Additional Functions


Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Pisces  ⇒ Klasse: Osteichthyes  ⇒ Unterklasse: Actinopterygii  ⇒ Superdivision: Neopterygii  ⇒ Teilklasse: Teleostei

Taxo­nomic seg­ment


This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Berg, 1940

Other languages








Berg, 1940
Ref.: R. W. Purdy, V. P. Schneider, and S. P. Applegate, J. H. McLellan, R. L. Meyer, B. H. Slaughter. 2001. The Neogene sharks, rays, and bony fishes from Lee Creek Mine, Aurora, North Carolina. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 90:71-202

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 93.9 Ma - End age: 0 Ma
Upper Pleistocene
Upper/Late Cretaceous

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: actively mobile
Environment: marine
Compositon of the remains:


Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 39)

Taxonomic assignment (182)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • J. A. Ebersole, 2019 - Taxonomy and biostratigraphy of the elasmobranchs and bony fishes (Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes) of the lower-to-middle Eocene (Ypresian to Bartonian) Claiborne Group in Alabama, USA, including an analysis of otoliths - European Journal of Taxonomy (585), 1-274 (journal article, English)
  • G. Carnevale, 2018 - Miocene Bony Fishes of the Calvert, Choptank, St. Marys, and Eastover Formations, Chesapeake Group, Maryland and Virginia - Smithsonian Contribution to Paleobiology (), 161-212 (journal article, English)
  • K. E. Bemis, 2017 - A gymnodont fish jaw with remarkable molariform teeth from the early Eocene of Gujarat, India (Teleostei, Tetraodontiformes) - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (37), e1369- (journal article, English)
  • R. A. Close, 2016 - Mosaicism in a new Eocen pufferfish highlights rapid morphological innovation near the origin of crown Tetraodontiforms - Palaeontology (59), 499-514 (journal article, English)
  • G. Carnevale, 2015 - A new pufferfish (Teleostei, Tetraodontidae) from the Middle Miocene of St. Margarethen, Austria - Paläontologische Zeitschrift (), 435-447 (journal article, English)
  • K. Matsuura, 2015 - Taxonomy and systematics of tetraodontiform fishes: a review focusing primarily on progress in the period from 1980 to 2014 - Ichthyological Research (62), 72-113 (journal article, English)
  • G. Carnevale, 2014 - The Pesciara-Monte Postale Fossil-Lagerstätte: 2. Fishes and other vertebrates - Rendiconti della Società Paleontologica Italiana (4), 37-63 (journal article, English)
  • A. F. Bannikov, 2014 - The systematic composition of the Eocene actinopterygian fish fauna from Monte Bolca, northern Italy, as known to date - Studi e ricerche sui giacimenti terziari di Bolca, XV - Miscellanea paleontologica (12), 23-34 (journal article, English)
  • R. Betancur-R., 2013 - The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes - PLOS Currents Tree of Life (), - (journal article, English)
  • H. L. Fierstine, 2012 - Catalog of the Neogene bony fishes of California: A ystematic inventory of all published accounts - Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences (159), 1-206 (journal article, English)
  • R. Gregorova, 2009 - A giant early Miocene sunfish from the North Alpine foreland basin (Austria) and its implication for molid phylogeny - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (29), 359-371 (journal article, English)
  • H. Ichishima, 2009 - A new species of Haborophocoena, an Early Pliocene phocoenid cetacean from Hokkaido, Japan - Marine Mammal Science (25), 855-874 (journal article, English)
  • A. F. Bannikov, 2008 - A New Species of the Pufferfish Eotetraodon (Tetraodontiformes, Tetraodontidae) from the Eocene of the Northern Caucasus - Paleontological Journal (42), 526-530 (journal article, English)
  • A. A. Pereira, 2008 - A new sclerorhynchiform (Elsamobranchii) from the middle Cretaceous of Brazil - Revista Brasileira De Paleontologia (11), 207-212 (journal article, English)
  • A. F. Bannikov, 2008 - A new genus and species of triggerfish from the Middle Eocene of the Northern Caucasus, the earliest member of the Balistidae (Tetraodontiformes) - Paleontological Journal (42), 615-620 (journal article, English)
  • G. Carnevale, 2007 - Fossil fishes from the Serravallian (Middle Miocene) of Torricella Peligna, Italy - Palaeontographia Italica (91), 1-67 (journal article, English)
  • G. Carnevale, 2006 - Archaeotetraodon cerrinaferoni, sp. nov. (Teleostei: Tetraodontidae), from the Miocene (Messinian) of Chelif Basin, Algeria - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (26), 815-821 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Tyler, 2005 - A phylogeny of the fossil and extant zeiform-like fishes, Upper Cretaceous to Recent, with comments on the putative zeomorph clade (Acanthomorpha) - Zoologica Scripta (34), 157-175 (journal article, English)
  • C. Sorbini, 2004 - Review of the fossil file fishes of the family Monacanthidae (Tetraodontiformes), Pliocene and Pleistocene of Europe, with a new genus, Frigocanthus, and two new species related to the recent Aluterus - Bolletino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Verona (28), 41-76 (journal article, English)
  • O. Schultz, 2004 - A triggerfish (Osteichthyes: Balistidae: Balistes) from the Badenian (Middle Miocene) of the Vienna and the Styrian Basin (Central Paratethys) - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. Serie A für Mineralogie und Petrographie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Anthropologie und Prähistorie (106), 345-369 (journal article, English)
