† Perisphinctidae


Additional Functions


Belong­ing to

Gaeabionta  ⇒ Domäne: Eukaryota  ⇒ Reich: Animalia  ⇒ Mittelreich: Eumetazoa  ⇒ Klade: Triploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eutriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Neotriploblastica  ⇒ Klade: Eucoelomata  ⇒ Superstamm: Eutrochozoa  ⇒ Stamm: Mollusca  ⇒ Klasse: Cephalopoda  ⇒ Unterklasse: Ammonoïdea  ⇒ Ordnung: Ammonitida  ⇒ Unterordnung: Ammonitina  ⇒ Überfamilie: Perisphinctoidea

Taxo­nomic seg­ment


This mentioned taxonomy is an attempt to make an conclusive assignment from the different classifications of various scientists. Because the taxonomy may change due to the latest investigative methods and other findings, our map is a guide only.

Name from

Corre­spond­ing author (Name, Year)

Steinmann, 1890

Other languages



Detailed description

Die Perisphinctidae sind eine umfangreiche Familie mit zahlreichen Unterfamilien und Gattungen. Änderungen von Zuordnungen und Neugruppierungen sind daher beinahe "an der Tagesordnung".

Lebenszeitraum in Million Jahren (Ma)

Start age: 171.6 Ma - End age: 100.5 Ma
Lower/Early Cretaceous
Upper/Late Jurassic
Middle Jurassic

Additional data by PBDB, License: CC BY

Motility: fast-moving
Compositon of the remains:


Reference- and Source indication, Literature



Next lower taxonomy level

Gattung: Albanesiceras Galácz, 2019

Gattung: Ataxioceras Sepkoski, 2002

Unterfamilie: Aulacostephaninae Spath, 1924

Gattung: Aulacostephanus Sepkoski, 2002

Gattung: Bajocisphinctes Buckman, 1927

Gattung: Chignahuapites

Gattung: Choffatiasphinctes Besnosov, 1982

Gattung: Crussoliceras Sepkoski, 2002

Gattung: Cuetzalanites

Gattung: Dichotomoceras

Unterfamilie: Dorsoplanitinae Arkell, 1950

Gattung: Euvirgalithacoceras Zeiss, 1996

Gattung: Franchia Sturani, 1967

Gattung: Geyericeras

Gattung: Grossouvria Sepkoski, 2002

Gattung: Housaites

Unterfamilie: Idoceratinae Spath, 1924

Unterfamilie: Leptosphinctinae Arkell, 1950

Gattung: Lithacocerae

Gattung: Lithacoceras Hyatt, 1900

Gattung: Malagasites

Gattung: Megazigzagiceras

Gattung: Microbajocisphinctes Fernandez-Lopez, 1985

Gattung: Mirosphinctes

Gattung: Nepalites

Gattung: Olorizia

Gattung: Orionoides

Gattung: Orthosphinctes Schindewolf, 1925

Gattung: Oxysphinctes Besnosov, 1981

Unterfamilie: Passendorferiinae Melendez Hevia, 1989

Unterfamilie: Perisphinctinae Steinmann, 1890

Gattung: Perisphinctites

Unterfamilie: Pictoniinae Spath, 1924

Gattung: Planisphinctes

Gattung: Praebigotites

Gattung: Praekossmatia

Gattung: Proplanulites Sepkoski, 2002

Gattung: Prorsisphinctes

Gattung: Protozigzagiceras

Gattung: Pseudogravesia Hantzpergue, 1989

Unterfamilie: Pseudoperisphinctinae Schindewolf, 1925

Unterfamilie: Pseudovirgatitinae Spath, 1931

Gattung: Rasenioides

Gattung: Sicilisphinctes Galácz, 2019

Gattung: Siemiradzkia

Gattung: Simosphinctes

Unterfamilie: Sivajiceratinae Dutta & Bardhan, 2016

Gattung: Sutneria Zittel, 1884

Gattung: Tenuisphinctes Gygi, 1998

Gattung: Titanites

Gattung: Vermisphinctes Sepkoski, 2002

Unterfamilie: Vinalesphinctinae Melendez & Myczynski, 1987

Gattung: Virgatopavlovia Cope, 1978

Unterfamilie: Virgatosphinctinae Spath, 1923

Gattung: Zeissia

Gattung: Zenostephanus Callomon et al., 2009

Unterfamilie: Zigzagiceratinae Imlay, 1962

Refresh list

Actuality: 21. Sep 2023 - 16:37:26

On the same taxonomic level (siblings) (Count: 15)

Taxonomic assignment (545)

Eukaryota (Domäne)

Animalia (Reich)

