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Chalcophanite

Pictures (51 Images total)

Chalkophanit
Views (File:
1671115431
): 114
Chalkophanit
Grube Brüche, Müsen; Bildbreite: 3,2 mm.
Copyright: Matthias Reinhardt; Contribution: Matthias Reinhardt
Collection: Matthias Reinhardt
Location: Deutschland/Nordrhein-Westfalen/Arnsberg, Bezirk/Siegen-Wittgenstein, Kreis/Hilchenbach/Müsen/Grube Brüche
Mineral: Chalcophanite
Image: 1671115431
Rating: 10 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Chalkophanit

Grube Brüche, Müsen; Bildbreite: 3,2 mm.

Collection: Matthias Reinhardt
Copyright: Matthias Reinhardt
Contribution: Matthias Reinhardt 2022-12-15
Locality: Grube Brüche / Müsen / Hilchenbach / Siegen-Wittgenstein, Kreis / Arnsberg, Bezirk / Nordrhein-Westfalen / Deutschland
Chalcophanit
Views (File:
1283601415
): 2782
Chalcophanit
reichlich an der Decke in der Mina Balsa Depositaria (Okt. 2008), La Union Bergbaugebiet, Spanien
Copyright: Stefan; Contribution: Stefan
Location: Spanien/Murcia/Sierra de Cartagena/La Union Bergbaugebiet (La Unión)/Portmán/Mina Balsa Depositaria
Mineral: Chalcophanite
Image: 1283601415
Rating: 9 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Chalcophanit

reichlich an der Decke in der Mina Balsa Depositaria (Okt. 2008), La Union Bergbaugebiet, Spanien

Copyright: Stefan
Contribution: Stefan 2010-09-04
Locality: Mina Balsa Depositaria / Portmán / La Union Bergbaugebiet (La Unión) / Sierra de Cartagena / Murcia / Spanien
Chalkophanit  (grau)
Views (File:
1393424162
): 791
Chalkophanit (grau)
Grube Christiana, Kamariza, Laurion (Lavrion), Attika, Griechenland. Bildbreite 1,5 mm
Copyright: Ulrich Baumgärtl; Contribution: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Collection: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Location: Griechenland/Attika (Attikí, Attica)/East Attica/Lavreotiki/Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt/Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)/Mercati Minen/Christiana Mine
Mineral: Chalcophanite
Image: 1393424162
Rating: 9 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Chalkophanit (grau)

Grube Christiana, Kamariza, Laurion (Lavrion), Attika, Griechenland. Bildbreite 1,5 mm

Collection: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Copyright: Ulrich Baumgärtl
Contribution: Ulrich Baumgärtl 2014-02-26
Locality: Christiana Mine / Mercati Minen / Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza) / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Chalkophanit
Views (File:
1280250227
): 1425
Chalkophanit
Bildbreite: 4 mm; Fundort: Mohawk Mine (Clark Station Mine; Pactolus Mine), Mohawk Hill, Pactolus, Clark Mts, San Bernardino Co., Kalifornien, USA
Copyright: Joachim Esche; Contribution: slugslayer
Location: USA/Kalifornien (California)/San Bernardino Co./Clark Mountain Range/Clark Mountain District/Mohawk Hill/Mohawk Mine (Clark Station Mine; Pactolus Mine)
Mineral: Chalcophanite
Image: 1280250227
Rating: 8 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Chalkophanit

Bildbreite: 4 mm; Fundort: Mohawk Mine (Clark Station Mine; Pactolus Mine), Mohawk Hill, Pactolus, Clark Mts, San Bernardino Co., Kalifornien, USA

Copyright: Joachim Esche
Contribution: slugslayer 2010-07-27
Locality: Mohawk Mine (Clark Station Mine; Pactolus Mine) / Mohawk Hill / Clark Mountain District / Clark Mountain Range / San Bernardino Co. / Kalifornien (California) / USA
Chalkophanit
Views (File:
1421669473
): 1113
Chalkophanit
Bildbreite: 1,5 mm; Fundort: Ojuela Mine, Mapimí, Durango, Mexiko
Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried; Contribution: Hg
Location: Mexiko/Durango/Mapimí, Municipio/Mapimí/Ojuela Mine
Mineral: Chalcophanite
Image: 1421669473
Rating: 8 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Chalkophanit

Bildbreite: 1,5 mm; Fundort: Ojuela Mine, Mapimí, Durango, Mexiko

Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried
Contribution: Hg 2015-01-19
Locality: Ojuela Mine / Mapimí / Mapimí, Municipio / Durango / Mexiko
Chalkophanit
Views (File:
1635789546
): 204
Chalkophanit
Chalkophanit xx, Grube Alexander, Ramsbeck, Sauerland; BB: 1,2 mm
Copyright: Harald Biecker; Contribution: Harald Biecker
Collection: Harald Biecker
Location: Deutschland/Nordrhein-Westfalen/Arnsberg, Bezirk/Hochsauerlandkreis/Bestwig/Ramsbeck/Grube Alexander
Mineral: Chalcophanite
Image: 1635789546
Rating: 8 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Chalkophanit

