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Anguiformes

Anguiformes

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Tetrapoda  ⇒ Serie: Amniota  ⇒ Klade: Sauropsida  ⇒ Unterklasse: Diapsida  ⇒ Klade: Eosuchia  ⇒ Klade: Neodiapsida  ⇒ ohne Rang: Lepidosauromorpha  ⇒ Superordnung: Lepidosauria  ⇒ Ordnung: Squamata  ⇒ ohne Rang: Scleroglossa  ⇒ Unterordnung: Anguimorpha

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

ohne Rang

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Bonaparte, 1831

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Anguiformes

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 164.7 Ma - Endalter: 0 Ma
0
0.0117
1.806
5.332
13.65
23.03
37
55.8
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
164.7
Meghalayan
Nordgrippian
Greenlandian
Oberes Pleistozän
Mittleres Pleistozän
Unteres Pleistozän
Gelasium
Piacenzium
Zancleum
Messinium
Tortonium
Serravallium
Langhium
Burdigalium
Aquitanium
Chattium
Rupelium
Priabonium
Bartonium
Lutetium
Ypresium
Thanetium
Selandium
Danium
Maastricht
Campan
Santon
Coniac
Turon
Cenoman
Alb
Apt
Barreme
Hauterive
Valangin
Berrias
Tithonium
Kimmeridgium
Oxfordium
Callovium
Holozän
Pleistozän
Pliozän
Miozän
Oligozän
Eozän
Paläozän
Obere Kreide
Untere Kreide
Malm
Dogger
Quartär
Neogen
Paläogen
Kreide
Jura

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 10)

Fossilzuordnungen (248)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • J. Klembara, 2018 - New material of Ophisaurus, Anguis and Pseudopus (Squamata, Anguidae, Anguinae) from the Miocene of the Czech Republic and Germany and systematic revision and palaeobiogeography of the Cenozoic Anguinae - Geological Magazine (155), 20-44 (journal article, English)
  • M. Ivanov, 2018 - A new species of Varanus (Anguimorpha: Varanidae) from the early Miocene of the Czech Republic, and its relationships and palaeoecology - Journal of Systematic Paleontology (16), 767-797 (journal article, English)
  • A. Villa, 2018 - Revision of Varanus marathonensis (Squamata, Varanidae) based on historical and new material: morphology, systematics, and paleobiogeography of the European monitor lizards - PLoS ONE (13), 1-46 (journal article, English)
  • A. Čerňanský, 2018 - The first record of amphisbaenian and anguimorph lizards (Reptilia, Squamata) from the upper Miocene Solnechnodolsk locality in Russia - Historical Biology (), - (journal article, English)
  • R. M. Sullivan, 2018 - Stenoplacosaurus mongoliensis, a new generic name for "Placosaurus"mongoliensis (Anguidae, Glyptosaurinae) from the Shara Murun Formation, NeiMongol (Inner Mongolia), China - New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin (79), 691-694 (journal article, English)
  • V. R. Alifanov, 2018 - A New Platynotan Lizard (Parasaniwidae, Anguimorpha) from the Late Paleocene of Southern Mongolia - Paleontological Journal (52), 1432-1435 (journal article, English)
  • A. Čerňanský, 2017 - A skeleton of Ophisaurus (Squamata: Anguidae) from the middle Miocene of Germany, with a revision of the partly articulated postcranial material from Slovakia using micro-computed tomography - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (), e1333- (journal article, English)
  • D. Tyborowski, 2016 - A new ophthalmosaurid ichthyosaur from the Late Jurassic of Owadów-Brzezinki Quarry, Poland - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (61), 791-803 (journal article, English)
  • A. Cernansky, 2016 - The new rare record of the late Oligocene lizards and amphisbaenians from Germany and its impact on our knowledge of the European terminal Palaeogene - Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments (), 1-29 (journal article, English)
  • J. Klembara, 2015 - New finds of anguines (Squamata, Anguidae) from the Early Miocene of Northwest Bohemia (Czech Republic) - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (89), 171-195 (journal article, English)
  • K. T. Smith, 2013 - Early Eocene lizards of the Wasatch Formation near Bitter Creek, Wyoming: diversity and paleoenvironment during an interval of global warming - Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History (54), 135-230 (journal article, English)
