Additional Functions


Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Stamm: Chordata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Vertebrata  ⇒ Infrastamm: Gnathostomata  ⇒ Superklasse: Pisces  ⇒ Klasse: Chondrichthyes  ⇒ Unterklasse: Elasmobranchii  ⇒ Kohorte: Euselachii  ⇒ Subkohorte: Neoselachii  ⇒ Klade: Batoidea

Taxo­nomic seg­ment


This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Berg, 1940

Other languages


Echte Rochen



Detailed description

wird auch als Ordnung geführt

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 175.6 Ma - End age: 0.0117 Ma
Upper Pleistocene
Upper/Late Cretaceous
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic
Middle Jurassic
Lower/Early Jurassic

Reference- and Source indication, Literature


Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 7)

Taxonomic assignment (265)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • M. E. Clapham, 2020 - Insect taxonomy information from the internet, with fixing of species orphaned by genus synonymy - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • J. A. Villafaña, 2020 - Sharks, rays and skates (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii)from the Upper Marine Molasse (middle Burdigalian, early Miocene) of the Simssee area (Bavaria, Germany), with comments on palaeogeographic and ecological patterns - PalZ (), - (journal article, English)
  • E. Villalobos-Segura, 2019 - The first three-dimensional fossils of Cretaceous sclerorhynchid sawfish: Asflapristis cristadentis gen. et sp. nov., and implications for the phylogenetic relations of the Sclerorhynchoidei (Chondrichthyes) - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (17), 1847-1870 (journal article, English)
  • S. Stumpf, 2019 - A new Pliensbachian elasmobranch (Vertebrata, Chondrichthyes) assemblage from Europe, and its contribution to the understanding of late Early Jurassic elasmobranch diversity and distributional patterns - PalZ (93), 637-658 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Ebersole, 2019 - Taxonomy and biostratigraphy of the elasmobranchs and bony fishes (Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes) of the lower-to-middle Eocene (Ypresian to Bartonian) Claiborne Group in Alabama, USA, including an analysis of otoliths - European Journal of Taxonomy (585), 1-274 (journal article, English)
  • B. W. Kent, 2018 - The Cartilaginous Fishes (Chimaeras, Sharks, and Rays) of Calvert Cliffs, Maryland, USA - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (100), 45-160 (journal article, English)
  • G. Marrama, 2018 - A new Miocene skate from the Central Paratethys (Upper Austria): the firstunambiguous skeletal record for the Rajiformes (Chondrichthyes: Batomorphii) - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (), 1-24 (journal article, English)
  • T. M. Cullen, 2016 - A vertebrate microsite from a marine-terrestrial transition in the Foremost Formation (Campanian) of Alberta, Canada, and the use of faunal assemblage data as a paleoenvironmental indicator - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (444), 101-114 (journal article, English)
  • K. N. Bice, 2016 - Fossil marine vertebrates from the Codell Sandstone Member (middle Turonian) of the Upper Cretaceous Carlile Shale in Jewell County, Kansas, USA - Cretaceous Research (65), 172-198 (journal article, English)
  • G. R. Case, 2015 - A new elasmobranch assemblage from the early Eocene (Ypresian) Fishburne Formation of Berkeley County, South Carolina, USA - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (52), 1121-1136 (journal article, English)
  • G. Carnevale, 2014 - The Pesciara-Monte Postale Fossil-Lagerstätte: 2. Fishes and other vertebrates - Rendiconti della Società Paleontologica Italiana (4), 37-63 (journal article, English)
  • J. I. Kirkland, 2013 - Elasmobranchs from Upper Cretaceous freshwater facies in southern Utah - At the Top of the Grand Staircase: The Late Cretaceous of Southern Utah (), 153-194 (book chapter, English)
  • H. Ishihara, 2012 - The comparative morphology of skate egg capsules (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii: Rajiformes) - Bulletin of the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum (41), 9-25 (journal article, English)
  • G. R. Case, 2012 - A new species of the sclerorhynchid sawfish Borodinopristis from the Campanian (Upper Cretaceous) of North Carolina, USA - Historical Biology (24), 592-597 (journal article, English)
  • J. Bourdon, 2011 - Selachians from the Upper Cretaceous (Santonian) Hosta Tongue of the Point Lookout Sandstone, central New Mexico - New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin (52), 1-54 (journal article, English)