Chalkophanit xx, Grube Alexander, Ramsbeck, Sauerland; BB: 1,2 mm

Collection: Harald Biecker
Copyright: Harald Biecker
Contribution: Harald Biecker 2021-11-01
Locality: Grube Alexander / Ramsbeck / Bestwig / Hochsauerlandkreis / Arnsberg, Bezirk / Nordrhein-Westfalen / Deutschland

You find additional specimen at the Geolitho Museum

Collectors Summary

Color Violett- bis Eisenschwarz, Bläulichschwarz
Streak color braun
Hardness (Mohs) 2.5
Solubility +++ HCl
Crystal System trigonal, R3

Chemism

Chemical formula

(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Mn34+O7·3H2O

Chemical composition

Eisen, Mangan, Zink, Sauerstoff, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 392.34913669 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 20

Info

Empirical formula:

(Zn0.6Fe0.3Mn0.1)Mn3O7·3H2O

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

1.54

6

30.00

1.0079470

6.0476820

Oxygen

O

40.78

10

50.00

15.9994300

159.9943000

Manganese

Mn

43.41

3.1

15.50

54.9380499

170.3079547

Iron

Fe

4.27

0.3

1.50

55.8452000

16.7535600

Zinc

Zn

10.00

0.6

3.00

65.4094000

39.2456400

Analysis wt%

ZnO : 20.54, MnO2 : 65.82, H2O : 13.64 (Ref: berechnet)

Strunz 9th edition incl. updates

4.FL.20

4: Oxide, Hydroxide (Oxide, Hydroxide, V[5,6]-Vanadate, Arsenite, Antimonite, Bismutite, Sulfite, Selenite, Tellurite, Iodate)
F: Hydroxide (ohne V oder U)
L: Hydroxide mit H2O ± (OH); Lagen kantenverknüpfter Oktaeder
20:Chalkophanit-Gruppe

Lapis Classification

IV/F.11-020

IV: OXIDE
F: Hydroxide und oxidische Hydrate (wasserhaltige Oxide mit Schichtstruktur)

Classification by Hölzel

4.FE.100

4: OXIDES
F: Hydroxides and Hydrates (without V and U)
E: Oxide-Hydrates
1: Chalcophanite-Group

Dana 8th edition

07.08.02.01

07: Multiple Oxides
08: Multiple Oxides where A B (O)2·x(H2O)
02: Chalcophanite Group

IMA status

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Mineral status

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

Violett- bis Eisenschwarz, Bläulichschwarz

Streak color

braun

Diaphaneity (Transparency)

opak

RI value α / ω / n

2.72>

RI value γ / ε

2.72

Ri mean

2.72~

2V angle

Uniaxial (-)

Optical Data Luminescence

Luminescence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Image ⇒ Analyses data ⇒ NMR Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 Images total)

Feinblättriger schwarzer Chalkophanit
Views (File:
1529936815
): 301
Feinblättriger schwarzer Chalkophanit
vom km 3 bei Kkmariza, Laurion, Attika, Griechenland; BB = 12,4 mm
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer; Contribution: Münchener Micromounter
Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter, Collection number: B006767, Donator: anatase2
Location: Griechenland/Attika (Attikí, Attica)/East Attica/Lavreotiki/Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt/Km 3, Revier/Km 3 Minen/Km 3 Tagebau
Mineral: Chalcophanite
Image: 1529936815
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Feinblättriger schwarzer Chalkophanit (SNr: B006767)

vom km 3 bei Kkmariza, Laurion, Attika, Griechenland; BB = 12,4 mm

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2018-06-25
Locality: Km 3 Tagebau / Km 3 Minen / Km 3, Revier / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland

Crystallography

Crystal System

trigonal

Class (H-M)

3

Space Group number

148

Space Group

R3

Cell parameters a (Å)

7.570

Cell parameters b (Å)

-

Cell parameters c (Å)

20.816

Cell parameters a/b or c/a

2.750

Cell parameters c/b

-

Z

6

Volume (ų)

1033.046

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

6.96(100),
4.08(50),
3.50(60),
2.57(40),
2.24(50),
1.900(30),
1.597(40),
1.431(30)

XRD chart Chalcophanite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

2.5

VHN (Hardness Vickers)

127 (50g)

Density (g/cm³)

3.91

3.784 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Instability

+++ HCl

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Moore, 1875

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 3 (1997), 112

Other languages

Spanish

Calcofanita

French

Chalcophanite

English

Chalcophanite

German

Chalkophanit

Russian

Халькофанит

Simplified Chinese

黑锌锰矿

Japanese

カルコファン鉱

Alternative Name

Chalcophane

German

Chalcophanit

Spanish

Chalcophanita

Hydrofranklinite

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Cph

Locations with GPS information

IDs

GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) F3qJwr4UqE6N-CKKFs4gnQ
GUID (Global unique identifier) C2897A17-14BE-4EA8-8DF8-228A16CE209D
Database ID 674