  • B. Hugues-Alexandre, 2013 - Amphibians and Squamate Reptiles from the Late Miocene (Vallesian) of Eastern Morocco (GuefaIT-1, Jerada Province) - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (33), 804-816 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Nydam, 2013 - Lizards and snakes from the Cenomanian through Campanian of Southern Utah: filling the gap in the fossil record of Squamata from the Late Cretaceous of the Western Interior of North America - At the Top of the Grand Staircase: The Late Cretaceous of Southern Utah (), 370-423 (book chapter, English)
  • A. Houssaye, 2013 - A new varanoid squamate from the Early Cretaceous (Barremian-Aptian) of Burgos, Spain - Cretaceous Research (41), 127-135 (journal article, English)
  • M. Delfino, 2013 - Early Miocene dispersal of the lizard Varanus into Europe: Reassessment of vertebral material from Spain - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (58), 731-735 (journal article, English)
  • N. R. Longrich, 2012 - Mass extinction of lizards and snakes at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (109), 21396-21401 (journal article, English)
  • S. Bailon, 2012 - Un nouveau genre, Ragesaurus (Squamata, Anguidae, Anguinae), du Pléistocène inférieur des îles Medas (Catalogne, Espagne) - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France (183), 683-688 (journal article, French)
  • J. L. Conrad, 2012 - Earliest Example of a Giant Monitor Lizard (Varanus, Varanidae, Squamata) - PLoS ONE (7), e4176- (journal article, English)
  • R. M. Sullivan, 2012 - A new glyptosaurine lizard from the earliest Eocene of Dormaal, Belgium - Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France (183), 627-633 (journal article, English)
  • J. Klembara, 2012 - A new species of Pseudopus (Squamata, Anguidae) from the early Miocene of Northwest Bohemia (Czech Republic) - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (32), 854-866 (journal article, English)
  • A. Houssaye, 2011 - A review of Pachyvaranus crassispondylus Arambourg, 1952, a pachyostotic marine squamate from the latest Cretaceous phosphates of Morocco and Syria - Geological Magazine (148), 237-249 (journal article, English)
  • K. T. Smith, 2011 - The long-term history of dispersal among lizards in the early Eocene: new evidence from a microvertebrate assemblage in the Bighorn Basin of Wyoming, USA - Palaeontology (54), 1243-1270 (journal article, English)
  • J. Klembara, 2010 - Revision of the anguine lizard Pseudopus laurillardi (Squamata, Anguidae) from the Miocene of Europe, with comments on paleoecology - Journal of Paleontology (84), 159-196 (journal article, English)
  • J. Klembara, 2010 - Anguimorph lizards (Squamata, Anguimorpha) from the middle and late Eocene of the Hampshire Basin of southern England - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (8), 97-129 (journal article, English)
  • K. T. Smith, 2009 - A new lizard assemblage from the earliest Eocene (zone Wa0) of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, USA: biogeography during the warmest interval of the Cenozoic - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (7), 299-358 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Head, 2009 - Neurocranial osteology and systematic relationships of Varanus (Megalania) prisca Owen, 1859 (Squamata: Varanidae) - Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society of London (155), 445-4- (journal article, English)
  • J. L. Conrad, 2008 - Phylogeny and systematics of Squamata (Reptilia) based on morphology - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (310), 1-182 (serial monograph, English)
  • O. Rieppel, 2007 - The anatomy of the fossil varanid lizard Saniwa ensidens Leidy, 1870, based on a newly discovered complete skeleton - Journal of Paleontology (81), 643-665 (journal article, English)