  • D. Delsate, 2010 - La Couche à Crassum (Toarcien moyen) au Luxembourg: stratigraphie et faunes de la coupe de Dudelange-Zoufftgen - Ferrantia (62), 35-62 (journal article, French)
  • D. J. Cicimurri, 2009 - Late Oligocene sharks and rays from the Chandler Bridge Formation, Dorchester County, South Carolina, USA - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (54), 627-647 (journal article, English)
  • B. E. Wueringer, 2009 - The biology of extinct and extant sawfish (Batoidea: Sclerorhynchidae and Pristidae) - Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries (), - (journal article, English)
  • J. Kriwet, 2009 - Neoselachians (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from the Lower and lower Upper Cretaceous of north-eastern Spain - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (155), 316-347 (journal article, English)
  • T. D. Cook, 2008 - A middle Cenomanian euselachian assemblage from the Dunvegan Formation of northwestern Alberta - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (45), 1185-1197 (journal article, English)
  • K. Shimada, 2008 - Fossil fishes from the basal Greenhorn Limestone (Upper Cretaceous, Late Cenomanian) in Russell County, Kansas - Fort Hays Studies, Special Issue (2), 89-103 (journal article, English)
  • R. Vullo, 2007 - New sharks and rays from the Cenomanian and Turonian of Charentes, France - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (52), 99-116 (journal article, English)
  • J. Kriwet, 2007 - Neoselachians from the upper Campanian and lower Maatrichtian (Upper Cretaceous) of the southern Pyrenees, northern Spain - Palaeontology (50), 1051-1071 (journal article, English)
  • C. J. Underwood, 2006 - Diversification of the Neoselachii (Chondrichthyes) during the Jurassic and Cretaceous - Paleobiology (32), 215-235 (journal article, English)
  • J. Kriwet, 2005 - Additions to the Eocene Selachian Fauna of Antarctica with Comments on Antarctic Selachian Diversity - Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology (25), 1-7 (journal article, English)
  • C. J. Underwood, 2004 - Neoselachian sharks and rays from the British Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) - Palaeontology (47), 447-501 (journal article, English)
  • M. E. Suarez, 2004 - Sclerorhynchid teeth (Neoselachii, Sclerorhynchidae) from the Late Cretaceous of the Quiriquina Formatino, central Chile - Revista Geologica de Chile (31), 89-103 (journal article, English)
  • P. L. Forey, 2003 - Fossil fishes from the Cenomanian (Upper Cretaceous) of Namoura, Lebanon - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (1), 227-330 (journal article, English)
  • D. Delsate, 2003 - Une nouvelle faune des poissons et requins Toarciens du sud du Luxembourg (Dudelange) et de L'Allemange (Schömberg) - Bulletin de l'Académie Lorrain des Sciences (42), 13-49 (journal article, French)
  • C. J. Underwood, 2002 - Sharks, rays and a chimaeroid from the Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) of Ringstead, Southern England - Palaeontology (45), 297-325 (journal article, English)
  • J. I. Kirkland, 2002 - Schizorhiza: a unique sawfish paradigm from the Difunta Group, Coahuila, Mexico - Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas (19), 16-24 (journal article, English)
  • C. J. Underwood, 2002 - Selachian faunas from the lowermost Purbeck Group of Dorset, southern England - Special Papers in Palaeontology (68), 83-101 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • D. Delsate, 2001 - Description de nouveaux morphotypes dentaires de Batomorphii toarciens (Jurassique inférieur) du Bassin de Paris: Archaeobatidae nov fam - Bull. Soc. Nat. Luxemb (102), 131-143 (journal article, English)
  • G. R. Case, 2001 - A new selachian fauna from the Eutaw Formation (Upper Cretaceous/Early to Middle Santonian) of Chattahoochee County, Georgia - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (261), 83-102 (journal article, English)
  • J. Peng, 2001 - Vertebrate microsite assemblages (exclusive of mammals) from the Foremost and Oldman Formations of the Judith River Group (Campanian) of southeastern Alberta: an illustrated guide - Provincial Museum of Alberta, Natural History Occasional Paper (25), 1-54 (journal article, English)
  • H. Cappetta, 1999 - Additions aux faunes de sélaciens du Crétacé du Texas (Albien supérieur-Campanien) - Palaeo Ichthyologica (9), 5-111 (journal article, French)
  • C. J. Underwood, 1999 - Albian and Cenomanian selachian assemblages from north-east England - Special Papers in Palaeontology (60), 9-59 (serial monograph, English)
