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Adelite

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Adelit
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Adelit

Bildbreite: 4 mm, Fundort: Mercur Mine, Mercur District, Oquirrh Mts, Tooele Co., Utah, USA

Copyright: Luigi Chiappino
Contribution: thdun5 2011-01-29
Locality: Mercur Mine / Mercur District / Oquirrh Mts. / Tooele Co. / Utah / USA
Adelit
Views (Image: 1401870830): 1248
Adelit

Lichtbräunlicher Adelit. Fundort: Jakobsberg, Filipstad, Schweden. Bildbreite: 2 mm.

Collection: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Copyright: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Contribution: raritätenjäger 2014-06-04
Locality: Jakobsberg / Nordmark (Nordmarksberg) / Filipstad, Gemeinde / Värmland, Provinz / Schweden

Collectors Summary

Color blaugrau, grün, grau, gelb, hellgrün
Streak color weiß
Hardness (Mohs) 5
Solubility +++ HNO3, ++ verdünnte Säuren
Crystal System orthorhombisch, P212121

Chemism

Chemical formula

CaMg(AsO4)(OH)

Chemical composition

Arsen, Calcium, Magnesium, Sauerstoff, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 220.310159 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 9

Info

Empirical formula:

CaMg(AsO4)(OH)

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

0.46

1

11.11

1.0079470

1.0079470

Oxygen

O

36.31

5

55.56

15.9994300

79.9971500

Magnesium

Mg

11.03

1

11.11

24.3050600

24.3050600

Calcium

Ca

18.19

1

11.11

40.0784000

40.0784000

Arsenic

As

34.01

1

11.11

74.9216020

74.9216020

Analysis wt%

CaO : 25.43, MgO : 17.05, MnO : 1.64, As2O5 : 50.04, H2O : 4.25 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 2)

Strunz 9th edition incl. updates

8.BH.35

8: Phosphate, Arsenate, Vanadate
B: Phosphate, etc., mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
H: Mit mittelgroßen und meist großen [Kationen] (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1
35:Adelit-Gruppe

Lapis Classification

VII/B.26-010

VII: PHOSPHATE, ARSENATE UND VANADATE ("Phosphate" des Registers immer einschließlich isotyper Arsenate und Vanadate!)
B: Wasserfreie Phosphate, mit fremden Anionen F,Cl,O,OH
26: Mittelgroße und große Kationen: Mg-Cu-Zn und Ca-Na-K-Ba-Pb; Adelit-Gruppe

Classification by Hölzel

8.BL.200

8: PHOSPHATES ARSENATES VANADATES
B: Phosphates (+Anions -Water)
L: Phosphates, very large: 2, Vmed: 2
2: Orthorhombic Adelite-Group

Dana 8th edition

41.05.01.01

41: Anhydrous Phosphates, etc. Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
05: Anhydrous Phosphates, etc. Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A B)2 (XO4) Zq
01: Adelite Group

IMA status

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Mineral status

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Classification

Adelite-Descloizite group

Optical Properties

Color

blaugrau, grün, grau, gelb, hellgrün

Streak color

weiß

Diaphaneity (Transparency)

transparent

max. Birefringence

0.019

Birefringence chart\! Adelite title=Birefringence chart Adelite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.712

RI value β

1.721

RI value γ / ε

1.731

Ri mean

1.721

2V angle

Biaxial (+) 80°!

Optical Data Luminescence

Luminescence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal System

orthorhombisch

Class (H-M)

222

Space Group number

19

Space Group

P212121

Cell parameters a (Å)

5.850

Cell parameters b (Å)

8.895

Cell parameters c (Å)

7.525

Cell parameters a/b or c/a

0.658

Cell parameters c/b

0.846

Cell parameters α

90°

Cell parameters β

90°

Cell parameters γ

90°

Z

4

Volumne (ų)

391.569

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

4.96(60),
4.13(70),
3.16(100),
2.98(60),
2.78(60),
2.59(70),
2.33(70),
1.609(70)

XRD chart Adelite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

5

VHN (Hardness Vickers)

390 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

3.73 - 3.79 / Durchschnittlich = 3.76

3.737 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Instability

+++ HNO3, ++ verdünnte Säuren

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Sjögren, 1891

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 4 (2000), 3

Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 13 (1891), 781

Experimental Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry Meeting (2002), 30 (abstr.)

