'._('einklappen').'
 

† Parallelodon

Parallelodon

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eutriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Neotriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eucoelomata  ⇒ Superstamm: Eutrochozoa  ⇒ Stamm: Mollusca  ⇒ Klasse: Bivalvia  ⇒ Unterklasse: Pteriomorphia  ⇒ Ordnung: Arcoida  ⇒ Überfamilie: Arcoidea  ⇒ Familie: Parallelodontidae  ⇒ Unterfamilie: Parallelodontinae

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Gattung

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Meek & Worthen, 1866

alternativ genutzter Name

wissenschaftlich

Cucullaea (Macrodon)

Buckman, 1882
Ref.: A. Bittner. 1895. Revision der Lamellibranchiaten von St. Cassian. Abhandlungen der kaiserlich-koniglichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt 18(1):1-236

wissenschaftlich

Macrodon

Buckman, 1882
Ref.: J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 411.2 Ma - Endalter: 66 Ma
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
189.6
203.6
237
251.1
265.8
275.6
299
311.7
345.3
385.3
411.2
Maastricht
Campan
Santon
Coniac
Turon
Cenoman
Alb
Apt
Barreme
Hauterive
Valangin
Berrias
Tithonium
Kimmeridgium
Oxfordium
Callovium
Bathonium
Bajocium
Aalenium
Toarcium
Pliensbachium
Sinemurium
Hettangium
Rhät
Nor
Karn
Ladin
Anis
Olenekium
Induum
Changhsingium
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Obere Kreide
Untere Kreide
Malm
Dogger
Lias
Obere Trias
Mittlere Trias
Untere Trias
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Kreide
Jura
Trias
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Startalter: 466 Ma - Endalter: 411.2 Ma
411.2
421.3
428.2
443.7
468.1
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Sheinwood
Telychium
Aeronium
Rhuddanium
Hirnantium
Katium
Sandbium
Darriwilium
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Oberes Ordovizium
Mittleres Ordovizium
Devon
Silur
Ordovizium

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: angehängt, fakultativ mobil
Lebensweise und Ort: niedrige Ebene epifaunal
Ernährungsweise:

Filtrierer (suspension feeder)

Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Aragonit

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei GBIF
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 2)

