Additional Functions


Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Unterreich: Bilateria  ⇒ Klade: Eubilateria  ⇒ Abzweig: Protostomia  ⇒ Infrareich: Ecdysozoa  ⇒ Superstamm: Panarthropoda  ⇒ Stamm: Arthropoda  ⇒ Unterstamm: Crustacea  ⇒ Überklasse: Multicrustacea  ⇒ Klasse: Hexanauplia  ⇒ Unterklasse: Thecostraca  ⇒ Unterklasse: Cirripedia

Taxo­nomic seg­ment


This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Darwin, 1854

Other languages



Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 183 Ma - End age: 0 Ma
Upper Pleistocene
Upper/Late Cretaceous
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic
Middle Jurassic
Lower/Early Jurassic

Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

Search for taxonomy at
Search for taxonomy at Fossilworks
Search for taxonomy at The Taxonomicon

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 33)

Taxonomic assignment (632)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • A. S. Gale, 2020 - Cirripedes (Thoracica, Crustacea) from the Cretaceous (Albian and Cenomanian) of Texas and Oklahoma, USA - Cretaceous Research (115), 10455- (journal article, English)
  • M. Kočová Veselská, 2020 - Cirripedes from hemipelagic deposits of the Bohemian Cretaceous Basin (Czech Republic), with remarks on an exceptionally well-preserved capitulum of Diotascalpellum angustatum (Geinitz, 1843) - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen (296), 129-145 (journal article, English)
  • R. T. Perreault, 2019 - Paleogene Verrucidae (Cirripedia: Verrucomorpha) of North America, with descriptions of three new species - Zootaxa (4712), 34-50 (journal article, English)
  • A. Gale, 2019 - Stalked barnacles (Cirripedia, Thoracica) from the Upper Jurassic (Tithonian) Kimmeridge Clay of Dorset, UK; palaeoecology and bearing on the evolution of living forms - Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association (130), 355-365 (journal article, English)
  • A. Gale, 2019 - Thoracican cirripedes (Crustacea) from the Hauterivian (Lower Cretaceous) of Hannover, northern Germany - Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association (130), 659-672 (journal article, English)
  • A. Collareta, 2018 - Fossil whale barnacles from the lower Pleistocene of Sicily shed light on the coeval Mediterranean cetacean fauna - Carnets de géologie (18), 9-22 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. L. Rodrigues, 2018 - Forgotten Mediterranean calving grounds of grey and North Atlantic right whales: evidence from Roman archaeological records - Proceedings of the Royal Society B (285), 1-9 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Gale, 2016 - Phylogeny of the deep-sea cirripede family Scalpellidae (Crustacea, Thoracica) based on shell capitular plate morphology - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (176), 266-304 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Gale, 2016 - Origin and phylogeny of the Cretaceous thoracican cirripede family Stramentidae - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (14), 653-702 (journal article, English)
  • S. P. Avila, 2015 - Palaeoecology, taphonomy, and preservation of a lower Pliocene shell bed (coquina) froma volcanic oceanic island (Santa Maria Island, Azores) - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (430), 57-73 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Gale, 2015 - Systematic palaeontology, in Taxonomy and palaeoecology of thoracican cirripedes (Crustacea) from a Campanian rocky shoreline at Ivö Klack, southern Sweden - Cretaceous Research (54), 212-242 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Gale, 2014 - Systematic palaeontology, in Origin of the balanomorph barnacles (Crustacea, Cirripedia, Thoracica): new evidence from the Late Cretaceous (Campanian) of Sweden - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (13), 791-824 (journal article, English)
  • J. Aguirre, 2014 - Snapshot of a lower Pliocene Dendropoma reef from Sant Onofre (Baix Ebre Basin, Tarragona, NE Spain) - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (), 9-20 (journal article, English)
  • M. Harzhauser, 2012 - Lepadiform and scalpelliform barnacles from the Oligocene and Miocene of the Paratethys Sea - Palaeontology (55), 923-936 (journal article, English)
  • D. F. Lazar, 2012 - Sedimentary succession of the Lower Cretaceous deposits from the north-western part of Pădurea Craiului (Apuseni Mountains, Romania) - Studia UBB Geologia (57), 33-51 (journal article, English)
