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† Pliosauridae

Pliosauridae

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Tetrapoda  ⇒ Serie: Amniota  ⇒ Klade: Sauropsida  ⇒ Infraklasse: Eureptilia  ⇒ ohne Rang: Romeriida  ⇒ Unterklasse: Diapsida  ⇒ Ordnung: Sauropterygia  ⇒ Klade: Pistosauria  ⇒ Klade: Plesiosauria  ⇒ ohne Rang: Neoplesiosauria  ⇒ Überfamilie: Pliosauroidea

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Familie

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Seeley, 1874

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Pliosauridae

Deutsch

Pliosaurier

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 199.3 Ma - Endalter: 66 Ma
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
199.6
Maastricht
Campan
Santon
Coniac
Turon
Cenoman
Alb
Apt
Barreme
Hauterive
Valangin
Berrias
Tithonium
Kimmeridgium
Oxfordium
Callovium
Bathonium
Bajocium
Aalenium
Toarcium
Pliensbachium
Sinemurium
Hettangium
Obere Kreide
Untere Kreide
Malm
Dogger
Lias
Kreide
Jura

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: aktiv mobil
Lebensweise und Ort: Tiefe=Oberfläche, aquatisch
Umweltbedingungen: marin
Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Hydroxylapatit

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei GBIF
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 1)

Fossilzuordnungen (46)


 
 
Eukaryota (Domäne)

 
 
 
Animalia (Reich)

 
 
 
 
Eumetazoa (Mittelreich)