  • W. Schwarzhans, 2003 - Fish otoliths from the Paleocene of Denmark - Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin (2), 1-94 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. Santini, 2003 - A phylogeny of the families of fossil and extant tetraodontiform fishes (Acanthomorpha, Tetraodontiformes), Upper Cretaceous to Recent - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (139), 565-617 (journal article, English)
  • D. S. Vicens, 2003 - Vertebrats fossils (Pisces i Reptilia) del Burdigalia de cala Sant Vicenc (Pollenca, Mallorca) - Boll. Soco Hist. Nat. Balears (46), 117-130 (journal article, English)
  • E. P. Dica, 2002 - A review of the Eocene diodontids and labrids from Transylvania - Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Geologia (47), 37-46 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Tyler, 2002 - Review and reconstructions of the tetraodontiform fishes from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy, with comments on related Tertiary taxa - Studi e Ricerche sui Giacimenti Terzari di Bolca. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona (9), 47-119 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. W. Purdy, 2001 - The Neogene sharks, rays, and bony fishes from Lee Creek Mine, Aurora, North Carolina - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (90), 71-202 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Tyler, 1996 - New superfamily and three new families of tetraodontiform fishes from the Upper Cretaceous: The earliest and most morphologically primitive plectognaths - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (82), 1-59 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Tyler, 1991 - A new genus and species of Boxfish (Tetraodontiformes: Ostraciidae) from the Oligocene of Moravia, the second fossil representative of the family - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (71), 1-20 (journal article, English)
  • G. R. Case, 1988 - Late Cretaceous Fish from the Blufftown Formation (Campanian) in Western Georgia - Journal of Paleontology (62), 290-301 (journal article, English)
  • K. Kumar, 1987 - Eocene ichthyofauna from the Subathu Formation, Northwestern Himalaya, India. - Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India (32), 60-84 (, )
  • R. E. Weems, 1985 - Miocene and Pliocene Molidae (Ranzania, Mola) from Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina (Pisces: Tetraodontiformes) - Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington (98), 422-438 (journal article, English)
  • S. L. Jain, 1983 - Some Upper Cretaceous vertebrates from central India and their palaeogeographic implications - In H. K. Maheshwari (ed.), Proceedings of the Symposium on "Cretaceous of India: Palaeoecology, Palaeogeography and Time Boundaries", Lucknow. Indian Association of Palynostratigraphers (), 66-83 (book/book chapter, English)
  • A. Sahni, 1981 - Vertebrates from the Subathu Formation and comments on the biogeography of Indian subcontinent during the early Paleogene - Bulletin of the Geological Society of France (23), 689-695 (journal article, English)
  • J. T. Thurmond, 1981 - - Fossil Vertebrates of Alabama (), 1-244 (book, English)
  • O. Schultz, 1978 - Neue und fehlinterpretierte Fischformen aus dem Miozän des Wiener Beckens - Ann. Naturhistor. Mus. Wien (81), 203-219 (journal article, German)
  • E. Casier, 1966 - - Faune ichthyologique du London Clay (), 1-510 (book, French)
  • P. H. Greenwood, 1966 - Phyletic studies of teleostean fishes, with a provisional classification of living forms - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (131), 339-456 (serial monograph, English)
  • N. Tabaste, 1963 - Étude derestes de poissons du Crétacé saharien [Study of fish remains from the Saharan Cretaceous] - Mélanges Ichthyologiques Dédiés à la Mémoire d’Achille Valenciennes (1794–1865). Mémoires de l’Institute Français d’Afrique Noire (68), 437-485 (serial monograph, French)
  • D. S. Jordan, 1963 - The Genera of Fishes and a Classification of Fishes - Stanford University Press (), 1-816 (book, English)
  • P. G. Danil'chenko, 1960 - Bony fishes of the Maikop deposits of the Caucasus - Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta (78), 1-247 (journal article, Russian)
  • M. Leriche, 1942 - Contribution a l'etude des faunes ichthyologiques marines des terrains tertiaires de la plaine cotiere Atlantique et du centre des Etats-Unis - Memoires de la Societe Geologique de France (45), 1-111 (journal article, French)
  • C. Arambourg, 1925 - Revision des Poissons fossiles de Liata (Sicile) - (14), 39-132 (journal article, French)
  • F. Chapman, 1924 - New or little-known fossils in the National Museum, Part XXVII.-Some Cainozoic fish remains, with a revision of the group - Royal Society of Victoria (36), 107-162 (journal article, English)
  • C. R. Eastman, 1904 - Descriptions of Bolca fishes - Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (46), 1-36 (journal article, English)
  • O. P. Hay, 1902 - - Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey (179), 1-868 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. E. Sauvage, 1870 - Synopsis des poissons tertiaires de Licata - Anales des Sciences Naturalles, Zoologie et Paleontologie (14), 1-26 (journal article, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1835 - - Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome IV (livr. 4). Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel (), 33-52 (book, French)
  • C. Linnaeus, 1758 - - Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima (1), 1-824 (book, other)