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Blastozoa

Blastozoa

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Klade: Ambulacraria  ⇒ Stamm: Echinodermata

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Unterstamm

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Sprinkle, 1973

Andere Sprachen

wissenschaftlich

Blastozoa

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 516 Ma - Endalter: 358.9 Ma
345.3
385.3
407
418.7
426.2
439
455.8
471.8
492
503
521
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Sheinwood
Telychium
Aeronium
Rhuddanium
Hirnantium
Katium
Sandbium
Darriwilium
Dapingium
Floium
Tremadocium
Stufe 10
Stufe 9
Paibium
Guzhangium
Drumium
Stufe 5
Stufe 4
Stufe 3
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Oberes Ordovizium
Mittleres Ordovizium
Unteres Ordovizium
Furongium
Serie 3
Serie 2
Karbon
Devon
Silur
Ordovizium
Kambrium

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: stationär
Lebensweise und Ort: epifaunal
Umweltbedingungen: marin
Ernährungsweise:

Filtrierer (suspension feeder)

Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Calcit mit hohem Mg-Gehalt

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Links

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 105)

Fossilzuordnungen (202)

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • P. J. Wagner, 2020 - Paleozoic Gastropod, Rostroconch, Helcionelloid and Tergomyan Database (2006 - 2020) - (), - (compendium, English)
  • S. Zamora, 2020 - A revaluation of rhipidocystid echinoderms based on a new flattened blastozoan from the Upper Ordovician of Maryland, USA - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (65), - (journal article, English)
  • M. Nohejlová, 2019 - Morphology, palaeoecology and phylogenetic interpretation of the Cambrian echinoderm Vyscystis (Barrandian area, Czech Republic) - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (), - (journal article, English)
  • C. R. C. Paul, 2019 - Primitive stalked echinoderms from the Middle Ordovician (Darriwilian) of Bang Song Tho, Kanchanaburi, western Thailand - Geological Magazine (156), 147-171 (journal article, English)
  • B. Lefebvre, 2018 - Laurentian origin of solutan echinoderms: new evidence from the Guzhangian (Cambrian Series 3) Weeks Formation of Utah, USA - Geological Magazine (155), 1190-1204 (journal article, English)
  • E. Nardin, 2017 - Evolutionary implications of a new transitional blastozoan echinoderm from the middle Cambrian of the Czech Republic - Journal of Paleontology (91), 672-684 (journal article, English)
  • N. Allaire, 2017 - Morphological disparity and systematic revision of the eocrinoid genusRhopalocystis (Echinodermata, Blastozoa) from the Lower Ordovician of the central Anti-Atlas (Morocco) - Journal of Paleontology (91), 685-714 (journal article, English)
  • J. E. Bauer, 2017 - Hydrospire morphology and implications for blastoid phylogeny - Journal of Paleontology (91), 847-857 (journal article, English)
  • S. Zamora, 2017 - A new stemmed echinoderm from the Furongian of China and the origin of Glyptocystitida (Blastozoa, Echinodermata) - Geological Magazine (154), 465-475 (journal article, English)
  • M. Nohejlová, 2016 - Ontogeny and morphology of Cambrian eocrinoid Akadocrinus (Barrandian area, Czech Republic) - Bulletin of Geosciences (91), 1-13 (journal article, English)
  • C. R. C. Paul, 2016 - Revision of Scoliocystis (Rhombifera: Echinoencrinitidae) and related cystoid genera - Paleontological Journal (50), 255-275 (journal article, English)
  • S. Zamora, 2015 - New long-stemmed eocrinoid from the Furongian Point Peak Shale Memberof the Wilberns Formation, central Texas - Journal of Paleontology (89), 187-193 (journal article, English)
  • J. O. R. Ebbestad, 2015 - An unusual onychochilid mollusc from the Ordovician (Tremadocian) Fezouata Formation, Morocco - Geobios (48), 427-438 (journal article, English)
  • F. A. Lanc, 2015 - The identity of the British Ordovician cystoid ‘Hemicosmites rugatus Forbes' - Geological Journal (50), 1-16 (journal article, English)
  • P. D. McDermott, 2015 - Coronate echinoderms from the Ordovician of the Llanddowror area, South Wales - Geological Journal (50), 173-188 (journal article, English)
