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Neognathostomata

Neognathostomata

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Klade: Ambulacraria  ⇒ Stamm: Echinodermata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Echinozoa  ⇒ Klasse: Echinoidea  ⇒ Unterklasse: Euechinoidea  ⇒ Infraklasse: Irregularia

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Überordnung

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Smith, 1981

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Neognathostomata

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 168.3 Ma - Endalter: 0 Ma
0
0.0117
1.806
5.332
13.65
23.03
37
55.8
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
Meghalayan
Nordgrippian
Greenlandian
Oberes Pleistozän
Mittleres Pleistozän
Unteres Pleistozän
Gelasium
Piacenzium
Zancleum
Messinium
Tortonium
Serravallium
Langhium
Burdigalium
Aquitanium
Chattium
Rupelium
Priabonium
Bartonium
Lutetium
Ypresium
Thanetium
Selandium
Danium
Maastricht
Campan
Santon
Coniac
Turon
Cenoman
Alb
Apt
Barreme
Hauterive
Valangin
Berrias
Tithonium
Kimmeridgium
Oxfordium
Callovium
Bathonium
Bajocium
Holozän
Pleistozän
Pliozän
Miozän
Oligozän
Eozän
Paläozän
Obere Kreide
Untere Kreide
Malm
Dogger
Quartär
Neogen
Paläogen
Kreide
Jura

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: aktiv mobil
Lebensweise und Ort: epifaunal
Umweltbedingungen: marin
Ernährungsweise:

Abweider (grazer), Ablagerung-Fresser (deposit feeder)

Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Calcit mit hohem Mg-Gehalt

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Links

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 5)

Fossilzuordnungen (1122)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • R. Mooi, 2018 - Late Oligocene–Miocene non-lunulate sand dollars of South America:Revision of abertellid taxa and descriptions of two new families,two new genera, and a new species - Zootaxa (4369), 301-326 (journal article, English)
  • A. S. Osborn, 2016 - Additions to the Eocene echinoid fauna of the southeastern United States, including a new genus and species of prenasterid heart urchin - Southeastern Geology (52), 33-59 (journal article, English)
  • J. F. Carrasco, 2015 - Primera cita del género Scutellina (Echinoidea, Eoceno) en España (First record of the genus Scutellina (Echinoidea, Eocene) in Spain) - Batalleria (22), 12-21 (journal article, Spanish)
  • A. Kroh, 2010 - The phylogeny and classification of post-Palaeozoic echinoids - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (8), 147-212 (journal article, English)
  • A. Kroh, 2010 - Index of Living and Fossil Echinoids 1971-2008 - Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. Serie A für Mineralogie und Petrographie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Anthropologie und Prähistorie (112), 195-470 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Smith, 2009 - Classification of the Echinoidea - Online database (), - (unpublished, English)
  • C. L. C. Manso, 2008 - Equinoides do Turoniano (Cretaceo Superior) de Sergipe, Brasil - São Paulo, UNESP, Geociencias (27), 319-327 (journal article, Portugese)
  • T. Saucède, 2006 - An ‘Elvis’ echinoid, Nucleopygus (Jolyclypus) jolyi, from the Cenomanian of France: phylogenetic analysis, sexual dimorphism and neotype designation - Cretaceous Research (27), 542-554 (journal article, English)
  • S. K. Donovan, 2005 - Lower Miocene echinoderms of Jamaica, West Indies - Scripta Geologica (129), 91-135 (journal article, English)
  • M. Gatt, 2005 - A new late Oligocene to early Miocene species of Apatopygus (Echinoidea: Cassiduloida) from the Maltese Islands - Alcheringa (29), 101-112 (journal article, English)
  • P. Bouchet, 2005 - A nomenclator and classification of gastropod family-group names - Malacologia (47), 1-368 (journal article, English)
  • S. Martinez, 2005 - A New Species of Abertella (Echinoidea: Scutellina) from the Gran Bajo del Gualicho Formation (Late Early Miocene-Early Middle Miocene), Río Negro Province, Argentina - Journal of Paleontology (79), 1229-1233 (journal article, English)
  • F. C. Holmes, 2004 - A new Late Eocene cassiduloid (Echinoidea) from Yorke Peninsula, South Australia - Memoirs of Museum Victoria (61), 209-216 (journal article, English)
