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Hexactinellida

Hexactinellida

Additional Functions

Grouping

Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Metazoa  ⇒ Stamm: Porifera

Taxo­nomic seg­ment

Klasse

This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Schmidt, 1870

Other languages

German

Glasschwämme

scientific

Hexactinellida

Alternative Name

Hyalospongiae

Juniorsynonym

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 268 Ma - End age: 2.588 Ma
2.588
7.246
15.97
28.4
40.4
58.7
70.6
89.3
112
136.4
150.8
164.7
175.6
196.5
216.5
245
253.8
268
Piacenzian
Zanclean
Messinian
Tortonian
Serravallian
Langhian
Burdigalian
Aquitanian
Chattian
Rupelian
Priabonian
Bartonian
Lutetian
Ypresian
Thanetian
Selandian
Danian
Maastrichtian
Campanian
Santonian
Coniacian
Turonian
Cenomanian
Albian
Aptian
Barremian
Hauterivian
Valanginian
Berriasian
Tithonian
Kimmeridgian
Oxfordian
Callovian
Bathonian
Bajocian
Aalenian
Toarcian
Pliensbachian
Sinemurian
Hettangian
Rhaetian
Norian
Carnian
Ladinian
Anisian
Olenekian
Induan
Changhsingian
Wuchiapingian
Capitanian
Wordian
Pliocene
Miocene
Oligocene
Eocene
Paleocene
Upper/Late Cretaceous
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic
Middle Jurassic
Lower/Early Jurassic
Upper/Late Triassic
Middle Triassic
Lower/Early Triassic
Lopingian
Guadalupian
Neogene
Paleogene
Cretaceous
Jurassic
Triassic
Permian
Start age: 541 Ma - End age: 268 Ma
268
284.4
303.9
318.1
359.2
391.8
411.2
421.3
428.2
443.7
460.9
478.6
496
506.5
542
Roadian
Kungurian
Artinskian
Sakmarian
Asselian
Gzhelian
Kasimovian
Moscovian
Bashkirian
Serpukhovian
Visean
Tournaisian
Famennian
Frasnian
Givetian
Eifelian
Emsian
Pragian
Lochkovian
Ludfordian
Gorstian
Homerian
Sheinwoodian
Telychian
Aeronian
Rhuddanian
Hirnantian
Katian
Sandbian
Darriwilian
Dapingian
Floian
Tremadocian
Stage 10
Stage 9
Paibian
Guzhangian
Drumian
Stage 5
Stage 4
Stage 3
Stage 2
Fortunian
Guadalupian
Cisuralian
Pennsylvanian
Mississippian
Upper Devonian
Middle Devonian
Lower Devonian
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Upper Ordovician
Middle Ordovician
Lower Ordovician
Furongian
Series 3
Series 2
Terreneuvian
Permian
Carboniferous
Devonian
Silurian
Ordovician
Cambrian

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: attached, stationary
Habit: intermediate-level epifaunal
Environment: marine
Diet:

suspension feeder

Compositon of the remains:

Silica

Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Links

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 140)

Taxonomic assignment (1161)

