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Flexibilia

Flexibilia

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Klade: Ambulacraria  ⇒ Stamm: Echinodermata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Pelmatozoa  ⇒ Klasse: Crinoidea

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Unterklasse

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Zittel, 1895

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Flexibilia

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 458.4 Ma - Endalter: 259.9 Ma
253.8
268
284.4
303.9
318.1
359.2
391.8
411.2
421.3
428.2
443.7
460.9
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Sheinwood
Telychium
Aeronium
Rhuddanium
Hirnantium
Katium
Sandbium
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Oberes Ordovizium
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Silur
Ordovizium

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Links

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 240)

Fossilzuordnungen (146)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • D. F. Wright, 2019 - Biodiversity, systematics, and new taxa of cladid crinoids from the Ordovician Brechin Lagerstätte - Journal of Paleontology (), - (journal article, English)
  • Y. Y. Mao, 2018 - A new crinoid fauna from the Taiyuan Formation (early Permian) of Henan, North China - Journal of Paleontology (92), 1066-1080 (journal article, English)
  • D. F. Wright, 2017 - New crinoids from the Baltic region (Estonia): fossil tip-dating phylogenetics constrains the origin and Ordovician–Silurian diversification of the Flexibilia (Echinodermata) - Palaeontology (60), - (journal article, English)
  • D. F. Wright, 2017 - Phylogenetic taxonomy and classification of the Crinoidea (Echinodermata) - Journal of Paleontology (91), 829-846 (journal article, English)
  • D. F. Wright, 2017 - Bayesian estimation of fossil phylogenies and the evolution of early to middle Paleozoic crinoids (Echinodermata) - Journal of Paleontology (91), 799-814 (journal article, English)
  • S. K. Donovan, 2015 - A collection of pelmatozoans (Echinodermata) from the Lady Burn Starfish Beds (Upper Ordovician, Katian), SW Scotland - Scottish Journal of Geology (51), 125-130 (journal article, English)
  • E. B. Krivicich, 2014 - Crinoid assemblages from the Fort Payne Formation (late Osagean, early Viséan, Mississippian) from Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama - Journal of Paleontology (88), 1154-1162 (journal article, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 2012 - Bibliography and index of Paleozoic crinoids, coronates, and hemistreptocrinoids, 1758–2012 - (), 1-2694 (book, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 2012 - An Early Permian crinoid fauna from Crete - Zoosymposia (7), 101-110 (journal article, English)
  • W. I. Ausich, 2010 - The Crinoidea of Anticosti Island, Quebec (Late Ordovician to Early Silurian) - Palaeontographica Canadiana (), 1-157 (serial monograph, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 2009 - New Pennsylvanian (Moscovian) echinoderms from Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, western China - Palaeoworld (18), 241-250 (journal article, English)
  • W. I. Ausich, 2007 - New and revised occurrences of Ordovician crinoids from southwestern Europe - Journal of Paleontology (81), 1374-1383 (journal article, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 2006 - Bibliography and Index of Paleozoic Crinoids, Coronates, and Hemistreptocrinoids Database - (), - (compendium, English)
  • J. A. Waters, 2003 - A quadrupling of Famennian pelmatozoan diversity: new Late Devonian blastoids and crinoids from northwest China - Journal of Paleontology (77), 922-948 (journal article, English)
  • J. L. Menn, 2003 - Nouvelles espèces d’Ancyrocrinus et d’Ammonicrinus, crinoïdes à pédoncule spécialisé du Dévonien armoricain (Brest, France) - Comptes Rendus Palevol (2), 205-212 (journal article, French)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. I. Ausich, 2002 - Ordovician [Dobrotivian (Llandeillian stage) to Ashgill] crinoids (Phylum Echinodermata) from the Montes de Toledo and Sierra Morena Spain - Journal of Paleontology (76), 975-992 (journal article, English)
  • R. K. Pabian, 2002 - Taphonomic Analysis and Systematic Descriptions of Some Late Pennsylvanian and Early Permian Crinoids from Southeastern Nebraska, Eastern Kansas and Southwestern Iowa - Geological Survey Papers (20), - (serial monograph, English)