Fossilzuordnungen (68)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • A. S. Biakov, 2019 - Bivalves of northeast Asia at the Carboniferous-Permian transition - Paleontological Journal (53), 241-251 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. Clapham, 2015 - Personal Opinions - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • S. Ros-Franch, 2014 - Comprehensive database on Induan (Lower Triassic) to Sinemurian (Lower Jurassic) marine bivalve genera and their paleobiogeographic record - Paleontological Contributions (8), 1-219 (serial monograph, English)
  • D. Gendry, 2014 - Deux paléontologues berrichons : André Émile Benoist (1845-1904) et l’abbé Alexis Delaunay (1867-1946), et leur contribution à l’étude du Bathonien de Saint-Gaultier (Indre, France) - Symbioses (33), 1-16 (journal article, English)
  • M. Hautmann, 2013 - Bivalves from the Olenekian (Early Triassic) of south-western Utah: systematics and evolutionary significance - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (11), 263-293 (journal article, English)
  • L. E. Anelli, 2006 - Pennsylvannian pteriomorphian bivalves from the Piauí Formation, Parnaíba Basin, Brazil - Journal of Paleontology (80), 1135-1141 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Hautmann, 2001 - Die Muschelfauna der Nayband-Formation (Obertrias, Nor - Rhät) des östlichen Zentraliran - Beringeria (29), 3-181 (journal article, German)
  • M. Aberhan, 1998 - Early Jurassic Bivalvia of western Canada. Part I. Subclasses Palaeotaxodonta, Pteriomorpha, and Isofilibranchia - Beringeria (21), 57-150 (journal article, English)
  • J. Sha, 1996 - Late Permian to Miocene bivalve assemblages from Hohxil, Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, China - Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand (26), 429-455 (journal article, English)
  • J. G. Sha, 1995 - Palaeontology - Bivalves - Palaeontology of the Hoh Xil Region, Qinghai (), 82-116 (book/book chapter, Chinese)
  • S. Monari, 1994 - I bivalvi giurassici dell’Appennino umbro-marchigiano - Studi Geologici Camerti, Volume Speciale: Biostratigrafia dell’Italiacentrale (), 157-187 (journal article, Italian)
  • R. D. Hoare, 1993 - Mississippian (Chesterian) bivalves from the Pennsylvanian stratotype area in West Virginia and Virginia - Journal of Paleontology (67), 374-396 (journal article, English)
  • Q. L. Feng, 1992 - Discovery of Late Permian bivalve fauna from Laochang of Lancang, west Yunnan and its biogeographic characteristics - Earth Science - China University of Geosciences (17), 512-520 (journal article, Chinese)
  • R. D. Hoare, 1989 - Bivalves (Mollusca) from the Imo Formation (Mississippian, Chesterian) of North-Central Arkansas - Journal of Paleontology (63), 582-603 (journal article, English)
  • C. R. Newton, 1987 - Systematics and paleoecology of Norian (Late Triassic) bivalves from a tropical island arc: Wallowa Terrane, Oregan - Memoir - Paleontological Society (22), 1-83 (journal article, English)
  • J. B. Waterhouse, 1987 - Late Palaeozoic Mollusca and correlations from the south-east Bowen Basin, east Australia - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (198), 129-333 (serial monograph, )
  • L. V. Kushnar, 1986 - Pozdnepermskie dvustvorchatye mollyuski Primor'ya [Late Permian bivalve molluscs from Primorye] - Voprosy Paleontologii (9), 47-60 (journal article, Russian)
  • V. A. Muromtseva, 1984 - Taxonomic Descriptions - Permskie Morskie Otlozheniya I Dvustvorchatie Mollyuski Sovetskoi Arktiki (), 1-154 (journal article, Russian)
  • S. Freneix, 1984 - Biofacies a Cuneigervillia - Pteromya et biofacies a Eomiodon dans l'Hettangian du Quercy (Aquitaine Orientale) - Geobios (17), 5-17 (journal article, French)
  • V. A. Muromtseva, 1984 - - Permskie Morskie Otlozheniya I Dvustvorchatie Mollyuski Sovetskoi Arktiki (), 1-154 (book/book chapter, Russian)
  • G. Tichy, 1983 - Fossilfunde aus dem Hauptdolomit (Trias: Nor) der nördlichen Osterhorngruppe (Salzburg, Österreich) - Jahrbuch der geologischen Bundesanstalt (126), 289-293 (journal article, German)
  • J. H. Li, 1982 - Taxonomic names: Lamellibranchiata - Palaeontological Atlas of East China (2), 307-323 (serial monograph, Chinese)
  • J. H. Li, 1982 - Lamellibranchiata - Palaeontological Atlas of East China (2), 307-323 (serial monograph, Chinese)
  • A. Vörös, 1981 - A survey of the Rhaetian (Upper Triassic) Bivalvia from Borzavár (Bakony Mts., Hungary) - Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici (73), 33-54 (journal article, English)