  • S. Martin, 2004 - First record of a neolampadoid echinoid from the Paleogene of Western Australia - Records of the Western Australian Museum (22), 213-217 (journal article, English)
  • W. Kiessling, 2003 - Personal data - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • R. Berndt, 2003 - Cenomanian echinoids from Southern Jordan - N. Jb. Geol. Palaont. Mh (2003), 73-90 (journal article, English)
  • M. A. Kosnik, 2002 - personal opinion. - (), - (unpublished, )
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Leloux, 2002 - Type specimens of Maastrichtian fossils in the National Museum of Natural History, Leiden - (), - (unpublished, English)
  • I. D. Lindley, 2001 - Tertiary echinoids from Papua New Guinea - Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (123), 119-139 (journal article, English)
  • A. Kroh, 2001 - Echinoids from the Danian (Lower Paleocene) Bruderndorf Formation of Austria - Paleogene of the Eastern Alps (), 377-463 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Smith, 2001 - Probing the cassiduloid origins of clypeasteroid echinoids using stratigraphically restricted parsimony analysis - Paleobiology (27), 392-404 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Smith, 2000 - Maastrichtian and Palaeocene echinoids: a key to world faunas - Special Papers in Palaeontology (63), 1-406 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. B. Smith, 2000 - British Cretaceous echinoids. Part 6, Neognathostomata (Cassiduloids) - Monographs of the Palaeontographical Society (154), 391-429 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. W. M. Jagt, 2000 - Late Cretaceous-Early Paleocene echinoderms and the K/T boundary in the southeast Netherlands and the northeast Belgium. - part 4: Echinoids - Scripta Geologica (21), 181-375 (journal article, )
  • D. Frassinetti, 1999 - Invertibrados fósiles marinos de la Formación Guadal (Oligoceno superio-Mioceno inferior) en Pampa, Castillo region, región de Aisén, Chile - Servico Nacional de Geologia y Mineria Chile Boletin (51), 1-96 (serial monograph, Spanish)
  • U. Rehfeld, 1998 - Hydrozoan build-ups of Millepora irregularis sp. nov. and fungiid coral meadows of Cunnolites Alloiteau (Anthozoa) - palaeoecological and palaeoceanographical implications for the Upper Cretaceous of north Cantabria (northern Spain) - Facies (39), 125-138 (journal article, )
  • P. M. Kier, 1997 - Oligocene echinoids of North Carolina - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (83), 1-37 (journal article, English)
  • R. P. Irwin, 1995 - New family and genus of Clypeasteroida (Echinoidea) from the Australian Tertiary - Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, Memoir (18), 189-198 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Smith, 1995 - Late Campanian-Maastrichtian echinoids from the United Arab Emirates-Oman border region - Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (51), 121-240 (journal article, English)
  • D. Néraudeau, 1995 - The Cretaceous echinoids from central Saudi Arabia - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen (197), 399-424 (journal article, English)
  • J.O. Chiesa, 1995 - Observaciones estratigraficas en el Paleogeno del noroeste de la Provincia de Santa Cruz (Republica Argentina). Parte II: Invertebrados marinos de la Formacion El Chacy (Eoceno), Provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina. Systematica y bioestratigrafia - Monografias de la Acadamia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas Y Naturales (11), 17-68 (journal article, Spanish)
  • K.J. McNamara, 1994 - Cenozoic Molluscs and Echinoids of Barrow Island, Western Australia - Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement (51), - (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Squires, 1994 - A New Species of the Oligopygoid Echinoid Haimea from the Lower Eocene of Baja California Sur, Mexico - Journal of Paleontology (68), 846-851 (journal article, English)
  • S. K. Donovan, 1993 - Jamaican Cretaceous Echinoidea - Geological Society of America Memoir (182), 93-103 (serial monograph, English)