  • F. Noailles, 2014 - A probable case of heterochrony in the solutan Dendrocystites Barrande, 1887 (Echinodermata: Blastozoa) from the Upper Ordovician of the Prague Basin (Czech Republic) and a revision of the family Dendrocystitidae Bassler, 1938 - Bulletin of Geosciences (89), 451-476 (journal article, English)
  • E. Nardin, 2013 - A new pleurocystitid blastozoan from the Middle Devonian of the Eifel (Germany) and its phylogenetic importance - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (58), 533-544 (journal article, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 2013 - New ridged, conical, fissiculate blastoid from the Permian of Timor - Journal of Paleontology (87), 1071-1076 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 2012 - Universal Elemental Homology in Glyptocystitoids, Hemicosmitoids, Coronoids and Blastoids: Steps Toward Echinoderm Phylogenetic Reconstruction in Derived Blastozoa - Journal of Paleontology (86), 956-972 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Doweld, 2012 - Heckerocrinus, a new substitute generic name for fossil crinoid Bockia Hecker 1940 (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) non Reisinger 1924 (Vermes: Turbellaria) - Paläontologische Zeitschrift (86), 457-458 (journal article, English)
  • S. Zamora, 2011 - Cambrian stalked echinoderms show unexpected plasticity of arm construction - Proceedings of the Royal Society B (279), 293-298 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 2011 - Ordovician edrioasteroids from Morocco: faunal exchanges across the Rheic Ocean - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (9), 425-454 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 2011 - Comparison of flattened blastozoan echinoderms: Insights from the new Early Ordovician eocrinoid Haimacystis rozhnovi - Journal of Paleontology (75), 985-992 (journal article, English)
  • W. I. Ausich, 2010 - The Crinoidea of Anticosti Island, Quebec (Late Ordovician to Early Silurian) - Palaeontographica Canadiana (), 1-157 (serial monograph, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 2009 - An enigmatic blastozoan echinoderm fauna from central Kentucky - Journal of Paleontology (83), 739-749 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 2009 - An enigmatic bastozoan Echinoderm fauna from central Kentucky - Journal of Paleontology (83), 739-749 (journal article, English)
  • S. V. Rozhnov, 2009 - Discovery of Rhombifera (Echinoderms) in the Ordovician of Mongolia - Paleontological Journal (43), 1425-1431 (journal article, English)
  • S. Zamora, 2009 - Pelmatozoan echinoderms from the Cambrian–Ordovician transition of the Iberian Chains (NE Spain): early diversification of anchoring strategies - Swiss Journal of Geosciences (102), 43-55 (journal article, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 2009 - New Pennsylvanian (Moscovian) echinoderms from Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, western China - Palaeoworld (18), 241-250 (journal article, English)
  • S. Zamora, 2009 - Middle Cambrian gogiid echinoderms from Northeast Spain: Taxonomy, palaeoecology, and palaeogeographic implications - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (54), 253-265 (journal article, English)
  • Y. Zhao, 2008 - Basal Middle Cambrian short-stalked eorinoids from the Kali Biota: Guizhou Province, China - Journal of Paleontology (82), 415-422 (journal article, English)
  • H.-L. Luo, 2008 - - Early Cambrian Malong Fauna and Guanshan Fauna from Eastern Yunnan, China (), 1-134 (book/book chapter, Chinese)
  • M. A. Zuykov, 2008 - New endemic brachiopod and echinoderm genera from the Upper Ordovician of the St. Petersburg region, northwestern Russia - Geological Society of Sweden, Geologiska Föreningen (130), 87-93 (journal article, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 2008 - New parablastoids from the western United States - The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions (16), 1-14 (journal article, English)
  • Y.-L. Zhao, 2007 - Early Cambrian eocrinoids from Guizhou Province, South China - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (254), 317-327 (journal article, English)
