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Brissidina

Brissidina

Additional Functions

Grouping

Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Klade: Ambulacraria  ⇒ Stamm: Echinodermata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Echinozoa  ⇒ Klasse: Echinoidea  ⇒ Unterklasse: Euechinoidea  ⇒ Infraklasse: Irregularia  ⇒ Superordnung: Atelostomata  ⇒ Ordnung: Spatangoida

Taxo­nomic seg­ment

Unterordnung

This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Stockley et al., 2005

Other languages

scientific

Brissidina

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 251.902 Ma - End age: 0.0117 Ma
0.0117
1.8
5.333
13.82
23.03
37.71
56
66
86.3
100.5
125.77
145
161.5
170.9
189.6
208.5
242
251.902
Upper Pleistocene
Ionian
Calabrian
Gelasian
Piacenzian
Zanclean
Messinian
Tortonian
Serravallian
Langhian
Burdigalian
Aquitanian
Chattian
Rupelian
Priabonian
Bartonian
Lutetian
Ypresian
Thanetian
Selandian
Danian
Maastrichtian
Campanian
Santonian
Coniacian
Turonian
Cenomanian
Albian
Aptian
Barremian
Hauterivian
Valanginian
Berriasian
Tithonian
Kimmeridgian
Oxfordian
Callovian
Bathonian
Bajocian
Aalenian
Toarcian
Pliensbachian
Sinemurian
Hettangian
Rhaetian
Norian
Carnian
Ladinian
Anisian
Olenekian
Induan
Pleistocene
Pliocene
Miocene
Oligocene
Eocene
Paleocene
Upper/Late Cretaceous
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic
Middle Jurassic
Lower/Early Jurassic
Upper/Late Triassic
Middle Triassic
Lower/Early Triassic
Quaternary
Neogene
Paleogene
Cretaceous
Jurassic
Triassic
Start age: 445.2 Ma - End age: 251.902 Ma
251.902
264.28
283.5
298.9
315.2
346.7
382.7
407.6
423
430.5
445.2
Changhsingian
Wuchiapingian
Capitanian
Wordian
Roadian
Kungurian
Artinskian
Sakmarian
Asselian
Gzhelian
Kasimovian
Moscovian
Bashkirian
Serpukhovian
Visean
Tournaisian
Famennian
Frasnian
Givetian
Eifelian
Emsian
Pragian
Lochkovian
Ludfordian
Gorstian
Homerian
Sheinwoodian
Telychian
Aeronian
Rhuddanian
Hirnantian
Lopingian
Guadalupian
Cisuralian
Pennsylvanian
Mississippian
Upper Devonian
Middle Devonian
Lower Devonian
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Upper Ordovician
Permian
Carboniferous
Devonian
Silurian
Ordovician

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: slow-moving
Environment: marine
Diet:

deposit feeder, detritivore

Compositon of the remains:

high Mg Calcite

Reference- and Source indication, Literature

Links

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

Search for taxonomy at PaleobioDB.org
Search for taxonomy at Fossilworks
Search for taxonomy at The Taxonomicon

Next lower taxonomy level

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 11)

Taxonomic assignment (492)