  • N. G. Lane, 2001 - Revision Of Late Devonian (Famennian) And Some Early Carboniferous (Tournaisian) Crinoids And Blastoids From The Type Devonian Area Of North Devon - Palaeontology (44), 1043-1080 (journal article, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 1999 - New Permian crinoids from Australia - Memoirs of the Queensland Museum (43), 279-340 (journal article, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 1999 - Crinoids and Stelleroids (Echinodermata) from the Broken Rib Member, Dyer Formation (Late Devonian, Famennian) of the White River Plateau, Colorado - Journal of Paleontology (73), 461-486 (journal article, English)
  • W. I. Ausich, 1998 - Phylogeny of Arenig to Caradoc crinoids (Phylum Echinodermata) and suprageneric classification of the Crinoidea - The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, n. s. (9), 1-36 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Brower, 1995 - Dendrocrinid crinoids from the Ordovician of northern Iowa and southern Minnesota - Journal of Paleontology (69), 939-960 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Brower, 1982 - Long-armed cladid inadunates - University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Monograph (1), 129-144 (journal article, English)
  • N. G. Lane, 1979 - Upper Permian crinoids from Djebel Tebaga, Tunisia - Journal of Paleontology (53), 121-132 (journal article, )
  • R. C. Moore, 1978 - Echinodermata 2, Crinoidea - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part T, 3 vols., Geological Society of America and University of Kansas (), 1-1026 (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. J. Burke, 1978 - Two crowns of Cibolocrinus patriciae (Crinoidea, Flexibilia) from the Lower Permian of Bolivia - Journal of Paleontology (52), 1065-1069 (journal article, English)
  • D. R. Kolata, 1976 - Crinoids from the Upper Ordovician Bighorn Formation of Wyoming - Journal of Paleontology (50), 444-453 (journal article, )
  • D. R. Kolata, 1975 - Middle Ordovician echinoderms from northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin - Journal of Paleontology Memoir (49), 1-74 (journal article, English)
  • R. C. Moore, 1973 - Lower Pennsylvanian (Morrowan) crinoids from Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Texas - University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Echinodermata Article (60), 1-84 (journal article, English)
  • H. L. Strimple, 1971 - Crinoids of the LaSalle Limestone (Pennsylvanian) of Illinois - University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions (), 5-48 (serial monograph, )
  • N. G. Lane, 1966 - New Permian crinoid fauna from southern Nevada - University of California Publications in Geological Sciences (63), 1-60 (journal article, English)
  • W. H. C. Ramsbottom, 1958 - British Upper Silurian crinoids from the Ludlovian - Palaeontology (1), 106-115 (journal article, English)
  • R. S. Bassler, 1943 - Bibliographic and faunal index of Paleozoic pelmatozoan echinoderms - Geological Society of America Special Paper (45), 1-734 (journal article, English)
  • W. Goldring, 1936 - Some Hamilton (Devonian) crinoids from New York - Journal of Paleontology (10), 14-22 (journal article, English)
  • L. R. Laudon, 1936 - Notes on the Devonian crinoid fauna of Cedar Valley Formation of Iowa - Journal of Paleontology (10), 60-66 (journal article, English)
  • W. B. Clark, 1915 - The Mesozoic and Cenozoic Echinodermata of the United States - United States Geological Survey Bulletin (54), 1-341 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. Springer, 1911 - On a Trenton echinoderm fauna - Canada Department Mines, Memoir (15-P), 1-70 (journal article, English)
  • S. Weller, 1909 - Description of a Permian crinoid fauna from Texas - Journal of Geology (17), 623-635 (journal article, English)
  • R. P. Whitfield, 1893 - Republication of descriptions of Lower Carboniferous Crinoidea from the Hall collection now in the American Museum Natural History with illustrations of the original type specimens not heretofore figured - American Museum of Natural History, Memoir (1), 1-37 (journal article, English)
  • E. Billings, 1857 - Report for the year 1856 - Geological Survey of Canada - Report of Progress for the Years 1853-56 (), 247-345 (book/book chapter, )