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† Orthocerida

Orthocerida

Weitere Funktionen

Bilder (1 Bilder gesamt)

Orthocerenkalk
Aufrufe (File:
1128005572
): 1999
Orthocerenkalk
Orthocerenkalk, Ordovizium; Geschnittene Platte; Maße der Platte: 77cm x 35cm; Fundort: Marokko
Copyright: Steinchen; Beitrag: Steinchen
Fundort: Marokko
Fossil: Orthocerida
Bild: 1128005572
Lizenz: Nur zur Mineralienatlas-Projekt-Verwendung
Orthocerenkalk

Orthocerenkalk, Ordovizium; Geschnittene Platte; Maße der Platte: 77cm x 35cm; Fundort: Marokko

Copyright: Steinchen
Beitrag: Steinchen 2005-09-29
Fundstelle: Marokko

Zusatzangaben / Zusammenfassung

wird von manchen Autoren auch direkt den Cephalopoda untergeordnet !

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eutriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Neotriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eucoelomata  ⇒ Superstamm: Eutrochozoa  ⇒ Stamm: Mollusca  ⇒ Klasse: Cephalopoda  ⇒ Unterklasse: Nautiloidea

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Ordnung

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Kuhn, 1940

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Orthocerida

alternativ genutzter Name

wissenschaftlich

Michelinoceratida

Flower & Kummel, 1950
Ref.: S. C. Hook and R. H. Flower. 1977. Late Canadian (Zones J, K) cephalopod faunas from Southwestern United States. New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources 32:1-56

wissenschaftlich

Sinoceratida

Kobayashi, 1958
Ref.: W. C. Sweet. 1964. Nautiloidea–Orthocerida. In C. Teichert et. al. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (K) Mollusca 3

Schreibfehler

wissenschaftlich

Orthoceratida

Kuhn, 1940
Ref.: J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560

Ausführliche Beschreibung

Beschreibung

Vorkommen: Ordovizium bis Trias.

Die Orthoceraten bildeten die größten Formen unter den Cephalopoden. Es wurden bis 10 Meter lange Exemplare gefunden. Die schlanken Gehäuse sind meist gerade gestreckt. Der enge, meist zentral gelegene Siphonalstrang kann auch leicht perlschnurartig sein. Orthoceren sind Typusfossilien des Ordovizium. Bekannt sind die Orthocerenkalke, die massenhaft Reste der stabförmigen Gehäuse enthalten.

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 439 Ma - Endalter: 112,03 Ma
112
136.4
150.8
164.7
175.6
196.5
216.5
245
253.8
268
284.4
303.9
318.1
359.2
391.8
411.2
421.3
439
Apt
Barreme
Hauterive
Valangin
Berrias
Tithonium
Kimmeridgium
Oxfordium
Callovium
Bathonium
Bajocium
Aalenium
Toarcium
Pliensbachium
Sinemurium
Hettangium
Rhät
Nor
Karn
Ladin
Anis
Olenekium
Induum
Changhsingium
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Sheinwood
Telychium
Aeronium
Untere Kreide
Malm
Dogger
Lias
Obere Trias
Mittlere Trias
Untere Trias
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Kreide
Jura
Trias
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Silur
Startalter: 478,6 Ma - Endalter: 439 Ma
Phanerozoic
(Phanerozoikum)
Paleozoic
(Paläozoikum)
Silurian
(Silur)
Ordovician
(Ordovizium)
Llandovery
(Llandovery)
Upper Ordovician
(Oberes Ordovizium)
Middle Ordovician
(Mittleres Ordovizium)
Lower Ordovician
(Unteres Ordovizium)
Rhuddanian
(Rhuddanium)
Hirnantian
(Hirnantium)
Katian
(Katium)
Sandbian
(Sandbium)
Darriwilian
(Darriwilium)
Dapingian
(Dapingium)
Floian
(Floium)
439
443.7
443.7
445.6
445.6
455.8
455.8
460.9
460.9
468.1
468.1
471.8
471.8
478.6

