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Caledonite (Caledonit)

Pictures (132 Images total)

Caledonit
Views (Image: 1328222746): 3312, Rating: 9
Caledonit

Bildbreite: 1,85 mm; Grube Virneberg, Rheinbreitbach, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland;

Collection: Wilhelm Göbel
Copyright: loparit
Contribution: loparit 2012-02-02
Locality: Grube Virneberg / Rheinbreitbach / Neuwied, Kreis / Rheinland-Pfalz / Deutschland
Caledonit
Views (Image: 1166884183): 4200
Caledonit

Bildbreite: 3 mm; Fundort Red Gill Mine, Roughton Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumberland, UK

Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried
Contribution: Hg 2006-12-23
Locality: Red Gill Mine / Roughton Gill / Caldbeck Fells / Caldbeck, Parish / Allerdale, District / Cumbria Co. / England / UK
Caledonit
Views (Image: 1275504829): 2302
Caledonit

Fo.: Schlackenthal, Oberschulenberg, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz, Niedersachsen, Deutschland, hellblaues Kristallaggregat in Schlacke, BB 3,8mm

Collection: anatase2
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Hannes Osterhammer 2010-06-02
Locality: Schlackental / Oberschulenberg / Schulenberg im Oberharz / Goslar, Landkreis / Niedersachsen / Deutschland
Caledonit
Views (Image: 1397498953): 967
Caledonit (SNr: A018050)

Langtafelige hellblaue Kristalle dazwischen ein Calcit, BB = 3,5 mm, Fundort: Schlackental, Oberschulenberg, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz, Niedersachsen, Deutschland.

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2014-04-14
Locality: Schlackental / Oberschulenberg / Schulenberg im Oberharz / Goslar, Landkreis / Niedersachsen / Deutschland
Caledonit
Views (Image: 1397568192): 546
Caledonit (SNr: A018057)

Langtafelige hellblaue Kristalle, BB = 2,6 mm, Fundort: Schlackental, Oberschulenberg, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz, Niedersachsen,

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2014-04-15
Locality: Schlackental / Oberschulenberg / Schulenberg im Oberharz / Goslar, Landkreis / Niedersachsen / Deutschland
Caledonit
Views (Image: 1424331302): 481
Caledonit

Bildbreite: 1,5 mm; Fundort: Halde 20 (Oberes Hölltal), Hölltal, Schlackental, Oberschulenberg, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz, Niedersachsen, Deutschland

Copyright: Frédéric Hède (Gluon)
Contribution: Hg 2015-02-19
Locality: Hölltal / Lautenthal / Langelsheim / Goslar, Landkreis / Niedersachsen / Deutschland

Collectors Summary

Color blau, blau grün, grün, dunkelgrün
Streak color grünlichweiß
Hardness (Mohs) 2.75
Solubility +++ Säuren, NH4OH
Crystal System orthorhombisch, Pmn21

Chemism

Chemical formula

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

Chemical composition

Blei, Kupfer, Kohlenstoff, Sauerstoff, Schwefel, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 1613.385592 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 38

Info

Empirical formula:

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

0.37

6

15.79

1.0079470

6.0476820

Carbon

C

0.74

1

2.63

12.0107800

12.0107800

Oxygen

O

20.83

21

55.26

15.9994300

335.9880300

Sulfur

S

5.96

3

7.89

32.0655000

96.1965000

Copper

Cu

7.88

2

5.26

63.5463000

127.0926000

Lead

Pb

64.22

5

13.16

207.2100000

1,036.0500000

Strunz 9th edition incl. updates

7.BC.50

7: Sulfate (Selenate, Tellurate, Chromate, Molybdate, Wolframate)
B: Sulfate (Selenate, etc.) mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
C: Mit mittelgroßen und großen [Kationen]
50:Caledonit-Gruppe

Lapis Classification

VI/B.10-005

VI: SULFATE, CHROMATE, MOLYBDATE UND WOLFRAMATE
B: Wasserfreie Sulfate, mit fremden Anionen
10: Mittelgroße Kationen vorwiegend

Classification by Hölzel

7.BA.370

7: SULFATES CHROMATES MOLYBDATES WOLFRAMATES
B: Sulfates (+Anions -Water)
A: Sulfates, C medium, medium + large
3: With Cu + Pb