  • E. Nardin, 2007 - New specimens of Lingulocystis Thoral, 1935 (Eocrinoidea, Blastozoa) from the Arenig (Lower Ordovician) of Montagne noire (southern France): Intraspecific morphological variability, stratigraphic, and palaeoecological implications - Annales de Paléontologie (93), 199-214 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Parsley, 2007 - New recumbent echinoderm genera from the Bois d'Arc Formation: Lower Devonian (Lochkovian) of Coal County, Oklahoma - Journal of Paleontology (81), 1486-1493 (journal article, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 2007 - Paleogeographic significance of Early Permian crinoids and blastoids from Oman - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (81), 399-405 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Parsley, 2006 - Long stalked eocrinoids in the basal Middle Cambrian Kaili Biota, Taijiang County, Guizhou Province, China - Journal of Paleontology (80), 1058-1071 (journal article, English)
  • A. Botquelen, 2006 - Échinodermes de l’Ordovicien supérieur (Ashgill) de Sardaigne et d’Algérie - Geobios (39), 13-23 (journal article, English)
  • M. Mergl, 2006 - Lower Ordovician cystoids (Rhombifera, Diploporita) from the Prague Basin (Czech Republic) - Bulletin of Geosciences (81), 1-15 (journal article, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 2006 - New eocrinoids from the Burgess Shale, southern British Columbia, Canada, and the Spence Shale, northern Utah, USA - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (43), 303-322 (journal article, English)
  • R. A. Moore, 2005 - A glyptocystitid cystoid affinity for the putative stem group chelicerate (Arthropoda: Aglaspidida or Xiphosura) Lemoneites from the Ordovician of Texas, USA - Lethaia (38), 293-296 (journal article, English)
  • R. J. Prokop, 2004 - Plasiacystis mobilis, gen. et sp. n., a strange “carpoid” (Echinodermata, ?Homoiostelea: Soluta) in the Bohemian Ordovician (Czech Republic) - Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B, Natural History (59), 151-162 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Parsley, 2004 - Functional morphology and paleoecology of some sessile Middle Cambrian echinoderms from the Barrandian region of Bohemia - Bulletin of Geosciences (79), 147-156 (journal article, English)
  • S. Clausen, 2004 - New Early Cambrian eocrinoids from the Iberian Chains (NE Spain) and their role in nonreefal benthic communities - Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae (97), 371-379 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Waters, 2003 - A quadrupling of Famennian pelmatozoan diversity: new Late Devonian blastoids and crinoids from northwest China - Journal of Paleontology (77), 922-948 (journal article, English)
  • J. P. Botting, 2003 - Llanvirn (Middle Ordovician) echinoderms from Llandegley Rocks, Central Wales - Palaeontology (46), 685-708 (journal article, English)
  • T. W. Broadhead, 2003 - Heterochrony and paedomorphic morphology of Sprinkleocystis ektopios, new genus and species, (Rhombifera, Glyptocystida) from the Middle Ordovician (Caradoc) of Tennessee - Journal of Paleontology (77), 113-120 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. D. Gil Cid, 2002 - Ubaghsicystis segurae nov gen y sp nuevo Eocrinoide (Echinodermata) del Cámbrico Medio del Norte de España - Coloquios de Paleontología (53), 21-32 (journal article, Spanish)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 2002 - Cheirocystis fultonensis, a new glyptocystitoid rhombiferan from the Upper Ordovician of the Cincinnati Arch - comments on cheirorinid ontogeny - Journal of Paleontology (76), 843-851 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 2002 - A revision of Novacystis hawkesi Paul and Bolton 1991 (Middle Silurian: Glyptocystitida, Echinodermata) and the phylogeny of early callocystitids - Journal of Paleontology (76), 733-740 (journal article, English)
  • S. V. Rozhnov, 2001 - A New Cryptocrinid Genus (Eocrinoidea, Echinodermata) from the Bioherm-related Volkhov Facies (Late Arenigian, Ordovician), Leningrad Region - Paleontologicheskiy Zhurnal (), 42-49 (journal article, Russian)
  • J. C. Gutiérrez-Marco, 2001 - Cistoideos rombíferos (Echinodermata) de la Caliza Urbana (Ordovícico Superior) de la Zona Centroibérica, España - Coloquios de Paleontología (52), 107-116 (journal article, Spanish)
  • N. G. Lane, 2001 - Revision Of Late Devonian (Famennian) And Some Early Carboniferous (Tournaisian) Crinoids And Blastoids From The Type Devonian Area Of North Devon - Palaeontology (44), 1043-1080 (journal article, English)