  • M. A. Norell, 2007 - A New Platynotan Lizard (Diapsida: Squamata) from the Late Cretaceous Gobi Desert (Ömnögov), Mongolia - American Museum Novitates (), 1-22 (journal article, English)
  • R. M. Sullivan, 2006 - Redescription of the holotype of Placosaurus rugosus gervais 1848–1852 (Squamata, Anguidae, Glyptosaurinae) from the Eocene of France and a revision of the genus - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (26), 127-132 (journal article, English)
  • M. Auge, 2006 - A new genus, Paraplacosauriops (Squamata, Anguidae, Glyptosaurinae), from the Eocene of France - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (26), 133-137 (journal article, English)
  • J. L. Conrad, 2006 - An Eocene shinisaurid (Reptilia, Squamata) from Wyoming, U.S.A. - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (26), 113-126 (journal article, English)
  • J.-C. Rage, 2006 - The lower vertebrates from the Eocene and Oligocene of the Phosphorites du Quercy (France): an overview - Strata (1), 161-173 (journal article, English)
  • S. E. Evans, 2006 - A long-bodied lizard from the Lower Cretaceous of Japan - Palaeontology (49), 1143-1165 (journal article, English)
  • K. T. Smith, 2006 - A diverse new assemblage of late Eocene squamates (Reptilia) from the Chadron Formation of North Dakota, U.S.A. - Palaeontologia Electronica (9), 1-44 (journal article, English)
  • M. Venczel, 2006 - Lizards from the Late Miocene of Polgárdi (W-Hungary) - Nymphaea, Folia naturae Bihariae (33), 25-38 (journal article, English)
  • M. L. Augé, 2005 - Evolution des lézards du Paléogène en Europe - Mémoires du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (192), 1-369 (serial monograph, French)
  • A. Haber, 2005 - A new marine varanoid from the Cenomanian of the Middle East - Netherlands Journal of Geosciences (84), 247-255 (journal article, English)
  • M. Augé, 2003 - La faune de Lacertilia (Reptilia, Squamata) de l’Éocène inférieur de Prémontré (Bassin de Paris, France) - Geodiversitas (25), 539-574 (journal article, English)
  • J.-P. Zonneveld, 2000 - Early Eocene fossil vertebrates from the southwestern Green River Basin, Lincoln and Uinta counties, Wyoming - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (20), 369-386 (journal article, English)
  • V. R. Alifanov, 2000 - The fossil record of Cretaceous lizards from Mongolia - The Age of Dinosaurs in Russia and Mongolia (), 368-389 (book chapter, English)
  • M. S. Y. Lee, 2000 - Adriosaurus and the affinities of mosasaurs, dolichosaurs, and snakes - Journal of Paleontology (74), 915-937 (journal article, English)
  • K. Gao, 2000 - Taxonomic composition and systematics of Late Cretaceous lizard assemblages from Ukhaa Tolgod and adjacent localities, Mongolian Gobi Desert - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (249), 1-118 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. E. Weems, 1999 - Part 5. Reptile remains from the Fisher/Sullivan site - Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication (152), 101-121 (, )
  • D. Maddox, 1998 - A systematic review of the fossil lizards and snakes (Squamata) from the White River Group of Badlands National Park - National Park Service Paleontological Research Vol. 3 Technical Report NPS/NRGRD/GRDTR-98/1 (), 4-7 (book/book chapter, English)
  • K. -Q. Gao, 1996 - Taxonomy and evolution of Late Cretaceous lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from western Canada - Bulletin of the Carnegie Museum of natural History (33), 1-107 (journal article, English)
  • N. Frank, 1996 - A Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Reptiles and Amphibians of the World - (), 1-377 (book, English)
  • K. -Q. Gao, 1996 - Systematics and taxonomic diversity of squamates from the Upper Cretaceous Djadochta Formation, Bayan Mandahu, Gobi Desert, People's Republic of China - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (33), 578-598 (journal article, English)
  • L. M. Clos, 1995 - A new species of Varanus (Reptilia: Sauria) from the Miocene of Kenya - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (15), 254-267 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Rage, 1993 - Squamates from the Cainozoic of the western part of Europe. A review - Revue de Paleobiologie (7), 199-216 (journal article, English)
