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Spatangoida

Spatangoida

Weitere Funktionen

Bilder (2 Bilder gesamt)

2 irreguläre Seeigel
Aufrufe (Bild: 1353255067): 1112
2 irreguläre Seeigel

Oerlinghausen, Lippe, Münsterland, NRW. B:24cm.

Sammlung: Ruhrlandmuseum Essen
Copyright: Doc Diether
Beitrag: Doc Diether 2012-11-18
Fundstelle: Oerlinghausen / Lippe, Kreis / Detmold, Bezirk / Nordrhein-Westfalen / Deutschland
Steinkern und Schale eines irregulären Seeigels (Herz-Seeigel, Spatangoida)
Aufrufe (Bild: 1380825166): 346
Steinkern und Schale eines irregulären Seeigels (Herz-Seeigel, Spatangoida)

Geseke, Soest, Arnsberg, Nordrh.-Westf. D:5cm.

Sammlung: Hellwegmuseum Geseke
Copyright: Doc Diether
Beitrag: Doc Diether 2013-10-03
Fundstelle: Geseke / Soest, Landkreis / Arnsberg, Bezirk / Nordrhein-Westfalen / Deutschland

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Klade: Ambulacraria  ⇒ Stamm: Echinodermata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Echinozoa  ⇒ Klasse: Echinoidea  ⇒ Unterklasse: Euechinoidea  ⇒ Infraklasse: Irregularia  ⇒ Superordnung: Atelostomata

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Ordnung

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Agassiz, 1840

Andere Sprachen

Deutsch

Herz-Seeigel

wissenschaftlich

Spatangoida

alternativ genutzter Name

Amphisternata

subjektives Junior-Synonym

Spatangidea

Verschreibung

Schreibfehler

wissenschaftlich

Spatangoidea

Agassiz, 1840
Ref.: L. Agassiz. 1840. Catalogus systematicus Ectyporum Echinodermatum fossilium Musei Neocomiensis, secundum ordinem zoologicum dispositus; adjectis synonymis recentioribus, nec non stratis et locis in quibus reperiuntur. Sequuntur characteres diagnostici gen

Ausführliche Beschreibung

Weitere Unterteilung

  • Unterordnung: Toxasterina

    • Familie: Toxasteridae

      • Gattung: Toxaster
      • Gattung: Heteraster
  • Unterordnung: Hemiasterina

    • Familie: Hemiasteridae

      • Gattung: Hemiaster
    • Familie: Schizasteridae

      • Gattung: Periaster
  • Unterordnung: Micrasterina

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 251 Ma - Endalter: 0.0117 Ma
0.0117
1.806
5.332
13.65
23.03
37
55.8
65.5
85.8
99.6
130
144.5
161.2
171.6
189.6
203.6
237
251
Oberes Pleistozän
Mittleres Pleistozän
Unteres Pleistozän
Gelasium
Piacenzium
Zancleum
Messinium
Tortonium
Serravallium
Langhium
Burdigalium
Aquitanium
Chattium
Rupelium
Priabonium
Bartonium
Lutetium
Ypresium
Thanetium
Selandium
Danium
Maastricht
Campan
Santon
Coniac
Turon
Cenoman
Alb
Apt
Barreme
Hauterive
Valangin
Berrias
Tithonium
Kimmeridgium
Oxfordium
Callovium
Bathonium
Bajocium
Aalenium
Toarcium
Pliensbachium
Sinemurium
Hettangium
Rhät
Nor
Karn
Ladin
Anis
Olenekium
Induum
Pleistozän
Pliozän
Miozän
Oligozän
Eozän
Paläozän
Obere Kreide
Untere Kreide
Malm
Dogger
Lias
Obere Trias
Mittlere Trias
Untere Trias
Quartär
Neogen
Paläogen
Kreide
Jura
Trias
Startalter: 445.2 Ma - Endalter: 251 Ma
251.1
265.8
275.6
299
311.7
345.3
385.3
407
418.7
426.2
445.6
Changhsingium
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Sheinwood
Telychium
Aeronium
Rhuddanium
Hirnantium
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Oberes Ordovizium
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Silur
Ordovizium

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: langsam bewegend
Umweltbedingungen: marin
Ernährungsweise:

Ablagerung-Fresser (deposit feeder), Detritusfresser (Sedimentfresser)

Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Calcit mit hohem Mg-Gehalt

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Links

Quellangaben

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei GBIF
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Gattung: Allotoxaster