Dana 8th edition

32.03.02.01

32: Compound Sulfates
03: Compound Sulfates (anhydrous) with poly-anionic formula

IMA status

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Mineral status

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

blau, blau grün, grün, dunkelgrün

Streak color

grünlichweiß

Diaphaneity (Transparency)

transparent bis durchscheinend

max. Birefringence

0.091

Birefringence chart\! Caledonite title=Birefringence chart Caledonite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.818

RI value β

1.866

RI value γ / ε

1.909

Ri mean

1.864

2V angle

Biaxial (-) 85°

Optical Data Luminescence

Luminescence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal System

orthorhombisch

Class (H-M)

mm2

Space Group number

31

Space Group

Pmn21

Cell parameters a (Å)

20.088

Cell parameters b (Å)

7.143

Cell parameters c (Å)

6.564

Cell parameters a/b or c/a

2.812

Cell parameters c/b

0.919

Cell parameters α

90°

Cell parameters β

90°

Cell parameters γ

90°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

941.859

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

4.69(60),
3.152(40),
3.139(100),
3.031(50),
2.752(40),
2.273(30),
2.226(40),
1.861(50)

XRD chart Caledonite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

2.75

VHN (Hardness Vickers)

68 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

5.7 - 6.4 / Durchschnittlich = 6.05

5.689 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Instability

+++ Säuren, NH4OH

(Co-)Type locality

(Co-)Type locality

UK/Schottland/South Lanarkshire/Leadhills

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Beudant, 1832

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 5 (2003), 104

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Caledonite

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pmn21

7.BC.50

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Caledonite

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pmn21

VI/B.10-005

Linarite

PbCu(SO4)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

VI/B.10-010

Schmiederite

Pb2Cu22+(Se4+O3)(Se6+O4)(OH)4

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

VI/B.10-020

Munakataite

Pb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

VI/B.10-025

Chenite

Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6

triklin : 1 : P1

VI/B.10-030

Elyite

CuPb4O2SO4(OH)4·H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/c

VI/B.10-040

Mammothite

Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(SO4)2Cl4(OH)16

monoklin : 2 : C2

VI/B.10-050

Grandviewite

Cu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29

VI/B.10-060

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Linarite

PbCu(SO4)(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

7.BA.320

Schmiederite

Pb2Cu22+(Se4+O3)(Se6+O4)(OH)4

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

7.BA.330

Munakataite

Pb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4

monoklin : 2/m : P21/m

7.BA.335

Chenite

Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6

triklin : 1 : P1

7.BA.350

Caledonite

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pmn21

7.BA.370

Wherryite

Pb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

7.BA.380

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Hanksite

KNa22(SO4)9(CO3)2Cl

hexagonal : 6/m : P63/m

32.03.01.01

Caledonite

Pb5Cu2(CO3)(SO4)3(OH)6

orthorhombisch : mm2 : Pmn21

32.03.02.01

Wherryite

Pb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

32.03.03.01

Hauckite

(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18Fe33+(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81

32.03.04.01

Philolithite

Pb12O6Mn7(SO4)(CO3)4Cl4(OH)12

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P42/nnm

32.03.04.02

Heidornite

Na2Ca3B5O8(SO4)2Cl(OH)2

monoklin : 2/m : C2/c

32.03.05.01

Other languages

German

Caledonit

Spanish

Caledonita

English

Caledonite

French

Caledonite

Russian

Каледонит

Simplified Chinese

铅蓝矾

Alternative Name

Cupreous Sulfatocarbonate of Lead

Cupreous Sulphate-Carbonate of Lead

Cupreous Sulfatocarbonate of Lead

Cupreous Sulphate-Carbonate of Lead

Cupreous Suphate-Carbonate of Lead

Halbasurblei

Halbazurblei

German

Halblasurblei

German

Kupferhaltiges schwefelkohlensaures Blei

French

Plomb sulfato-carbonaté cuprifère

German

Prismatischer Kupferbleispat

Japanese

カレドニア石

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Caledonit
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Caledonit
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Caledonit

English pages

Mindat - search for: Caledonite
Webmineral - search for:Caledonite
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Caledonite
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Caledonite
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Caledonite
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Caledonite
Athena - search for: Caledonite

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Каледонит

Mineral Dealer

German pages

hausen - Mineralgroßhandel - search for: Caledonit
Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Caledonit
Bosse - search for: Caledonit

Locations with GPS information




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