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • A. Kroh, 2010 - The phylogeny and classification of post-Palaeozoic echinoids - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (8), 147-212 (journal article, English)
  • A. Kroh, 2007 - Hemipatagus, a misinterpreted loveniid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (5), 163-192 (journal article, English)
  • C. Schneider, 2006 - Die Echiniden aus dem Mittelsanton von Lengede - Arbeitskreis Paläontologie Hannover (34), 67-83 (journal article, German)
  • B. Stockley, 2005 - Phylogenetic relationships of spatangoid sea urchins (Echinoidea), taxon sampling density and congruence between morphological and molecular estimates - Zoologica Scripta (34), 447-468 (journal article, English)
  • J. Hansen, 2005 - A Late Miocene brissid echinoid from Denmark - Palaeontos (7), 46-50 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • I. D. Lindley, 2001 - Tertiary echinoids from Papua New Guinea - Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (123), 119-139 (journal article, English)
  • A. Kroh, 2001 - Echinoids from the Danian (Lower Paleocene) Bruderndorf Formation of Austria - Paleogene of the Eastern Alps (), 377-463 (journal article, English)
  • G. Geyer, 1998 - Middle Cambrian pelecypods from the Anti-Atlas, Morocco - Revista Española de Paleontología No extr. Homeaje al Prof. Gonzalo Vidal (), 83-96 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1997 - Oligocene echinoids of North Carolina - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (83), 1-37 (journal article, English)
  • C. H. Jeffery, 1997 - All Change at the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary? Echinoids from the Maastrichtian and Danian of the Mangyshlak Peninsula, Kazakhstan - Palaeontology (40), 659-712 (journal article, )
  • J.O. Chiesa, 1995 - Observaciones estratigraficas en el Paleogeno del noroeste de la Provincia de Santa Cruz (Republica Argentina). Parte II: Invertebrados marinos de la Formacion El Chacy (Eoceno), Provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina. Systematica y bioestratigrafia - Monografias de la Acadamia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas Y Naturales (11), 17-68 (journal article, Spanish)
  • K.J. McNamara, 1994 - Cenozoic Molluscs and Echinoids of Barrow Island, Western Australia - Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement (51), - (journal article, English)
  • L. Ragaini, 1994 - Neogene echinoids from Salento (Apulia, Southern Italy) - Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana (), 287-290 (journal article, English)
  • P. Gravesen, 1993 - Early Danian species of the echinoid genus Tylocidaris (Cidaridae, Psychocidarinae) from eastern Denmark - Contributions of Tertiary and Quaternary Geology (30), 41-73 (journal article, English)
  • R. L. Squires, 1992 - Paleontology of the Eocene Bateque Formation, Baja California Sur, Mexico - Contributions in Science (Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County) (434), 1-55 (, )
  • P. M. Kier, 1992 - Neogene Paleontology in the Northern Dominican Republic. 13. The Class Echinoidea (Echinodermata) - Bulletins of American Paleontology (102), 13-28 (serial monograph, English)
  • K. J. McNamara, 1992 - A new genus of marsupiate spatangoid echinoid from the Miocene of South Australia - Records of the South Australian Museum (26), 139-147 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1984 - Fossil spatangoid echinoids of Cuba - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (55), 1-336 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1983 - Upper Cenozoic echinoids from the Lee Creek Mine - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (53), 499-507 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1980 - The Echinoids of the Middle Eocene Warley Hill Formation, Santee Limestone, and Castle Hayne Limestone of North and South Carolina - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (39), 1-102 (, )
  • R. A. Henderson, 1975 - Cenozoic Spatangoid Echinoids from New Zealand - New Zealand Geological Survey Paleontological Bulletin (46), 1-129 (serial monograph, English)
  • P. H. De Buisonjé, 1974 - Neogene and Quaternary geology of Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire - Natuurwetenschappelijke Studiekring voor Suriname en de Nederlandse Antillen (74), 1-291 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1972 - Upper Miocene Echinoids from the Yorktown Formation of Virginia and their environmental significance - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (13), - (serial monograph, English)
  • A. G. Fischer, 1966 - Spatangoids - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part U. Echinodermata. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Boulder and Lawrence (3), U543-U628 (book/book chapter, English)