Eumetazoa (Mittelreich)




Eucoelomata (Klade)

Eutrochozoa (Superstamm)

Mollusca (Stamm)

Cephalopoda (Klasse)

Ammonoïdea (Unterklasse)

Ammonitida (Ordnung)

Ammonitina (Unterordnung)

Perisphinctoidea (Überfamilie)

Perisphinctidae (Familie)

Albanesiceras (Gattung)


Ataxioceras (Gattung)




Aulacostephaninae (Unterfamilie)

Rasenia (Gattung)

Eurasenia (SUBGENUS)











Rasenia (Eurasenia) (Untergattung)







Rasenia (Rasenia) (Untergattung)









Rasenia (Rasenioides) (Untergattung)


Zonovia (Gattung)

Xenostephanoides (SUBGENUS)





Zonovia (Zonovia) (Untergattung)




Aulacostephanus (Gattung)





































Pararasenia (Gattung)

Bajocisphinctes (Gattung)











Chignahuapites (Gattung)





Crussoliceras (Gattung)

Cuetzalanites (Gattung)

Dichotomoceras (Gattung)


Dorsoplanitinae (Unterfamilie)

Biplicioceras (Gattung)

Dorsoplanites (Gattung)






Epipallasiceras (Gattung)



Epivirgatites (Gattung)



Pavlovia (Gattung)

















Franchia (Gattung)



Geyericeras (Gattung)

Grossouvria (Gattung)


Housaites (Gattung)

Idoceratinae (Unterfamilie)

Barthelticeras (Gattung)


Ceratosphinctes (Gattung)



Idoceras (Gattung)









Lessiniceras (Gattung)



Nebrodites (Gattung)

Mesosimoceras (Gattung)













Presimoceras (Gattung)








Trenerites (Gattung)


Leptosphinctinae (Unterfamilie)

Bigotites (Gattung)


Leptosphinctes (Gattung)































Lithacocerae (Gattung)

Lithacoceras (Gattung)





Malagasites (Gattung)





Mirosphinctes (Gattung)



Nepalites (Gattung)

Olorizia (Gattung)

Orionoides (Gattung)


Orthosphinctes (Gattung)






Oxysphinctes (Gattung)


Passendorferiinae (Unterfamilie)

Graefenbergites (Gattung)




Passendorferia (Gattung)

Enayites (Gattung)







Perisphinctinae (Unterfamilie)

Alligaticeras (Gattung)


Otosphinctes (Gattung)


Perisphinctes (Gattung)

Antilloceras (SUBGENUS)

Kranaosphinctes (Gattung)





































Prososphinctes (Gattung)



Perisphinctites (Gattung)

Pictoniinae (Unterfamilie)

Pachypictonia (Gattung)

Vineta (Gattung)

Planisphinctes (Gattung)





Praebigotites (Gattung)






Praekossmatia (Gattung)

Proplanulites (Gattung)


Prorsisphinctes (Gattung)








Pseudogravesia (Gattung)


Pseudoperisphinctinae (Unterfamilie)

Choffatia (Gattung)












Choffatia (Choffatia) (Untergattung)
























Parachoffatia (SUBGENUS)








Pseudovirgatitinae (Unterfamilie)

Pectinatites (Gattung)








Sphinctoceras (SUBGENUS)





Rasenioides (Gattung)

Sicilisphinctes (Gattung)


Siemiradzkia (Gattung)







Simosphinctes (Gattung)

Sivajiceratinae (Unterfamilie)

Kinkeliniceras (Gattung)



Obtusicostites (Gattung)



Sivajiceras (Gattung)




Sutneria (Gattung)













Sutneria (Sutneria) (Untergattung)





Tenuisphinctes (Gattung)

Titanites (Gattung)

Vermisphinctes (Gattung)


Vinalesphinctinae (Unterfamilie)

Cubasphinctes (Gattung)







Vinalesphinctes (Gattung)

Virgatopavlovia (Gattung)



Virgatosphinctinae (Unterfamilie)












Laugeites (Gattung)



Pachysphinctes (Gattung)








Subplanites (Gattung)
















Zeissia (Gattung)

Zenostephanus (Gattung)





Zigzagiceratinae (Unterfamilie)

Cobbanites (Gattung)



Lobosphinctes (Gattung)

Phaulozigzag (Gattung)

Procerites (Gattung)

















Prevalia (SUBGENUS)






















Procerozigzag (Gattung)

Wagnericeras (Gattung)




Zigzagiceras (Gattung)


Refresh list

Actuality: 21. Sep 2023 - 14:59:22

Occurrences (10)

Refresh list | Fold level: 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - Unfold allActuality: 21. Sep 2023 - 14:59:22