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: aktiv mobil
Umweltbedingungen: marin
Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Aragonit

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Links

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 16)

Fossilzuordnungen (679)

Vorkommen (2)

Lokationen mit GPS-Informationen

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • S. Niko, 2020 - Ordovician Orthocerida and Pseudorthocerida (Cephalopoda: Nautiloidea) from the Lower Setul Limestone of the Langkawi Islands, Malaysia - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (18), 381-414 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2019 - The cephalopods of the Kullsberg Limestone Formation, Upper Ordovician, central Sweden and the effects of reef diversification oncephalopod diversity - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (0), 1-35 (journal article, English)
  • A. Brayard, 2019 - Ammonoids and nautiloids from the earliest Spathian Paris Biota and other early Spathian localities in southeastern Idaho, USA - Geobios (54), 13-36 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2017 - Cephalopods from reef limestone of the Vasalemma Formation, northern Estonia (latest Sandbian, Upper Ordovician) and the establishment of a local warm-water fauna - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (14), 1-42 (journal article, English)
  • K. Tongtherm, 2016 - New records of nautiloid and ammonoid cephalopod fossils in peninsular Thailand - Swiss Journal of Palaeontology (135), 153-168 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2014 - Middle Ordovician cephalopod biofacies and palaeoenvironments of Baltoscandia - Lethaia (), - (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2013 - The cephalopods of Boda Limestone, Late Ordovocian, of Dalarna, Sweden - European Journal of Taxonomy (41), 1-110 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2012 - Palaeogeography and palaeoecology of early Floian (Early Ordovician) cephalopods from the Upper Fezouata Formation, Anti-Atlas, Morocco - Fossil Record (15), 61-75 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2011 - Mass concentration of Hirnantian cephalopods from the Siljan District, Sweden; taxonomy, palaeoecology and palaeobiogeographic relationships - Fossil Record (14), 35-53 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2011 - Review and paleoecological analysis of the late Tremadocian – early Floian (Early Ordovician) cephalopod fauna of the Montagne Noire, France - Fossil Record (14), 5-34 (journal article, English)
  • D.H. Evans, 2011 - The Lower Ordovician cephalopod faunas of the Durness Group, North-West Scotland - Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, London (165), 1-131 (book, English)
  • Y. Shigeta, 2009 - Systematic Paleontology: Cephalopods - The Lower Triassic System in the Abrek Bay area, south Primorye, Russia (38), 44-140 (book/book chapter, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2009 - Cephalopods and Paleoenvironments of the Fort Cassin Formation (Upper Lower Ordovician), eastern New York and adjacent Vermont - Journal of Paleontology (83), 664-693 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2008 - Nautiloids before and during the ammonoid origin in a Siluro–Devonian section of the Tafilalt (Morocco) - Special Papers in Palaeontology (79), 1-110 (serial monograph, English)
  • C. H. Holland, 2008 - Ordovician and Silurian nautiloid cephalopods from Anticosti Island: traject across the Ordovician-Silurian (O-S) boundary - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (45), 1015-1038 (journal article, English)
  • C. Klug, 2008 - Ecological Change during the early Emsian (Devonian) in the Tafilalt (Morocco),the Origin of the Ammonoidea,and the First African Pyrgocystid Edrioasteroids,Machaerids and Phyllocarids - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (), 83-176 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2007 - Concentrations of juvenile and small adult cephalopods in the Hirnantian cherts (Late Ordovician) of Porkuni, Estonia - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (52), 591-608 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2007 - Early orthoceratoid cephalopods from the Argentine Precordillera (Lower-Middle Ordovician) - Journal of Paleontology (81), 1266-1283 (journal article, English)