Gattung: Amoraster

Gattung: Apoxypetalum

Gattung: Archaeopneustes Gregory, 1892

Unterordnung: Asterostomatina Fischer, 1966

Gattung: Barnumia Cooke, 1953

Unterordnung: Brissidina Stockley et al., 2005

Gattung: Brissoides Klein, 1778

Gattung: Cagaster

Gattung: Cestobrissus

Gattung: Cottreaucorys

Gattung: Enichaster

Gattung: Eopericosmus

Familie: Epiasteridae

Gattung: Gonzalezaster

Gattung: Gymnopatagus Doderlein, 1900

Familie: Hemiasteridae Clark, 1917

Unterordnung: Hemiasterina Fischer, 1966

Gattung: Homoeopetalus

Gattung: Hypselaster Clark, 1917

Gattung: Kertaster

Gattung: Leymeriaster Lambert & Thiery, 1924

Gattung: Mazzettia Lambert & Thiéry, 1915

Familie: Megapneustidae Fourtau, 1905

Unterordnung: Micrasterina Fischer, 1966

Gattung: Mortensenaster

Gattung: Mundaster

Gattung: Murraypneustes Holmes et al., 2005

Gattung: Neoproraster

Gattung: Niponaster

Gattung: Nudobrissus

Familie: Palaeostomidae Lovèn, 1868

Unterordnung: Paleopneustina Agassiz, 1904

Gattung: Paraheteraster

Gattung: Peraspatangus

Gattung: Peroniaster Gauthier, 1887

Gattung: Pictaviechinus

Gattung: Pliotoxaster Fourtau, 1906

Gattung: Protobrissus

Gattung: Pseudogibbaster

Gattung: Pseudolinthia

Gattung: Pseudowashitaster

Gattung: Pusillaster

Gattung: Royasendia

Gattung: Schizobrissus Pomel, 1869

Gattung: Skouraster

Gattung: Somalechinus

Familie: Somaliasteridae Wagner & Durham, 1966

Gattung: Spatagobrissus Clark, 1923

Gattung: Tessieria

Unterordnung: Toxasterina Fischer, 1966

Familie: Unifasciidae Cooke, 1959

Gattung: Wuarnia

Liste aktualisieren

Aktualität: 23. Nov 2020 - 10:17:25

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 11)

Familie: Acrolusiidae Mintz, 1968

Unterordnung: Asternata

Gattung: Aulacopygus Pomel, 1883

Ordnung: Cassiduloida Agassiz & Desor, 1847

Familie: Disasteridae Gras, 1848

Ordnung: Holasteroida Durham & Melville, 1957

Gattung: Orbigniana Ebray, 1860

Gattung: Orbignyana Ebray, 1860

Familie: Pycnasterides Pomel, 1869

Unterordnung: Sternata

Familie: Tithoniidae Solovjev, 1966

Liste aktualisieren

Aktualität: 23. Nov 2020 - 10:17:26

Vorkommen (8)

