'._('einklappen').'
 

† Spiriferinae

Spiriferinae

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eutriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Neotriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eucoelomata  ⇒ Klade: Phoronozoa  ⇒ Stamm: Brachiopoda  ⇒ Unterstamm: Rhynchonelliformea  ⇒ Klasse: Rhynchonellata  ⇒ Ordnung: Spiriferida  ⇒ Unterordnung: Spiriferidina  ⇒ Überfamilie: Spiriferoidea  ⇒ Familie: Spiriferidae

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Unterfamilie

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

King, 1846

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 443.7 Ma - Endalter: 232 Ma
228
249.7
260.4
270.6
294.6
306.5
326.4
374.5
397.5
416
422.9
443.7
Ladin
Anis
Olenekium
Induum
Changhsingium
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Sheinwood
Telychium
Aeronium
Rhuddanium
Mittlere Trias
Untere Trias
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Trias
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Silur

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: stationär
Lebensweise und Ort: epifaunal
Ernährungsweise:

Filtrierer (suspension feeder)

Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Calcit mit niedrigem Mg-Gehalt

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 9)

Fossilzuordnungen (77)

Vorkommen (2)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • L. Angiolini, 2008 - Early Permian brachiopods and palynomorphs from the Dorud Group, Alborz Mountains, north Iran: evidence of their palaeobiogeographic affinities - Fossils and Strata (54), 117-132 (journal article, English)
  • C. F. Winkler Prins, 2008 - Some Spiriferid brachiopods from the Permian of Timor (Indonesia) - Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (120), 389-400 (journal article, English)
  • Y. Alméras, 2007 - Les brachiopods liasiques d'Algérie occidentale - Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon (163), 1-241 (serial monograph, French)
  • Z. Q. Chen, 2006 - Artinskian-Kungurian (Early Permian) brachiopod faunas from the Tarim Basin, Northwest China, Part 2: Paleobiogeography, and systematics of Orthotetida, Orthida, Spiriferida, Spiriferinida, Rhynchonellida, Athyridida and Terebratulida - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (275), 1-53 (journal article, English)
  • A. Williams, 2006 - - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology Part H, Brachiopoda. Volume 5: Rhynchonelliformea (part) (5), 1689-2320 (compendium, English)
  • G. R. Shi, 2005 - Early Carboniferous brachiopod faunas from the Baoshan block, west Yunnan,southwest China - Alcheringa (29), 31-85 (journal article, English)
  • J. B. Waterhouse, 2004 - Permian and Triassic stratigraphy and fossils of the Himalaya in northern Nepal - Earthwise (6), 1-259 (serial monograph, English)
  • L. Angiolini, 2004 - Appendix B. Selected palaeontological descriptions, in The Carboniferous of the Western Karakoram (Pakistan) - Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (23), 275-305 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • G. R. Shi, 1996 - Lower Permian brachiopods and molluscs from the upper Jungle Creek Formation, northern Yukon Territory, Canada - Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin (424), 1-241 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. L. Carter, 1992 - New genera of lower Carboniferous spiriferid brachiopods (Brachiopoda: Spiriferida) - Annals of Carnegie Museum (61), 327-338 (journal article, English)
  • N. W. Archbold, 1985 - New genera of Western Australian Permian Spiriferidae (Brachiopoda) - Alcheringa (9), 269-292 (journal article, English)
  • L. Lee, 1980 - Carboniferous and Permian Brachiopoda - Paleontological Atlas of Northeast China (1), 327-428 (journal article, Chinese)
  • L. Lee, 1980 - Taxonomic names, Carboniferous and Permian Brachiopoda - Paleontological Atlas of Northeast China (1), 327-429 (book/book chapter, Chinese)
  • L. Li, 1980 - Late Carboniferous brachiopods from Yanji of Jilin, NE China - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (19), 483-491 (journal article, Chinese)
  • M. Siblik, 1975 - Triassic brachiopods from Nepal - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (81), 133-160 (journal article, English)
  • G. Termier, 1974 - Monographie du Permo-Carbonifère de Wardak (Afghanistan Central) - Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon, Hors Série (2), 1-165 (journal article, French)
  • J. L. Carter, 1974 - New genera of Spiriferid and Brachythyridid brachiopods - Journal of Paleontology (48), 674-696 (journal article, English)
  • M. G. Bassett, 1974 - A review of Silurian brachiopods from Gotland - Fossils and Strata (), 1-56 (serial monograph, )
  • J. M. Dickins, 1969 - The age of the Permian sequence in the southern part of the Sydney Basin - Stratigraphy and Palaeontology. Essays in honour of Dorothy Hill (), 211-225 (book chapter, English)
  • G. Plodowski, 1968 - Neue Spiriferen aus Afghanistan - Senckenbergiana Lethaea (49), 251-259 (journal article, German)
  • J. L. Carter, 1967 - Mississippian brachiopods from the Chappel Limestone of central Texas - Bulletins of American Paleontology (53), 249-488 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. G. H. Maxwell, 1964 - The geology of the Yarrol Region. Part 1. Biostratigraphy - Papers - Department of Geology, University of Queensland (5), 1-60 (serial monograph, English)
