'._('einklappen').'
 

† Blastoidea

Blastoidea

Weitere Funktionen

Gruppierung

Zugehö­rig zu

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Nephrozoa  ⇒ Abzweig: Deuterostomia  ⇒ Klade: Ambulacraria  ⇒ Stamm: Echinodermata  ⇒ Unterstamm: Pelmatozoa

Taxo­no­mie Stufe

Klasse

Die gezeigte Taxonomie ist der Versuch aus Einstufungen verschiedenster Wissenschaftler eine schlüssige Zuordnung zu treffen. Da sich die Taxonomie durch verfeinerte Untersuchungsmethoden und weitere Funde verändern kann, versteht sich unsere Zuordnung nur als Anhaltspunkt.

Name nach

Ent­spre­chen­der Autor (Name, Jahr)

Say, 1825

Ausführliche Beschreibung

Ausgestorbene Klasse im Stamm der Stachelhäuter, die in zwei Hauptgruppen (Spiraculata und Fissiculata) eingeteilt werden.

Die Blastoideen oder Knospenstrahler werden in der Systematik mit ca. 80 Gattungen geführt.

In ihrem Erscheinungsbild sind sie am ehesten mit den Seelilien (Crinoidea) vergleichbar, da sie auch einen Kelch (Theka) besessen haben, der über einen langen Stiel am Meeresboden befestigt war.

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Startalter: 460.9 Ma - Endalter: 251.3 Ma
251.1
265.8
275.6
299
311.7
345.3
385.3
407
418.7
426.2
439
460.9
Changhsingium
Wuchiapigium
Capitanium
Wordium
Roadium
Kungur
Artinsk
Sakmar
Assel
Gzhelium
Kasimovium
Moscovium
Bashkirium
Serpukhovium
Vise
Tournai
Famennium
Frasnium
Givet
Eifel
Ems
Prag
Lochkovium
Ludfordium
Gorstium
Homer
Sheinwood
Telychium
Aeronium
Rhuddanium
Hirnantium
Katium
Sandbium
Loping
Guadalup
Cisural
Pennsylvanium
Mississippium
Oberes Devon
Mittleres Devon
Unteres Devon
Pridoli
Ludlow
Wenlock
Llandovery
Oberes Ordovizium
Perm
Karbon
Devon
Silur
Ordovizium

Zusätzliche Daten von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

Motilität: angehängt, stationär
Lebensweise und Ort: mittlere Ebene epifaunal
Umweltbedingungen: marin
Ernährungsweise:

Filtrierer (suspension feeder)

Zusammensetzung der Überreste:

Calcit mit hohem Mg-Gehalt

Referenz- und Quellangaben, Literatur

Automatische Verweise auf fremde Internet-Inhalte (Verantwortlichkeit liegt beim Betreiber)

Suche nach Taxonomie bei PaleobioDB.org
Suche nach Taxonomie bei Fossilworks
Suche nach Taxonomie bei The Taxonomicon

Nächst niedrigere Taxonomie-Stufe

Auf gleicher taxonomischer Ebene (Geschwister) (Anzahl: 2)

Fossilzuordnungen (290)

Vorkommen (4)