Lokationen mit GPS-Informationen

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • B. Musavu Moussavou, 2017 - Nouvelles données sur les macro-invertébrés du Turonien de la région de Libreville (bassin côtier nord-gabonais) - Annales de Paléontologie (103), 283-292 (journal article, French)
  • S. C. Hook, 2017 - Mecaster batnensis (Coquand, 1862), a late Cenomanian echinoid from New Mexico, with a compilation of Late Cretaceous echinoid records in the Western Interior of the United States and Canada - Acta Geologica Polonica (67), 1-30 (journal article, English)
  • U. G. Yakouya-Moubamba, 2017 - Les échinides du Turonien de la Formation de l’Azilé du bassin côtier gabonais dans la région de Libreville Sud - Annales de Paléontologie (103), 101-112 (journal article, French)
  • A. S. Osborn, 2016 - Additions to the Eocene echinoid fauna of the southeastern United States, including a new genus and species of prenasterid heart urchin - Southeastern Geology (52), 33-59 (journal article, English)
  • S. K. Donovan, 2015 - A collection of pelmatozoans (Echinodermata) from the Lady Burn Starfish Beds (Upper Ordovician, Katian), SW Scotland - Scottish Journal of Geology (51), 125-130 (journal article, English)
  • S. Schneider, 2013 - Silicified sea life – Macrofauna and palaeoecology of the Neuburg Kieselerde Member (Cenomanian to Lower Turonian Wellheim Formation, Bavaria, southern Germany) - Acta Geologica Polonica (63), 555-610 (journal article, English)
  • A. Kroh, 2010 - The phylogeny and classification of post-Palaeozoic echinoids - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (8), 147-212 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Smith, 2010 - The Cretaceous Bagh Formation, India: a Gondwanan window onto Turonian shallow-water echinoid faunas - Cretaceous Research (31), 368-386 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Cunningham, 2009 - Coordinated shifts to non-planktotrophic development in spatangoid echinoids during the Late Cretaceous - Biology Letters (5), 647-650 (journal article, English)
  • C. L. C. Manso, 2008 - Equinoides do Turoniano (Cretaceo Superior) de Sergipe, Brasil - São Paulo, UNESP, Geociencias (27), 319-327 (journal article, Portugese)
  • A. Kroh, 2007 - Hemipatagus, a misinterpreted loveniid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (5), 163-192 (journal article, English)
  • C. G. Barras, 2007 - Phylogeny of the Jurassic to Early Cretaceous ‘disasteroid’ echinoids (Echinoidea; Echinodermata) and the origins of spatangoids and holasteroids - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (5), 133-161 (journal article, English)
  • C. Schneider, 2006 - Die Echiniden aus dem Mittelsanton von Lengede - Arbeitskreis Paläontologie Hannover (34), 67-83 (journal article, German)
  • F. C. Holmes, 2005 - Two new Middle Miocene spatangoids (Echinoidea) from the Murray Basin, South Australia - Memoirs of Museum Victoria (62), 91-99 (journal article, English)
  • B. Stockley, 2005 - Phylogenetic relationships of spatangoid sea urchins (Echinoidea), taxon sampling density and congruence between morphological and molecular estimates - Zoologica Scripta (34), 447-468 (journal article, English)
  • J. Hansen, 2005 - A Late Miocene brissid echinoid from Denmark - Palaeontos (7), 46-50 (journal article, English)
  • L. Giusberti, 2005 - Ovulaster Protodecimae, n. sp. (Echinoidea, spatangoida) and associated epifauna (Cirripedia, verrucidae) from the Danian of Northeastern Italy - Rivista Italiana d Paleontologia e Stratigraphia (111), 453-462 (journal article, English)
  • R. Berndt, 2003 - Cenomanian echinoids from Southern Jordan - N. Jb. Geol. Palaont. Mh (2003), 73-90 (journal article, English)
  • D. Rabrenovic, 2002 - The middle Cenomanian basal series of Planinica, Western Serbia - Geoloshki Anali Balkanskoga Poluostrva = Annales Geologiques de la Peninsule Balkanique (64), 13-43 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • C Neumann, 2002 - Rare Campanian echinoids from the Höver and Misburg (Hannover area, Lower Saxony, Germany) - Mitteilungen des Museums für Naturkunde Berlin, Geowissenschaftliche Reihe (5), 121-139 (journal article, )
  • A. Kroh, 2001 - Echinoids from the Danian (Lower Paleocene) Bruderndorf Formation of Austria - Paleogene of the Eastern Alps (), 377-463 (journal article, English)
  • I. D. Lindley, 2001 - Tertiary echinoids from Papua New Guinea - Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (123), 119-139 (journal article, English)
  • S. K. Donovan, 2000 - Spatangoid Echinoids from the Eocene of Jamaica - Journal of Paleontology (74), 654-661 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. M. Jagt, 2000 - Late Cretaceous-Early Paleocene echinoderms and the K/T boundary in the southeast Netherlands and the northeast Belgium. - part 4: Echinoids - Scripta Geologica (21), 181-375 (journal article, )