Locations with GPS information

References by PBDB, License: CC BY

  • A. Galácz, 2019 - Rare and new Late Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) ammonites from Monte Kumeta, western Sicily - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen (291), 231-252 (journal article, English)
  • T. P. Poulton, 2019 - Early Callovian ammonite horizons from northwestern British Columbia,Canada - Journal of South American Earth Sciences (95), 10221- (journal article, English)
  • M. W. Maisch, 2018 - First record of the ammonite genus Graefenbergites (Perisphinctoidea: Passendorferiinae) from the late Oxfordian of the Swabian Alb (SW Germany) - Palaeodiversity (11), 167-172 (journal article, English)
  • A. Galácz, 2017 - Bajocian (Middle Jurassic) ammonites of stratigraphical and Palaeobiogeographical importance from Mombasa, Kenya, East Africa - Geodiversitas (39), 717-727 (journal article, English)
  • M. A. Rogov, 2017 - Jurassic deposits of the southern part of the Moscow syneclyse and their fauna - Transactions of the Geological Institute (), - (journal article, English)
  • R. Enay, 2017 - The upper Oxfordian and lower Kimmeridgian ammonite genera Idoceras Burckhardt, 1906, and Subnebrodites Spath, 1925 - Paleontological Contributions (17), 1-3 (serial monograph, English)
  • R. Dutta, 2017 - The taxonomic status of the genus Hubertoceras Spath: A new light on sexual dimorphism from the Callovian ammonites of Kutch, India - Palaeontologia Electronica (20), 1-23 (journal article, English)
  • S. Jain, 2017 - Occurrences, age and paleobiogeography of rare genera Phlycticeras and Pachyerymnoceras from South Tethys - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen (283), 119-149 (journal article, English)
  • A. Scherzinger, 2016 - The ammonite genera Gravesia Salfeld and Pseudogravesia Hantzpergue in the Tithonian of S Germany and their correlation value with Western Europe - Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association (127), 288-296 (journal article, English)
  • R. Dutta, 2016 - Systematics, endemism and phylogeny of Indian proplanulitins (Ammonoidea) from the Bathonian–Callovian of Kutch, western India - Swiss Journal of Paleontology (135), 23-56 (journal article, English)
  • C. Salazar, 2016 - Tithonian–Berriasian ammonites from the Baños del Flaco Formation, central Chile - Journal of Systematic Palaeontology (14), 149-182 (journal article, English)
  • V. Dietze, 2016 - Occurrences of the ammonite genus Clydoniceras Blake, 1905 in the Middle Jurassic (Upper Bathonian, Discus Zone) of NW Switzerland - Proceedings of the Geologists' Association (127), 218-229 (journal article, English)
  • M. R. Majidifard, 2015 - Late Bajocian-Bathonian ammonites from northeast Iran - Acta Palaeontologica Romaniae (11), 25-41 (journal article, English)
  • H. Parent, 2015 - The ammonite fauna of the La Manga Formation (Late Callovian-Early Oxfordian) of Vega de la Veranada, Neuquén Basin, Argentina - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen (275), 163-217 (journal article, English)
  • J. C. W. Cope, 2015 - The Upper Jurassic ammonite Virgatopavolovia from NE Scotland: implications for palaeogeography and phylogeny - Scottish Journal of Geology (51), 57-62 (journal article, English)
  • P. Zell, 2015 - Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) cold-water idoceratids (Ammonoidea) from southern Coahuila, northeastern Mexico, associated with Boreal bivalves and belemnites - Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas (32), 11-20 (journal article, English)
  • T. Sato, 2014 - A new Oxfordian (Late Jurassic) ammonite assemblage from the Arimine Formation (Tetori Group) in the Arimine area, southeastern Toyama Prefecture, northern Central Japan - Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Series C, Geology and Paleontology (40), 21-55 (journal article, English)
  • N. Mariotti, 2013 - Oxfordian belemnites and ammonites from Rostam Kola, Northern East Alborz, North Iran - Boletín del Instituto de Fisiografía y Geología (83), - (journal article, English)
  • A. Galacz, 2012 - Early perisphinctid ammonites from the early/late Bajocian boundary interval (Middle Jurassic) from Lokut, Hungary - Geobios (45), 285-295 (journal article, English)
