† Monofenestrata


Additional Functions


Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Tetrapoda  ⇒ Serie: Amniota  ⇒ Klade: Sauropsida  ⇒ Infraklasse: Eureptilia  ⇒ ohne Rang: Romeriida  ⇒ Unterklasse: Diapsida  ⇒ Klade: Eosuchia  ⇒ Klade: Neodiapsida  ⇒ Klade: Sauria (Klade)  ⇒ Infraklasse: Archosauromorpha  ⇒ Klade: Archosauriformes  ⇒ ohne Rang: Crurotarsi  ⇒ Klade: Archosauria  ⇒ ohne Rang: Avemetatarsalia  ⇒ Klade: Ornithodira  ⇒ Ordnung: Pterosauria  ⇒ ohne Rang: Lonchognatha

Taxo­nomic seg­ment

ohne Rang

This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Lü et al., 2010

Other languages



Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 196.5 Ma - End age: 113 Ma
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic
Middle Jurassic
Lower/Early Jurassic

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: actively mobile
Environment: marine


Compositon of the remains:


Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

Search for taxonomy at
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Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 1)

Taxonomic assignment (366)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • J.-C. Lu, 2017 - Short note on a new anurognathid pterosaur with evidence of perching behaviour from Jianchang of Liaoning Province, China - Geological Society of London Special Publications (455), 95-104 (book chapter, English)
  • X.-L. Wang, 2017 - New evidence from China for the nature of the pterosaur evolutionary transition - Scientific Reports (7), - (journal article, English)
  • J. Lu, 2015 - A new rhamphorhynchid pterosaur (Pterosauria) from Jurassic deposits of Liaoning Province, China - Zootaxa (3911), 119-129 (journal article, English)
  • B. Andres, 2014 - The earliest pterodactyloid and the origin of the group - Current Biology (24), 1-6 (journal article, English)
  • D. M. Martill, 2013 - A new monofenestratan pterosaur from the Kimmeridge Clay Formation (Kimmeridgian, Upper Jurassic) of Dorset, England - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (58), 285-294 (journal article, English)
  • J. Lü, 2012 - A new Chinese anurognathid pterosaur and the evolution of pterosaurian tail lengths - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (86), 1317-1325 (journal article, English)
  • J. Lü, 2011 - A new darwinopterid pterosaur from the Middle Jurassic of western Liaoning, northeastern China and its ecological implications - Acta Geologica Sinica (85), 507-514 (journal article, English)
  • X. Wang, 2010 - New long-tailed pterosaurs (Wukongopteridae) from western Liaoning, China - Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências (82), 1045-1062 (journal article, English)
  • J. Lü, 2010 - Evidence for modular evolution in a long-tailed pterosaur with a pterodactyloid skull - Proceedings of the Royal Society B (277), 383-389 (journal article, English)
  • B. Andres, 2010 - A new rhamphorhynchid pterosaur from the Upper Jurassic of Xinjiang, China, and the phylogenetic relationships of basal pterosaurs - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (30), 163-187 (journal article, English)
  • J. Lü, 2009 - A new non-pterodactyloid pterosaur from Qinglong County, Hebei Province of China - Acta Geologica Sinica (83), 189-199 (journal article, English)
  • X. Wang, 2009 - An unusual long-tailed pterosaur with elongated neck from western Liaoning of China - Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências (81), 793-812 (journal article, English)
  • D. M. Unwin, 2003 - On the phylogeny and evolutionary history of pterosaurs - Evolution and Palaeobiology of Pterosaurs, Geological Society of London, Special Publications (217), 139-190 (book/book chapter, English)
  • X. Wang, 2002 - A nearly completely articulated rhamphorhynchoid pterosaur with exceptionally well-preserved wing membranes and "hairs" from Inner Mongolia, northeast China - Chinese Science Bulletin (47), 226-230 (journal article, English)
  • D. M. Unwin, 1999 - On a pterosaur jaw from the Upper Jurassic of Tendaguru (Tanzania) - Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin, Geowissenschaftliche Reihe (2), 121-134 (journal article, English)
  • S. -A. Ji, 1999 - Biostratigraphy of two new pterosaurs from China - Nature (398), 573-574 (journal article, English)
  • S. Ji, 1998 - [A new fossil pterosaur (Rhamphorhynchoidea) from Liaoning] - Jiangsu Geology (22), 199-206 (journal article, Chinese)
  • E. Buffetaut, 1990 - A new pterosaur bone from the Kimmeridgian lithographic limestones of Cerin (France) - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte (1990), 321-328 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Carroll, 1988 - - Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution (), 1-698 (compendium, English)
  • C.-C. Young, 1964 - On a new pterosaurian from Sinkiang, China - Vertebrata PalAsiatica (8), 221-255 (journal article, Chinese)
  • A. N. Riabinin, 1948 - Zametka o letayushchem yashchere iz yury Kara-Tau [Note about a flying reptile from the Jurassic of Kara-Tau] - Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta Akademiy Nauk SSSR (1), 86-93 (journal article, Russian)
  • H. Reck, 1931 - Die deutschostafrikanischen Flugsaurier [The German East African pterosaurs] - Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Abteilung B: Geologie und Paläontologie (7), 321-336 (journal article, German)
  • B. F. Nopcsa, 1928 - The genera of reptiles - Palaeobiologica (1), 163-188 (journal article, English)
  • K. A. v. Zittel, 1890 - - Handbuch der Palaeontologie. I. Abteilung Paleozoologie. III. Band. Vertebrata (Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves) [Handbook of Paleontology. Division I. Paleozoology. Volume III. Vertebrata (Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves)] (), xii-900 (book, German)
  • E. D. Cope, 1874 - Review of the Vertebrata of the Cretaceous Period found west of the Mississippi River - Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories, First Series (2), 3-48 (journal article, English)
  • R. Owen, 1861 - - Palaeontology, or a Systematic Summary of Extinct Animals and their Geological Relations. Second Edition. Adam and Charles Black, Edinburgh (), 1-463 (book, English)
  • J. S. Bowerbank, 1846 - On a new species of pterodactyl found in the Upper Chalk of Kent (P. giganteus) - Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London (2), 7-8 (journal article, English)
  • H. v. Meyer, 1845 - System der fossilen Saurier [Taxonomy of fossil saurians] - Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefakten-Kunde (1845), 278-285 (journal article, German)
  • F. Holl, 1829 - - Handbuch der Petrefactenkunde, mit einer Einleitung über die Vorwelt der organischen Wesen auf der Erde von Dr. Ludwig Choulant (1), 1-115 (serial monograph, German)
  • F. A. Ritgen, 1826 - Versuchte Herstellung einiger Becken urweltlicher Thiere aus den Trümmern der Gerippe derselben [Attempted construction of some pelvic girdles of prehistoric animals from the fragments of their skeletons] - Verhandlungen der Kaiserlichen Leopoldinisch-Carolinischen Akademie der Naturforscher (13), 331-358 (journal article, German)
  • S. T. Soemmerring, 1812 - Über einen Ornithocephalus [On an Ornithocephalus] - Denkschriften der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München (3), 89-158 (journal article, German)


GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) Jp09ipG4Gk-D9rUwqoLvpg
GUID (Global unique identifier) 8A3D9D26-B891-4F1A-83F6-B530AA82EFA6
Database ID 6914