  • S. Niko, 2007 - Isorthoceras wahlenbergi, a new Late Ordovician cephalopod from the Boda Limestone of Dalarna, Sweden - Paleontological Research (12), 195-198 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2006 - Revision of annulated orthoceridan cephalopods of the Baltoscandic Ordovician - Fossil Record (9), 137-163 (journal article, English)
  • M. Dastanpour, 2006 - A new orthoceratoid cephalopod from the Ordovician (Caradoc) of east-central Iran - Geobios (39), 337-345 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2005 - Nautiloids with multiple paired muscle scars from Lower–Middle Ordovician of Baltoscandia - Palaeontology (48), 781-791 (journal article, English)
  • D. H. Evans, 2005 - The Lower and Middle Ordovician cephalopod faunas of England and Wales - Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society (623), 1-81 (serial monograph, English)
  • S. Niko, 2005 - Redescription of the Ordovician Cephalopod Genus Centroonoceras Kobayashi, 1934 - Journal of Paleontology (79), 1028-1030 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kröger, 2004 - Revision of Middle Ordovician orthoceratacean nautiloids from Baltoscandia - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (49), 57-74 (journal article, English)
  • S. Niko, 2002 - Revision of an Ordovician Cephalopod Ormoceras yokoyamai (Kobayashi, 1927) - Paleontological Research (6), 121-124 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • D. H. Evans, 2000 - A Cephalopod Fauna from the Middle Ordovician of Saudi Arabia - Palaeontology (43), 573-589 (journal article, English)
  • C. H. Holland, 2000 - Silurian cephalopods from the Pentland Hills - Scottish Journal of Geology (36), 177-186 (journal article, English)
  • C.-S. Yun, 1999 - Three Ordovician cephalopods from the Jigunsan Formation of Korea - Paleontological Research (3), 65-80 (journal article, English)
  • V. N. Shimanskiy, 1996 - Permian nonammonoid cephalopods from the Pamirs - Paleontological Journal (30), 396-400 (journal article, English)
  • D. H. Evans, 1996 - Ugooloceras oblatum gen. and sp. nov., an Annulate Orthocerid (Orthocerida, Nautiloidea) from the Llanvirn Series of County Mayo - Irish Journal of Earth Sciences (15), 71-76 (journal article, English)
  • R. C. Frey, 1995 - Middle and Upper Ordovician nautiloid cephalopods of the Cincinnati Arch region of Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio - U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper (1066P), 1-126 (serial monograph, English)
  • L. A. Doguzhaeva, 1994 - An Early Cretaceous orthocerid cephalopod from north-western Caucasus - Palaeontology (37), 889-899 (journal article, English)
  • D. H. Evans, 1994 - Irish Silurian Cephalopods - Irish Journal of Earth Sciences (13), 113-148 (journal article, English)
  • D. H. Evans, 1994 - Siphonal and cameral deposits in Allumettoceras and the position of the Tripteroceratidae (Nautiloidea) - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (68), 321-337 (journal article, English)
  • D. H. Evans, 1994 - The Cephalopod Fauna of the Bardahessaigh Formation (Caradoc Series) of Pomeroy, County Tyrone - Irish Journal of Earth Sciences (13), 11-29 (journal article, English)
  • D. H. Evans, 1993 - The Cephalopod Fauna of the Killey Bridge Formation (Ordovician, Ashgill), Pomeroy, County Tyrone - Irish Journal of Earth Sciences (12), 155-189 (journal article, English)
  • C. H. Holland, 1992 - Orthoconic nautiloid cephalopod genera - Geological Magazine (129), 123-124 (journal article, English)
  • N. P. Schastlivtseva, 1988 - Triasovye Ortoseratidy i Nautilidy SSSR - Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta (229), 1-103 (serial monograph, English)