  • H. Parent, 2012 - Oxfordian ammonites from Rostam Kola, northern East Alborz, North Iran - Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen (263), 133-142 (journal article, English)
  • L. Guo, 2011 - Upper Jurassic Reefs from the Russian Western Caucasus: Implications for the Eastern Black Sea - Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences (20), 629-653 (journal article, English)
  • D. Grigore, 2010 - Idoceratinae (Presimoceras, Trenerites and Lessiniceras genera) from "Acanthicum beds" of the Hăghimaş Mts. (the Eastern Carpathians - Romania) - Oltenia - Studii şi Comunicări Ştiinţele Naturii (26), 287-295 (journal article, English)
  • D. Grigore, 2010 - Idoceratinae (Idoceras and Nebrodites genera) from "Acanthicum Beds" of the Hăghimaş Mts. (the Eastern Carpathians - Romania) - Oltenia - Studii şi Comunicări Ştiinţele Naturii (26), 303-314 (journal article, English)
  • M. Zatoń, 2010 - Bajocian-Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) ammonites from the Polish Jura. Part 2: Families Stephanoceratidae, Perisphinctidae, Parkinsoniidae, Morphoceratidae and Tulitidae - Palaeontographica Abteilung A (292), 115-213 (journal article, English)
  • J. H. Callomon, 2009 - Zenostephanus, a new name for the genus Xenostephanus Arkell and Callomon, 1963 (Mollusca, Cephalopoda), preoccupied by Xenostephanus Simpson, Minoprio and Patterson, 1962 (Mammalia) - Palaeontology (52), 671-672 (journal article, English)
  • M. Matsukawa, 2008 - A gigantic ammonite from the Upper Jurassic Arimine Formation of the Tetori Group, Japan - Bulletin of the Tateyami Caldera Sabo Museum (9), 1-10 (journal article, English)
  • H. Parent, 2006 - Oxfordian perisphinctid ammonites from Chacay Melehue, Argentina - Palaeontologische Zeitschrift (80), 307-324 (journal article, English)
  • H. Parent, 2006 - Oxfordian and late Callovian ammonite faunas and biostratigraphy of the Neuquen-Mendoza and Tarapaca Basins (Jurassic, Ammonoidea, Western South-America) - Boletin del Instituto de Fisiografia y Geologia (76), 1-70 (journal article, English)
  • F. Olóriz, 2006 - Ceratosphinctes (Ammonitina, Kimmeridgian) in Mexico: from rare but typical inhabitant of west-Tethyan epioceanic and epicontinental waters to a geographically widespread ammonite genus - Geobios (39), 255-266 (journal article, English)
  • T. Sato, 2005 - Early Tithonian (Late Jurassic) Ammonite Parapallasiceras newly discovered from the Itoshiro Subgroup (Tetori Group) in the Hida Belt, northern Central Japan - Proceedings of the Japan Academy (81), 267-272 (journal article, English)
  • D. Bert, 2004 - Étude paléobiologique d'une population d'Euaspidoceras davouxi sp. nov. (Aspidoceratidae Zittel 1895, Ammonitina) du sommet de la sous-zone à Vertebrale (Oxfordien moyen, zone à Plicatilis) dans le sud-est de la France - Revue de Paléobiologie, Genève (23), 81-98 (journal article, French)
  • G. Schairer, 2003 - Ammoniten aus dem Ober-Oxfordium von Gräfenberg/Ofr. (Bimammatum-Zone, Hypselum-Subzone, semimammatum-Horizont) - Zitteliana A (43), 17-43 (journal article, German)
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr., 2002 - A compendium of fossil marine animal genera - Bulletins of American Paleontology (363), 1-560 (serial monograph, English)
  • H. Parent, 2001 - The Middle Tithonian (Upper Jurassic) Ammonoid fauna of Canadon de los Alazanes, Southern Neuquen-Mendoza Basin, Argentina - Boletin del Instituto de Fisiografia y Geologia (71), 19-38 (journal article, English)
  • V. Dietze, 2000 - Feinstratigraphie und Ammonitenfauna der Acris-Subzone (Parkinsoni-Zone, Ober-Bajocium, Mittlerer Jura) am Ipf (östliche Schwäbische Alb, Süddeutschland) - Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde Serie B (295), 1-43 (journal article, German)
  • A. Bonnot, 1998 - Les Euaspidoceratinae (Ammonitina, Aspidoceratidae) d'Herznach (Suisse septentrionale) à la fin de la zone à Cordatum (Oxfordien inférieur) - Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae (91), 493-512 (journal article, French)
  • P. Hantzpergue, 1998 - The Upper Jurassic of the Volga basin: ammonites biostratigraphy and correlations with standard European zonations - C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Sciences de la terre et des planetes (326), 633-640 (journal article, English)