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Nephrozoa (Klade)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deuterostomia (Abzweig)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chordata (Stamm)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vertebrata (Unterstamm)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gnathostomata (Infrastamm)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tetrapoda (Superklasse)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amniota (Serie)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sauropsida (Klade)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eureptilia (Infraklasse)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Romeriida (ohne Rang)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diapsida (Unterklasse)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sauropterygia (Ordnung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pistosauria (Klade)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Plesiosauria (Klade)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Neoplesiosauria (ohne Rang)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pliosauroidea (Überfamilie)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pliosauridae (Familie)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acostasaurus (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anguanax (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arminisaurus (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Attenborosaurus (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brachauchenius (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cryonectes (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gallardosaurus (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hauffiosaurus (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kronosaurus (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liopleurodon (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marmornectes (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Peloneustes (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Polyptchodon (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Polyptychodon (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Simolestinae (Unterfamilie)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sinopliosaurus (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thalassiodracon (Gattung)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • A. P. Cossette, 2020 - A systematic review of the giant alligatoroid Deinosuchus from the Campanian of North America and its implications for the relationships at the root of Crocodylia - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (), e1767-37 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. Páramo-Fonseca, 2018 - A new large pliosaurid from the Barremian (Lower Cretaceous) of Sáchica, Boyacá, Colombia - Earth Sciences Research Journal (22), 223-238 (journal article, English)
  • J. P. O'Gorman, 2018 - A new Pliosaurus species (Sauropterygia, Plesiosauria) from the Upper Jurassic of Patagonia: new insights on the Tithonian morphological disparity of mandibular symphyseal morphology - Journal of Paleontology (92), 240-253 (journal article, English)
  • S. Sachs, 2017 - A rare new Pliensbachian plesiosaurian from the Amaltheenton Formation of Bielefeld in northwestern Germany - Alcheringa (), - (journal article, English)
  • V. Fischer, 2017 - Plasticity and convergence in the evolution of short-necked plesiosaurs - Current Biology (27), 1-10 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. Páramo-Fonseca, 2016 - Stenorhynchosaurus munozi, gen. et sp. nov. a new pliosaurid from the Upper Barremian (Lower Cretaceous) of Villa de Leiva, Colombia, South America - Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales (40), 84-103 (journal article, English)
  • A. Cau, 2016 - High evolutionary rates and the origin of the Rosso Ammonitico Veronese Formation (Middle-Upper Jurassic of Italy) reptiles - Historical Biology (28), 952-962 (journal article, English)
  • V. Fischer, 2015 - Peculiar macrophagous adaptations in a new Cretaceous pliosaurid - Royal Society Open Science (2), - (journal article, English)
  • R. B. J. Benson, 2014 - Faunal turnover of marine tetrapods during the Jurassic–Cretaceous transition - Biological Reviews (89), 1-23 (journal article, English)
  • Z. Gasparini, 2014 - A new species of Pliosaurus (Sauropterygia, Plesiosauria) from the Upper Jurassic of northwestern Patagonia, Argentina - Ameghiniana (), - (journal article, English)
  • P. Vincent, 2013 - A new pliosaurid from the Pliensbachian (Early Jurassic) of Normandy (Northern France) - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (), - (journal article, English)
  • R. B. J. Benson, 2013 - A giant pliosaurid skull from the Late Jurassic of England - PLoS ONE (8), e6598- (journal article, English)
  • B. A. Schumacher, 2013 - A new Cretaceous pliosaurid (Reptilia, Plesiosauria) from the Carlile Shale (Middle Turonian) of Russell County, Kansas - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (33), 613-628 (journal article, English)
  • E. M. Knutsen, 2012 - A new species of Pliosaurus (Sauropterygia: Plesiosauria) from the Middle Volgian of central Spitsbergen, Norway - Norwegian Journal of Geology (92), 235-258 (journal article, English)
  • H. F. Ketchum, 2011 - A new pliosaurid (Sauropterygia, Plesiosauria) from the Oxford CLay Formation (Middle Jurassic, Callovian) of England: evidence for a gracile, longirostrine grade of Early-Middle Jurassic pliosaurids - Special Papers in Palaeontology (86), 109-129 (journal article, English)
  • R. B. J. Benson, 2011 - New information on Hauffiosaurus (Reptilia, Plesiosauria) based on a new species from the Alum Shale Member (Lower Toarcian: Lower Jurassic) of Yorkshire, UK - Palaeontology (54), 547-571 (journal article, English)
  • M. Gomez-Perez, 2011 - Cranial anatomy of a new pliosaurid Acostasaurus pavachoquensis from the Lower Cretaceous of Colombia, South America - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (310), 5-42 (journal article, English)
  • H. F. Ketchum, 2011 - The cranial anatomy and taxonomy of Peloneustes philarchus (Sauropterygia, Pliosauridae) from the Peterborough Member (Callovian, Middle Jurassic) of the United Kingdom - Palaeontology (54), 639-665 (journal article, English)
  • P. Vincent, 2011 - A re-examination of Hauffiosaurus zanoni, a pliosauroid from the Toarcian (Early Jurassic) of Germany - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (31), 340-351 (journal article, English)
  • R. B. J. Benson, 2011 - Cranial anatomy of Thalassiodracon hawkinsii (Reptilia, Plesiosauria) from the Early Jurassic of Somerset, United Kingdom - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (31), 562-574 (journal article, English)
  • Z. Gasparini, 2009 - A new Oxfordian pliosaurid (Plesiosauria, Pliosauridae) in the Caribbean Seaway - Palaeontology (52), 661-669 (journal article, English)
  • L. F. Noè, 2004 - A new species of Kimmeridgian pliosaur (Reptilia; Sauropterygia) and its bearing on the nomenclature of Liopleurodon macromerus - Proceedings of the Geologists' Association (115), 13-24 (journal article, English)
  • B. P. Kear, 2003 - Cretaceous marine reptiles of Australia: a review of taxonomy and distribution - Cretaceous Research (24), 277-303 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. R. O'Keefe, 2001 - A cladistic analysis and taxonomic revision of the Plesiosauria (Reptilia: Sauropterygia) - Acta Zoologica Fennica (213), 1-63 (journal article, English)