  • G. R. Case, 1997 - A new Selachian Fauna from the Late Maastrichtian of Texas (Upper Cretaceous/Navarroan; Kemp Formation) - Münchner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen ((A)), 131-189 (journal article, English)
  • L. A. Nessov, 1997 - - Nemorskiye Pozvonochnyye Melovogo Perioda Severnoy Yevrazii [Cretaceous Non-Marine Vertebrates of Northern Eurasia] (), 1-218 (book, Russian)
  • P. Dica, 1996 - Some new batoids (Pisces, Chondrichthyes) from the late Eocene (Priabonian) of Cluj-Napoca Area - Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai, Geologia (41), 117-125 (journal article, English)
  • J. P. Biddle, 1993 - Les Elasmobranches de l'Albien inferieur et moyen (Cretace inferieur) de la Marne et de la Haute-Marne (France) - Belgian Geological Survey (264), 191-240 (journal article, English)
  • A. Müller, 1991 - Selachier {Pisces, Chondrichthyes) aus dem Cenomanium von Ascheloh am Teutoburger Wald (Nordrhein-Westfalen, NW-Deutschland) - Geologie und Paläontologie in Westfalen (20), 1-105 (journal article, German)
  • G. R. Case, 1988 - Late Cretaceous Fish from the Blufftown Formation (Campanian) in Western Georgia - Journal of Paleontology (62), 290-301 (journal article, English)
  • H. Cappetta, 1988 - Les Torpediniformes (Neoselachii, Batomorphii) des phosphates du Maroc; observations sur la denture des genres actuels. The Torpedini - Tertiary Research (10), 21-52 (journal article, English)
  • G. R. Case, 1987 - A new selachian fauna from the late Campanian of Wyoming (Teapot Sandstone Member, Mesaverde Formation, Big Horn Basin) - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (197), 1-37 (journal article, English)
  • H. Cappetta, 1987 - - Handbook of Paleoichthyology: Chondrichthyes II Mesozoic and Cenozoic Elasmobranchii (), 1-193 (book, English)
  • T. Uyeno, 1986 - A new Cretaceous ganopristoid sawfish of the genus Ischyrhiza from Japan - Bulletin of the National Science Museum Tokyo, Series C (12), 67-72 (journal article, English)
  • D. Thies, 1983 - Jurazeitliche Neoselachier aus Deutschland und S-England (Jurassic neoselachians from German and S-England) - Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg (58), 1-116 (journal article, German)
  • P. A. Johnston, 1980 - First record of Mesosoic mammals from Saskatchewan - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (17), 512-519 (journal article, )
  • H. Capetta, 1980 - Les selaciens du Cretace superieur du Liban. II: Batoides - Palaeontolographica Abt. A (168), 149-229 (journal article, English)
  • G. R. Case, 1978 - A new selachian fauna from the Judith River Formation (Campanian) of Montana - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (160), 176-205 (journal article, English)
  • I. W. Keyes, 1977 - Records of the northern hemisphere Cretaceous sawfish genus Onchopristis (order Batoidea) from New Zealand - Journal of Geology and Geophysics (20), 263-272 (journal article, )
  • J. Herman, 1975 - Les Selaciens de sterrains neocretaces and paleocenes de Belgique and des contrees limitrophes Elements d'une biostratigraphie intercontinentale - Memoires pour servier a l'explications des Cartes geologiques et minieres de la Belgique (15), 1-401 (journal article, French)
  • H. Capetta, 1974 - Sclerorhynchidae nov. fam. Pristidae et Pristiophoridae: un exemple de parallelisme chez Selaciens - Comptes rendus de Academie de Sciences Paris Serie D (278), 225-228 (journal article, French)
  • H. Cappetta, 1973 - Selachians from the Carlile Shale (Turonian) of South Dakota - Journal of Paleontology (47), 504-514 (journal article, English)
  • J. T. Thurmond, 1971 - Cartilaginous fishes of the Trinity Group and related rocks (Lower Cretaceous) of north central Texas - Southeastern Geology (13), 207-227 (journal article, English)
  • R. da. Silva Santos, 1968 - A paleoictiofauna da Formacao Santana - Euselachii - Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias (40), 491-497 (journal article, Portugese)
  • S. Jonet, 1968 - Notes d'ichthyologie Miocene Portugaise; V, Queleques batoides - Revista de Faculdade de Ciencias 2a Ser. C. Ciencias Naturais (15), 233-257 (journal article, English)
  • R. Estes, 1964 - Fossil vertebrates from the Late Cretaceous Lance Formation, eastern Wyoming - University of California Publications in Geological Sciences (49), 1-187 (journal article, English)
  • D. S. Jordan, 1963 - The Genera of Fishes and a Classification of Fishes - Stanford University Press (), 1-816 (book, English)
  • N. Tabaste, 1963 - Étude derestes de poissons du Crétacé saharien [Study of fish remains from the Saharan Cretaceous] - Mélanges Ichthyologiques Dédiés à la Mémoire d’Achille Valenciennes (1794–1865). Mémoires de l’Institute Français d’Afrique Noire (68), 437-485 (serial monograph, French)