Occurrences (1)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • L. Li, 2019 - Oldest known fossil of Rossellids (Hexactinellida, Porifera) from the Ordovician–Silurian transition of Anhui, South China - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (93), 559-566 (journal article, English)
  • J. P. Botting, 2018 - A candidate stem-group rossellid (Porifera, Hexactinellida) from the latestOrdovician Anji Biota, China - Bulletin of Geosciences (93), 275-285 (journal article, English)
  • V. Frisone, 2018 - Biodiversity of museum and bulk field samples compared: The Eocene Chiampo sponge fauna, Lessini Mountains, Italy - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (63), - (journal article, English)
  • M. G. Carrera, 2018 - A new Mississippian hexactinellid sponge from the western Gondwana: Taxonomic and paleobiogeographic implications - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (63), 63-70 (journal article, English)
  • M. S. Beresi, 2017 - New reticulosan sponges from the middle Cambrian of Sonora, Mexico - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (62), 691-703 (journal article, English)
  • V. Frisone, 2016 - A highly diverse siliceous sponge fauna (Porifera: Hexactinellida, Demospongiae) from the Eocene of north-eastern Italy: systematics andpalaeoecology - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (14), 949-1002 (journal article, English)
  • F. Amirhassankhani, 2014 - Upper Triassic (Norian-Rhaetian) hypercalcified sponges from the Lut Block, east central Iran - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (120), 287-315 (journal article, English)
  • L. D. Mouro, 2014 - First Articulated Sponge from the Paleozoic of Brazil, and a New Organization of the Order Hemidiscosa - Journal of Paleontology (88), 171-178 (journal article, English)
  • Y. Xinglian, 2014 - Phragmodictya jinshaensis sp. nov., a hexactinellid dictyosponge from the Cambrian of Jinsha, south China - GFF - Geological Society of Sweden (136), 309-313 (journal article, English)
  • E. Świerczewska-Gładysz, 2013 - New Cenomanian (Late Cretaceous) hexactinellid sponge species from the western Ukraine - Journal of Paleontology (87), 696-709 (journal article, English)
  • G. Worheide, 2012 - Deep phylogeny and evolution of sponges (Phylum Porifera) - Advances in Marine Biology (61), 1-78 (serial monograph, English)
  • B. Senowbari-Daryan, 2012 - Chambered hexactinellid sponges from Upper Triassic (Norian-Rhaetian?) reefs of Nayband Formation in central Iran - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (118), 247-260 (journal article, English)
  • J. S. Jell, 2011 - Australian Cretaceous Cnidaria and Porifera - Alcheringa (35), 241-284 (journal article, English)
  • R. Vodrazka, 2011 - First fossil sponge from Antarctica and its paleobiogeographical significance - Journal of Paleontology (85), 48-57 (journal article, English)
  • R. M. Finks, 2011 - A major Eocene sponge fauna (Castle Hayne Formation, North Carolina) - Journal of the Carolina Academy of Science (127), 39-175 (journal article, English)
  • J. P. Botting, 2011 - A new Middle Ordovician (Late Dapingian) hexactinellid sponge from Cumbria, UK - Geological Journal (46), 501-506 (journal article, English)
  • E. Swierczewska-Gladysz, 2010 - Hexactinellid sponges from the Santonian deposits of the Krakow area (southern Poland) - Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae (80), 253-284 (journal article, English)
  • B. Senowbari-Daryan, 2010 - First chambered hexactinellid sponge from the Upper Triassic Dachstein Reef Limestone (Hoher Göll, Northern Calcareous Alps) - Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt A (150), 389-392 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2010 - Middle Cambrian sponges from the Drum Mountains and House Range in western Utah - Journal of Paleontology (84), 66-78 (journal article, English)
  • M. G. Carrera, 2009 - The hexactinellid sponge Cyathophycus from the Upper Ordovician of the Argentine Precordillera - Ameghiniana (46), 449-459 (journal article, English)
  • C. P. Consoli, 2009 - Siliceous sponges of the Takatika Grit (Cretaceous-Paleogene), Chatham Islands, south Pacific - Journal of Paleontology (83), 811-819 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2008 - Pennsylvanian sponges from thr Graford Formation, Wise County, Texas - Journal of Paleontology (82), 492-510 (journal article, English)
  • M. A. S. McMenamin, 2008 - Early Cambrian sponge spicules from the Cerro Clemente and Cerro Rajón, Sonora, México - Geologica Acta (6), 363-367 (journal article, English)