  • B. Stait, 1985 - Ordovician nautiloids of central Australia, with a revision of Madiganella Teichert & Glenister - BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics (), 261-266 (journal article, English)
  • J. Dzik, 1984 - Phylogeny of the Nautiloidea - Palaeontologica Polonica (45), 1-212 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. F. Bockelie, 1984 - The Diploporita of the Oslo region, Norway - Palaeontology (27), 1-68 (journal article, English)
  • J.-y. Chen, 1984 - Ordovician cephalopods from the Ordos area, China - Memoirs of the Nanjing Institute, Geology Palaeontology (20), 33-111 (journal article, Chinese)
  • T. Kobayashi, 1984 - New observations of Shiroishi-ohsawa, Mt. Yokokura, Kochi Prefecture with palaeontological studies on the cephalopods and trilobites from the locality - Research Report of the Kochi University (32), 235-258 (journal article, English)
  • M. W. Frye, 1982 - Upper Ordovician (Harjuan) Nautiloid Cephalopods from the Boda Limestone of Sweden - Journal of Paleontology (56), 1274-1292 (journal article, English)
  • B. Stait, 1982 - Ordovician Oncoceratida (Nautiloidea) from Tasmania, Australia - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatsheft (10), 607-618 (journal article, English)
  • N. J. Silberling, 1982 - Middle Triassic Molluscan Fossils of Biostratigraphic Significance from the Humboldt Range, Northwestern Nevada - Geological Survey Professional Paper (1207), - (serial monograph, )
  • R. C. Frey, 1981 - Narthecoceras (Cephalopoda) from the Upper Ordovician (Richmondian) of Southwest Ohio - Journal of Paleontology (55), 1217-1224 (journal article, English)
  • G. H. Xu, 1977 - Cephalopoda - Palaeontological Atlas of South-Central China (2), 537-582 (book/book chapter, Chinese)
  • S. C. Hook, 1977 - Late Canadian (Zones J, K) cephalopod faunas from Southwestern United States - New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources (32), 1-56 (journal article, English)
  • J.-y. Chen, 1976 - Advances in the Ordovician stratigraphy of North China with a brief description of nautiloid fossils - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (15), 55-74 (journal article, Chinese)
  • R. Estes, 1972 - The first fossil record of caecilian amphibians - Nature (239), 228-231 (journal article, English)
  • M.J.A. Kobayashi, 1971 - Discovery of Ellesmereoceroid cephalopods in West Irian, New Guinea - Proceedings Japanese Academy (47), 625-630 (journal article, English)
  • B. Kummel, 1968 - Lower and Middle Triassic cephalopods from Afghanistan - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (129), 95-148 (journal article, )
  • E. I. Miagkova, 1967 - Siluriiskie nautiloidei Sibirskoi platformy - (), 1-55 (book, Russian)
  • R. H. Flower, 1964 - The Nautiloid Order Ellesmeroceratida (Cephalopoda) - State Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Memoir (12), 234 p- (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Gordon, Jr., 1964 - Carboniferous Cephalopods of Arkansas - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (460), 1-322 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. A. Zhuravleva, 1964 - New Ordovician and Silurian cephalopods from the Siberian platform - Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal (1964), 485-500 (journal article, Russian)
  • W. C. Sweet, 1964 - Nautiloidea–Orthocerida - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (K) Mollusca 3 (), 216-261 (book/book chapter, English)
  • C. Teichert, 1964 - Cephalopoda - general features - Endoceratoidea - Actinoceratoidea - Nautiloidea - Bactritoidea - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (K), 1-519 (book/book chapter, English)
  • R. H. Flower, 1962 - Part 1, Revision of Buttsoceras, Part 2, Notes on the Michelinoceratida - State Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Memoir (10), 1-58 (journal article, English)
  • W. C. Sweet, 1958 - The middle ordovician of the Oslo region, Norway 10. Nautiloid Cephalopods - Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift (38), 1-178 (journal article, English)
  • R. H. Flower, 1955 - New Chazyan orthocones - Journal of Paleontology (29), 806-830 (journal article, English)
