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Libethenite

Pictures (139 Images total)

Libethenit
Views (File:
1424160713
): 4752, Rating: 9.5
Libethenit
Bildbreite: 1,5 mm; Fundort: Miguel Vacas Mine, Vila Viçosa, Portugal
Copyright: Frédéric Hède (Gluon); Contribution: Hg
Location: Portugal/Évora, Distrikt/Vila Vicosa/Miguel Vacas Mine
Mineral: Libethenite
Image: 1424160713
Rating: 9.5 (votes: 10)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Libethenit

Bildbreite: 1,5 mm; Fundort: Miguel Vacas Mine, Vila Viçosa, Portugal

Copyright: Frédéric Hède (Gluon)
Contribution: Hg 2015-02-17
Locality: Miguel Vacas Mine / Vila Vicosa / Évora, Distrikt / Portugal
Libethenit
Views (File:
1557905844
): 1617
Libethenit
Portugal/Vila Vicosa/Miguel Vacas Mine, BB 2mm
Copyright: Georg Prock; Contribution: Gepro
Collection: Georg Prock
Location: Portugal/Évora, Distrikt/Vila Vicosa/Miguel Vacas Mine
Mineral: Libethenite
Image: 1557905844
Rating: 10 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Libethenit

Portugal/Vila Vicosa/Miguel Vacas Mine, BB 2mm

Collection: Georg Prock
Copyright: Georg Prock
Contribution: Gepro 2019-05-15
Locality: Miguel Vacas Mine / Vila Vicosa / Évora, Distrikt / Portugal
Libethenit
Views (File:
1448745005
): 1992
Libethenit
Oktaederähnliche grüne Kristalle, BB = 3 mm; Fundort: Podlipa, Libethen, Banskà Bystrica, Slowakei.
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer; Contribution: Münchener Micromounter
Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter, Collection number: B001055, Donator: Manfred Seitz
Location: Slowakei/Banskobystrický kraj/Banská Bystrica, Okres/Banská Bystrica (Neusohl)/Libethen (Lubietová)/Podlipa und Reinera Mine
Mineral: Libethenite
Image: 1448745005
Rating: 10 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Libethenit (SNr: B001055)

Oktaederähnliche grüne Kristalle, BB = 3 mm; Fundort: Podlipa, Libethen, Banskà Bystrica, Slowakei.

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2015-11-28
Locality: Podlipa und Reinera Mine / Libethen (Lubietová) / Banská Bystrica (Neusohl) / Banská Bystrica, Okres / Banskobystrický kraj / Slowakei
Libethenit, oktaeder-ähnlicher Kristall, Bildbreite 4mm
Views (File:
1580234015
): 817
Libethenit, oktaeder-ähnlicher Kristall, Bildbreite 4mm
Reinera Mine/ Libethen/ Banska Bystrca/ Slowakei
Copyright: khm; Contribution: khm
Collection: khm
Location: Slowakei/Banskobystrický kraj/Banská Bystrica, Okres/Banská Bystrica (Neusohl)/Libethen (Lubietová)/Podlipa und Reinera Mine
Mineral: Libethenite
Image: 1580234015
Rating: 10 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Libethenit, oktaeder-ähnlicher Kristall, Bildbreite 4mm

Reinera Mine/ Libethen/ Banska Bystrca/ Slowakei

Collection: khm
Copyright: khm
Contribution: khm 2020-01-28
Locality: Podlipa und Reinera Mine / Libethen (Lubietová) / Banská Bystrica (Neusohl) / Banská Bystrica, Okres / Banskobystrický kraj / Slowakei
Libethenit xx
Views (File:
1346156683
): 3805, Rating: 8.64
Libethenit xx
Bildbreite 2.1mm, Fundort: Libethen (Lubietová), Banská Bystrica (Neu Sohl), Banská Bystrica, Okres, Slowakei
Copyright: joy; Contribution: joy
Collection: joy
Location: Slowakei/Banskobystrický kraj/Banská Bystrica, Okres/Banská Bystrica (Neusohl)/Libethen (Lubietová)
Mineral: Libethenite
Image: 1346156683
Rating: 8.64 (votes: 14)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Libethenit xx