  • R. K. Bambach, 2007 - Supplement to Autecology and the filling of ecospace: Key metazoan radiations - Palaeontology (50), 1-22 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2007 - Hexactinellid and associated sponges from the upper Reef Trail Member of the Bell Canyon Formation, southern Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas - Journal of Paleontology (81), 1241-1256 (journal article, English)
  • J. P. Botting, 2007 - "Cambrian" demosponges in the Ordovician of Morocco: Insights into the early evolutionary history of sponges - Geobios (40), 737-748 (journal article, English)
  • J. Botting, 2007 - Algae, Receptaculitids and Sponges - Silurian Fossils of the Petland Hills, Scotland (), 36-49 (book chapter, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2007 - First hexactinellid sponge reported from the Upper Triassic Nayband Formation of central Iran - Journal of Paleontology (81), 1538-1542 (journal article, English)
  • R. E. Plotnick, 2006 - Names of marine ichnofossil genera - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • C. N. Ciampaglio, 2006 - Phylogenetic affinities and taphonomy of Brooksella from the Cambrian of Georgia and Alabama, USA - Palaeoworld (15), 256-265 (journal article, English)
  • A. Brückner, 2006 - Taxonomy and paleoecology of lyssacinosan Hexactinellida from the Upper Cretaceous (Coniacian) of Bornholm, Denmark, in comparison with other Postpaleozoic representatives - Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft (564), 1-103 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2006 - Sponges from the Reef Trail Member of the Upper Guadalupian (Permian) Bell Canyon Formation, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas - Journal of Paleontology (80), 1-42 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2005 - A new hexactinellid sponge from the Reef Trial Member of the Upper Guadalupian Bell Canyon Formation, Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Texas - Journal of Paleontology (79), 200-204 (journal article, English)
  • J. P. Botting, 2005 - Exceptionally well-preserved Middle Ordovician sponges from the Llandegley Rocks Lagerstätte, Wales - Palaeontology (48), 577-617 (journal article, English)
  • S. Xiao, 2005 - Articulated sponges from the Lower Cambrian Hetang Formation in southern Anhui, South China: their age and implications for the early evolution of sponges - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (220), 89-117 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2005 - Sponges and associated fossils from the Pennsylvanian Carbondale Formation of northwestern Illinois - Journal of Paleontology (79), 460-468 (journal article, English)
  • M. Kelly, 2005 - An Early Paleogene sponge fauna, Chatham Island, New Zealand - New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research (39), 899-914 (journal article, English)
  • W. Wu, 2005 - Hexactinellid sponges from the early Cambrian black shale of South Anhui, China - Journal of Paleontology (79), 1043-1051 (journal article, English)
  • D. C. Garcia-Bellido, 2004 - Devonian and Carboniferous sponges from Spain - Journal of Paleontology (78), 431-455 (journal article, English)
  • R. M. Finks, 2004 - Porifera (Demospongea, Hexactinellida, Heteractinida, Calcarea) - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology Part E, Revised (E), 1-872 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. P. Botting, 2004 - An exceptional Caradoc sponge fauna from the Llanfawr Quarries, central Wales and phylogenetic implications - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (2), 31-63 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, Jr., 2004 - Porifera (revised), Demospongea, Hexactinellida, Heteractinida, Calcarea, vol. 3 - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (3), - (serial monograph, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2004 - Sponges of the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale and Stephen Formations, British Columbia - Royal Ontario Museum Contributions in Science (1), 1-155 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. Mermighis, 2004 - La faune à rudistes, porifères et scléractiniaires du Crétacé superieur du mont Ptoon (Béotie septentrionale, Grèce continentale) [The fauna with rudists, porifers and corals of upper Cretaceous of mount Ptoon (Northern Beotia, central Greece)] - Revue de Paléobiologie (23), 313-353 (journal article, French)