  • P. V. Federov, 1992 - Yashcheritsa rubezha spedney i pozdney yury severo-vostochnoy Fergany [Lizard from the Middle and Late Jurassic of northeastern Fergana] - Vestnik Sanky-Peterburgskogo Universiteta (3), 9-14 (journal article, Russian)
  • R. M. Sullivan, 1991 - Paleocene Caudata and Squamata from Gidley and Silberling quarries, Montana - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (11), 293-301 (journal article, English)
  • M. A. Norell, 1989 - Late Cenozoic Lizards of the Anza Borrego Desert, California - Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Contributions in Science (414), 1-31 (journal article, English)
  • J.-C. Rage, 1988 - Le gisement du Bretou (Phosphorites du Quercy, Tarn-et-Garonne, France) et sa faune des vertebres de l'Eocene superieur; 1. Amphibiens et reptiles. [Le Bretou locality (Quercy Phosphorites, Tarn-et-Garonne, France) and its late Eocene vertebrate fauna; 1. - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (205), 3-27 (journal article, French)
  • R. L. Carroll, 1988 - - Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution (), 1-698 (compendium, English)
  • R. M. Sullivan, 1987 - Parophisaurus pawneensis (Gilmore, 1928) new genus of anguid lizard from the middle Oligocene of North America - Journal of Herpetology (21), 115-133 (journal article, English)
  • R. M. Sullivan, 1986 - A new fossil anguid lizard Parodaxosaurus sanjuanensis, new genus, new species from the middle Paleocene (Torrejonian) Nacimiento Formation, San Juan Basin, New Mexico - Journal of Herpetology (20), 109-111 (journal article, English)
  • M. Borsuk-Bialynicka, 1984 - Anguimorphans and related lizards from the Late Cretaceous of the Gobi Desert, Mongolia - Palaeontologia Polonica (46), 5-105 (journal article, )
  • Z. Roček, 1984 - Lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) from the Lower Miocene locality Dolnice (Bohemia, Czechoslovakia) - Rozpravy Československé Akademie Věd / Řada matematických a přirodních věd (94), 3-64 (journal article, English)
  • R. Stritzke, 1983 - Saniwa feisti n. sp., ein Varanide (Lacertilia, Reptilia) aus dem Mittel-Eozän von Messel bei Darmstadt - Senckenbergiana Lethaea (64), 497-508 (journal article, English)
  • R. Estes, 1983 - Sauria terrestria, Amphisbaenia - Handbuch der Paläoherpetologie (10A), 1-249 (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. A. Gauthier, 1982 - Fossil xenosaurid and anguid lizards from the early Eocene Wasatch Formation, southeast Wyoming, and a revision of the Anguidea - Contributions to Geology, University of Wyoming (21), 7-54 (journal article, English)
  • L. A. Nessov, 1981 - Nakhodka cheliusti nazemnoi Iashcheritsy v verkhnem melu Uzbekistana [The discovery of a terrestrial lizard jaw in the Upper Cretaceous of Uzbekistan] - Vestnik Leningradskogo Universiteta (2), 105-107 (journal article, Russian)
  • J. C. Rage, 1980 - Amphibians and Squamates from the Upper Eocene of the Isle of Wight - Tertiary Research (3), 47-60 (journal article, )
  • J. Klembara, 1979 - Neue Funde der Gattungen Ophisaurus und Anguis (Squamata, Reptilia) aus dem Untermiozän Westböhmens (CSSR) - Vestnik Ústredniho ustavu geologického (54), 163-169 (journal article, German)
  • R. M. Sullivan, 1979 - Revision of the Paleogene genus Glyptosaurus (Reptilia, Anguidae) - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (163), 1-72 (journal article, English)
  • J. L. Behler, 1979 - - National Audubon Society Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: North America (), 1-743 (book/book chapter, English)
  • C. A. M. Meszoely, 1978 - Eocene anguid lizards of Europe and a revision of the genus Xestops - Herpetologica (34), 87-149 (journal article, English)
  • E. P. Tonni, 1977 - Un furnárido (Aves, Passeriformes) del Pleistoceno medio de la Provincia de Buenos Aires - Publicaciones del Museo Municipal de Ciencias Naturales de Mar del Plata Lorenzo Scaglia (2), 141-147 (journal article, English)