  • G. Ubaghs, 1999 - Echinodermes nouveaux du Cambrien supérieur de la Montagne Noire (France méridionale. [New Upper Cambrian Echinoderms from Montagne Noire (Southern France)] - Geobios (31), 809-829 (journal article, French)
  • J. C. Brower, 1999 - A New Pleurocystitid Rhombiferan Echinoderm from the Middle Ordovician Galena Group of Northern Iowa and Southern Minnesota - Journal of Paleontology (73), 129-153 (journal article, English)
  • G. F. Aceñolaza, 1999 - Macrocystella? durandi sp. nov. (Echinodermata, Rhombifera) y el registro del géner o Macrocystellaen la cuenca cambro-ordovícica del norte argentino - Acta Geologica Hispanica (34), 89-101 (journal article, Spanish)
  • J. Dean, 1998 - Palaeobiology of the primative Ordovician pelmatazoan echinoderm Cardiocystites - Palaeontology (41), 1183-1194 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 1997 - Systematics and paleoecology of Late Cambrian echinoderms from the western United States - Journal of Paleontology (71), 1091-1109 (journal article, )
  • M. D. Gil Cid, 1996 - Nuevo Macrocystellidae (Echinodermata, Cystoidea Rhombifera) para el Ordovicico Español - Estudios Geologicos (52), 175-183 (journal article, Spanish)
  • P. E. J. Daley, 1996 - The first solute which is attached as an adult: a Mid-Cambrian fossil from Utah with echinoderm and chordate affinities - Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (117), 405-440 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Gutiérrez-Marco, 1996 - Nuevos equinodermos (cistideos y blastozoos) del Ordovícico de la Cordi llera Ibérica (NE España) - Revista Española de Paleontología (11), 100-119 (journal article, Chinese)
  • V. B. Kushlina, 1995 - The Systematic Position and Composition of the Genus Bolboporites (Echinodermata, Eocrinoidea) - Paleontological Journal (29), 46-61 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 1995 - Plating and pectinirhombs of the Ordovician rhombiferan Plethoschisma - Journal of Paleontology (69), 772-779 (journal article, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 1994 - New echinoderms from the Early Ordovician of west Texas - Journal of Paleontology (68), 324-338 (journal article, English)
  • Y.-L. Zhao, 1994 - Echinoderm fossils of Kali Fauna from Taijiang, Guizhou - Acta Palaeontologica Sinica (33), 305-324 (journal article, Chinese)
  • G. Ubaghs, 1994 - Echinodermes nouveaux (Stylophora, Eocrinoidea) de l’Ordovicien inférieur de la Montagne Noire (France) - Annales de Paléontologie (80), 107-141 (journal article, English)
  • S. V. Rozhnov, 1994 - New interpretation of bolboporids (Echinodermata, ?Eocrinoidea) - Paleontologicheski Zhurnal (1994), 59-65 (journal article, Russian)
  • G. D. Webster, 1992 - Permian echinoderms from Western Australia - Memoirs of the Queensland Museum (32), 311-373 (journal article, English)
  • G. Ubaghs, 1990 - A new eocrinoid from the Lower Cambrian of Spain - Palaeontology (33), 249-256 (journal article, English)
  • O. Fatka, 1990 - Vyscystis ubaghsi gen. et sp.nov., imbricate eocrinoid from Czechoslovakia (Echinodermata, Middle Cambrian) - Vestnik Ustredniho Ustavu Geologickeho (65), 315-320 (journal article, English)
  • H.R. Feldman, 1989 - Echinoderms of the Somerset Shale Member, Salem Limestone (Mississippian), in Indiana and Kentucky - Journal of Paleontology (63), 900-912 (journal article, English)
  • W. I. Ausich, 1988 - Blastoids from the late Osagean Fort Payne Formation (Kentucky and Tennessee) - Journal of Paleontology (62), 269-283 (journal article, English)
  • G. Ubaghs, 1988 - Homalozoan echinoderms of the Wheeler Formation (Middle Cambrian) of western Utah - University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper (120), 1-17 (journal article, English)
  • G. Ubaghs, 1987 - Echinodermes nouveaux du Cambrien moyen de la Montagne Noire (France) - Annales de Paleontologie (73), 1-27 (journal article, English)
  • R. D. Lewis, 1987 - Mandalocystis, a new rhipidocystid eocrinoid from the Whiterockian Stage (Ordovician) in Oklahoma and Nevada - Journal of Paleontology (61), 1222-1235 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Waters, 1986 - A new occurrence of Granatocrinus granulatus (Roemer) from the Payne Chert of Alabama - Journal of Paleontology (60), 177-180 (journal article, English)