  • A. B. Smith, 1999 - Late Cretaceous-early Tertiary echinoids from northern Spain: implications for the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event - Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, London (55), 81-137 (journal article, English)
  • D. Frassinetti, 1999 - Invertibrados fósiles marinos de la Formación Guadal (Oligoceno superio-Mioceno inferior) en Pampa, Castillo region, región de Aisén, Chile - Servico Nacional de Geologia y Mineria Chile Boletin (51), 1-96 (serial monograph, Spanish)
  • J. Philip, 1998 - Monopilarites a new rudist genus from the Upper Cenomanian of the Haushi-Huqf massif - Geobios (22), 269-282 (journal article, French)
  • G. Geyer, 1998 - Middle Cambrian pelecypods from the Anti-Atlas, Morocco - Revista Española de Paleontología No extr. Homeaje al Prof. Gonzalo Vidal (), 83-96 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1997 - Oligocene echinoids of North Carolina - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (83), 1-37 (journal article, English)
  • C. H. Jeffery, 1997 - All Change at the Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary? Echinoids from the Maastrichtian and Danian of the Mangyshlak Peninsula, Kazakhstan - Palaeontology (40), 659-712 (journal article, )
  • D. Néraudeau, 1995 - The Cretaceous echinoids from central Saudi Arabia - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen (197), 399-424 (journal article, English)
  • A. B. Smith, 1995 - Late Campanian-Maastrichtian echinoids from the United Arab Emirates-Oman border region - Bulletin of the Natural History Museum (51), 121-240 (journal article, English)
  • J.O. Chiesa, 1995 - Observaciones estratigraficas en el Paleogeno del noroeste de la Provincia de Santa Cruz (Republica Argentina). Parte II: Invertebrados marinos de la Formacion El Chacy (Eoceno), Provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina. Systematica y bioestratigrafia - Monografias de la Acadamia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas Y Naturales (11), 17-68 (journal article, Spanish)
  • R. van der Ham, 1995 - Hemiaster (Leymeriaster) eluvialis, a new echinoid from the Late Maastrichtian of NE Germany and SE Netherlands - Bulletin de l'Institut Royale des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la terre (65), 35-45 (journal article, English)
  • K.J. McNamara, 1994 - Cenozoic Molluscs and Echinoids of Barrow Island, Western Australia - Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement (51), - (journal article, English)
  • A. V. Markov, 1994 - Morphology, systematics and phylogeny of schizasterid sea urchins - Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta (258), 1-94 (journal article, Russian)
  • L. Ragaini, 1994 - Neogene echinoids from Salento (Apulia, Southern Italy) - Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana (), 287-290 (journal article, English)
  • P. Gravesen, 1993 - Early Danian species of the echinoid genus Tylocidaris (Cidaridae, Psychocidarinae) from eastern Denmark - Contributions of Tertiary and Quaternary Geology (30), 41-73 (journal article, English)
  • K. J. McNamara, 1992 - A new genus of marsupiate spatangoid echinoid from the Miocene of South Australia - Records of the South Australian Museum (26), 139-147 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1992 - Neogene Paleontology in the Northern Dominican Republic. 13. The Class Echinoidea (Echinodermata) - Bulletins of American Paleontology (102), 13-28 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. L. Squires, 1992 - Paleontology of the Eocene Bateque Formation, Baja California Sur, Mexico - Contributions in Science (Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County) (434), 1-55 (, )
  • A. B. Smith, 1991 - Taxonomic descriptions, in Cretaceous echinoids from north-eastern Brazil - Fossils and Strata (31), 1-88 (serial monograph, English)
  • K. J. McNamara, 1987 - Taxonomy, evolution and functional morphology of southern Australian Tertiary hemisasterid echinoids - Palaeontology (30), 319-352 (journal article, English)
  • B. David, 1985 - La variation chez les échinides irréguliers. Dimensions ontogénétiques, écologiques, évolutives - Thèse de l'Université de Dijon (), 1-302 (Ph.D. thesis, French)
  • P. M. Kier, 1984 - Fossil spatangoid echinoids of Cuba - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (55), 1-336 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1983 - Upper Cenozoic echinoids from the Lee Creek Mine - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (53), 499-507 (journal article, English)