  • S. K. Donovan, 1993 - Jamaican Cenozoic Echinoidea - Geological Society of America Memoir (182), 371-412 (book/book chapter, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1992 - Neogene Paleontology in the Northern Dominican Republic. 13. The Class Echinoidea (Echinodermata) - Bulletins of American Paleontology (102), 13-28 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. B. Smith, 1991 - Taxonomic descriptions, in Cretaceous echinoids from north-eastern Brazil - Fossils and Strata (31), 1-88 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. A. Linder, 1988 - New late Oligocene echinoids from the central western cascades of Oregon - Journal of Paleontology (62), 945-958 (journal article, English)
  • A. P. Larrain, 1985 - New Pygurus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) from the Tithonian of central Chile: first record from the Jurassic of the southern hemisphere - Journal of Paleontology (59), 1409-1413 (journal article, English)
  • C.-C. Wang, 1984 - Fossil Echinodiscus from Taiwan - Bulletin of the central geological survey (), 107-115 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1984 - Fossil spatangoid echinoids of Cuba - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (55), 1-336 (journal article, English)
  • C.-C. Wang, 1984 - New classification of clypeasteroid echinoids - Proceedings of the Geological Society of China (27), 119-152 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Smith, 1981 - Implications of lantern morphology for the phylogeny of post-Palaeozoic echinoids - Palaeontology (24), 779-801 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1980 - The Echinoids of the Middle Eocene Warley Hill Formation, Santee Limestone, and Castle Hayne Limestone of North and South Carolina - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (39), 1-102 (, )
  • J. W. Durham, 1978 - New Sand Dollars (Echinoidea) of the Genera Merriamaster and Dendraster from Purisima Formation, California - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (41), 297-305 (journal article, English)
  • J. Roman, 1976 - Echinides éocènes et miocènes du Qatar (Golfe Persique) - Annales de Paléontologie (62), 49-85 (journal article, French)
  • P. H. De Buisonjé, 1974 - Neogene and Quaternary geology of Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire - Natuurwetenschappelijke Studiekring voor Suriname en de Nederlandse Antillen (74), 1-291 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Wagner, 1974 - Fossil and recent sand dollar echinoids of Alaska - Journal of Paleontology (48), 105-123 (journal article, English)
  • F. Tessier, 1973 - Études paléontologiques et géologiques sur les Falaises de Fresco (Côte d'Ivoire). 6. Échinides - Annales de la Faculté des Sciences, Université de Dakar (26), 139-172 (journal article, French)
  • P. M. Kier, 1972 - Upper Miocene Echinoids from the Yorktown Formation of Virginia and their environmental significance - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (13), - (serial monograph, English)
  • G. M. Philip, 1971 - Marsupiate Tertiary echinoids from southeastern Australia and their zoogeographic significance - Palaeontology (14), 666-695 (journal article, English)
  • E. S. Poretskaya, 1971 - O yurskikh morskikh ezhakh Armyanskoy SSR - Izvestiya AN Armyanskoy SSR, Nauki o Zemle (6), 3-8 (journal article, Russian)
  • S. Nisiyama, 1968 - The echinoid fauna from Japan and adjacent regions, Part II - Paalaeontological Society of Japan Special Papers (13), 1-480 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1968 - Echinoids from the Middle Eocene Lake City Formation of Georgia - Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections (153), 1-45 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Durham, 1966 - Neolampadoids - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology,Part U Echinodermata 3. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press (2), U628-U630 (serial monograph, English)
  • C. D. Wagner, 1966 - Holectypoids - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology,Part U Echinodermata 3. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press (2), U440-U450 (book/book chapter, English)