  • C. O. Dunbar, 1955 - Permian brachiopod faunas of central east Greenland - Meddelelser om Grønland (110), 1-169 (serial monograph, English)
  • V. N. Shimanskiy, 1954 - Pryamye nautiloidei i baktritoidei Sakmarskogo i Artinskogo yarusov yuzhnogo Urala - Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta (44), 1-154 (serial monograph, Russian)
  • J. K. Zhao, 1954 - Permian cephalopods from Tanchiashan, Hunan - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (2), 1-58 (journal article, Chinese)
  • A. K. Miller, 1954 - Ordovician cephalopod fauna of Baffin Island - Geological Society of America Memoir (62), 1-234 (serial monograph, )
  • R. H. Flower, 1952 - New Ordovician Cephalopods from Eastern North America - Journal of Paleontology (26), 24-59 (journal article, English)
  • C. Teichert, 1952 - Fossil Nautiloid Faunas from Australia - Journal of Paleontology (26), 730-752 (journal article, English)
  • A. K. Miller, 1949 - American Permian nautiloids - Geological Society of America Memoir (41), 1-218 (journal article, English)
  • R. H. Flower, 1947 - New Ordovician Nautiloids from New York - Journal of Paleontology (21), 429-433 (journal article, English)
  • R. H. Flower, 1945 - Classification of Devonian Nautiloids - American Midland Naturalist (33), 675-724 (journal article, English)
  • E. O. Ulrich, 1944 - Ozarkian and Canadian cephalopods, longicones and summary - Geological Society of America Special Paper (58), 1-226 (journal article, English)
  • R. H. Flower, 1943 - Studies of Paleozoic Nautiloidea I-VII - Bulletins of American Paleontology (28), 1-140 (journal article, English)
  • E. O. Ulrich, 1942 - Ozarkian and Canadian cephalopods, Part I: Nautilicones - Geological Society of America Special Papers (37), 1-157 (serial monograph, English)
  • T. Strand, 1934 - The Upper Ordovician Cephalopods of the Oslo Area - Norsk geologiske Tidsskrift (14), 1-117 (journal article, English)
  • T. Kobayashi, 1934 - The Cambro-Ordovician formations and faunas of south Chosen. Paleontology. Part I. Middle Ordovician faunas - Journal of the Faculty of Science, the Imperial University of Tokyo, Section 2 (3), 335-519 (journal article, English)
  • C. Teichert, 1930 - Die Cephalopoden-Fauna der Lyckholm-Stufe des Ostbaltikums - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (12), 264-312 (journal article, German)
  • A. de Gregorio, 1930 - Sul Permiano di Sicilia (fossili del calcare con Fusulina di Palazzo Adriano non descritti dal Prof. G. Gemmellaro conservati nel mio privato gabinetto) - Annales de Géologie et de Paléontologie (52), 1-67 (serial monograph, Italian)
  • G.T. Troedsson, 1928 - On the Middle and Upper Ordovician faunas of northern Greenland - Museum de Minéralogie et de Géologie de L'Université de Copenhague, Communications Paléontologiques (30), 1-197 (journal article, English)
  • A. F. Foerste, 1928 - The cephalopod fauna of Anticosti - Geological Survey of Canada Memoir (154), 257-321 (journal article, English)
  • W. H. Twenhofel, 1928 - Geology of Anticosti Island - Geological Survey of Canada Memoir (154), 1-351 (journal article, English)
  • M. M. Ogilvie Gordon, 1927 - Das Grödener-, Fassa- und Enneberggebiet in den Südtiroler Dolomiten: Geologische Beschreibung mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Überschiebungserscheinungen. Teil III. Paläontologie - Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (24), 1-88 (journal article, German)
  • J. P. Smith, 1927 - Upper Triassic marine invertebrate faunas of North America - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (141), 1-262 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. F. Foerste, 1924 - Upper Ordovician faunas of Ontario and Quebec - Geological Survey of Canada Memoir (138), 1-99 (serial monograph, )
  • A. F. Foerste, 1917 - Notes on Richmond and Related Fossils - Journal of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History (22), 42-55 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Bassler, 1915 - Bibliographic index of American and Ordovician fossils - United States National Museum Bulletin (92), 1-718 (journal article, English)