  • J. S. Buckeridge, 2011 - Taphonomy and systematics of a new Late Cretaceous verrucid barnacle (Cirripedia, Thoracica) from Canterbury, New Zealand - Palaeontology (54), 365-372 (journal article, English)
  • B. K. K. Chan, 2010 - North West Pacific deep-sea barnacles (Cirripedia, Thoracica) collected by the TAIWAN expeditions, with descriptions of two new species - Zootaxa (2405), 1-47 (journal article, English)
  • S. Schneider, 2009 - A parautochthonous shallow marine fauna from the Late Burdigalian (early Ottnangian) of Gurlarn (Lower Bavaria, SE Germany): Macrofaunal inventory and paleoecology - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie (254), 63-103 (journal article, English)
  • J. S. H. Collins, 2009 - Fossil Crustacea of the Late Pleistocene Port Morant Formation, west Port Morant Harbour, southeastern Jamaica - Scripta Geologica (138), 23-53 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Alekseev, 2009 - Usonogie raki (Cirripedia, Thoracica) verkhnego Mela Mangyshlaka - Byulletin Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytateley Prirody, Otdel Geologicheskiy (84), 23-38 (journal article, Russian)
  • J. W. M. Jagt, 2008 - A new record of the Late Cretaceous cirripede Eoverruca hewitti (Verrucomorpha, Proverrucidae) from southern Poland - Zootaxa (1671), 59-68 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. M. Jagt, 2007 - A review of the brachylepadomorph cirripede genus Pycnolepas, including the first record of an Early Cretaceous species from the Russian Far East - Zootaxa (), 33-47 (journal article, English)
  • D. S. Jones, 2007 - The Cirripedia of New Caledonia - Compendia of marine species of New Caledonia (), 289-294 (book chapter, English)
  • G. Bianucci, 2006 - Palaeoecology and taphonomy of an extraordinary whale barnacle accumulation from the Plio-Pleistocene of Ecuador - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (242), 326-342 (journal article, English)
  • P. A. McLaughlin, 2005 - Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Crustacea - (), 1-545 (book, English)
  • J. Leloux, 2002 - Type specimens of Maastrichtian fossils in the National Museum of Natural History, Leiden - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. W. Martin, 2001 - An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea - Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Series (), 1-124 (serial monograph, English)
  • R.-P. Carriol, 2000 - New records of cirripedes (Crustacea, Thoracica) from the Albian of Yonne (France) - Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum (), 141-145 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Kline, 1997 - Systematics and biostratigraphy of Miocene Cirripedia of the Chesapeake Group; Maryland, North Carolina, and Virginia - Unpublished Masters thesis, University of North Carolina, Wilmington (), - (M.S. thesis, English)
  • N. Hauschke, 1994 - Lepadomorphe Cirripedier (Crustacea, Thoracica) aus dem höchsten Cenoman des nördlichen Westfalen (Nordwestdeutschland), mit Bemerkungen zur Verbreitung, Palökologie und Taphonomie der Stramentiden - Geol. Palaont. Westf (32), 5-39 (journal article, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1992 - Revision of the balanid barnacle genus Concavus Newman, 1982, with the description of a new subfamily, two new genera, and eight new species - The Paleontological Society Memoir (27), 1-46 (journal article, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1992 - Scapellomorph and balanomorph barnacles (Cirripedia) from the upper Oligocene Ashley Formation, Charleston County, South Carolina - South Carolina Geology (34), 57-67 (journal article, English)
  • J. S. Buckeridge, 1991 - Pachyscalpellum cramptoni: a new genus and species of lepadomorph cirripede from the Cretaceous of northern Hawke's Bay, New Zealand - Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand (21), 55-60 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. M. Jagt, 1989 - Upper Cretaceous cirripedes from N.E. Belgium - Proceedings of the Geologists' Association (100), 183-192 (journal article, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1987 - Scalpelloid and brachylepadomorph barnacles (Cirripedia, Thoracica) from the Upper Cretaceous Mt. Laurel Sand, Delaware - Journal of Paleontology (61), 333-345 (journal article, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1987 - Brachylepas Woodward and Virgiscalpellum Withers (Cirripedia) from the Upper Cretaceous of Arkansas - Journal of Paleontology (61), 101-111 (journal article, English)