  • J. W. Durham, 1966 - Clypeasteroids - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology,Part U Echinodermata 3. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press (2), U450-U491 (book/book chapter, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1966 - Cassiduloids - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part U. Echinodermata. 3 (2). Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Boulder and Lawrence (), U492-U523 (book/book chapter, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1964 - Fossil echinoids from the Marshall Islands - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (260-GG), 1121-1126 (journal article, English)
  • W. Jesionek-Szymanska, 1963 - Échinides irréguliers du Dogger de Pologne - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (8), 293-414 (journal article, French)
  • G. M. Philip, 1963 - Two Australian Tertiary neolampadids, and the classification of cassiduloid echinoids - Palaeontology (6), 718-726 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1962 - Revision of the cassiduloid echinoids - Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections (144), 1-262 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Durham, 1961 - Miocene echinoids from the Valle Central, Costa Rica - Journal of Paleontology (35), 480-488 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1959 - Cenozoic echinoids of eastern United States - United States Geological Survey Professional Papers (321), 1-106 (journal article, English)
  • F. M. Anderson, 1958 - Upper Cretaceous of the Pacific Coast - Geological Society of America Memoir (71), 1-378 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. W. Durham, 1955 - Classification of clypeasteroid echinoids - California University Publications in Geological Sciences (31), 73-198 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. W. Durham, 1954 - A new family of clypeastroid echinoids - Journal of Paleontology (28), 677-684 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Durham, 1953 - Type Species of Scutella - Journal of Paleontology (27), 347-352 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1953 - American Upper Cretaceous Echinoidea - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (254-A), 1-44 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Sanchez-Roig, 1953 - Nuevos Equinidos fosiles de la fauna Cubana - Anales de la Academia de Ciencias Medicas, Fisicas Y Naturales de la Habana (41), 136-176 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. D. Gill, 1953 - Facies and Fauna in the Bhadrar Beds of the Punjab Salt Range, Pakistan - Journal of Paleontology (27), 824-844 (journal article, )
  • M. Sánchez Roig, 1952 - El genero Cubanaster (Equinidos fosiles irregulares) - Torreia (16), 3-8 (journal article, Spanish)
  • J. W. Durham, 1949 - Dendraster elsmerensis Durham, n. sp. - American Journal of Science (247), 49-62 (journal article, English)
  • T. Mortensen, 1948 - - A Monograph of the Echinoidea. IV, 2. Clypeasteroida. Clypeasteridæ, Arachnoidæ, Fibulariidæ, Laganidæ and Scutellidæ. C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen (), 1-471 (book/book chapter, English)
  • G. Checchia-Rispoli, 1945 - Di due nuovi generi di Echinidi del Cretaceo della Somalia - Bollettino del R. Ufficio Geologico d’Italia (68), 81-90 (journal article, Italian)
  • C. E. Weaver, 1942 - Paleontology of the Marine Tertiary formations of Oregon and Washington - University of Washington Publications in Geology (5), 1-789 (serial monograph, English)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1942 - Cenozoic irregular echinoids of the Eastern United States - Journal of Paleontology (16), 1-62 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1941 - Oligopygus nancei, a new echinoid from Venezuela - Journal of Paleontology (15), 305-306 (journal article, English)
  • U. S. Grant, 1938 - The West American Cenozoic Echinoidea - Publications of the University of California at Los Angeles in Mathematical and Physical Sciences (2), 1-225 (journal article, English)
  • R. T. Jackson, 1937 - Mexican fossil echini - Proceedings fo the United States National Museum (84), 227-237 (journal article, English)
  • C. J. Maury, 1936 - - Monographias do Servico Geologico E Mineralogico (11), 1-283 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1930 - Taxonomic names, in Note sur quelques Échinides du Soudan - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, Série 4 (29), 471-477 (journal article, French)