  • A. R. I. Cruickshank, 1996 - A pliosaur (Reptilia, Sauropterygia) exhibiting pachyostosis from the Middle Jurassic of England - Journal of the Geological Society of London (153), 873-879 (journal article, English)
  • P. Godefroit, 1994 - Simolestes keileni sp. nov., un Pliosaure (Plesiosauria, Reptilia) du Bajocien supérieur de Lorraine (France) - Bulletin des Académie et Société Lorraines des sciences (33), 77-95 (journal article, English)
  • N. Bardet, 1993 - Une mandibule de Pliosaurus brachyspondylus (Reptilia, Sauropterygia) dans le Kimméridgien du Boulonnais (France) - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte (1993), 385-392 (journal article, English)
  • O. Hampe, 1992 - Ein großwüchsiger Pliosauride (Reptilia: Plesiosauria) aus der Unterkreide (oberes Aptium) von Kolumbien - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg (145), 1-25 (journal article, German)
  • N. Bardet, 1991 - Les Plesiosauria du Jurassique supérieur de la province de Kachchh (Inde) - Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2, Mécanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de l'univers, Sciences de la Terre (313), 1343-1347 (journal article, French)
  • R. L. Carroll, 1988 - - Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution (), 1-698 (compendium, English)
  • L.-h. Hou, 1975 - Fossil reptiles from Fusui, Kwangshi - Vertebrata PalAsiatica (13), 24-33 (journal article, Chinese)
  • J. B. Delair, 1960 - The Mesozoic reptiles of Dorset. Part two - Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society (80), 52-90 (journal article, English)
  • L. B. Tarlo, 1960 - A review of Upper Jurassic pliosaurs - Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology Series (14), 147-189 (journal article, English)
  • L. B. Tarlo, 1959 - Stretosaurus gen. nov., a giant pliosaur form the Kimmeridge Clay - Palaeontology (2), 39-55 (journal article, English)
  • N. I. Novozhilov, 1948 - Two new pliosaurs from the lower Volgian tier of the Volga region (right bank) - Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (60), 115-118 (journal article, Russian)
  • C.-C. Young, 1944 - On the reptilian remains from Weiyuan, Szechuan, China - Bulletin of the Geological Society of China (24), 187-205 (journal article, English)
  • O. P. Hay, 1930 - - Second Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America (390), 1-1074 (book, English)
  • B. F. Nopcsa, 1928 - Palaeontological notes on reptiles. V. On the skull of the Upper Cretaceous dinosaur Euoplocephalus - Geologica Hungarica, Series Palaeontologica (1), 1-54 (journal article, English)
  • H. A. Longman, 1924 - Some Queensland fossil vertebrates - Memoirs of the Queensland Museum (8), 16-28 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Andrews, 1909 - On some new Plesiosauria from the Oxford Clay of Peterborough - Annals And Magazine of Natural History (4), 418-429 (journal article, English)
  • S. W. Williston, 1903 - North American plesiosaurs, part 1 - Geological Series Field Museum of Natural History (3), 1-77 (journal article, English)
  • G. Stefano, 1903 - Nuovi rettili degli strati a fosfato della Tunisia - Bollettino della Societa Geologica Italiana (22), 51-80 (journal article, Italian)
  • H.-E. Sauvage, 1895 - Les dinosauriens du terrain jurassique supérieur du Boulonnais [The dinosaurs from the Upper Jurassic terrain of the Boulonnais] - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 3e série (22), 465-470 (journal article, French)
  • R. Lydekker, 1889 - - Catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia and Amphibia, Part II. Containing the orders Ichthyopterygia and Sauropterygia (), - (book/book chapter, English)
  • R. Lydekker, 1889 - On the remains and affinities of five genera of Mesozoic reptiles - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (45), 41-59 (journal article, English)
  • W. J. Sollas, 1881 - On a new species of Plesiosaurus (P. Conybeari) from the Lower Lias of Charmouth; with observations on P megacephalus, Stutchbury, and P. brachycephalus, Owen - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (37), 440-480 (journal article, English)
  • R. Lydekker, 1877 - Notices of new and other Vertebrata from Indian Tertiary and Secondary rocks - Records of the Geological Survey of India (10), 30-43 (journal article, English)
  • R. Tate, 1876 - - The Yorkshire Lias (), 1-475 (book, English)
  • H.-E. Sauvage, 1874 - Mémoire sur les dinosauriens et les crocodiliens des terrains jurassiques de Boulogne-sur-Mer [Memoir on the dinosaurs and crocodilians of the Jurassic deposits of Boulogne-sur-mer] - Mémoires de la Société Géologique de France, série 2 (10), 1-57 (serial monograph, French)
  • H.-E. Sauvage, 1873 - Notes sur les reptiles fossiles - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, série 3 (1), 365-386 (journal article, French)
  • J. Phillips, 1871 - - Geology of Oxford and the Valley of the Thames. Clarendon Press, Oxford (), 1-523 (book/book chapter, English)
  • R. Owen, 1869 - Monographs on the British Fossil Reptilia from the Kimmeridge Clay III: contains Pliosaurus grandis, Pliosaurus trochanterius, and Pliosaurus portlandicus - Palaeontographical Society Monographs (22), 1-12 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. G. Seeley, 1869 - - Index to the Fossil Remains of Aves, Ornithosauria, and Reptilia, from the Secondary System of Strata, Arranged in the Woodwardian Museum of the University of Cambridge. Deighton, Bell, and Co, Cambridge (), 1-143 (book/book chapter, English)
  • H. G. Seeley, 1865 - On two new plesiosaurs, from the Lias - Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 3 (16), 352-359 (journal article, English)
  • R. Owen, 1861 - - Palaeontology, or a Systematic Summary of Extinct Animals and their Geological Relations. Second Edition. Adam and Charles Black, Edinburgh (), 1-463 (book, English)
  • E. Emmons, 1858 - Palaeontology - Report of the North Carolina Geological Survey (), 193-212 (book/book chapter, English)
  • T. H. Huxley, 1858 - On a new species of Plesiosaurus from Street, near Glastonbury; with remarks on the structure of the atlas and axis vertebrae, and of the cranium, in that genus - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (14), 281-294 (journal article, English)
  • H. v. Meyer, 1845 - System der fossilen Saurier [Taxonomy of fossil saurians] - Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefakten-Kunde (1845), 278-285 (journal article, German)
  • R. Owen, 1841 - - Odontography; or, a Treatise on the Comparative Anatomy of the Teeth; Their Physiological Relations, Mode of Development, and Microscopic Structure, in the Vertebrate Animals. Part II. Dental System of Reptiles (), 179-295 (book, English)
  • R. Owen, 1840 - Report on British fossil reptiles - Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (8), 43-126 (journal article, English)
  • T. Hawkins, 1840 - - The Book of the Great Sea-Dragons, Ichthyosauri and Plesiosauri (), 1-27 (book, English)
  • T. Hawkins, 1834 - - Memoirs of Ichthyosauri and Plesiosauri, Extinct Monsters of the Ancient Earth (), vi-51 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. D. Conybeare, 1824 - On the discovery of an almost perfect skeleton of the Plesiosaurus - Transactions of the Geological Society of London, series 2 (1), 381-389 (journal article, English)
  • J. Parkinson, 1822 - - Outlines of Oryctology. An Introduction to the Study of Fossil Organic Remains; Especially of Those Found in the British Strata: Intended to Aid the Student in His Inquiries Respecting the Nature of Fossils (), viii-350 (book, English)