  • J. S. H. Collins, 1986 - A new Stramentum (Cirripedia) from the Lower Turonian of Nigeria - Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (40), 125-131 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. F. Canis, 1986 - New barnacle records from the Upper Cretaceous of Alabama - Journal of Paleontology (60), 186-189 (journal article, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1985 - Scalpelloid barnacles from the Upper Cretaceous of southeastern North Carolina - Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington (98), 636-643 (journal article, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1985 - Barnacles of the Jacksonian (Upper Eocene) Griffins Landing Member, Dry Branch Formation in South Carolina and Georgia - South Carolina Geology (28), 1-21 (journal article, English)
  • J. S. Buckeridge, 1983 - Fossil barnacles (Cirripedia: Thoracica) of New Zealand and Australia - New Zealand Geological Survey Paleontological Bulletin (50), 1-151 (serial monograph, English)
  • D. Wilson, 1983 - The Lee Creek enigma, Mclellania aenigma, a new taxon in fossil Cirrhipedia - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (53), 483-498 (journal article, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1982 - A new species of the turtle barnacle Chelonibia Leach, 1817, (Cirripedia, Thoracica) from the Oligocene Mint Spring and Byram Formations of Mississippi - Mississippi Geology (2), 1-6 (journal article, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1982 - Arcoscalpellum Hoek and Solidobalanus Hoek (Cirripedia, Thoracica) from the Paleogene of Pacific County, Washington, with a description of a new species of Arcoscalpellum - Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Contributions in Science (), 1-9 (serial monograph, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1981 - Euscalpellum Hoek (Cirripedia: Scalpellidae) from the Eocene of North and South Carolina - South Carolina Geology (25), 33-41 (journal article, English)
  • J. S. H. Collins, 1980 - A new Pycnolepas (Cirripedia) from the (?) Lower Aptian of Alexander Island - British Antarctic Survey Bulletin (), 21-26 (journal article, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1979 - Paleogene barnacles from the Coastal Plain of North Carolina (Cirripedia, Thoracica) - Southeastern Geology (20), 229-246 (journal article, English)
  • R. E. Stevenson, 1979 - Attachment sites of a stalked cirriped in the Cretaceous Niobrara Sea - Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science (58), 21-29 (journal article, English)
  • D. E. Hattin, 1977 - Articulated lepadomorph cirripeds from the Upper Cretaceous of Kansas: Family Stramentidae - Journal of Paleontology (51), 797-825 (journal article, English)
  • J. S. H. Collins, 1974 - Recent advances in the knowledge of Gault Cirripedia - Proceedings of the Geologists' Association (85), 377-386 (journal article, English)
  • J. S. H. Collins, 1973 - Cirripedes from the Upper Cretaceous of Alabama and Mississippi, Eastern Gulf Region, USA. Part 1. Palaeontology - Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Geology (23), 349-380 (journal article, English)
  • N. E. Weisbord, 1972 - Creusia neogenica, a new species of coral-inhabiting barnacle from Florida - Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology (10), 59-64 (journal article, English)
  • A. Ross, 1967 - Eocene Balanidae of Florida, Including a New Genus and Species with a Unique Plan of "Turtle-Barnacle" Organization - American Museum Novitates (2288), 1-21 (journal article, English)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1966 - A new species of Balanus (Cirripedia, Thoracica) from the Late Eocene Cowlitz Formation of southern Washington, U.S.A. - Crustaceana (11), 198-204 (journal article, English)
  • W. O. Addicott, 1959 - Late Pleistocene Invertebrates from Punta Cabras, Baja California, Mexico - American Museum Novitates (1925), 1-33 (journal article, English)
  • T. H. Withers, 1951 - Cretaceous and Eocene peduncles of the Cirripede Euscalpellum - Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology (1), 149-162 (serial monograph, English)
  • T. H. Withers, 1947 - Cirripedia, in Paläontologische und geologische Ergebnisse der Reise von Kohl-Larsen (1928-29) nach Süd-Georgien - Abhandlungen der Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung (474), 1-75 (journal article, German)