  • J. Weir, 1929 - Jurassic Fossils from Jubaland, East Africa, Collected by V. G. Glenday, And the Jurassic Geology of Somaliland - Monographs of the Geological Department of the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow University (), 1-63 (serial monograph, English)
  • T. Nagao, 1928 - Palaeogene fossils of the Island of Kyushu, Japan Part II - Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University (12), 11-140 (journal article, English)
  • H. L. Clark, 1928 - The sea-lilies, sea-stars, brittlestars and seaurchins of the South Australian Museum. - Records of the South Australian Museum (3), 361-482 (journal article, English)
  • A. G. Brighton, 1926 - Eocene echinoids from N.W. Peru - Geological Magazine (63), 359-371 (journal article, English)
  • E. K. Jordan, 1926 - Expedition to the Revillagigedo Islands, Mexico, in 1925, VII. Contribution to the geology and paleontology of the Tertiary of Cedros Island and adjacent parts of Lower California - Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (15), 409-464 (journal article, English)
  • M. Sanchez Roig, 1926 - Los Equiodermos fosiles de Cuba - Contribucion a la paleontologia Cubana (), 1-179 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1925 - Essai de nomenclature raisonnée des échinides - L. Ferrière, Chaumont (), 513-607 (serial monograph, French)
  • R. Fourtau, 1924 - - Catalogue des Invertébrés fossiles de l’Egypte représentés dans les collections du Musée de Géologie au Caire. Terrains Jurassiques. Ière partie. Echinodermes. Palaeontological Series 6, Geological Survey of Egypt, Cairo (), 1-39 (book/book chapter, French)
  • G. Stefanini, 1924 - Relations between American and European Tertiary echinoid faunas - Bulletin of the Geological Society of America (35), 827-846 (journal article, English)
  • H. V. Howe, 1922 - Faunal and stratigraphic relationships of the Empire Formation, Coos Bay, Oregon - University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences (14), 85-114 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. L. Hawkins, 1922 - Section C. An echinoid from the Eocene deposits of Peru - Geology of the Tertiary and Quaternary Periods in the Northwest Part of Peru (), 119-123 (book chapter, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1921 - Essai de nomenclature raisonnée des échinides - L. Ferrière, Chaumont (), 321-384 (serial monograph, French)
  • J. Lambert, 1918 - Considérations sur la classification des Echinides Atélostomes. I. Brachygnata et Procassiduloida - Mémoires de la Société Académique d’Agriculture des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres du Département de l’Aube, Série 3 (55), 9-54 (journal article, French)
  • G. Checchia-Rispoli, 1917 - “Zuffardia”, nuovo genere di Echinide del Senoniano della Tripolitania - Rendiconti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Classe di Scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, Atti, Serie 5a (26), 492-494 (journal article, Italian)
  • R. T. Jackson, 1917 - Fossil Echini of the Panama Canal Zone and Costa Rica - Proceedings of the Unites States National Museum (53), 489-501 (journal article, English)
  • P. Oppenheim, 1915 - Die eocänen Invertebraten. Fauna des Kalksteins in Togo im Zusammenhange mit anderen Tertiärablagerungen Afrikas vergleichend betrachtet - Beiträge zur geologischen Erforschung der deutschen Schutzgebiete (12), 1-26 (journal article, German)
  • W. B. Clark, 1915 - The Mesozoic and Cenozoic Echinodermata of the United States - United States Geological Survey Bulletin (54), 1-341 (serial monograph, English)
  • F. M. Anderson, 1914 - Neocene record in the Temblor Basin, California, and Neocene deposits of the San Juan District, San Luis Obispo County - Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series (4), 15-112 (journal article, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1914 - Essai de nomenclature Raisonnée des échinides - L. Ferrière, Chaumont (), 241-320 (serial monograph, French)
  • W. S. W. Kew, 1914 - Tertiary echinoids of the Carrizo Creek region in the Colorado Desert - University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology (8), 39-60 (serial monograph, English)
  • G. Stefanini, 1912 - Osservazioni sulla distribuzione geografica, sulla origini e sulla filogenesi degli Scutellidae - Bolletino della Societa Geologica Italiana (30), 739-754 (journal article, Italian)