  • H. Parent, 1998 - Upper Bathonian and lower Callovian ammonites from Chacay Melehué (Argentina) - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (43), 69-130 (journal article, English)
  • A. Zeiss, 1994 - A new ammonite fauna from the Tithonian (Semiformiceras/Verruciferum Zone) of the Lessinian Alps, Verona Province, Northern Italy - Palaeopelagos Special Publication (1), 367-381 (journal article, English)
  • N. V. Besnosov, 1993 - Taxonomic names - Pozdnebayosskie i Batskie Ammonitidy Severnogo Kavkaza i Sredney Azii (), 1-347 (book, Russian)
  • N. V. Besnosov, 1993 - - Pozdnebayosskie i Batskie Ammonitidy Severnogo Kavkaza i Sredney Azii (), 1-347 (book, Russian)
  • R. Myczynski, 1989 - Ammonite biostratigraphy of the Tithonian of Western Cuba - Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae (59), 43-125 (journal article, English)
  • J. Sandoval, 1986 - The Bajocian (Jurassic) ammonite fauna of Oaxaca, Mexico - Journal of Paleontology (60), 1220-1271 (journal article, )
  • F. Atrops, 1984 - Les formations du Jurassique supérieur du Bou Rheddou au Nord de Tiaret (Bordure sud-tellienne, Algérie): âge et milieux de dépôt - Géobios (17), 207-220 (journal article, French)
  • M. S. Mesezhnikov, 1984 - - Kimeridzhskiy i Volzhskiy Yarusy Severa SSSR (), 1-224 (book, Russian)
  • Z. Dbrowska, 1984 - On Lower Kimmeridgian ammonites from Ia (NE margin of the Holy Cross Mts) - Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Earth Sciences (31), 75-78 (journal article, English)
  • G.E.G Westermann, 1982 - Ammonoid fauna from the Early Middle Jurassic of Mendoza Province, Argentina - Journal of Paleontology (56), 11-41 (journal article, English)
  • H. M. Verma, 1973 - The Tithonian (Jurassic) ammonite fauna of Sierra Catorce, San Luis Potosi, Mexico - Bulletins of American Paleontology (63), 107-320 (serial monograph, English)
  • W. Brochwicz-Lewinski, 1973 - Some remarks on the origin of the subfamily Idoceratinae Spath, 1924 (Perisphinctidae, Ammonoidea) - Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (18), 299-320 (journal article, English)
  • H. Helmstaedt, 1969 - Eine Ammoniten-Fauna aus den Spiti-Schiefern von Muktinath in Nepal - Zitteliana (1), 63-88 (journal article, German)
  • R. W. Imlay, 1962 - Jurassic (Bathonian or Early Callovian) Ammonites from Alaska and Montana - Geological Survey Professional Paper (374-C), 1-32 (journal article, English)
  • R. W. Imlay, 1961 - Late Jurassic ammonites from the western Sierra Nevada, California - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (374-D), D-1-D-28 (journal article, English)
  • W. J. Arkell, 1957 - - Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part L, Mollusca 4, Cephalopoda - Ammonoidea (), 1-490 (book, English)
  • R. W. Imlay, 1953 - Callovian (Jurassic) ammonites from the United States and Alaska Part 2. Alaska Peninsula and Cook Inlet regions - United States Geological Survey Professional Paper (249-B), 41-108 (journal article, English)
  • W. J. Arkell, 1952 - Jurassic ammonites from Jebel Tuwaiq, central Arabia - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences (236), 241-313 (journal article, English)
  • A. Jeannet, 1951 - Stratigraphie und Palaeontologie des oolithischen Eisenerzlagers von Herznach und seiner Umgebung - Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, Geotechnische Serie (13), 1-240 (journal article, German)
  • V. Diaz-Romero, 1931 - Contributo allo studio della fauna Giurese della Dancalia centrale [The Jurassic fauna of the central Danakil] - Palaeontographia Italica (31), 1-61 (serial monograph, Italian)
  • H. Douvillé, 1916 - Les terrains secondaires dans le massif du Moghara à l’Est de l’isthme de Suez - Mémoire de l’Académie des Sciences, Paris (54), 1-184 (serial monograph, French)
  • E. Dacque, 1905 - Beiträge zur Geologie des Somalilandes, 2. Teil. Oberer Jura [Contributions to the geology of Somaliland, Part 2. Upper Jurassic] - Beiträge zur Paläontologie und Geologie Österreich-Ungarns und des Orients (17), 119-160 (serial monograph, German)
  • W. M. Gabb, 1870 - Descriptions of some secondary fossils from the Pacific states - American Journal of Conchology (5), 5-18 (journal article, English)


GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) vIHlwX2740O79VHr9ssiQA
GUID (Global unique identifier) C1E581BC-BB7D-43E3-BBF5-51EBF6CB2240
Database ID 90