  • H. E. Vokes, 1980 - Genera of the Bivalvia: a systematic and bibliographic Catalogue - Genera of the Bivalvia: a systematic and bibliographic Catalogue (), - (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. B. Waterhouse, 1980 - Permian bivalves from New Zealand - Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand (10), 97-133 (journal article, English)
  • X. Lan, 1980 - Nomina nuda - Late Permian Stratigraphy and Fossils in Western Guizhou and Eastern Yunnan (), - (book chapter, Chinese)
  • H. Termier, 1977 - Paléontologie des Invertébrés, in Monographie paléontologique des affleurements permiens du Djebel Tebaga (Sud Tunisien) - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (156), 25-99 (journal article, French)
  • R. J. Zhang, 1977 - Bivalvia - Palaeontological Atlas of South-Central China (2), 471-533 (book/book chapter, Chinese)
  • L. Liu, 1976 - Taxonomic names - The Fossil Lamellibranchiata of China (), 1-522 (book/book chapter, Chinese)
  • G. Termier, 1974 - Monographie du Permo-Carbonifère de Wardak (Afghanistan Central) - Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon, Hors Série (2), 1-165 (journal article, French)
  • J. -C. Fischer, 1969 - Geologie, Paleontologie et Paleoecologie du Bathonien au sud-ouest du Massif Ardennais - Memoires du Museum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Nouvelle Serie, Serie C, Sciences de la terre (20), 1-319 (serial monograph, French)
  • K. Nakazawa, 1968 - Permian bivalves of Japan - Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Series of Geology and Mineralogy (35), 1-108 (journal article, English)
  • A. Logan, 1967 - The Permian Bivalvia of northern England - Palaeontographical Society Monographs (121), 1-72 (serial monograph, English)
  • N. Fantini Sestini, 1965 - Permian fossils of the upper Hunza valley - Italian Expeditions to the Karakorum (K2) and Hindu Kush. IV - Paleontology-Zoology-Botany (), 135-148 (book chapter, English)
  • S. S. Winters, 1963 - Supai Formation (Permian) of eastern Arizona - Geological Society of America Memoir (89), 1-99 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. M. Dickins, 1963 - Permian pelecypods and gastropods from western Australia - Bulletin of the Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics (63), 1-203 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. D. Hoare, 1961 - Desmoinesian Brachiopoda and Mollusca from southwest Missouri - Missouri University Studies (36), 1-262 (journal article, English)
  • K. W. Barthel, 1958 - Eine marine Faunula aus der mittleren Trias von Chile [A marine fauna from the Middle Triassic of Chile] - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen (106), 352-382 (journal article, German)
  • J. M. Dickins, 1956 - Permian pelecypods from the Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia - Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics Bulletin (29), 1-42 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. R. C. Reed, 1944 - Brachiopoda and Mollusca from the Productus limestones of the Salt Range - Palaeontogica Indica, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, New Series (23), 1-596 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. R. C. Reed, 1932 - New fossils from the Agglomerate Slate of Kashmir - Palaeontogical Indica, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, New Series (20), 1-79 (journal article, English)
  • L. R. Cox, 1928 - The gastropod and lamellibranch molluscs, in The Belemnite marls of Charmouth, a series in the Lias of the Dorset Coast - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society (84), 233-245 (journal article, English)
  • L. Krumbeck, 1924 - Die Brachiopoden, Lamellibranchiaten und Gastropoden der Trias von Timor II - Palaeontologie von Timor (13), 1-275 (serial monograph, German)
  • C. Wanner, 1922 - Die Gastropoden und Lamellibranchiaten der Dyas von Timor - Palaontologie von Timor (11), 1-82 (serial monograph, German)
  • L. Krumbeck, 1913 - Obere Trias von Buru und Misól (Die Fogi-Schichten und Asphaltschiefer West-Burus und der Athyridenkalk des Misól-Archipels) - Palaeontographica Supplement (4), 1-162 (journal article, German)
  • A. De Toni, 1913 - Illustrazione della fauna triasica di Valdepena (Cadore) [Illustration of the Triassic fauna of Valdepena (Cadore)] - Memorie dell´ Instituto Geologico della R. Università di Padova (2), 1-194 (serial monograph, Italian)
