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Hexactinosa

Hexactinosa

Additional Functions

Grouping

Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Metazoa  ⇒ Stamm: Porifera  ⇒ Klasse: Hexactinellida  ⇒ Unterklasse: Hexasterophora

Taxo­nomic seg­ment

Ordnung

This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Schrammen, 1903

Other languages

scientific

Hexactinosa

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 284.4 Ma - End age: 5.333 Ma
5.332
13.65
23.03
37
55.8
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
189.6
203.6
237
251.1
265.8
284.4
Messinian
Tortonian
Serravallian
Langhian
Burdigalian
Aquitanian
Chattian
Rupelian
Priabonian
Bartonian
Lutetian
Ypresian
Thanetian
Selandian
Danian
Maastrichtian
Campanian
Santonian
Coniacian
Turonian
Cenomanian
Albian
Aptian
Barremian
Hauterivian
Valanginian
Berriasian
Tithonian
Kimmeridgian
Oxfordian
Callovian
Bathonian
Bajocian
Aalenian
Toarcian
Pliensbachian
Sinemurian
Hettangian
Rhaetian
Norian
Carnian
Ladinian
Anisian
Olenekian
Induan
Changhsingian
Wuchiapingian
Capitanian
Wordian
Roadian
Kungurian
Artinskian
Miocene
Oligocene
Eocene
Paleocene
Upper/Late Cretaceous
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic
Middle Jurassic
Lower/Early Jurassic
Upper/Late Triassic
Middle Triassic
Lower/Early Triassic
Lopingian
Guadalupian
Cisuralian
Neogene
Paleogene
Cretaceous
Jurassic
Triassic
Permian
Start age: 449.5 Ma - End age: 284.4 Ma
284.4
303.9
318.1
359.2
391.8
411.2
421.3
428.2
455.8
Sakmarian
Asselian
Gzhelian
Kasimovian
Moscovian
Bashkirian
Serpukhovian
Visean
Tournaisian
Famennian
Frasnian
Givetian
Eifelian
Emsian
Pragian
Lochkovian
Ludfordian
Gorstian
Homerian
Sheinwoodian
Telychian
Aeronian
Rhuddanian
Hirnantian
Katian
Cisuralian
Pennsylvanian
Mississippian
Upper Devonian
Middle Devonian
Lower Devonian
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Upper Ordovician
Permian
Carboniferous
Devonian
Silurian
Ordovician

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: attached, stationary
Habit: epifaunal
Environment: marine
Diet:

suspension feeder

Compositon of the remains:

Silica

Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

Search for taxonomy at PaleobioDB.org
Search for taxonomy at Fossilworks
Search for taxonomy at The Taxonomicon

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 3)

