraxonia, Monaxonia und Silicea incert. sedis [Upper Cretaceous sponges from north-western Germany, part 1 Tetraxonia, Monaxonia and Silicea incert. sedis] - Palaeontographica, Supplement (5), 1-175 (serial monograph, German)