Lokationen mit GPS-Informationen

Referenzen von PBDB, Lizenz: CC BY

  • J. E. Bauer, 2017 - Hydrospire morphology and implications for blastoid phylogeny - Journal of Paleontology (91), 847-857 (journal article, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 2013 - New ridged, conical, fissiculate blastoid from the Permian of Timor - Journal of Paleontology (87), 1071-1076 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 2012 - Universal Elemental Homology in Glyptocystitoids, Hemicosmitoids, Coronoids and Blastoids: Steps Toward Echinoderm Phylogenetic Reconstruction in Derived Blastozoa - Journal of Paleontology (86), 956-972 (journal article, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 2009 - New Pennsylvanian (Moscovian) echinoderms from Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, western China - Palaeoworld (18), 241-250 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 2009 - An enigmatic bastozoan Echinoderm fauna from central Kentucky - Journal of Paleontology (83), 739-749 (journal article, English)
  • C. D. Sumrall, 2009 - An enigmatic blastozoan echinoderm fauna from central Kentucky - Journal of Paleontology (83), 739-749 (journal article, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 2007 - Paleogeographic significance of Early Permian crinoids and blastoids from Oman - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (81), 399-405 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Waters, 2003 - A quadrupling of Famennian pelmatozoan diversity: new Late Devonian blastoids and crinoids from northwest China - Journal of Paleontology (77), 922-948 (journal article, English)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • N. G. Lane, 2001 - Revision Of Late Devonian (Famennian) And Some Early Carboniferous (Tournaisian) Crinoids And Blastoids From The Type Devonian Area Of North Devon - Palaeontology (44), 1043-1080 (journal article, English)
  • G. D. Webster, 1992 - Permian echinoderms from Western Australia - Memoirs of the Queensland Museum (32), 311-373 (journal article, English)
  • H.R. Feldman, 1989 - Echinoderms of the Somerset Shale Member, Salem Limestone (Mississippian), in Indiana and Kentucky - Journal of Paleontology (63), 900-912 (journal article, English)
  • W. I. Ausich, 1988 - Blastoids from the late Osagean Fort Payne Formation (Kentucky and Tennessee) - Journal of Paleontology (62), 269-283 (journal article, English)
  • J. A. Waters, 1986 - A new occurrence of Granatocrinus granulatus (Roemer) from the Payne Chert of Alabama - Journal of Paleontology (60), 177-180 (journal article, English)
  • T. W. Broadhead, 1984 - Macurdablastus, a Middle Ordovician Blastoid from the Southern Appalachians - The University of Kansas, Paleontological Contibutions (), 1-9 (journal article, English)
  • P. A. Jell, 1983 - Early Devonian echinoderms from Victoria (Rhombifera, Blastoidea and Ophiocistoidea) - Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists (1), 209-235 (journal article, )
  • D. B. Macurda, 1983 - Systematics of the Fissiculate Blastoidea - Papers on Paleontology (), - (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, Jr., 1979 - The Devonian Blastoids of Bolivia - Journal of Paleontology (53), 1361-1373 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, 1978 - The Mississippian blastoid genus Cribroblastus - Journal of Paleontology (52), 1288-1293 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda Jr., 1977 - Strongyloblastus, a Mississippian Blastoid from Western Canada - Journal of Paleontology (51), 693-700 (journal article, English)
  • H. L. Strimple, 1977 - A new upper Pennsylvanian fissiculate blastoid from Texas - Journal of Paleontology (51), 357-362 (journal article, )
  • D. B. Macurda, 1977 - Arcuoblastus and Decemoblastus, two new Mississippian blastoid genera from the Burlington Limestone, Iowa - Journal of Paleontology (51), 1201-1214 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, Jr, 1975 - Devonian and Carboniferous spiraculate Blastoids from Brittany (France) - Journal of Paleontology (49), 845-855 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda Jr., 1972 - The Type Species of the Permian Blastoid Calycoblastus - Journal of Paleontology (46), 94-98 (journal article, English)
  • R. G. McKellar, 1969 - Permian pelmatozoan echinoderms from Nerimbera near Rockhampton, Queensland - Queensland Geological Survey Publication (337), 19-28 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, Jr., 1967 - The Lower Carboniferous (Tournaisian) Blastoids of Belgium - Journal of Paleontology (41), - (journal article, English)
  • J. Sprinkle, 1967 - Costatoblastus, a channel fill blastoid from the Sappington Formation of Montana - Journal of Paleontology (41), 385-401 (journal article, )
  • R. O. Fay, 1967 - Systematic Descriptions - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology Part S Echinoderms 1 volume 2 Blastoids (), 396-445 (book/book chapter, English)
  • D. B. Macurda Jr., 1966 - The ontogeny of the Mississippian Blastoid Orophocrinus - Journal of Paleontology (40), 92-124 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda Jr., 1965 - The functional morphology and stratigraphic distribution of the Mississippian blastoid genus Orophocrinus - Journal of Paleontology (39), 1045-1096 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, 1964 - The Mississippian Blastoid Genera Phaenoschisma, Phaenoblastus and Conoschisma - Journal of Paleontology (38), 117-118 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, Jr., 1964 - A new spiraculate blastoid, Pyramiblastus,from the Mississippian Hampton Formation of Iowa - Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan (19), 105-114 (journal article, English)
  • D. B. Macurda, Jr, 1964 - Dentiblastus: A new blastoid genus from the Burlington Limestone (Mississippian) - Journal of Paleontology (38), 367-372 (journal article, English)
  • R.O. Fay, 1961 - The type species of Stephanocrinus Conrad - Oklahoma Geology Notes (21), 236-239 (journal article, English)
  • R. O. Fay, 1961 - Echinodermata. Article 3. Blastoid Studies - The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions (3), 1-147 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. H. Beaver, 1961 - Morphology of the blastoid Globoblastus norwoodi - Journal of Paleontology (35), 1103-1112 (journal article, English)
  • H. H. Beaver, 1961 - Auloblastus, a new blastoid from the Mississippian Burlington Limestone - Journal of Paleontology (35), 1113-1116 (journal article, English)
  • L. M. Cline, 1950 - The codaster alternatus-Codaster pyramidatus group of Blastoids from the Mid- Devonian of North America - Journal of Paleontology (24), 154-173 (journal article, English)
  • J. M. Crockford, 1940 - A Permian blastoid from Belford, New South Wales - Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (65), 167-170 (journal article, English)
  • M. A. Stainbrook, 1937 - New echinoderms from the Devonian Cedar Valley Formation of Iowa - American Midland Naturalist (18), 899-904 (journal article, English)
  • L. M. Cline, 1937 - Blastoidsof the Osage Group, Mississippian: Part 2. The genus Cyptoblastus - Journal of Paleontology (11), 634-649 (journal article, English)
  • J. Wanner, 1924 - Die Permian Blastoiden von Timor - Jaarbook van net Mijnwezen Nederlandes Oost-Indie, Verhandlungen, Jaargang 1922 (51), 163-233 (journal article, German)
  • F. B. Meek, 1869 - Remarks on the Blastoidea, with descriptions of new species - Proceedings of the Academy of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (21), 83-91 (journal article, English)
  • B. F. Shumard, 1856 - Notice of a new fossil Genus belonging to the family Blastoidea, from the Devonian strata near Louisville Kentucky - Procedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (8), 71-75 (journal article, English)