Taxonomic assignment (369)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • V. Frisone, 2018 - Biodiversity of museum and bulk field samples compared: The Eocene Chiampo sponge fauna, Lessini Mountains, Italy - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (63), - (journal article, English)
  • V. Frisone, 2016 - A highly diverse siliceous sponge fauna (Porifera: Hexactinellida, Demospongiae) from the Eocene of north-eastern Italy: systematics andpalaeoecology - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (14), 949-1002 (journal article, English)
  • R. M. Finks, 2011 - A major Eocene sponge fauna (Castle Hayne Formation, North Carolina) - Journal of the Carolina Academy of Science (127), 39-175 (journal article, English)
  • E. Swierczewska-Gladysz, 2010 - Hexactinellid sponges from the Santonian deposits of the Krakow area (southern Poland) - Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae (80), 253-284 (journal article, English)
  • C. P. Consoli, 2009 - Siliceous sponges of the Takatika Grit (Cretaceous-Paleogene), Chatham Islands, south Pacific - Journal of Paleontology (83), 811-819 (journal article, English)
  • M. Kelly, 2005 - An Early Paleogene sponge fauna, Chatham Island, New Zealand - New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research (39), 899-914 (journal article, English)
  • R.E.H. Reid, 2004 - Mesozoic and Cenozoic hexactinellid sponges: Lyssacinosa and Hexactinosa - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (E revised), 449-511 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, Jr., 2004 - Porifera (revised), Demospongea, Hexactinellida, Heteractinida, Calcarea, vol. 3 - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (3), - (serial monograph, English)
  • R. M. Finks, 2004 - Porifera (Demospongea, Hexactinellida, Heteractinida, Calcarea) - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology Part E, Revised (E), 1-872 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. S. Beresi, 2003 - Oxfordian sponge association from the Neuquen basin, Mendoza, west central Argentina - Journal of South American Earth Sciences (16), 105-112 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. Pisera, 2002 - Eocene siliceous sponges from the Ebro Basin (Catalonia, Spain) - Géobios (35), 321-346 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 2001 - Upper Devonian sponges from the Holy Cross Mountains, central Poland - Palaeontology (44), 447-488 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1998 - Triassic hexactinellid sponges from patch reefs in north-central Sichuan, People's Republic of China - Brigham Young University Geology Studies (43), 119-165 (journal article, English)
  • D. Mehl, 1997 - Middle Jurassic Porifera from Kachchh, western India - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (71), 19-33 (journal article, English)
  • A. Pisera, 1997 - Upper Jurassic siliceous sponges from the Swabian Alb: taxonomy and paleoecology - Palaeontologia Polonica (57), 3-216 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Krautter, 1996 - Kieselschwämme aus dem unterjurassischen Misonekalk der Trento-Plattform (Südalpen): Taxonomie und phylogenetische Relevanz - Paläontologische Zeitschrift (70), 301-313 (journal article, German)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1996 - An Upper Miocene hexactinellid xponge from the Puente Shale, Orange County, California - Journal of Paleontology (70), 908-913 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1996 - An unusual Upper Cretaceous (Santonian) hexactinellid sponge from the Great Valley sequence, western Sacramento Valley, northern California - Journal of Paleontology (70), 713-717 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1993 - A new hexactinellid sponge from the Eocene of Kutch, India - Journal of Paleontology (67), 917-922 (journal article, English)
  • K. Krainer, 1992 - Neue hexactinellide Poriferen aus der südalpinen Mitteltrias der Karawanken (Kärnten, Österreich) [New hexactinellid Porifera from the southern Alpine Middle Triassic of the Karawanken Mountains (Carinthia, Austria)] - Geologisch-Palaeontologische Mitteilungen (18), 131-150 (journal article, German)
  • A. Pisera, 1991 - Middle Triassic lyssacinosan sponges from Upper Silesia (southern Poland), and the history of hexactinosan and lychniscosan sponges - Acta Geologica Polonica (41), 193-207 (journal article, English)
  • J. Trammer, 1989 - Middle to Upper Oxfordian sponges of the Polish Jura - Acta Geologica Polonica (39), 49-91 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1988 - Late Ordovician sponges from the Malongulli Formation of central New South Wales, Australia - Palaeontographica Americana (56), 1-147 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1986 - Late Devonian sponges of Western Australia - Report of the Geological Survey of Western Australia (18), 1-59 (serial monograph, English)
  • C. Brimaud, 1986 - Les spongiaires siliceux du Tortonien des Betiques (Miocene de l'Espagne du Sud): especes nouvelles ou peu connues, II: Hexactinellides [Tortonian siliceous sponges from the Betics (Miocene of southern Spain): new or little known species, II: Hexactinelli - Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, C (8), 415-445 (journal article, French)
  • Z. Q. Deng, 1984 - Middle Triassic corals and sponges from southern Guizhou and eastern Yunnan - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (23), 489-504 (journal article, Chinese)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1981 - The sponge fauna of the Eocene Castle Hayne Limestone from east-central North Carolina - Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology (16), 123-144 (journal article, English)
  • J. K. Rigby, 1979 - Two new Mississippian sponges from northeastern Alabama - Journal of Paleontology (53), 709-719 (journal article, English)
  • H. Ulbrich, 1974 - Die Spongien der Ilsenburg-Entwicklung (Oberes Unter-Campan) der Subherzynen Kreidemulde [Sponges of the Ilsenburg Formation (Upper Lower Campanian) of the Subhercynian Cretaceous Basin - Freiberger Forschungshefte C (291), 1-121 (journal article, German)
  • H. Hurcewicz, 1968 - Siliceous sponges from the Upper Cretaceous of Poland, part II: Monaxonia and Triaxonia - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (13), 3-96 (journal article, English)
  • R. E. H. Reid, 1964 - A monograph of the Upper Cretaceous Hexactinellida of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Part IV - Palaeontographical Society Monograph (), 49-154 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. Wagner, 1963 - Die Schwammfauna der Oberkreide von Neuburg (Donau) [The Upper Cretaceous sponge fauna from Neuburg (Donau)] - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (122), 166-250 (journal article, German)
  • L. Lagneau-Herenger, 1962 - Contribution a l'etude des spongiaires siliceux du Cretace inferieur - Memoires de la Societe Geologique de France (95), 1-252 (serial monograph, French)
  • R. E. H. Reid, 1961 - A monograph of the Upper Cretaceous Hexactinellida of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, part III - Palaeontographical Society Monograph (), 27-48 (serial monograph, English)
  • P. A. Gerasimov, 1960 - Gubki podmoskovskoy yury u nizhnego mela [Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous sponges of the Moscow region] - Materialy po Geologii i Poleznym Ickopayemym Tsentral'nykh Rayonov Evropeyskoy Chasti SSSR (3), 5-63 (serial monograph, Russian)
  • R. M. Finks, 1960 - Late Paleozoic sponge faunas of the Texas region: The siliceous sponges - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (120), 1-160 (serial monograph, English)
  • S. Defretin-Lefranc, 1960 - Contribution a l'etude des spongiaires siliceux du Crétacé supérieur du nord de la France - Theses presentees a la Faculte des Sciences de Lille (), 1-178 (book/book chapter, French)
  • R. E. H. Reid, 1959 - A monograph of the Upper Cretaceous Hexactinellida of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, part II - Palaeontographical Society Monograph (), 1-26 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. Schrammen, 1912 - Die Kieselspongien der oberen Kreide von Nordwestdeutschland, Teil 2 Triaxonia (Hexactinellida) [Upper Cretaceous sponges from north-western Germany, part 2 Triaxonia (Hexactinellida)] - Palaeontographica, Supplement (5), 176-385 (serial monograph, German)