  • M. S. Stevens, 1977 - Further study of Castolon Local Fauna (Early Miocene), Big Bend National Park, Texas - The Pearce-Sellards Series (28), 1-69 (journal article, )
  • A. Sahni, 1976 - Eocene rodents and associated reptiles from the Subathu Formation of northwestern India - Journal of Paleontology (50), 922-928 (journal article, )
  • D. A. Yatkola, 1976 - Mid-Miocene lizards from western Nebraska - Copeia (1976), 645-654 (journal article, English)
  • J. Seiffert, 1975 - Upper Jurassic lizards from central Portugal - Contribuição para o conhecimento da Fauna do Kimerridgiano da Mina de Lignito Guimarota (Leiria, Portugal). Serviços Geológicos de Portugal, Memória (22), 7-85 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. A. Holman, 1970 - Herpetofauna of the Wood Mountain Formation (Upper Miocene) of Saskatchewan. - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (7), 1317-1325 (journal article, English)
  • C. Meszoely, 1970 - North American fossil anguid lizards - Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (139), 87-149 (journal article, English)
  • R. Hoffstetter, 1969 - Présence de Varanidae (Reptilia, Sauria) dans le Miocène de Catalogne. Considérations sur l’histoire de la famille - Bulletin du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (40), 1051-1064 (journal article, French)
  • R. Hoffstetter, 1967 - Coup d'oeil sur les Sauriens (lacertiliens) des couches de Purbeck (Jurassique supérieur d'Angleterre Résumé d'un Mémoire) - Colloques Internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (163), 349-371 (journal article, English)
  • O. W. M. Kuhn, 1966 - - Die Reptilien. System und Stammesgeschichte [The Reptiles. Systematics and Phylogeny.] (), 1-154 (book, German)
  • R. Estes, 1964 - Fossil vertebrates from the Late Cretaceous Lance Formation, eastern Wyoming - University of California Publications in Geological Sciences (49), 1-187 (journal article, English)
  • R. Estes, 1963 - A new gerrhonotine lizard from the Pliocene of California - Copeia (1963), 676-680 (journal article, English)
  • M. K. Hecht, 1959 - Amphibians and Reptiles (in: The Geology and Paleontology of the Elk Mountain and Tabernacle Butte area, Wyoming) - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (117), 130-176 (book chapter, English)
  • P. O. McGrew, 1959 - The geology and paleontology of the Elk Mountain and Tabernacle Butte area, Wyoming - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (117), 117-176 (journal article, English)
  • L. D. Brongersma, 1958 - On an extinct species of the genus Varanus (Reptilia, Sauria) from the Island of Flores - Zoologische Mededelingen (36), 113-125 (journal article, English)
  • B. H. Brattstrom, 1955 - New snakes and lizards from the Eocene of California - Journal of Paleontology (29), 145-149 (journal article, English)
  • W. Auffenberg, 1955 - Glass lizards (Ophisaurus) in the Pleistocene and Pliocene of Florida - Herpetologica (11), 133-136 (journal article, English)
  • B. H. Brattstrom, 1955 - Small herpetofauna from the Pleistocene of Carpinteria, California - Copeia (1955), 138-139 (journal article, English)
  • S. B. McDowell, 1954 - The systematic postition of Lanthanotus and the affinities of the anguinomorphan lizards - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (105), 1-142 (journal article, English)
  • E. C. Galbreath, 1953 - A contribution to the Tertiary geology and paleontology of northeastern Colorado - University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions Vertebrata (4), 1-120 (journal article, English)
  • T. E. White, 1952 - Preliminary analysis of the vertebrate fossil fauna of the Boysen Reservoir area - Proceedings of the United States National Museum (102), 185-207 (journal article, English)