  • M. S. Beresi, 2003 - Oxfordian sponge association from the Neuquen basin, Mendoza, west central Argentina - Journal of South American Earth Sciences (16), 105-112 (journal article, English)
  • A. Brückner, 2003 - Eine neue Poriferen-Fauna aus dem Septarienton (Oligozän, Rupelium) von Bad Freienwalde (NE-Deutschland) und der erste fossil erhaltene Vertreter der nicht-rigiden Hexactinelliden-Gattung Asconema [A new Poriferan fauna from the Septarienton (Oligocene, R - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (77), 263-280 (journal article, German)
  • H. M. Reiswig, 2002 - Family Aulocystidae Sollas, 1887 - Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges (), 1378-1382 (book chapter, English)
  • A. Pisera, 2002 - Eocene siliceous sponges from the Ebro Basin (Catalonia, Spain) - Géobios (35), 321-346 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2001 - Upper Devonian sponges from the Holy Cross Mountains, central Poland - Palaeontology (44), 447-488 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Doweld, 2001 - Jurinodendron-a New Replacement Name for Cyclostigma S. Haughton ex 0. Heer, 1871 (Lycopodiophyta) - Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal (2001), 109-112 (journal article, Russian)
  • B. Senowbari-Daryan, 1999 - Thalamid Sponges from the Upper Triassic (Norian-Rhaetian) Nayband Formation near Wali Abad, SE Abadeh, Central Iran. (Contribution to Triassic Paleontology of Iran 4) - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (105), 79-100 (journal article, )
  • M. G. Carrera, 1998 - First Ordovician sponge from the Puna Region, Northwestern Argentina - Ameghiniana (35), 205-210 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1998 - Triassic hexactinellid sponges from patch reefs in north-central Sichuan, People's Republic of China - Brigham Young University Geology Studies (43), 119-165 (journal article, English)
  • D. Mehl, 1998 - Porifera and Chancelloriidae from the Middle Cambrian of the Georgina Basin, Australia - Palaeontology (41), 1153-1182 (journal article, English)
  • J. Pickett, 1998 - Eponges siliceuses du Dévonien supérieur de la Rade de Brest (France)[Siliceous sponges in the Upper Devonian of Rade de Brest (France)] - Geobios (31), 715-723 (journal article, French)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1998 - Silurian hexactinellid sponges from northern British Columbia, Canada - Journal of Paleontology (72), 202-220 (journal article, English)
  • D. Mehl, 1997 - Middle Jurassic Porifera from Kachchh, western India - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (71), 19-33 (journal article, English)
  • A. Pisera, 1997 - Upper Jurassic siliceous sponges from the Swabian Alb: taxonomy and paleoecology - Palaeontologia Polonica (57), 3-216 (serial monograph, English)
  • D. Mehl, 1996 - Phylogenie und evolutionsokologie der Hexactinellida (Porifera) im Palaozoikum - Geologie und Paläontologie der Universität Innsbruck (4), 1-55 (journal article, German)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1996 - An Upper Miocene hexactinellid xponge from the Puente Shale, Orange County, California - Journal of Paleontology (70), 908-913 (journal article, English)
  • M. Krautter, 1996 - Kieselschwämme aus dem unterjurassischen Misonekalk der Trento-Plattform (Südalpen): Taxonomie und phylogenetische Relevanz - Paläontologische Zeitschrift (70), 301-313 (journal article, German)
  • X. Dong, 1996 - Middle and Late Cambrian sponge spicules from Hunan, China - Journal of Paleontology (70), 173-184 (journal article, English)
  • H. W. Kozur, 1996 - "Modern" siliceous sponges from the lowermost Ordovician (Early Ibexian-Early Tremadocian) Windfall Formation of the Antelope Range, Eureka County, Nevada, USA - Geologisch-Paläontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck (21), 201-221 (journal article, English)
  • A. Pisera, 1996 - Lower Triassic hexactinellid sponges from the Confusion Range, western Utah - Brigham Young University Geology Studies (41), 139-148 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1996 - An unusual Upper Cretaceous (Santonian) hexactinellid sponge from the Great Valley sequence, western Sacramento Valley, northern California - Journal of Paleontology (70), 713-717 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1995 - The hexactinellid sponge Cyathophycus from the Lower-Middle Ordovician Vinini Formation 0f central Nevada - Journal of Paleontology (69), 409-416 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1995 - Age of the hexactinellid beds of the Roberts Mountains Formation, Snake Mountains, Nevada, and additions to the Silurian sponge fauna - Journal of Paleontology (69), 1020-1029 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1994 - Morrowan lithistid demosponges and hexactinellids from the Ozark Mountains of northwestern Arkansas - Journal of Paleontology (68), 734-746 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1994 - New Middle Silurian hexactinellid sponge from the Mackenzie Mountains, Northwest Territories, Canada - Journal of Paleontology (68), 218-223 (journal article, English)