IMA group assignments

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Adelite

CaMg(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BH.35

Arsendescloizite

PbZn(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BH.35

Austinite

CaZn(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BH.35

Cobaltaustinite

CaCo(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BH.35

Conichalcite

CaCu(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BH.35

Duftite

PbCu(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BH.35

Gabrielsonite

PbFe3+(As3+O3)O

orthorhombisch : mm2 : P21ma

8.BH.35

Gottlobite

CaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BH.35

Hermannroseite

CaCu(PO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BH.35

Nickelaustinite

Ca(Ni,Zn)(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BH.35

Tangeite

CaCuVO4(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BH.35

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Adelite

CaMg(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

VII/B.26-010

Gottlobite

CaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

VII/B.26-015

Nickelaustinite

Ca(Ni,Zn)(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

VII/B.26-020

Cobaltaustinite

CaCo(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

VII/B.26-030

Austinite

CaZn(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

VII/B.26-040

Hermannroseite

CaCu(PO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

VII/B.26-045

Conichalcite

CaCu(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

VII/B.26-050

Tangeite

CaCuVO4(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

VII/B.26-060

Gabrielsonite

PbFe3+(As3+O3)O

orthorhombisch : mm2 : P21ma

VII/B.26-070

Duftite

PbCu(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

VII/B.26-080

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Adelite

CaMg(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BL.200

Austinite

CaZn(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BL.210

Conichalcite

CaCu(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BL.220

Hermannroseite

CaCu(PO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BL.225

Cobaltaustinite

CaCo(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BL.230

Nickelaustinite

Ca(Ni,Zn)(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BL.240

Arsendescloizite

PbZn(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BL.260

Tangeite

CaCuVO4(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BL.280

Gottlobite

CaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

8.BL.290

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Adelite

CaMg(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

41.05.01.01

Conichalcite

CaCu(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

41.05.01.02

Austinite

CaZn(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

41.05.01.03

Gabrielsonite

PbFe3+(As3+O3)O

orthorhombisch : mm2 : P21ma

41.05.01.05

Tangeite

CaCuVO4(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

41.05.01.06

Nickelaustinite

Ca(Ni,Zn)(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

41.05.01.07

Cobaltaustinite

CaCo(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

41.05.01.08

Arsendescloizite

PbZn(AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

41.05.01.09

Gottlobite

CaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : 222 : P212121

41.05.01.10

Descloizite

PbZn(VO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

41.05.02.01

Mottramite

PbCu(VO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

41.05.02.02

Pyrobelonite

PbMn2+VO4(OH)

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

41.05.02.03

Čechite

Pb(Fe2+,Mn)(VO4)(OH)

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnam

41.05.02.04

Babefphite

BaBePO4F

triklin : 1 : F1

41.05.03.01

Herderite

CaBe(PO4)F

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

41.05.04.01

Hydroxylherderite

CaBe(PO4)(OH)

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

41.05.04.02

Väyrynenite

MnBe(PO4)(OH,F)

monoklin : 2/m : P21/a

41.05.04.03

Bergslagite

CaBe(AsO4)(OH)

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

41.05.04.04

Lacroixite

NaAl(PO4)F

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

41.05.05.01

Durangite

NaAl(AsO4)F

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

41.05.05.02

Maxwellite

(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)(AsO4)(F,O)

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

41.05.05.03

Tilasite

CaMg(AsO4)F

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

41.05.06.01

Isokite

CaMg(PO4)F

monoklin : 2/m : A2/a

41.05.06.02

'Panasqueiraite'

Ca(Mg,Fe2+)[(OH,F)|PO4]

41.05.06.03

Brazilianite

NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

41.05.07.01

Amblygonite

(Li,Na)Al(PO4)(F,OH)

triklin : 1 : C1

41.05.08.01

Montebrasite

LiAl(PO4)(OH,F)

triklin : 1 : C1

41.05.08.02

Tavorite

LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)

triklin : 1 : P1

41.05.09.01

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Аделит

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