  • R. W. Pack, 1909 - Notes On Echinoids From The Tertiary of California - University of California Publications Bulletin of the Department of Geology (5), 275-283 (journal article, English)
  • P. Lemoine, 1909 - Contributions à la connaissance géologique des colonies françaises. VIII - Sur quelques fossiles du Tilemsi (Soudan) - Bulletin de la Société Philomathique de Paris, Dixième Série (1), 101-111 (journal article, French)
  • C. E. Weaver, 1908 - New Echinoids From the Tertiary of California - University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology (5), 271-274 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Walcott, 1908 - Cambrian Geology and Paleontology. No. 2. Cambrian Trilobites - Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections (53), 13-48 (journal article, English)
  • E. Bose, 1906 - Sobre algunas faunas terciarias - Boletin del Instituto Geologico de Mexico (22), - (serial monograph, English)
  • F. M. Anderson, 1905 - A Stratigraphic Study in the Mount Diablo Range of California - Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Third Series Geology (2), 1-148 (journal article, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1905 - Notes sur quelques Echinides éocéniques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault - Catalogue descriptif des fossiles nummulitiques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault. Annales de l’Université de Lyon, Nouvelle Série, I. Sciences, Médecine (17), 129-164 (book/book chapter, French)
  • F. A. Bather, 1904 - Eocene echinoids from Sokoto - Geological Magazine, Decade V (1), 292-304 (journal article, English)
  • P. de Loriol, 1902 - Notes pour servir à l’étude des échinodermes - Librairie Georg et cie, Bale & Genève (), 1-32 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1900 - Étude sur quelques échinides de l’infra-Lias et du Lias - Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Historiques et Naturelles de l’Yonne (53), 3-57 (journal article, French)
  • J. C. Merriam, 1899 - The Tertiary sea-urchins of Middle California - Proceedins of the California Academy of Science (1), 161-175 (journal article, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1898 - Note sur les Echinides de la Craie de Ciply - Bulletin de la Société Belge de Géologie, de Paléontologie et d’Hydrologie (11), 141-190 (journal article, French)
  • E. Haeckel, 1896 - - Systematische Phylogenie der Echinodermen. Entwurf eines natürlichen Systems der Organismen auf Grund ihrer Stammesgeschichte. Theil 2. Wirbellose Thiere (), 348-504 (book/book chapter, German)
  • F. Lahille, 1896 - Variabilité et affinités du Monophora darwini - Revista del Museo de La Plata (7), 411-444 (journal article, French)
  • F. W. Cragin, 1895 - A new Cretaceous genus of Clypeasteridae - The American Geologist (20), 90-91 (journal article, English)
  • G. Cotteau, 1895 - - Mission scientifique en Perse par J. de Morgan. Vol. 3, études géologiques, partie 2, Paléontologie. Leroux, Paris (), 1-107 (book/book chapter, French)
  • F. Kossmat, 1893 - Über einige Kreideversteinerungen vom Gabun - Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe (102), 575-590 (journal article, German)
  • P. M. Duncan, 1889 - A revision of the genera and great groups of the Echinoidea - Journal of the Linnean Society, Zoology (23), 1-311 (journal article, English)
  • P. de Loriol, 1888 - Description des échinides, in Matériaux pour l'étude stratigraphique et paléontologique de la province d'Angola. 30(2):1-116 - Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève (30), 97-114 (serial monograph, French)
  • A. Pomel, 1888 - Notes d’échinologie synonymique - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, Série 3 (16), 441-453 (journal article, French)
  • W. Waagen, 1883 - Productus Limestone Fossils, Part IV, fas. 2 - Salt Range Fossils, Palaeontologia Indica, Series 13 (1), 391-546 (serial monograph, English)
  • A. Pomel, 1883 - Classification méthodique des échinides vivants et fossiles - Adolphe Jourdan, Alger (), 1-131 (book/book chapter, French)
  • K. A. von Zittel, 1879 - - Handbuch der Palaeontologie (1), 1-765 (book, German)
  • A. Agassiz, 1873 - Revision of the Echini - Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College (3), 379-628 (journal article, English)