  • G. A. Brock, 1993 - Shelly fossils from the Early Cambrian (Toyonian) Wirrealpa, Arrona Creek, and Ramsay Limestones of South Australia - Journal of Paleontology (67), 758-787 (journal article, English)
  • B. D. Webby, 1993 - Ordovician sponge spicules from New South Wales, Australia - Journal of Paleontology (67), 28-41 (journal article, English)
  • D. Mehl, 1993 - Hexactinellid sponges from the Silurian-Devonian Roberts Mountains Formation in Nevada and hypotheses of hexactine-stauractine origin - Geology Studies Brigham Young University (39), 101-124 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1993 - A new hexactinellid sponge from the Eocene of Kutch, India - Journal of Paleontology (67), 917-922 (journal article, English)
  • M. Steiner, 1993 - Oldest entirely preserved sponges and other fossils from the lowermost Cambrian and a new facies reconstruction of the Yangtze Platform (China) - Berlin Geowissen Abhandlungen (9), 293-329 (journal article, English)
  • K. Krainer, 1992 - Neue hexactinellide Poriferen aus der südalpinen Mitteltrias der Karawanken (Kärnten, Österreich) [New hexactinellid Porifera from the southern Alpine Middle Triassic of the Karawanken Mountains (Carinthia, Austria)] - Geologisch-Palaeontologische Mitteilungen (18), 131-150 (journal article, German)
  • T. A. de Freitas, 1991 - Ludlow (Silurian) lithistid and hexactinellid sponges, Cape Phillips Formation, Canadian Arctic - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (28), 2042-2061 (journal article, English)
  • A. Pisera, 1991 - Middle Triassic lyssacinosan sponges from Upper Silesia (southern Poland), and the history of hexactinosan and lychniscosan sponges - Acta Geologica Polonica (41), 193-207 (journal article, English)
  • J. Y. Chen, 1990 - New Lower Cambrian demosponges - Quadrolaminiella gen. nov. from Chengjiang, Yunnan - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (29), 402-414 (journal article, Chinese)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1989 - Tiddalickia manitobensis, a new dictyosponge, and an unusual specimen of the lithistid sponge, Aulocopella winnipegensis Rauff, from the Ordovician of Manitoba - Journal of Paleontology (63), 550-553 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1989 - Middle Silurian Ludlovian and Wenlockian sponges from Baillie-Hamilton and Cornwallis Islands, Arctic Canada - Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin (391), 1-69 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Trammer, 1989 - Middle to Upper Oxfordian sponges of the Polish Jura - Acta Geologica Polonica (39), 49-91 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1988 - Late Ordovician sponges from the Malongulli Formation of central New South Wales, Australia - Palaeontographica Americana (56), 1-147 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1987 - Early Cambrian sponges from Vermont and Pennsylvania, the only ones described from North America - Journal of Paleontology (61), 451-461 (journal article, English)
  • C. Brimaud, 1986 - Les spongiaires siliceux du Tortonien des Betiques (Miocene de l'Espagne du Sud): especes nouvelles ou peu connues, II: Hexactinellides [Tortonian siliceous sponges from the Betics (Miocene of southern Spain): new or little known species, II: Hexactinelli - Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, C (8), 415-445 (journal article, French)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1986 - Cambrian and Silurian sponges from North Greenland - Rapport Groenlands Geologiske Undersoegelse (132), 51-63 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1986 - Late Devonian sponges of Western Australia - Report of the Geological Survey of Western Australia (18), 1-59 (serial monograph, English)