  • J. V. Santafé, 1982 - Geologia y Paleontologia (Dinosaurios) de las Capas rojas de Morella (Castellón, España) [Geology and paleontology (Dinosauria) of the Capas Rojas of Morella (Castellón, Spain)] - Diputación Provincial de Castellón y Diputación de Barcelona (), 1-169 (book/book chapter, Spanish)
  • K. J. McNamara, 1980 - Australian Tertiary schizasterid echinoids - Alcheringa (4), 47-65 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1980 - The Echinoids of the Middle Eocene Warley Hill Formation, Santee Limestone, and Castle Hayne Limestone of North and South Carolina - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (39), 1-102 (, )
  • O. I. Shmidt, 1976 - O pervykh nakhodkakh morskikh ezhey v verkhnemelovykh otlozheniyakh Sovetskoy Arktiki - Trudy Vsesoyuzhnogo Neftyanogo Nauchno-Issledovatelskogo Geologorazvedochnogo Instituta (388), 151-156 (journal article, Russian)
  • J. Roman, 1976 - Echinides éocènes et miocènes du Qatar (Golfe Persique) - Annales de Paléontologie (62), 49-85 (journal article, French)
  • R. A. Henderson, 1975 - Cenozoic Spatangoid Echinoids from New Zealand - New Zealand Geological Survey Paleontological Bulletin (46), 1-129 (serial monograph, English)
  • P. H. De Buisonjé, 1974 - Neogene and Quaternary geology of Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire - Natuurwetenschappelijke Studiekring voor Suriname en de Nederlandse Antillen (74), 1-291 (journal article, English)
  • F. Tessier, 1973 - Études paléontologiques et géologiques sur les Falaises de Fresco (Côte d'Ivoire). 6. Échinides - Annales de la Faculté des Sciences, Université de Dakar (26), 139-172 (journal article, French)
  • P. M. Kier, 1972 - Upper Miocene Echinoids from the Yorktown Formation of Virginia and their environmental significance - Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology (13), - (serial monograph, English)
  • G. Ernst, 1966 - Fauna, Ökologie und Stratigraphie der mittelsantonen Schreibkreide von Lägerdrof (SW-Holstein) - Mitteilungen aus dem Geologischen Staatsinstitut in Hamburg (35), 115-150 (journal article, German)
  • C. D. Wagner, 1966 - Holasteroids - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology,Part U Echinodermata 3. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press (2), U523-U543 (book/book chapter, English)
  • A. G. Fischer, 1966 - Spatangoids - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part U. Echinodermata. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Boulder and Lawrence (3), U543-U628 (book/book chapter, English)
  • A. Morishita, 1964 - Fossil echinoies deposited in the museum of Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, Sirahama, Wakayama Prefectures (on some fossil echinoids of Japan, III) - Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory (12), 273-280 (journal article, English)
  • N. A. Poslavskaya, 1964 - Class Echinoidea. General part - Principles of Paleontology. Echinodermata, Hemichordata, Brachiopoda and Polychaeta. Nauka, Moscow (), 174-189 (book/book chapter, Russian)
  • G. N. Djabarov, 1964 - - Verkhnemelovye Morskiy Ezhi Tsentral'nogo Kopet-Daga i ikh Stratigraficheskoe Znachenie (), 1-114 (book, Russian)
  • V. A. Zullo, 1962 - The Echinoid Genus Megapetalus Clark - Journal of Paleontology (36), 524-528 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Durham, 1961 - Miocene echinoids from the Valle Central, Costa Rica - Journal of Paleontology (35), 480-488 (journal article, English)
  • H. Engel, 1961 - Some fossil Clypeastrids (Echinoidea) from Brimstone Hill (St. Kitts) and Sugar Loaf (St. Eustatius), Lesser Antilles - Beaufortia (9), 1-6 (journal article, English)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1959 - Cenozoic echinoids of eastern United States - United States Geological Survey Professional Papers (321), 1-106 (journal article, English)
  • P. M. Kier, 1957 - Tertiary Echinoidea from British Somaliland - Journal of Paleontology (31), 839-902 (journal article, English)
  • V.E. Benavides-Caceres, 1956 - Cretaceous system in northern Peru - Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History (108), 1-493 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Y. Hassan, 1953 - Tertiary faunas from Kap Brewstwer, East Greenland - Meddeleser om Grønland (111), 1-42 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Sanchez-Roig, 1953 - Nuevos Equinidos fosiles de la fauna Cubana - Anales de la Academia de Ciencias Medicas, Fisicas Y Naturales de la Habana (41), 136-176 (serial monograph, English)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1953 - American Upper Cretaceous Echinoidea - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (254-A), 1-44 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Sánchez Roig, 1949 - Paleontologia Cubana. I. Los equinodermos fosiles de Cuba - Compania Editora de Libros y Folletos, La Habana (), 1-331 (book/book chapter, Spanish)