Bildbreite 2.1mm, Fundort: Libethen (Lubietová), Banská Bystrica (Neu Sohl), Banská Bystrica, Okres, Slowakei

Collection: joy
Copyright: joy
Contribution: joy 2012-08-28
Locality: Libethen (Lubietová) / Banská Bystrica (Neusohl) / Banská Bystrica, Okres / Banskobystrický kraj / Slowakei
Libethenit
Views (File:
1264016310
): 2856, Rating: 8.55
Libethenit
Bildbreite: 0,6 mm, Fundort: Miguel Vacas Mine, Vila Viçosa, Portugal.
Copyright: Luigi Mattei; Contribution: thdun5
Location: Portugal/Évora, Distrikt/Vila Vicosa/Miguel Vacas Mine
Mineral: Libethenite
Image: 1264016310
Rating: 8.55 (votes: 11)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Libethenit

Bildbreite: 0,6 mm, Fundort: Miguel Vacas Mine, Vila Viçosa, Portugal.

Copyright: Luigi Mattei
Contribution: thdun5 2010-01-20
Locality: Miguel Vacas Mine / Vila Vicosa / Évora, Distrikt / Portugal

Collectors Summary

Color grün, dunkelgrün, schwärzlich grün, hellolivgrün, dunkel olivgrün
Streak color hellgrün
Hardness (Mohs) 4
Solubility +++ Säuren, NH4OH
Crystal System orthorhombisch, Pnnm

Chemism

Chemical formula

Cu2(PO4)(OH)

Chemical composition

Kupfer, Phosphor, Sauerstoff, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 239.0714582 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 9

Info

Empirical formula:

Cu2(PO4)(OH)

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

0.42

1

11.11

1.0079470

1.0079470

Oxygen

O

33.46

5

55.56

15.9994300

79.9971500

Phosphorus

P

12.96

1

11.11

30.9737612

30.9737612

Copper

Cu

53.16

2

22.22

63.5463000

127.0926000

Analysis wt%

CuO : 66.29, P2O5 : 26.46, As2O5 : 2.30, H2O : 4.04 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 2)

Strunz 9th edition incl. updates

8.BB.30

8: Phosphate, Arsenate, Vanadate
B: Phosphate, etc., mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
B: Mit ausschließlich mittelgroßen [Kationen], (OH, etc.): RO4 ≤ 1:1
30:Libethenit-Gruppe

Lapis Classification

VII/B.06-010

VII: PHOSPHATE, ARSENATE UND VANADATE ("Phosphate" des Registers immer einschließlich isotyper Arsenate und Vanadate!)
B: Wasserfreie Phosphate, mit fremden Anionen F,Cl,O,OH
6: Mittelgroße Kationen: Mg-Mn-Fe-Cu-Zn; Libethenit-Gruppe

Classification by Hölzel

8.BB.320

8: PHOSPHATES ARSENATES VANADATES
B: Phosphates (+Anions -Water)
B: Phosphates, C medium, V: 2, OH/XO4=1/1
3: Orthorhombic Libethenite-Group

Dana 8th edition

41.06.06.02

41: Anhydrous Phosphates, etc. Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
06: Anhydrous Phosphates, etc. Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A)2 (XO4) Zq
06: Olivenite Group

IMA status

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Mineral status

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Classification

Andalusite group

Optical Properties

Color

grün, dunkelgrün, schwärzlich grün, hellolivgrün, dunkel olivgrün

Streak color

hellgrün

Diaphaneity (Transparency)

durchscheinend bis teilweise durchscheinend

max. Birefringence

0.086

Birefringence chart\! Libethenite title=Birefringence chart Libethenite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.701

RI value β

1.743

RI value γ / ε

1.787

Ri mean

1.744

2V angle

Biaxial (-) 90°~

Optical Data Luminescence

Luminescence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Crystallography

Crystal System

orthorhombisch

Class (H-M)

mmm

Space Group number

58

Space Group

Pnnm

Cell parameters a (Å)

8.061

Cell parameters b (Å)

8.397

Cell parameters c (Å)

5.887

Cell parameters a/b or c/a

0.960

Cell parameters c/b

0.701

Cell parameters α

90°

Cell parameters β

90°

Cell parameters γ

90°

Z

4

Volumne (ų)

398.481

Kristall structure

Struktur bei verschiedenen Temperaturen siehe M. Zema, S. C. Tarantino, A. M. Callegari: Thermal behaviour of libethenite from room temperature up to dehydration. Mineral Mag 74 (2010) S.553-565.