  • Z. Q. Deng, 1984 - Middle Triassic corals and sponges from southern Guizhou and eastern Yunnan - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (23), 489-504 (journal article, Chinese)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1983 - First reported Triassic lyssakid sponges from North America - Journal of Paleontology (57), 787-796 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1983 - Sponges of the Middle Cambrian Marjum Limestone from the House Range and Drum Mountains of Western Millard County, Utah - Journal of Paleontology (57), 240-270 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1983 - Gabelia, a new Late Devonian lyssakid protosponge from the Roberts Mountains, Nevada - Journal of Paleontology (57), 797-803 (journal article, English)
  • R . M. Finks, 1983 - Fossil Hexactinellida - Sponges and Spongiomorphs (), 101-115 (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1982 - A new hexactinellid brachiosponge from the Upper Permian of west Texas - Journal of Paleontology (56), 315-323 (journal article, English)
  • H. Termier, 1981 - Spongiaires des calcaires recifaux du Frasnien de l'Ardenne [Sponges from the Frasnian reefal limestones of the Ardennes] - Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Geologie (90), 287-298 (journal article, French)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1981 - The sponge fauna of the Eocene Castle Hayne Limestone from east-central North Carolina - Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology (16), 123-144 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1981 - Lower Mississippian sponges from the Edwardsville Formation, southern Indiana - Journal of Paleontology (55), 370-382 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1981 - The new Lower Ordovician protosponge, Athenospongia, from the Phi Kappa Formation in central Idaho - Journal of Paleontology (55), 842-847 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1979 - Two new Mississippian sponges from northeastern Alabama - Journal of Paleontology (53), 709-719 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1979 - A new Silurian sponge fauna from northern British Columbia, Canada - Journal of Paleontology (53), 968-980 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1979 - Sponge fauna of the Upper Silurian Read Bay Formation, Somerset Island, District of Franklin, Arctic Canada - (53), 587-627 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1979 - Hexactinellid sponges from the Silurian Waldron Shale in southeastern Indiana - Journal of Paleontology (53), 542-549 (journal article, English)
  • R. du Dresnay, 1978 - Les hexactinellides (lyssakides et dictyonines) du Lias Marocain [Hexactinellida (Lyssakida and Dictyida) from the Liassic of Morocco] - Geobios (11), 269-295 (journal article, French)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1978 - Porifera of the Middle Cambrian Wheeler Shale, from the Wheeler Amphitheater, House Range, in western Utah - Journal of Paleontology (52), 1325-1345 (journal article, English)
  • H. Mostler, 1976 - Neue Poriferen aus oberkambrischen Gesteinen der Mila-Formation im Elburzgebirge (Iran) [New Porifera from the Upper Cambrian Mila Formation in the Elburz Mountains (Iran)] - Geologisch-Paläontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck (5), 1-36 (journal article, German)
  • H. Ulbrich, 1974 - Die Spongien der Ilsenburg-Entwicklung (Oberes Unter-Campan) der Subherzynen Kreidemulde [Sponges of the Ilsenburg Formation (Upper Lower Campanian) of the Subhercynian Cretaceous Basin - Freiberger Forschungshefte C (291), 1-121 (journal article, German)
  • D. Pajaud, 1973 - Etude paleontologique de la Thierache et du Marlois (NE du Bassin de Paris): Spongiaires du Turonien superieur et du Senonien inferieur - Documents des Laboratoires de Geologie de la Faculte des Sciences de Lyon (57), 97-118 (journal article, French)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1972 - A new hexactinellid sponge from the Mississippian-Pennsylvanian Diamond Peak Formation in eastern Nevada - Journal of Paleontology (46), 266-270 (journal article, English)
  • H. L. Abbass, 1972 - Paleontological studies of some Saudi Arabian lower Tertiary fossils - Egyptian Journal of Geology (16), 35-68 (journal article, )
  • J. K. Rigby, 1971 - Sponges of the Ordovician Cat Head Member, Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba - Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin (202), 35-79 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1970 - Mississippian and Pennsylvanian sponges from the Ouachita Mountains of Oklahoma - Journal of Paleontology (44), 816-832 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1970 - Two new Upper Devonian hexactinellid sponges from Alberta - Journal of Paleontology (44), 7-16 (journal article, English)