  • H. L. Clark, 1946 - The echinoderm fauna of Australia: Its composition and its origin - Publications Carnegie Institute Washington (566), 1-567 (serial monograph, English)
  • C. E. Weaver, 1942 - Paleontology of the Marine Tertiary formations of Oregon and Washington - University of Washington Publications in Geology (5), 1-789 (serial monograph, English)
  • C. W. Cooke, 1942 - Cenozoic irregular echinoids of the Eastern United States - Journal of Paleontology (16), 1-62 (journal article, English)
  • G. Checchia-Rispoli, 1941 - Osservazioni su alcuni generi di Antillasterinae - Rendiconti del'Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (7), 388-393 (journal article, Italian)
  • U. S. Grant, 1938 - The West American Cenozoic Echinoidea - Publications of the University of California at Los Angeles in Mathematical and Physical Sciences (2), 1-225 (journal article, English)
  • F. Traub, 1938 - Geologische und paläontologische Bearbeitung der Kreide und des Tertiärs im östlichen Rupertiwinkel, nördlich von Salzburg [Geological and paleontological work on the Cretaceous and Tertiary of the eastern Ruperti region, north of Salzburg] - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (88), 1-107 (journal article, German)
  • R. T. Jackson, 1937 - Mexican fossil echini - Proceedings fo the United States National Museum (84), 227-237 (journal article, English)
  • H. L. Clark, 1937 - A new sea-urchin from the "Oligocene" of Oregon - Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History (8), 367-374 (journal article, English)
  • C. J. Maury, 1936 - - Monographias do Servico Geologico E Mineralogico (11), 1-283 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. L. Clark, 1929 - A new Miocene echinoid from California - Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History (5), 257-262 (journal article, English)
  • H. G. Schenck, 1928 - A new echinoid from the California Eocene - Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History (5), 195-202 (journal article, English)
  • T. Nagao, 1928 - Palaeogene fossils of the Island of Kyushu, Japan Part II - Science Reports of the Tohoku Imperial University (12), 11-140 (journal article, English)
  • B. L. Clark, 1927 - The geology and paleontology of the type section of the Meganos Formation (lower Middle Eocene) of California - University of California Publications in Geological Sciences (17), 63-142 (serial monograph, English)
  • M. Sanchez Roig, 1926 - Los Equiodermos fosiles de Cuba - Contribucion a la paleontologia Cubana (), 1-179 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1924 - Essai de nomenclature raisonnée des échinides - L. Ferrière, Chaumont (), 385-512 (serial monograph, French)
  • J. Lambert, 1920 - Etude sur quelques formes primitives de Spatangidés - Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Historiques et Naturelles de l’Yonne (73), 1-41 (journal article, French)
  • J. Lambert, 1920 - Echinides du Crétacé inférieur de la Provence - Notes Provençales (11), 1-24 (journal article, French)
  • J. Lambert, 1920 - Sur quelques genres nouveaux d'échinides - Mémoires de la Société Académique d’Agriculture des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres du Département de l’Aube (55), 145-174 (journal article, French)
  • R. T. Jackson, 1917 - Fossil Echini of the Panama Canal Zone and Costa Rica - Proceedings of the Unites States National Museum (53), 489-501 (journal article, English)
  • H. L. Clark, 1917 - Hawaiian and other Pacific Echini. The Echinoneidae, Nucleolitidae, Urechinida, Echinocorythidae, Calymnidae, Pourtalesiidae, Palaeostomatidae, Aeropside, Palaeopneustidae, Hemiasteridae, and Spatangidae - Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College (46), 81-283 (journal article, English)
  • J. W. Gregory, 1917 - On some Cretaceous Echinoidea from the neighbourhood of Lobito Bay - Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (51), 585-587 (journal article, English)
  • W. B. Clark, 1915 - The Mesozoic and Cenozoic Echinodermata of the United States - United States Geological Survey Bulletin (54), 1-341 (serial monograph, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1915 - Description des échinides des terrains néogènes du bassin Rhône. fasc. 4 - Mémoires de la Société Paléontologique Suisse (41), 155-240 (journal article, French)
  • G. Stefanini, 1912 - Osservazioni sulla distribuzione geografica, sulla origini e sulla filogenesi degli Scutellidae - Bolletino della Societa Geologica Italiana (30), 739-754 (journal article, Italian)
  • J. Lambert, 1911 - Note sur quelques Echinides éocéniques des Corbières septentrionales - Catalogue descriptif des fossiles nummulitiques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault. Annales de l’Université de Lyon, Nouvelle Série, I. Sciences, Médecine (30), 163-199 (book/book chapter, French)
