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Austinite

Pictures (53 Images total)

Austinit xx, Olivenit xx
Views (File:
1504870026
): 3022, Rating: 9.86
Austinit xx, Olivenit xx
Lavrion, Christiana/Griechenland; Bildbreite 5,6 mm erstellt aus 82 Bildern nach Stacking-Verfahren; Kamera Pentax K 3 am Pentax-Balgen mit Leitz 2,5 mm, f.2.0 Photar; stonemaster Stack-Unit mit Super Nova Beleuchtung
Copyright: Karlheinz Grosch; Contribution: Karlheinz Grosch
Collection: Karlheinz Grosch
Location: Griechenland/Attika (Attikí, Attica)/East Attica/Lavreotiki/Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt/Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)/Mercati Minen/Christiana Mine
Mineral: Austinite
Image: 1504870026
Rating: 9.86 (votes: 7)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Austinit xx, Olivenit xx

Lavrion, Christiana/Griechenland; Bildbreite 5,6 mm erstellt aus 82 Bildern nach Stacking-Verfahren; Kamera Pentax K 3 am Pentax-Balgen mit Leitz 2,5 mm, f.2.0 Photar; stonemaster Stack-Unit mit Su...

Collection: Karlheinz Grosch
Copyright: Karlheinz Grosch
Contribution: Karlheinz Grosch 2017-09-08
Locality: Christiana Mine / Mercati Minen / Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza) / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Austinit xx
Views (File:
1408776224
): 2602
Austinit xx
Matrix Limonit und Calcit xx; Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland; Stacking-Aufnahme mit einer Bildbreite von 4mm
Copyright: Karlheinz Grosch; Contribution: Karlheinz Grosch
Collection: Karlheinz Grosch
Location: Griechenland/Attika (Attikí, Attica)/East Attica/Lavreotiki/Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt/Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)/Mercati Minen/Christiana Mine
Mineral: Austinite
Image: 1408776224
Rating: 9.5 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Austinit xx

Matrix Limonit und Calcit xx; Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland; Stacking-Aufnahme mit einer Bildbreite von 4mm

Collection: Karlheinz Grosch
Copyright: Karlheinz Grosch
Contribution: Karlheinz Grosch 2014-08-23
Locality: Christiana Mine / Mercati Minen / Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza) / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Austinit
Views (File:
1312884362
): 3439, Rating: 8.63
Austinit
Größe: 2,4 mm; Fundort: Hilarion-Stollen, Kamariza, Lavrion, Attika, Griechenland
Copyright: Matteo Chinellato; Contribution: Hg
Collection: Domenico Preite
Location: Griechenland/Attika (Attikí, Attica)/East Attica/Lavreotiki/Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt/Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)/Kamariza Minen (Kamareza)/Hilarion Mine
Mineral: Austinite
Image: 1312884362
Rating: 8.63 (votes: 8)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Austinit

Größe: 2,4 mm; Fundort: Hilarion-Stollen, Kamariza, Lavrion, Attika, Griechenland

Collection: Domenico Preite
Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2011-08-09
Locality: Hilarion Mine / Kamariza Minen (Kamareza) / Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza) / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Austinit
Views (File:
1179844221
): 3422, Rating: 9
Austinit
Fundort: Hilarion Mine, Revier Kamariza, Lavrion, Griechenland; Bildbreite: 5 mm
Copyright: UlrichW; Contribution: Klinoklas
Location: Griechenland/Attika (Attikí, Attica)/East Attica/Lavreotiki/Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt/Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)/Kamariza Minen (Kamareza)/Hilarion Mine
Mineral: Austinite
Image: 1179844221
Rating: 9 (votes: 6)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Austinit

Fundort: Hilarion Mine, Revier Kamariza, Lavrion, Griechenland; Bildbreite: 5 mm

Copyright: UlrichW
Contribution: Klinoklas 2007-05-22
Locality: Hilarion Mine / Kamariza Minen (Kamareza) / Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza) / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Austinit
Views (File:
1276432095
): 3379, Rating: 8.67
Austinit
Christiania, Laurion, Attika, Griechenland, 70x30 mm
Copyright: Embarak; Contribution: Embarak
Collection: Embarak
Location: Griechenland/Attika (Attikí, Attica)/East Attica/Lavreotiki/Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt/Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)/Mercati Minen/Christiana Mine
Mineral: Austinite
Image: 1276432095
Rating: 8.67 (votes: 6)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Austinit

Christiania, Laurion, Attika, Griechenland, 70x30 mm

Collection: Embarak
Copyright: Embarak
Contribution: Embarak 2010-06-13
Locality: Christiana Mine / Mercati Minen / Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza) / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Austinit auf Dolomit
Views (File:
1669485746
): 969, Rating: 9.4
Austinit auf Dolomit

Christiana Mine, 3

Copyright: Fritz Schreiber
Contribution: Stefan 2022-11-26
Locality: Christiana Mine / Mercati Minen / Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza) / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland

Collectors Summary

Color braun, farblos, grün, gelblich weiß, weiß
Streak color weiß
Hardness (Mohs) 4.25
Solubility +++ Säuren
Crystal System orthorhombisch, P212121

Chemism

Chemical formula

CaZn(AsO4)(OH)