  • P. A. Jell, 1985 - Cambrian and Ordovician echinoderms from eastern Australia - Alcheringa (9), 183-208 (journal article, English)
  • S. K. Donovan, 1985 - Coronate echinoderms from the lower Palaeozoic of Britain - Palaeontology (28), 527-543 (journal article, English)
  • R. J. Prokop, 1985 - Luhocrinus monicae gen. et sp. nov. (Eocrinoidea) from the Middle Cambrian of Bohemia - Vestnik Ustredniho ustavu geologickeho (60), 231-234 (journal article, English)
  • T. W. Broadhead, 1984 - Macurdablastus, a Middle Ordovician Blastoid from the Southern Appalachians - The University of Kansas, Paleontological Contibutions (), 1-9 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Smith, 1984 - Classification of the Echinodermata - Palaeontology (27), 431-460 (journal article, English)
  • W. I. Ausich, 1984 - New Lower Silurian Rhombiferan Cystoid (Echinodermata, Callocystitidae) from Southwestern Ohio - Journal of Paleontology (58), 9-15 (journal article, English)
  • C. R. C. Paul, 1984 - British Ordovician Cystoids, part 2 - Monographs of the Palaeontographical Society (136), 65-152 (serial monograph, English)
  • T. E. Guensburg, 1984 - Echinodermata of the Middle Ordovician Lebanon Limestone, central Tennessee - Bulletins of American Paleontology (86), 1-100 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, 1983 - Systematics of the Fissiculate Blastoidea - Papers on Paleontology (), - (journal article, English)
  • C. E. Brett, 1983 - Coroniodea: A new class of Blastozoan Echinoderms based on taxonomic reevaluation of Stephanocrinus - Journal of Paleontology (57), 627-651 (journal article, English)
  • P. A. Jell, 1983 - Early Devonian echinoderms from Victoria (Rhombifera, Blastoidea and Ophiocistoidea) - Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists (1), 209-235 (journal article, )
  • J. Sprinkle, 1982 - Palaeocystitids - Echinoderm faunas from the Bromide Formation (Middle Ordovician) of Oklahoma (11), 289-306 (book chapter, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 1982 - Cylindrical and globular rhombiferans - Echinoderm faunas from the Bromide Formation (Middle Ordovician) of Oklahoma (11), 231-273 (book chapter, English)
  • J. F. Bockelie, 1982 - Morphology, growth and taxonomy of the Ordovician rhombiferan Caryocystites - Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar (103), 499-513 (journal article, English)
  • R. O. Fay, 1982 - Previous studies of Bromide echinoderms - Echinoderm faunas from the Bromide Formation (Middle Ordovician) of Oklahoma: Lawrence, Kansas, University of Kansas Paleontological Institute Monograph 11 (), 34-44 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. H. Parsley, 1982 - Pleurocystitids - Echinoderm faunas from the Bromide Formation (Middle Ordovician) of Oklahoma (11), 276-279 (book chapter, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 1982 - Echinoderm zones and faunas - Echinoderm faunas from the Bromide Formation (Middle Ordovician) of Oklahoma: Lawrence, Kansas, University of Kansas Paleontological Institute Monograph 11 (), 46-56 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Chauvel, 1981 - Revision de quelques echinodermes (Cystoides, Crinöides), de I'Ordovicièn supérieur des Pyrénees - Acta Geologica Hispanica (16), 125-128 (journal article, English)
  • J. F. Bockelie, 1981 - Functional morphology and evolution of the cystoid Echinosphaerites - Lethaia (14), 189-202 (journal article, English)
  • G. Regnell, 1981 - Echinoderms from the Ordovician of the Girvan district, Scotland, with the description of two new species: Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh - Earth Sciences (72), 49-56 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Parsley, 1981 - Echinoderms from Middle and Upper Ordovician rocks of Kentucky - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (1066-K), 1-9 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. F. Bockelie, 1981 - A re-evaluation of the Ordovician cystoid Stichocystis Jaekel and the taxonomic implications - Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar (103), 51-59 (journal article, English)