  • A. De Toni, 1913 - Illustrazione della fauna triasica di Valdepena (Cadore) [Illustration of the Triassic fauna of Valdepena (Cadore)] - Memorie dell´ Instituto Geologico della R. Università di Padova (2), 1-194 (serial monograph, Italian)
  • G. H. Girty, 1909 - The Guadalupian fauna - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (58), 1-651 (serial monograph, English)
  • C. Diener, 1907 - The Fauna of the Himalayan Muschelkalk - Palaeontologia Indica (15), 1-140 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. Ruedemann, 1906 - Cephalopoda of the Beekmantown and Chazy formations of the Champlain Basin - Bulletin of the New York State Museum, Paleontology (14), 389-611 (journal article, English)
  • A. Hyatt, 1905 - The Triassic cephalopod genera of America - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (40), 1-394 (serial monograph, English)
  • E. Kittl, 1903 - Geologie der Umgebung von Sarajevo - Jahrbuch der kaiserlich-königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt (53), 515-748 (journal article, German)
  • G. Fliegel, 1901 - Uber obercarbonische Faunen aus Ost-und Sud-asien - Palaeontographica (48), 91-136 (journal article, English)
  • G. Holm, 1897 - Baltoceras, a new genus of the Family Orthoceratidae - Geological Magazine, new series, Decade IV (4), 251-253 (journal article, English)
  • W. Salomon, 1895 - Geologische und palaeontologische Studien uber die Marmolata - Palaeontographica (42), 1-210 (journal article, German)
  • A. Hyatt, 1894 - Phylogeny of an acquired characteristic - Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (32), 349-647 (journal article, English)
  • G. G. Gemmellaro, 1889 - La Fauna dei Calcari Con Fusulina della Valle del Fiume Sosio nella Provincia di Palermo, Fasc 2. Nautiloidea e Gastropoda - Giornale di Scienze Naturali e Economiche (20), 97-182 (journal article, Italian)
  • A. Hyatt, 1884 - Genera of fossil cephalopods - Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History (22), 253-338 (journal article, English)
  • E. von Mojsisovics, 1882 - Die Cephalopoden der Mediterranen Triasprovinz - Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt (10), 1-322 (serial monograph, German)
  • W. H. Waagen, 1879 - Productus Limestone Fossils, Part I - Salt Range Fossils, Palaeontologia Indica, Series 13 (1), 1-72 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. B. Meek, 1877 - Part I. Palaeontology - Report of the Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel (4), 1-197 (journal article, English)
  • E. von Mojsisovics, 1873 - Das Gebirge um Hallstatt. Eine geologisch-paläontologische Studie aus den Alpen. 1 Teil, Die Mollusken-Faunen der Zlambach- und Hallstätter-Schichten - Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt (6), 1-82 (journal article, German)
  • E. Billings, 1866 - - Catalogues of the Silurian fossils of the Island of Anticosti, with descriptions of some new genera and species (), 1-93 (book/book chapter, English)
  • W. M. Gabb, 1864 - Description of the Triassic fossils of California and the adjacent territories - Geological Survey of California Palaeontology (1), 19-35 (journal article, English)
  • L. G. de Koninck, 1863 - Descriptions of some fossils from India, discovered by Dr. A. Fleming of Edinburgh - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (19), 1-19 (journal article, English)
  • H. B. Geinitz, 1861 - Die animalischen ueberreste der Dyas - Dyas oder die Zechstein Formation und das Rothliegende (), 1-130 (book/book chapter, German)
  • E. d'Eichwald, 1860 - - Lethaea rossica ou paléontologie de la Russie. Premier Volume. Seconde section de l'ancienne Période (), 1-1657 (book/book chapter, French)
  • R.I. Murchison, 1859 - - Siluria, The history of the oldest fossiliferous rocks and their foundations; with a brief sketch of the distribution of gold over the earth, 3rd edit. (), 1-592 (book/book chapter, English)
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