  • R. W. Pack, 1909 - Notes On Echinoids From The Tertiary of California - University of California Publications Bulletin of the Department of Geology (5), 275-283 (journal article, English)
  • C. E. Weaver, 1908 - New Echinoids From the Tertiary of California - University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology (5), 271-274 (journal article, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1907 - Description des échinides fossiles des terrains miocéniques de la Sardaigne - Mémoires de la Société Paléontologique Suisse (34), 1-72 (journal article, French)
  • R. Fourtau, 1905 - Notes sur les Echinides fossiles de l’Egypte - Bulletin de l’Institut Egyptien, Série 4 (5), 121-140 (journal article, French)
  • J. Lambert, 1905 - Notes sur quelques Echinides éocéniques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault - Catalogue descriptif des fossiles nummulitiques de l’Aude et de l’Hérault. Annales de l’Université de Lyon, Nouvelle Série, I. Sciences, Médecine (17), 129-164 (book/book chapter, French)
  • F. A. Bather, 1904 - Eocene echinoids from Sokoto - Geological Magazine, Decade V (1), 292-304 (journal article, English)
  • A. Agassiz, 1904 - The Panamic Deep Sea Echini - Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College (31), 1-243 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. Merriam, 1899 - The Tertiary sea-urchins of Middle California - Proceedins of the California Academy of Science (1), 161-175 (journal article, English)
  • J. Lambert, 1896 - Notes sur quelques Echinides Crétacés de Madagascar - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, Série 3 (24), 313-332 (journal article, English)
  • F. Roemer, 1888 - Macraster, eine neue Spatanguoiden-Gattung aus der Kreide von Texas - Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palöntologie (5), 191-195 (journal article, German)
  • P. de Loriol, 1888 - Description des échinides, in Matériaux pour l'étude stratigraphique et paléontologique de la province d'Angola. 30(2):1-116 - Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève (30), 97-114 (serial monograph, French)
  • A. Pomel, 1886 - Note sur deux Echinides du terrain Eocène - Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France (14), 608-613 (journal article, French)
  • A. Pomel, 1883 - Classification méthodique des échinides vivants et fossiles - Adolphe Jourdan, Alger (), 1-131 (book/book chapter, French)
  • A. Pomel, 1869 - - Revue des échinodermes et de leur classification pour servir d'introduction à l'étude des fossiles. Deyrolle, Paris (), 1-67 (book/book chapter, French)
  • S. Lovèn, 1868 - Om Leskia mirabilis Gray - Öfversigt af Kongelige Vetenskaps-Akademiens, Förhandlingar (24), 431-440 (journal article, English)
  • E. Desor, 1858 - - Synopsis des échinides fossiles. Reinwald, Paris (), 1-490 (book/book chapter, French)
  • F. J. Pictet, 1857 - - Traité élémentaire de paléontologie, ou, Historie naturelle des animaux fossiles considérés dans leurs rapports zoologiques et géologiques, 2nd ed, JB Baillière et Fils, Paris (4), 1-768 (book/book chapter, French)
  • J. E. Gray, 1855 - - Catalogue of the Recent Echinida, or Sea Eggs, in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Echinida Irregularia. Woodfall & Kinder, London (), 1-69 (book/book chapter, English)
  • E. Forbes, 1850 - Description of the fossils of the Chalk Formation. Notes on Cretaceous Echinodermata - The Geology and Fossils of the Tertiary and Cretaceous Formations of Sussex (), 325-343 (book chapter, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1847 - Catalogue raisonné des familles, des genres, et des espèces de la classe des échinodermes - Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Troisième Série, Zoologie (7-8), - (journal article, French)
  • E. Forbes, 1846 - Report on the fossil invertebrata from southern India, collected by Mr. Kaye and Mr. Cunliffe - Transactions of the Geological Society of London, Series 2 (7), 97-174 (journal article, English)
  • L. Agassiz, 1840 - - Catalogus systematicus Ectyporum Echinodermatum fossilium Musei Neocomiensis, secundum ordinem zoologicum dispositus; adjectis synonymis recentioribus, nec non stratis et locis in quibus reperiuntur. Sequuntur characteres diagnostici generum novorum vel m (), 1-20 (book/book chapter, other)
  • L. Agassiz, 1839 - Description des Echinodermes fossiles de la Suisse; première partie, Spatangoides et Clypéasteroides - Mémoires de la Société helvétique des Sciences naturelles (3), 1-101 (journal article, French)
  • J. E. Gray, 1825 - An attempt to divide the Echinida, or Sea Eggs, into natural families - Annals of Philosophy, new series (10), 423-431 (journal article, English)