  • K. S. W. Campbell, 1963 - The faunas of the Tournaisian Tulcumba Sandstone and its members in the Werrie and Belvue synclines, New South Wales - Journal of the Geological Society of Australia (10), 55-122 (journal article, English)
  • G. E. Chernyak, 1963 - Taxonomic names, in Biostratigrafiya i Brakhiopody Verknego Paleozoya Taimyra - Trudy Nauchno-Issledoratel'skogo Instituta Geologii Arktiki (134), 1-139 (serial monograph, Russian)
  • V. I. Ustritsky, 1963 - Biostratigrafiya i Brakhiopody Verknego Paleozoya Taimyra [Biostratigraphy and Brachiopods of the upper Paleozoic of Taimyr] - Trudy Nauchno-Issledoratel'skogo Instituta Geologii Arktiki (134), 1-139 (serial monograph, Russian)
  • R. D. Hoare, 1961 - Desmoinesian Brachiopoda and Mollusca from southwest Missouri - Missouri University Studies (36), 1-262 (journal article, English)
  • H. Muir-Wood, 1960 - Morphology, classification and life habits of the Productoidea (Brachiopoda) - Geological Society of America Memoir (81), 1-447 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. M. Cvancara, 1958 - Invertebrate fossils from the Lower Carboniferous of New South Wales - Journal of Paleontology (32), 846-888 (journal article, English)
  • C. H. Crickmay, 1955 - The Minnewanka Section of the Mississippian - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • I. Hayasaka, 1933 - On the Carboniferous brachiopod fauna from the Nabeyama region, Totigi Prefecture, Japan - Memoirs of the Faculty of Science and Agriculture, Taihoku Imperial University, Geology (6), 9-44 (journal article, English)
  • L.C. Snider, 1915 - Geology of a Portion of Northeastern Oklahoma and Paleontology of the Chester Group in Oklahoma - Bulletin of the Oklahoma Geological Survey (24), 1-122 (journal article, English)
  • H. Keidel, 1906 - Geologische Untersuchungen im südlichen Tian-Schan nebst Beschreibung einer obercarbonischen Brachiopodenfauna aus dem Kukurtkuk-Tal - Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie (22), 266-384 (journal article, German)
  • H. F. Cleland, 1903 - Fauna of the Hamilton Formation of the Cayuga Lake section in central New York - United States Geological Survey (60), - (journal article, English)
  • T. D. Tschernyschew, 1902 - Addendum, in Verkhnekamennougol'nyya Brakhiopody Urala i Timana [Upper Carboniferous Brachiopods of the Urals and Timan - Trudy Geologicheskago Komiteta (16), 332-334 (serial monograph, Russian)
  • T. N. Tschernyschew, 1902 - Verkhnekamennougol'nyya Brakhiopody Urala i Timana [Upper Carboniferous Brachiopods of the Urals and Timan] - Trudy Geologicheskago Komiteta (16), 1-749 (serial monograph, Russian)
  • E. Schellwien, 1900 - Die Fauna der Trogkofelschichten in den Karnischen Alpen und den Karawanken I. Theil: die Brachiopoden - Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt (16), 1-122 (journal article, German)
  • G. G. Gemmellaro, 1899 - La Fauna dei Calcari Con Fusulina della Valle del Fiume Sosio nella Provincia di Palermo, Brachiopoda - Giornale di Scienze Naturali ed Economiche Palermo (21), 95-202 (journal article, Italian)
  • W. Waagen, 1883 - Productus Limestone Fossils, Part IV, fas. 2 - Salt Range Fossils, Palaeontologia Indica, Series 13 (1), 391-546 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. M. Gabb, 1870 - Descriptions of some secondary fossils from the Pacific states - American Journal of Conchology (5), 5-18 (journal article, English)
  • G. C. Laube, 1865 - - Die Fauna der Schichten von St. Cassian: Ein Beitrag zur Paläontologie der Alpinen Trias. II. Abtheilung. Brachiopoden und Bivalven (), 1-76 (serial monograph, German)
  • J. Hall, 1858 - Palaeontology of Iowa - Report of the Geological Survey of the state of Iowa (1), 473-724 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Marcou, 1858 - - Geology of North America with two reports on the Prairies of Arkansas and Texas, the Rocky Mountains of New Mexico, and the Sierra Nevada of California (), 1-144 (journal article, English)
  • F. M'Coy, 1847 - XXI. On the fossil botany and zoology of the rocks associated with the coal of Australia - Annals and Magazine of Natural History (20), 226-236 (journal article, English)
  • W. King, 1846 - Remarks on certain genera belonging to the class Palliobranchiata - Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 1 (183), 26-42 (journal article, English)
  • J. Morris, 1845 - Descriptions of fossils, Mollusca - Physical descriptions of New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land (), 270-290 (book/book chapter, English)
  • A. D. d'Orbigny, 1842 - - Voyage dans l'Amérique Méridionale: (le Brésil, la République Orientale de l'Uruguay, la République Argentine, la Patagonie, la République du Chili, la République de Bolivia, la République du Pérou), Exécuté Pendant les Années 1826, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830 (), 1-188 (book, French)
  • C. F. Braun, 1841 - Taxonomic names, in Beiträge zur Geognosie und Petrefacten-Kunde des südöstlichen Tirols vorzüglich der Schichten von St. Cassian - Beiträge zur Petrefacten-Kunde (4), 1-152 (serial monograph, German)
  • J. Sowerby, 1818 - No. XXX in the mineral conchology of Great Britain; or colored figures and descriptions of those remains of testaceous animals or shells, which have been preserved at various times and depths in the Earth - The mineral conchology of Great Britain (3), 1-194 (journal article, English)