  • A. Agassiz, 1872 - Revision of the Echini - Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College (3), 1-378 (journal article, English)
  • G. C. Laube, 1869 - Über einige fossile Echiniden von den Murray cliffs in Süd-Australien - Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, mathematischnaturwissenschaftliche Classe, Abtheilung I (59), 183-198 (journal article, German)
  • G. H. Cotteau, 1869 - - Echinides du département de la Sarthe, considérés d'un point de vue zoologique et stratigraphique; JB Baillière et Fils, Paris (), 385-457 (book/book chapter, French)
  • A. E. Verrill, 1867 - Notes on the Radiata in the Museum of Yale College, with descriptions of new genera and species - Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences (1), 247-322 (journal article, English)
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  • W. M. Gabb, 1866 - Section I. Tertiary Invertebrate Fossils. Part I. Description of New Species - Palaeontology of California, Volume II, Cretaceous and Tertiary Fossils (), 1-38 (book chapter, English)
  • A. Rémond, 1863 - Description of four new species of Echinodermata, from the Tertiaries of Contra Costa County - Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (3), 52-54 (journal article, English)
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  • T. A. Conrad, 1856 - Descriptions of three new genera; twenty-three new species Middle Tertiary fossils from California, and one from Texas - Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (8), 301-327 (journal article, English)
  • J. E. Gray, 1855 - - Catalogue of the Recent Echinida, or Sea Eggs, in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Echinida Irregularia. Woodfall & Kinder, London (), 1-69 (book/book chapter, English)
  • E. d'Archiac, 1853 - - Description des animaux fossiles du groupe nummulitique de l'Inde, précédée d'un résumé géologique et d'une monographie des nummulites. Gide & J. Baudry, Paris (), 1-373 (book/book chapter, French)
  • J. E. Gray, 1851 - Description of two new genera and some new species of Scutellidae and Echinolampidae in the Collection of the British Museum - Proceedings of the Zoological Society, London (19), 34-38 (journal article, English)
  • E. Desor, 1847 - Sur quelques oursins fossiles de la Patagonie - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, Série 2 (4), 287-288 (journal article, French)
  • L. Agassiz, 1847 - Catalogue raisonné des familles, des genres, et des espèces de la classe des échinodermes - Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Troisième Série, Zoologie (7-8), - (journal article, French)
  • E. Forbes, 1846 - Report on the fossil invertebrata from southern India, collected by Mr. Kaye and Mr. Cunliffe - Transactions of the Geological Society of London, Series 2 (7), 97-174 (journal article, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1840 - - Catalogus systematicus Ectyporum Echinodermatum fossilium Musei Neocomiensis, secundum ordinem zoologicum dispositus; adjectis synonymis recentioribus, nec non stratis et locis in quibus reperiuntur. Sequuntur characteres diagnostici generum novorum vel m (), 1-20 (book/book chapter, other)
  • L. Agassiz, 1839 - Description des Echinodermes fossiles de la Suisse; première partie, Spatangoides et Clypéasteroides - Mémoires de la Société helvétique des Sciences naturelles (3), 1-101 (journal article, French)
  • L. Agassiz, 1836 - Prodrome d'une monographie des radiaires ou échinodermes - Mémoires de la Société des Sciences Naturelles de Neuchâtel (1), 168-199 (journal article, French)
  • J. E. Gray, 1825 - An attempt to divide the Echinida, or Sea Eggs, into natural families - Annals of Philosophy, new series (10), 423-431 (journal article, English)
  • H. F. Link, 1807 - - Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universitaet zu Rostock, Abteilung 3. Gedruckt bey Adlers Erben, Rostock (), 101-165 (book/book chapter, German)
  • J. -B. Lamarck, 1801 - Système des Animaux sans Vertèbres, ou Tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux - (8), 1-432 (serial monograph, French)
  • N. G. Leske, 1778 - - Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum, edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum, G. E. Beer, Leipzig (), 1-278 (book/book chapter, other)