  • T. H. Withers, 1946 - New Cretaceous cirripedes and crab - The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Eleventh Series (12), 552-561 (journal article, English)
  • T. H. Withers, 1926 - A new cirripede from the Upper Cretaceous of Western Australia - Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia (12), 101-104 (journal article, English)
  • J. Bohm, 1926 - Über Tertiäre versteinerungen von den Bogenfelser diamantfeldern - Beiträge zur geologischen Erforschung der deutschen Schutzgebiete (2), 55-87 (journal article, German)
  • T. H. Withers, 1922 - The morphology of some Cretaceous cirripedes - The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ninth Series (9), 368-379 (journal article, English)
  • T. H. Withers, 1920 - The cirripede genus Stramentum (Loricula); its history and structure - The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ninth Series (5), 65-84 (journal article, English)
  • H. A. Pilsbry, 1918 - Cirripedia from the Panama Canal Zone - United States National Museum Bulletin (103), 185-189 (journal article, English)
  • T. H. Withers, 1914 - A new cirripede from the Cenomanian Chalk Marl of Cambridge - Geological Magazine, Decade VI (1), 494-497 (journal article, English)
  • T. H. Withers, 1913 - Cirripedes from the Cenomanian Chalk Marl of Cambridge - Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (83), 937-948 (journal article, English)
  • T. H. Withers, 1911 - Some cirripedes from the chalk of Salisbury, Wilts - Geological Magazine, Decade V (8), 21-31 (journal article, English)
  • T. H. Withers, 1910 - Some new species of the cirripede genus Scalpellum from British Cretaceous rocks - Geological Magazine, Decade V (7), 151-159 (journal article, English)
  • T. H. Withers, 1910 - The Cretaceous cirripede Pollicipes laevis J. de C. Sowerby - Geological Magazine, Decade V (7), 495-501 (journal article, English)
  • H. Woodward, 1908 - On a large cirripede belonging to the genus Loricula, from the middle chalk (Turonian), Cuxton, near Rochester - Geological Magazine, Decade V (5), 491-499 (journal article, English)
  • E. Harbort, 1905 - Die fauna der Schaumburg-Lippe'schen Kreidemulde - Abhandlungen der Königlich Preussischen Geologischen Landesanstalt und Bergakademie, Neue Folge (45), 1-112 (serial monograph, German)
  • W. N. Logan, 1897 - Some new cirriped crustaceans from the Niobrara Cretaceous of Kansas - The Kansas University Quarterly (6), 187-189 (journal article, English)
  • S. W. Williston, 1896 - The Kansas Niobrara Cretaceous - The University Geological Survey of Kansas (2), 235-246 (journal article, English)
  • K. A. Zittel, 1885 - Bemerkungen über einige fossile Lepaditen aus dem lithographischen Schiefer und der oberen Kreide - Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Physikalischen Classe der K.B. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München (14), 577-589 (journal article, German)
  • W. Dames, 1885 - Über Loriculina noetlingi nov. spec. von Sahel Alma vom Libanon - Sitzungsbericht der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin (1885), 151-155 (journal article, German)
  • K. Martin, 1879 - Die Tertiärschichten auf Java. Nach den Entdeckungen von Fr. Junghuhn - Geologische-Reichsmuseum (), 1-164 (serial monograph, German)
  • G. Ponzi, 1876 - I fossile del Monte Vaticano - Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Serie Seconda (3), 925-959 (journal article, Italian)
  • H. Woodward, 1869 - Fourth Report on the Structure and Classification of the Fossil Crustacea - Report of the Thirty-Eighth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (), 72-75 (journal article, English)
  • A. Oppel, 1862 - Ueber jurassische Crustaceen - Palaeontologische Mittheilungen aus dem Museum des Koeniglichen Bayerischen Staates (1), 1-120 (serial monograph, German)
  • W. Thomson, 1858 - Description of the fossil, in On a new fossil cirripede - The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Third Series (1), 321-325 (journal article, English)
  • T. A. Conrad, 1856 - Descriptions of three new genera; twenty-three new species Middle Tertiary fossils from California, and one from Texas - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (8), 301-327 (journal article, English)
  • G. B. Sowerby, 1843 - Description of a new fossil cirripede from the Upper Chalk near Rochester - The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (12), 260-261 (journal article, English)