  • P. E. Vanzolini, 1952 - Fossil snakes and lizards from the Lower Miocene of Florida - Journal of Paleontology (26), 452-457 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Gilmore, 1943 - Fossil lizards of Mongolia - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (81), 361-384 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Gilmore, 1942 - Paleocene faunas of the Polecat Bench Formation, Park County, Wyoming Part II. Lizards - Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (85), 159-167 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Gilmore, 1938 - Descriptions of new and little-known fossil lizards from North America - Proceedings of the United States National Museum (86), 11-26 (journal article, English)
  • O. P. Hay, 1930 - - Second Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America (390), 1-1074 (book, English)
  • C. W. Gilmore, 1928 - Fossil lizards of North America - Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences (22), 1-201 (serial monograph, English)
  • B. F. Nopcsa, 1928 - The genera of reptiles - Palaeobiologica (1), 163-188 (journal article, English)
  • A. Wetmore, 1921 - A fossil owl from the Bridger Eocene - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (73), 455-458 (journal article, English)
  • F. Nopcsa, 1908 - Zur Kenntnis der fossilen Eidechsen - Beitrage zur Palaontologie und Geologie Osterreich-ungarns und des Orients (21), 33-62 (journal article, German)
  • E. Douglass, 1903 - New vertebrates from the Montana Tertiary - Annals of Carnegie Museum (2), 145-199 (journal article, English)
  • O. P. Hay, 1902 - - Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey (179), 1-868 (serial monograph, English)
  • G. Baur, 1890 - On the characters and systematic position of the large sea-lizards, Mosasauridae - Science (16), 262- (journal article, English)
  • A. Weithofer, 1888 - Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Fauna von Pikermi bei Athen - Beitr Paläontol Geol Österr-Ung Orients (6), 255-292 (journal article, German)
  • F. Hilgendorf, 1883 - Über eine fossile Eidechse (Propseudopus fraasii spec. nova) von Steinheim in Württemberg - Gesellschaft der naturforschenden Freunde zu Berlin (1883), 139-142 (journal article, German)
  • E. D. Cope, 1875 - Check-list of North American Batrachia and Reptilia; with a systematic list of the higher groups, and an essay on geographical distribution. Based on the specimens contained in the U. S. National Museum - Bulletin of the United States National Museum (1), 1-109 (journal article, English)
  • J. Leidy, 1873 - Part I. Contributions to the extinct vertebrate fauna of the western territories - Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories (1), 1-358 (serial monograph, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1873 - Synopsis of new Vertebrata from the Tertiary of Colorado obtained during the summer of 1873 - Seventh Annual Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories (), - (journal article, English)
  • O. C. Marsh, 1872 - Preliminary description of new Tertiary reptiles. Part I and Part II - The American Journal of Science, series 3 (4), 298-309 (journal article, English)
  • O. C. Marsh, 1871 - A communication on some new reptiles and fishes from the Cretaceous and Tertiary formations - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (1871), 103-105 (journal article, English)
  • J. Leidy, 1870 - [Descriptions of Emys jaenesi, E. haydeni, Baena arenosa, and Saniwa ensidens] - Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (1870), 123-124 (journal article, English)
  • R. Owen, 1859 - Description of some Remains of a Gigantic Land-Lizard (Megalania prisca, OWEN) from A4ustral - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (149), 43-48 (journal article, English)
  • P. Gervais, 1852 - - Zoologie et Paléontologie Françaises (Animaux Vertébrés) ou Nouvelles Recherches sur les Animaux Vivants et Fossiles de la France [French Zoology and Paleontology (Vertebrate Animals) or New Research on the Living and Fossil Animals of France] (1–3), 1-274+ (journal article, French)
  • B. Merrem, 1820 - - Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien (), - (book, German)
  • C. Linnaeus, 1758 - - Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima (1), 1-824 (book, other)