  • G. N. Djabarov, 1964 - - Verkhnemelovye Morskiy Ezhi Tsentral'nogo Kopet-Daga i ikh Stratigraficheskoe Znachenie (), 1-114 (book, Russian)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1962 - The Echinoid Genus Megapetalus Clark - Journal of Paleontology (36), 524-528 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Durham, 1961 - Miocene echinoids from the Valle Central, Costa Rica - Journal of Paleontology (35), 480-488 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1959 - Cenozoic echinoids of eastern United States - United States Geological Survey Professional Papers (321), 1-106 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1957 - Tertiary Echinoidea from British Somaliland - Journal of Paleontology (31), 839-902 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1953 - American Upper Cretaceous Echinoidea - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (254-A), 1-44 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Y. Hassan, 1953 - Tertiary faunas from Kap Brewstwer, East Greenland - Meddeleser om Grønland (111), 1-42 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Sanchez-Roig, 1953 - Nuevos Equinidos fosiles de la fauna Cubana - Anales de la Academia de Ciencias Medicas, Fisicas Y Naturales de la Habana (41), 136-176 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Sánchez Roig, 1949 - Paleontologia Cubana. I. Los equinodermos fosiles de Cuba - Compania Editora de Libros y Folletos, La Habana (), 1-331 (book/book chapter, Spanish)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1942 - Cenozoic irregular echinoids of the Eastern United States - Journal of Paleontology (16), 1-62 (journal article, English)
  • G. Checchia-Rispoli, 1941 - Osservazioni su alcuni generi di Antillasterinae - Rendiconti del'Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (7), 388-393 (journal article, Italian)
  • U. S. Grant, 1938 - The West American Cenozoic Echinoidea - Publications of the University of California at Los Angeles in Mathematical and Physical Sciences (2), 1-225 (journal article, English)
  • R. T. Jackson, 1937 - Mexican fossil echini - Proceedings fo the United States National Museum (84), 227-237 (journal article, English)
  • H. L. Clark, 1929 - A new Miocene echinoid from California - Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History (5), 257-262 (journal article, English)
  • H. G. Schenck, 1928 - A new echinoid from the California Eocene - Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History (5), 195-202 (journal article, English)
  • M. Sanchez Roig, 1926 - Los Equiodermos fosiles de Cuba - Contribucion a la paleontologia Cubana (), 1-179 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1924 - Essai de nomenclature raisonnée des échinides - L. Ferrière, Chaumont (), 385-512 (serial monograph, French)
  • J. Lambert, 1920 - Etude sur quelques formes primitives de Spatangidés - Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Historiques et Naturelles de l’Yonne (73), 1-41 (journal article, French)
  • J. Lambert, 1915 - Description des échinides des terrains néogènes du bassin Rhône. fasc. 4 - Mémoires de la Société Paléontologique Suisse (41), 155-240 (journal article, French)
  • W. B. Clark, 1915 - The Mesozoic and Cenozoic Echinodermata of the United States - United States Geological Survey Bulletin (54), 1-341 (serial monograph, English)
  • G. Stefanini, 1912 - Osservazioni sulla distribuzione geografica, sulla origini e sulla filogenesi degli Scutellidae - Bolletino della Societa Geologica Italiana (30), 739-754 (journal article, Italian)
  • R. W. Pack, 1909 - Notes On Echinoids From The Tertiary of California - University of California Publications Bulletin of the Department of Geology (5), 275-283 (journal article, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1905 - Notes sur quelques Echinides éocéniques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault - Catalogue descriptif des fossiles nummulitiques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault. Annales de l’Université de Lyon, Nouvelle Série, I. Sciences, Médecine (17), 129-164 (book/book chapter, French)
  • R. Fourtau, 1905 - Notes sur les Echinides fossiles de l’Egypte - Bulletin de l’Institut Egyptien, Série 4 (5), 121-140 (journal article, French)
  • J. Lambert, 1896 - Notes sur quelques Echinides Crétacés de Madagascar - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, Série 3 (24), 313-332 (journal article, English)
  • A. Pomel, 1883 - Classification méthodique des échinides vivants et fossiles - Adolphe Jourdan, Alger (), 1-131 (book/book chapter, French)
  • A. Pomel, 1869 - - Revue des échinodermes et de leur classification pour servir d'introduction à l'étude des fossiles. Deyrolle, Paris (), 1-67 (book/book chapter, French)
  • E. Desor, 1858 - - Synopsis des échinides fossiles. Reinwald, Paris (), 1-490 (book/book chapter, French)
  • F. J. Pictet, 1857 - - Traité élémentaire de paléontologie, ou, Historie naturelle des animaux fossiles considérés dans leurs rapports zoologiques et géologiques, 2nd ed, JB Baillière et Fils, Paris (4), 1-768 (book/book chapter, French)
  • J. E. Gray, 1855 - - Catalogue of the Recent Echinida, or Sea Eggs, in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Echinida Irregularia. Woodfall & Kinder, London (), 1-69 (book/book chapter, English)
  • E. Forbes, 1846 - Report on the fossil invertebrata from southern India, collected by Mr. Kaye and Mr. Cunliffe - Transactions of the Geological Society of London, Series 2 (7), 97-174 (journal article, English)
  • J. E. Gray, 1825 - An attempt to divide the Echinida, or Sea Eggs, into natural families - Annals of Philosophy, new series (10), 423-431 (journal article, English)

IDs

GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) syAtXlG_iUay7m2DZNtX6w
GUID (Global unique identifier) 5E2D20B3-BF51-4689-B2EE-6D8364DB57EB
Database ID 7891