  • H. N. Andrews, 1970 - Index of Generic Names of Fossil Plants, 1820-1965 - Geological Survey Bulletin (), 1-354 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. Hurcewicz, 1968 - Siliceous sponges from the Upper Cretaceous of Poland, part II: Monaxonia and Triaxonia - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (13), 3-96 (journal article, English)
  • R. E. H. Reid, 1964 - A monograph of the Upper Cretaceous Hexactinellida of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Part IV - Palaeontographical Society Monograph (), 49-154 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. Wagner, 1963 - Die Schwammfauna der Oberkreide von Neuburg (Donau) [The Upper Cretaceous sponge fauna from Neuburg (Donau)] - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (122), 166-250 (journal article, German)
  • L. Lagneau-Herenger, 1962 - Contribution a l'etude des spongiaires siliceux du Cretace inferieur - Memoires de la Societe Geologique de France (95), 1-252 (serial monograph, French)
  • R. E. H. Reid, 1961 - A monograph of the Upper Cretaceous Hexactinellida of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, part III - Palaeontographical Society Monograph (), 27-48 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. Nestler, 1961 - Spongien aus der weißen Schreibkreide (Unteres Maastricht) der Insel Rügen (Ostsee) [Sponges from the White Chalk (Lower Maastrichtian) of the island of Rügen (Baltic Sea)] - Paläontologische Abhandlungen (1), 1-70 (serial monograph, German)
  • R. M. Finks, 1960 - Late Paleozoic sponge faunas of the Texas region: The siliceous sponges - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (120), 1-160 (serial monograph, English)
  • P. A. Gerasimov, 1960 - Gubki podmoskovskoy yury u nizhnego mela [Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous sponges of the Moscow region] - Materialy po Geologii i Poleznym Ickopayemym Tsentral'nykh Rayonov Evropeyskoy Chasti SSSR (3), 5-63 (serial monograph, Russian)
  • S. Defretin-Lefranc, 1960 - Contribution a l'etude des spongiaires siliceux du Crétacé supérieur du nord de la France - Theses presentees a la Faculte des Sciences de Lille (), 1-178 (book/book chapter, French)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1959 - Some Mississippian and Pennsylvanian sponges from Utah - Journal of Paleontology (33), 399-403 (journal article, English)
  • R. E. H. Reid, 1959 - A monograph of the Upper Cretaceous Hexactinellida of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, part II - Palaeontographical Society Monograph (), 1-26 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. C. Gutschick, 1959 - Sappington (Kinderhookian) sponges and their environment - Journal of Paleontology (33), 977-985 (journal article, )
  • G. Henningsmoen, 1958 - The Upper Cambrian faunas of NorwayWith Descriptions of Non-Olenid Invertebrate Fossils - Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift (), 180-194 (journal article, English)
  • G. Henningsmoen, 1952 - Early middle Cambrian fauna from Rogaland, SW Norway (Paradoxides oelandicus stage = lc α) - Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift (30), 13-30 (journal article, English)
  • L. Herenger, 1942 - Contribution a l'etude des spongiaires du Jurassique et du Cretace de Catalogne - Travaux du Laboratoire de Geologie de la Faculte des Sciences de l'Universite de Grenoble (23), 143-192 (journal article, French)
  • K.E. Caster, 1939 - Siliceous Sponges from Mississippian and Devonian Strata of the Penn-York Embayment - Journal of Paleontology (13), 1-20 (journal article, English)
  • L. Moret, 1924 - Contribution a l'etude des spongiaires siliceux du Miocene de l'Algerie [Miocene siliceous sponges from Algeria] - Memoires de la Societe Geologique de France (1), 1-32 (serial monograph, French)
  • A. Schrammen, 1912 - Die Kieselspongien der oberen Kreide von Nordwestdeutschland, Teil 2 Triaxonia (Hexactinellida) [Upper Cretaceous sponges from north-western Germany, part 2 Triaxonia (Hexactinellida)] - Palaeontographica, Supplement (5), 176-385 (serial monograph, German)
  • G. H. Girty, 1909 - The Guadalupian fauna - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (58), 1-651 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. B. Geinitz, 1861 - Die animalischen ueberreste der Dyas - Dyas oder die Zechstein Formation und das Rothliegende (), 1-130 (book/book chapter, German)
  • W. King, 1850 - Monograph of the Permian fossils of England - Palaeontographical Society (), 1-253 (book/book chapter, English)