  • J. F. Bockelie, 1981 - The Middle Ordovician of the Oslo region,Norway, 30. The eocrinoid genera Cryptocrinites, Rhipidocystis and Bockia - Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift (61), 123-147 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, Jr., 1979 - The Devonian Blastoids of Bolivia - Journal of Paleontology (53), 1361-1373 (journal article, English)
  • T. J. Frest, 1979 - Paracrinoids (Platycystitidae) from the Benbolt Formation (Blackriverian) of Virginia - Journal of Paleontology (53), 380-398 (journal article, English)
  • J. F. Bockelie, 1979 - Taxonomy, Functional Morphology and Palaeoecology of the Ordovician Cystoid Family Hemicosmitidae - Palaeontology (22), 363-406 (journal article, English)
  • J. Chauvel, 1979 - Sur quelques echinodermes (Cystoides et crinoides) de l' Ashgil d'Aragon (Espagne) - Geobios (12), 549-587 (journal article, French)
  • T. W. Broadhead, 1978 - The Ordovician cystoid, Amecystis cordiformis Sinclair - Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences (15), 173-174 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Durham, 1978 - A Lower Cambrian Eocrinoid - Journal of Paleontology (52), 195-199 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, 1978 - The Mississippian blastoid genus Cribroblastus - Journal of Paleontology (52), 1288-1293 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda Jr., 1977 - Strongyloblastus, a Mississippian Blastoid from Western Canada - Journal of Paleontology (51), 693-700 (journal article, English)
  • J. Chauvel, 1977 - Note complémentaire sur les Cystoides Rhombiféres (Echinodermes) de l'Ordovicien marocain - Notes du Service géologique du Maroc (38), 115-139 (journal article, English)
  • H. L. Strimple, 1977 - A new upper Pennsylvanian fissiculate blastoid from Texas - Journal of Paleontology (51), 357-362 (journal article, )
  • D. B. Macurda, 1977 - Arcuoblastus and Decemoblastus, two new Mississippian blastoid genera from the Burlington Limestone, Iowa - Journal of Paleontology (51), 1201-1214 (journal article, English)
  • C. R. C. Paul, 1976 - Ordovician echinoderms from Greenland - Geological Magazine (113), 29-38 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, Jr, 1975 - Devonian and Carboniferous spiraculate Blastoids from Brittany (France) - Journal of Paleontology (49), 845-855 (journal article, English)
  • D. R. Kolata, 1975 - Middle Ordovician echinoderms from northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin - Journal of Paleontology Memoir (49), 1-74 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Parsley, 1975 - North American Paracrinoidea: (Ordovician: Paracrinozoa, new: Echinodermata) - Bulletins of American Paleontology (68), 1-115 (serial monograph, English)
  • T. W. Broadhead, 1975 - Respiration in a Vagrant Ordovician Cystoid, Amecystis - Paleobiology (1), 312-319 (journal article, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 1974 - New Rhombiferan Cystoids from the Middle Ordovician of Nevada - Journal of Paleontology (48), 1174-1201 (journal article, English)
  • K.W. Westphal, 1974 - New fossils from the Middle Ordovician Platteville Formation of southwest Wisconsin - Journal of Paleontology (48), 79-83 (journal article, English)
  • J. Chauvel, 1973 - Echinodermes de L'Ordovicien Superieur de Coat-Carrec, Argol (Finistere) - Bulletin de la Société Géologique y Mineralogie de Bretagne, ser. C (4), 39-61 (journal article, French)
  • J. Sprinkle, 1973 - Tripatocrinus, a new Hypocrinid crinoid based on disarticulated plates from the Antelope Valley Limestone of Nevada and California - Journal of Paleontology (47), 861-882 (journal article, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 1973 - New occurrence of the Ordovician eocrinoid Lingulocystis from Bolivia - Journal of Paleontology (47), 1113-1128 (journal article, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 1973 - Morphology and evolution of blastozoan echinoderms - Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication (), 1-283 (book/book chapter, English)
  • G. Ubaghs, 1972 - More about Aethocrinus moorei Ubaghs, the oldest known dicyclic crinoid - Journal of Paleontology (46), 773-775 (journal article, English)