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

5.84(80),
4.81(100),
3.73(50),
2.91(100),
2.62(100),
1.91(30),
1.78(30),
1.57(30)

XRD chart Libethenite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

4

VHN (Hardness Vickers)

190 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

3.6 - 4 / Durchschnittlich = 3.8

3.985 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Instability

+++ Säuren, NH4OH

(Co-)Type locality

(Co-)Type locality

Slowakei/Banskobystrický kraj/Banská Bystrica, Okres/Banská Bystrica (Neusohl)/Libethen (Lubietová)/Podlipa und Reinera Mine

Chile/Antofagasta, Region (II. Region)/El Loa, Provinz/Calama/Chuquicamata District/Chuquicamata Mine

Type material

Mineralogische Sammlung der TU Bergakademie Freiberg

Collection number of type material

20362; 20368; 20369

Paragenesis of type material

Quarz auf Glimmerschiefer

Preface

Name from

der Typlokalität Lubietova (Libethen) in der Slowakei

Author (Name, Year)

Breithaupt, 1823

Safety Instructions

Industrial chemicals are often present in powder form and therefore often contain much higher dangers than natural, crystalline substances. These hazard statements refer to the classification of industrially used chemical compounds that may also occur in this natural mineral. The hazard classification makes no claim to completeness.




Safety classes: H302: Gesundheitsschädlich bei Verschlucken., P264: Nach Gebrauch … gründlich waschen., P270: Bei Gebrauch nicht essen, trinken oder rauchen., P301+P312: Bei Verschlucken: Bei Unwohlsein Giftinformationszentrum, Arzt oder … anrufen., P330: Mund ausspülen., P501: Inhalt / Behälter … zuführen.

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 4 (2000), 313.

Juraj Majzlan, Arne H. Zittlau, Klaus-Dieter Grevel, Jacob Schliesser, Brian F. Woodfield, Edgar Dachs, Martin Števko, Martin Chovan, Jakub Plášil, Jiří Sejkora, Stanislava Milovská: Thermodynamic Properties and Phase Equilibria of the Secondary Copper Minerals Libethenite, Olivenite, Pseudomalachite, Kröhnkite, Cyanochroite, and Devilline. Can. Mineral. Vol. 53 (2015) S. 937-960.

IMA group assignments


 
 
Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
orthorhombisch
Pnnm


 
 
Al2SiO5
orthorhombisch
Pnnm


 
 
Mn2(AsO4)(OH)
orthorhombisch
Pnnm

 
 
(Mn3+,Al)AlSiO5
orthorhombisch
Pnnm

 
 
Cu2(PO4)(OH)
orthorhombisch
Pnnm


 
 
Cu2AsO4(OH)
monoklin
P21/n

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Actuality: 30. Jan 2023 - 15:46:43

Other languages

Dutch

Libetheniet

German

Libethenit

Spanish

Libethenita

French

Libethenite

English

Libethenite

Russian

Либетенит

Japanese

燐銅鉱

Simplified Chinese

磷铜矿

Simplified Chinese

羟磷铜矿

Traditional Chinese

羥磷銅石

Alternative Name

Aferesa

French

Aphérèse

French

Aphérèse (of Beudant)

German

Blättricher Olivenmalachite

Chinoite

French

Cuivre Phosphaté (of Haüy)

French

Cuivre Phosphaté (of Haüy)

German

Octaedrisches Phosphorkupfer

German

Pseudolibethenit

Spanish

Pseudolibethenita

Pseudolibethenite

Zincian Libethenite

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Lib

Locations with GPS information