  • F. Frech, 1912 - Neue Zweischaler und Brachiopoden aus der Bakonyer Trias [New bivalves and brachiopods from the Bakony Trias] - Resultate der Wissenschaftlichen Erforschung des Balatonsees, II Band: Paläontologie der Umgebung des Balatonsees (1), 1-138 (journal article, German)
  • G. H. Girty, 1909 - The Guadalupian fauna - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (58), 1-651 (serial monograph, English)
  • L. Waagen, 1907 - Die Lamellibranchiaten der Pachycardientuffe der Seiser Alm nebst vergleichend paläontologischen und phylogenetischen Studien - Abhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt (18), 1-180 (serial monograph, German)
  • E. Dacque, 1905 - Beiträge zur Geologie des Somalilandes, 2. Teil. Oberer Jura [Contributions to the geology of Somaliland, Part 2. Upper Jurassic] - Beiträge zur Paläontologie und Geologie Österreich-Ungarns und des Orients (17), 119-160 (serial monograph, German)
  • F. Broili, 1904 - Die Fauna Pachycardientuffe der Seiser Alp (mit Ausschluss der Gastropoden und Cephalopoden) - Palaeontographica (50), 145-227 (journal article, German)
  • A. Bittner, 1901 - Lamellibranchiaten aus der Trias des Bakonyer Waldes [Bivalves from the Triassic of the Bakony Forest] - Resultate der Wissenschaftlichen Erforschung des Balatonsees, II Band: Paläontologie der Umgebung des Balatonsees (1), 1-107 (journal article, German)
  • G. G. Gemmellaro, 1896 - La Fauna de Calcari con Fusulina della Valle del Fiume Sosio nella Provincia di Palermo - Pelecypoda - Giornale di Scienze Naturali e Economiche (21), 9-63 (journal article, Italian)
  • W. Salomon, 1895 - Geologische und palaeontologische Studien uber die Marmolata - Palaeontographica (42), 1-210 (journal article, German)
  • A. Bittner, 1895 - Revision der Lamellibranchiaten von St. Cassian - Abhandlungen der kaiserlich-koniglichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt (18), 1-236 (journal article, German)
  • R. Etheridge Jr., 1889 - Remarks on fossils of Permo-Carboniferous age, from north-western Australia, in the Macleay Museum - Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, Series 2 (4), 199-214 (journal article, English)
  • W. Waagen, 1881 - Productus Limestone Fossils, Part III - Salt Range Fossils, Palaeontologia Indica, Series 13 (1), 185-328 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. B. Meek, 1871 - Lists of Carboniferous fossils from West Virginia, with descriptions of new species - West Virginia University Report to the Board of Regents (3), 68-73 (journal article, English)
  • F. B. Meek, 1866 - Descriptions of invertebrates from the Carboniferous System, Illinois - Geological Survey of Illinois (2), 145-411 (journal article, English)
  • G. C. Laube, 1865 - - Die Fauna der Schichten von St. Cassian: Ein Beitrag zur Paläontologie der Alpinen Trias. II. Abtheilung. Brachiopoden und Bivalven (), 1-76 (serial monograph, German)
  • H. B. Geinitz, 1861 - Die animalischen ueberreste der Dyas - Dyas oder die Zechstein Formation und das Rothliegende (), 1-130 (book/book chapter, German)
  • R. Howse, 1848 - A catalogue of the fossils of the Permian system of the counties of Northumberland and Durham - Transactions of the Tyneside Naturalists' Field Club (1), 219-264 (journal article, English)
  • E. de Verneuil, 1845 - Paléontologie - Géologie de la Russie d'Europe et des Montagne de l'Oural, Paléontologie (2), 1-512 (book/book chapter, French)
  • J. d. C. Sowerby, 1829 - Fossil shells, in On the geological relations and internal structure of the Magnesian Limestone, and the lower portions of the New Red Sandstone Series in their range through Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, Yorkshire, and Durham, to the southern extremity of - Transactions of the Geological Society of London, Second Series (3), 118-120 (journal article, English)
  • J. d. C. Sowerby, 1824 - No. LXXXII of the mineral conchology of Great Britain; or colored figures and descriptions of those remains of testaceous animals or shells, which have been preserved at various times and depths in the Earth - The Mineral Conchology of Great Britain (5), 115-130 (book/book chapter, English)
  • E. F. von Schlotheim, 1816 - Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Versteinerungen in Geognostischer Hinsicht - Denkschriften der Königlich Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Munchen für des Jahre 1816 und 1817 (6), 13-36 (journal article, German)