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Abhurite (Abhurīts)

Pictures (3 Images total)

Abhurit
Views (Image: 1233232381): 3687
Abhurit

Korrosionsprodukt von Zinn; Fundort: Wrack des Dampfschiffes "Cheerful", gesunken 1885, 18 Meilen vom Hafen St. Ives, Cornwall, England; Bildausschnitt: 5 mm

Copyright: Archiv: Berthold Stein (rtbstone)
Contribution: rtbstone 2009-01-29
Abhurit
Views (Image: 1287073995): 1726
Abhurit

Bildbreite: 2 mm, Fundort: St. Ives District, Cornwall, England, UK

Copyright: Luigi Chiappino
Contribution: thdun5 2010-10-14
Locality: St Ives District / Cornwall Co. / England / UK
Abhurit
Views (Image: 1376846151): 1144
Abhurit

Größe: 5 x 3 x 1,5 cm, Fundort: St. Ives District, Cornwall, England, UK

Copyright: Dan Weinrich
Contribution: thdun5 2013-08-18
Locality: St Ives District / Cornwall Co. / England / UK

Collectors Summary

Color farblos
Streak color weiß
Lustre Glasglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 2
Fracture hakelig
Solubility +++ HNO3, ++ HCl
Crystal System trigonal, R32

Chemism

Chemical formula

(Sn2+)21O6(OH)14Cl16

Chemical composition

Chlor, Zinn, Sauerstoff, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 3394.275758 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 71

Info

Empirical formula:

(Sn)21O6(OH)14Cl16

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

0.42

14

19.72

1.0079470

14.1112580

Oxygen

O

9.43

20

28.17

15.9994300

319.9886000

Chlorine

Cl

16.71

16

22.54

35.4532000

567.2512000

Tin

Sn

73.44

21

29.58

118.7107000

2,492.9247000

Strunz 9th edition incl. updates

3.DA.30

3: Halide (Fluoride, Chloride, Bromide, Iodide)
D: Oxihalide, Hydroxyhalide und verwandte Doppel-Halide
A: Mit [Cu], etc., ohne [Pb]
30:Abhurit-Gruppe

Lapis Classification

III/D.05-010

III: HALOGENIDE (Fluoride, Chloride, Bromide, Jodide)
D: Oxihalogenide
5: Oxihalogenide mit Mg-Mn-Cu-Zn-Sn

Classification by Hölzel

3.CB.400

3: HALIDES
C: Simple Halides with (O,OH)
B: With OH, without H2O

Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals

08.08.01

08: Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
08: Halides of Pb

Dana 8th edition

10.05.09.01

10: Oxyhalides and Hydroxyhalides
05: Oxyhalides and Hydroxyhalides where Am (O,OH)p Xq

IMA status

Anerkannt von der CNMNC

Mineral status

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

farblos

Streak color

weiß

Diaphaneity (Transparency)

transparent

Lustre

Glasglanz

max. Birefringence

0.05~

Birefringence chart\! Abhurite title=Birefringence chart Abhurite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

2.06

RI value γ / ε

2.11

Ri mean

2.077

2V angle

Uniaxial (+)

Crystallography

Crystal System

trigonal

Class (H-M)

32

Space Group number

155

Space Group

R32

Cell parameters a (Å)

10.018

Cell parameters b (Å)

-

Cell parameters c (Å)

44.014

Cell parameters a/b or c/a

4.393

Cell parameters c/b

-

Z

3

Volumne (ų)

3825.459

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

4.139(50),
3.634(30),
3.404(50),
3.271(30),
3.244(30),
2.891(70),
2.817(50),
2.531(100)

XRD chart Abhurite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

2

VHN (Hardness Vickers)

32 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

4.29 - 4.34 (gemessen) 4.417 (berechnet)

4.42 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Fracture

hakelig

Radioactivity

keine

Instability

+++ HNO3, ++ HCl

(Co-)Type locality

(Co-)Type locality

Saudi-Arabien/Mekka (Mecca; Makkah), Provinz/Jiddah/Sharm Abhur

Type material

USA: NMNH-Washington - Type: T: 162403

Preface

Rareness

sehr selten

Author (Name, Year)

Matzko & Evans & Mrose & Aruscavage, 1985

Relevance, Usage

für Mineraliensammler

References

Matzko & Evans & Mrose & Aruscavage, 1985.

Von Schnering, H. G., Nesper, R. and Pelshenke, H. (1981): Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6, das sogenannte basische Zinn(II)-chlorid. Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 36b, 1551-1560 (in deutsch mit englischer Zusammenfassung).

Matzko, J. J., Evans, H. T., Jr., Mrose, M. E. and Aruscavage, P. (1985): Abhurite, a new tin hydroxychloride mineral, and a comparative study with a synthetic basic tin chloride. Canadian Mineralogist 23, 233-240. - American Mineralogist (1989), 74, 500 (abstract).

Edwards, R., Gillard, R. D. and Williams, P. A. (1992): The stabilities of secondary tin minerals: abhurite and its relationships to Sn(II) and Sn(IV) oxides and oxyhydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine 56, 221-226.

American Mineralogist (1993), 78, 235-236.

Anthony, J. W. u.a. Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. (1997) 3, 1.

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Abhurite

(Sn2+)21O6(OH)14Cl16

trigonal : 32 : R32

3.DA.30

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Abhurite

(Sn2+)21O6(OH)14Cl16

trigonal : 32 : R32

III/D.05-010

Panichiite

(NH4)2SnCl6

kubisch : m3m : Fd3m

III/D.05-020

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Abhurite

(Sn2+)21O6(OH)14Cl16

trigonal : 32 : R32

3.CB.400

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

'Lesukite'

(Al,Fe3+)2(OH)5Cl·2H2O

kubisch : m3m : Im3m

10.05.01.02

Poyarkovite

Hg3ClO

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

10.05.02.01

Pinchite

Hg52+O4Cl2

orthorhombisch : mmm : Ibam

10.05.03.01

Eglestonite

Hg61+Cl3O(OH)

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

10.05.04.01

Kadyrelite

Hg1+6H(Br,Cl)3O1.5

kubisch : m3m : Ia3d

10.05.04.02

Comancheite

Hg13(Cl,Br)8O9

orthorhombisch : mm2, mmm : Pnn2, Pnnm

10.05.05.01

Claringbullite

Cu4FCl(OH)6

hexagonal : 6/mmm : P63/mmc

10.05.06.01

Onoratoite

Sb8O11Cl2

triklin : 1 : P1

10.05.07.01

Simonkolleite

Zn5(OH)8Cl2·H2O

trigonal : 3m : R3m

10.05.08.01

Bobkingite

Cu5(OH)8Cl2·2H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

10.05.08.02

Abhurite

(Sn2+)21O6(OH)14Cl16

trigonal : 32 : R32

10.05.09.01

Related minerals "Hey's Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Abhurite

(Sn2+)21O6(OH)14Cl16

trigonal : 32 : R32

08.08.01

Other languages

Dutch

Abhuriet

German

Abhurit

Spanish

Abhurita

English

Abhurite

French

Abhurite

Latvian

Abhurīts

Russian

Абхурит

IMA Number

IMA 1983-061

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Abhurit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Abhurit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Abhurit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Abhurite
Webmineral - search for:Abhurite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Abhurite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Abhurite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Abhurite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Abhurite
Athena - search for: Abhurite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Абхурит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

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Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Abhurit
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Locations with GPS information




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