  • S. P. Welles, 1962 - A new species of elasmosaur from the Aptian of Colombia and a review of the Cretaceous plesiosaurs - University of California Publications in Geological Sciences (44), 1-96 (journal article, English)
  • H. W. Fowler, 1958 - Some new taxonomic names of fishlike vertebrates - Notulae Naturae of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (310), 1-16 (journal article, English)
  • M. Leriche, 1942 - Contribution a l'etude des faunes ichthyologiques marines des terrains tertiaires de la plaine cotiere Atlantique et du centre des Etats-Unis - Memoires de la Societe Geologique de France (45), 1-111 (journal article, French)
  • G. P. Whitley, 1940 - The Nomenclator Zoologicus and some new fish names - Australian Naturalist (10), 241-243 (journal article, English)
  • C. Arambourg, 1940 - Le groupe des Ganopristinés [The group of the ganopristines] - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, série 5 (10), 127-147 (journal article, French)
  • E. Stromer, 1930 - Ergebnisse der Forschungsreisen Prof. E. Stromers in den Wüsten Ägyptens. VI. Beschreibung von Wirbeltier-Resten aus dem nubischen Sandsteine Oberägyptens und aus ägyptischen Phosphaten nebst Bemerkungen über die Geologie der Umgegend von Mahamîd in Oberä - Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Abteilung, Neue Folge (7), 1-42 (serial monograph, German)
  • D. S. Jordan, 1923 - Fossil sharks and rays of the Pacific slope of North America - Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences (22), 27-63 (journal article, English)
  • E. Haug, 1905 - VIII. Paléontologie [VIII. Paleontology] - Documents Scientifiques de la Mission Saharienne. Mission Foureau-Lamy (2), 751-832 (book chapter, French)
  • C. R. Eastman, 1904 - Systematic Paleontology: Pisces - Maryland Geological Survey Miocene, Text (), 71-93 (journal article, English)
  • O. P. Hay, 1902 - - Bibliography and Catalogue of the Fossil Vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey (179), 1-868 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. Hamilton, 1901 - Notice of an electric ray new to the fauna of New Zealand belonging to the genus Astrape - Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand (34), 224-226 (journal article, English)
  • O. Jaekel, 1894 - - Die eocanen Selachier vom Monte Bolca (), 1-176 (book/book chapter, English)
  • A. S. Woodward, 1889 - - Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum (Natural History) Part 1 (), 1-613 (serial monograph, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1876 - Descriptions of some vertebrate remains from the Fort Union Beds of Montana - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (28), 248-261 (journal article, English)
  • E. D. Cope, 1876 - Descriptions of some vertebrate remains from the Fort Union Beds of Montana - Paleontological Bulletin (22), 1-14 (journal article, English)
  • J. Leidy, 1873 - Part I. Contributions to the extinct vertebrate fauna of the western territories - Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories (1), 1-358 (serial monograph, English)
  • P. Gervais, 1859 - - Zoologie et Paléontologie Françaises. Nouvelles Recherches sur les Animaux Vertébrés dont on Trouve les Ossements Enfouis dans le Sol de la France et sur leur Comparaison aves les Espèces Propres aux Autres Régions du Globe (Deuxième Edition) [French Zool (), 544- (book, French)
  • J. Leidy, 1856 - Notice of remains of extinct vertebrated animals discovered by Professor E. Emmons - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (8), 255-257 (journal article, English)
  • P. Gervais, 1852 - - Zoologie et Paléontologie Françaises (Animaux Vertébrés) ou Nouvelles Recherches sur les Animaux Vivants et Fossiles de la France [French Zoology and Paleontology (Vertebrate Animals) or New Research on the Living and Fossil Animals of France] (1–3), 1-274+ (journal article, French)
  • L. Agassiz, 1843 - - Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome I (livr. 18). Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel (), xxxii-188 (book, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1843 - - Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome III (livr. 15-16). Imprimérie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel (), 157-390 (book, French)
  • C. Linnaeus, 1758 - - Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima (1), 1-824 (book, other)


GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) i6_420a17km4_PjQ8pkD_Q
GUID (Global unique identifier) DBF8AF8B-B546-49EE-B8FC-F8D0F29903FD
Database ID 707