  • C. R. C. Paul, 1972 - Cheirocystella antiqua gen. et. sp. nov. from the Lower Ordovician of western Utah and its bearing on the evolution of the Cheirocrinidae (Rhombifera: Glyptocystitida) - Brigham Young University Geology Studies (19), 15-63 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda Jr., 1972 - The Type Species of the Permian Blastoid Calycoblastus - Journal of Paleontology (46), 94-98 (journal article, English)
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  • T. E. Bolton, 1970 - Echinodermata from the Ordovician (Pleurocystites, Cremacrinus) and Silurian (Hemicystites, Protaxocrinus, Macnamaratylus) of Lake Timiskaming region, Ontario and Quebec - Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin (187), 59-66 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Parsley, 1970 - Revision of the North American Pleurocystitidae (Rhombifera-Cystoidea) - Bulletins of American Paleontology (58), 135-213 (journal article, English)
  • R. Flower, 1969 - Merostomes from a Cotter horizon of the El Paso Group - New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources Memoir (22), 35-44 (journal article, English)
  • R. G. McKellar, 1969 - Permian pelmatozoan echinoderms from Nerimbera near Rockhampton, Queensland - Queensland Geological Survey Publication (337), 19-28 (journal article, English)
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  • C. R. C. Paul, 1968 - Macrocystella Callaway, the earliest glyptocystitid cystoid - Palaeontology (11), 580-600 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, Jr., 1967 - The Lower Carboniferous (Tournaisian) Blastoids of Belgium - Journal of Paleontology (41), - (journal article, English)
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  • D. B. Macurda Jr., 1965 - The functional morphology and stratigraphic distribution of the Mississippian blastoid genus Orophocrinus - Journal of Paleontology (39), 1045-1096 (journal article, English)
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  • D. B. Macurda, 1964 - The Mississippian Blastoid Genera Phaenoschisma, Phaenoblastus and Conoschisma - Journal of Paleontology (38), 117-118 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, Jr., 1964 - A new spiraculate blastoid, Pyramiblastus,from the Mississippian Hampton Formation of Iowa - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan (19), 105-114 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, Jr, 1964 - Dentiblastus: A new blastoid genus from the Burlington Limestone (Mississippian) - Journal of Paleontology (38), 367-372 (journal article, English)
  • R. V. Kesling, 1963 - Key for Classifications of Cystoids - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, the University of Michigan (18), 101-116 (journal article, English)
  • R.O. Fay, 1961 - The type species of Stephanocrinus Conrad - Oklahoma Geology Notes (21), 236-239 (journal article, English)
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  • R. O. Fay, 1961 - Echinodermata. Article 3. Blastoid Studies - The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions (3), 1-147 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. H. Beaver, 1961 - Morphology of the blastoid Globoblastus norwoodi - Journal of Paleontology (35), 1103-1112 (journal article, English)
  • H. L. Strimple, 1952 - Two new species of Sinclairocystis - Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences (42), 158-160 (journal article, English)
  • G. Regnell, 1951 - Revision of the Caradocian-Ashgillian cystoid fauna of Belgium with notes on isolated pelmatozoan stem fragments - Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique (120), 1-47 (serial monograph, English)
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  • H. L. Strimple, 1948 - Pleurocystites watkinsi, n. sp., from the Bromide Formation of Oklahoma - American Journal of Science (246), 761-764 (journal article, English)
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  • F. W. Whitehouse, 1941 - The Cambrian Faunas of north- eastern Australia. Part 4: Early Cambrian echinoderms similar to the larval stages of recent forms - Memoirs of the Queensland Museum (12), 1-28 (journal article, English)
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  • E. Billings, 1857 - On the Crinoidea or stone lilies of the Trenton Limestone, with a description of a new species - Canadian Naturalist and Geologist, ser. 1 (1), 48-57 (journal article, English)
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