Additional chem. information

Austinit und Konichalcit bilden eine Mischungsreihe; verschiedene Daten deuten darauf hin, dass im Bereich zwischen (Zn0.25Cu0.75) und (Zn0.50Cu0.50) eine Mischungslücke besteht.
Daniela Mauro; Cristian Biagioni; Jiří Sejkora; Zdeněk Dolníček: Occurrence and crystal chemistry of austinite, conichalcite and zincolivenite from the Peloritani Mountains, northeastern Sicily, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine Vol.87, Nr. 5 (2023) S. 659-669. Open Access doi:10.1180/mgm.2023.49

Chemical composition

Arsen, Calcium, Zink, Sauerstoff, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 261.414499 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 9

Info

Empirical formula:

CaZn(AsO4)(OH)

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

0.39

1

11.11

1.0079470

1.0079470

Oxygen

O

30.60

5

55.56

15.9994300

79.9971500

Calcium

Ca

15.33

1

11.11

40.0784000

40.0784000

Zinc

Zn

25.02

1

11.11

65.4094000

65.4094000

Arsenic

As

28.66

1

11.11

74.9216020

74.9216020

Analysis wt%

CaO : 21.12, ZnO : 30.51, As2O5 : 42.48, Sb2O5 : 0.53, Fe2O3 : 0.69, H2O : 3.59 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 2)

Strunz 9th edition incl. updates

8.BH.35

8: Phosphate, Arsenate, Vanadate
B: Phosphate, etc., mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
H: Mit mittelgroßen und meist großen [Kationen] (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1
35:Adelit-Gruppe

Lapis Classification

VII/B.26-040

VII: PHOSPHATE, ARSENATE UND VANADATE ("Phosphate" des Registers immer einschließlich isotyper Arsenate und Vanadate!)
B: Wasserfreie Phosphate, mit fremden Anionen F,Cl,O,OH
26: Mittelgroße und große Kationen: Mg-Cu-Zn und Ca-Na-K-Ba-Pb; Adelit-Gruppe

Classification by Hölzel

8.BL.210

8: PHOSPHATES ARSENATES VANADATES
B: Phosphates (+Anions -Water)
L: Phosphates, very large: 2, Vmed: 2
2: Orthorhombic Adelite-Group

Dana 8th edition

41.05.01.03

41: Anhydrous Phosphates, etc. Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
05: Anhydrous Phosphates, etc. Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A B)2 (XO4) Zq
01: Adelite Group

IMA status

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Mineral status

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Classification

Adelite-Descloizite group

Optical Properties

Color

braun, farblos, grün, gelblich weiß, weiß

Streak color

weiß

Diaphaneity (Transparency)

transparent bis durchscheinend

max. Birefringence

0.024

Birefringence chart\! Austinite title=Birefringence chart Austinite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.759

RI value β

1.763

RI value γ / ε

1.783

Ri mean

1.768

2V angle

Biaxial (+) 47°~

Optical Data Luminescence

Color LW-UV (365nm)

 

grünlich weiß

Color SW-UV (254nm)

 

grün

Most Common Activator

(UO2)2+ (Uranyl-Ion) als Verunreinigungen

Afterglow (Persistant Luminescence)

Mit bloßem Auge konnte keine Phosphoreszenz festgestellt werden.

Crystallography

Crystal System

orthorhombisch

Class (H-M)

222

Space Group number

19

Space Group

P212121

Cell parameters a (Å)

7.43

Cell parameters b (Å)

9.00

Cell parameters c (Å)

5.90

Cell parameters a/b or c/a

0.826

Cell parameters c/b

0.656

Cell parameters α

90°

Cell parameters β

90°

Cell parameters γ

90°

Z

4

Volume (ų)

394.533

Crystal structure

aufgeklärt, siehe Daniela Mauro; Cristian Biagioni; Jiří Sejkora; Zdeněk Dolníček: Occurrence and crystal chemistry of austinite, conichalcite and zincolivenite from the Peloritani Mountains, northeastern Sicily, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine Vol.87, Nr. 5 (2023) S. 659-669. Open Access doi:10.1180/mgm.2023.49

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

5.781(50),
4.987(50),
3.171(100),
2.801(100),
2.637(100),
2.529(60),
1.616(90),
1.509(70)

XRD chart Austinite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

4.25

VHN (Hardness Vickers)

230 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

4.13

4.401 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Instability

+++ Säuren

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Staples, 1935

Additional Information

Mikro-Raman-Spektrum wird diskutiert in
Daniela Mauro; Cristian Biagioni; Jiří Sejkora; Zdeněk Dolníček: Occurrence and crystal chemistry of austinite, conichalcite and zincolivenite from the Peloritani Mountains, northeastern Sicily, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine Vol.87, Nr. 5 (2023) S. 659-669. Open Access doi:10.1180/mgm.2023.49

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 4 (2000), 43

IMA group assignments

Varieties

Cuprian Austinite

kupferhaltige Varietät von Austinit

Other languages

German

Austinit

Spanish

Austinita

French

Austinite

English

Austinite

Russian

Аустинит

Simplified Chinese

砷钙锌石

Alternative Name

German

Brickerit

Spanish

Brickerita

Brickerite

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Aus

Locations with GPS information

IDs

GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) aIAT8jUW30KTUIZzAsoLKQ
GUID (Global unique identifier) F2138068-1635-42DF-9350-867302CA0B29
Database ID 248