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Conichalcite

Pictures (235 Images total)

Konichalcit
Views (File:
1241983974
): 6481, Rating: 9.55
Konichalcit
Hilarion-Stollen, Kamariza, Lavrion, Attika, Griechenland
(Bildbreite ca. 2 mm)
Copyright: MichaelP; Contribution: MichaelP
Collection: MichaelP, Collection number: 2008-819-2
Location: Griechenland/Attika (Attikí, Attica)/East Attica/Lavreotiki/Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt/Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)/Kamariza Minen (Kamareza)/Hilarion Mine
Mineral: Conichalcite
Image: 1241983974
Rating: 9.55 (votes: 11)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Konichalcit (SNr: 2008-819-2)

Hilarion-Stollen, Kamariza, Lavrion, Attika, Griechenland
(Bildbreite ca. 2 mm)

Collection: MichaelP
Copyright: MichaelP
Contribution: MichaelP 2009-05-10
Locality: Hilarion Mine / Kamariza Minen (Kamareza) / Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza) / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Konichalcit
Views (File:
1445980511
): 4880, Rating: 9.83
Konichalcit
Fundort: Maria Josefa Mine, Rodalquilar, Spanien; Bildbreite 0,42 mm; Bestimmung: visuell; Nikon CF 50x0.55 ELWD
Copyright: Josef 84,55; Contribution: Josef 84,55
Collection: Josef 84,55
Location: Spanien/Andalusien (Andalucía)/Almería, Provinz/Níjar/Nationalpark Cabo de Gata-Nijar/Rodalquilar/Maria Josefa Mine
Mineral: Conichalcite
Image: 1445980511
Rating: 9.83 (votes: 6)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Konichalcit

Fundort: Maria Josefa Mine, Rodalquilar, Spanien; Bildbreite 0,42 mm; Bestimmung: visuell; Nikon CF 50x0.55 ELWD

Collection: Josef 84,55
Copyright: Josef 84,55
Contribution: Josef 84,55 2015-10-27
Locality: Maria Josefa Mine / Rodalquilar / Nationalpark Cabo de Gata-Nijar / Níjar / Almería, Provinz / Andalusien (Andalucía) / Spanien
Konichalcit
Views (File:
1389346217
): 4023, Rating: 9.5
Konichalcit
Bildbreite: 4 mm; Fundort: Gold Hill Mine, Gold Hill, Gold Hill District (Clifton District), Deep Creek Mts., Tooele Co., Utah, USA
Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried; Contribution: Hg
Location: USA/Utah/Tooele Co./Deep Creek Mts./Gold Hill District (Clifton District)/Gold Hill/Gold Hill Mine
Mineral: Conichalcite
Image: 1389346217
Rating: 9.5 (votes: 4)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Konichalcit

Bildbreite: 4 mm; Fundort: Gold Hill Mine, Gold Hill, Gold Hill District (Clifton District), Deep Creek Mts., Tooele Co., Utah, USA

Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried
Contribution: Hg 2014-01-10
Locality: Gold Hill Mine / Gold Hill / Gold Hill District (Clifton District) / Deep Creek Mts. / Tooele Co. / Utah / USA
Konichalcit
Views (File:
1389704548
): 1610
Konichalcit
Bildbreite: 4 mm; Fundort: Km 3, Lavrion, Attika, Griechenland
Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried; Contribution: Hg
Location: Griechenland/Attika (Attikí, Attica)/East Attica/Lavreotiki/Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt/Km 3, Revier/Km 3 Minen/Km 3 Tagebau
Mineral: Conichalcite
Image: 1389704548
Rating: 9.5 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Konichalcit

Bildbreite: 4 mm; Fundort: Km 3, Lavrion, Attika, Griechenland

Copyright: Stephan Wolfsried
Contribution: Hg 2014-01-14
Locality: Km 3 Tagebau / Km 3 Minen / Km 3, Revier / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland
Konichalcit xx, Quarz xx, Chrysokoll
Views (File:
1474323324
): 2694
Konichalcit xx, Quarz xx, Chrysokoll
Stacking Aufnahme mit 5,2 mm Bildbreite und 136 Aufnahmen
Copyright: Karlheinz Grosch; Contribution: Karlheinz Grosch
Collection: Karlheinz Grosch
Location: Deutschland/Baden-Württemberg/Freiburg, Bezirk/Ortenaukreis/Oberwolfach/Grube Clara
Mineral: Conichalcite
Image: 1474323324
Rating: 9.5 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Konichalcit xx, Quarz xx, Chrysokoll

Stacking Aufnahme mit 5,2 mm Bildbreite und 136 Aufnahmen

Collection: Karlheinz Grosch
Copyright: Karlheinz Grosch
Contribution: Karlheinz Grosch 2016-09-19
Locality: Grube Clara / Oberwolfach / Ortenaukreis / Freiburg, Bezirk / Baden-Württemberg / Deutschland
Konichalcit xx, Arsenogorceixit xx
Views (File:
1715961941
): 53
Konichalcit xx, Arsenogorceixit xx
Konichalcit xx, Arsenogorceixit xx, BB 4,0 mm, Lavrion Chistiana 132, Sammlung Harry Sniaschek
Copyright: Karlheinz Grosch; Contribution: Karlheinz Grosch
Collection: Harry Sniaschek, Lindau
Location: Griechenland/Attika (Attikí, Attica)/East Attica/Lavreotiki/Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt/Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)/Mercati Minen/Christiana Mine/Christiana Mine Abbau 132
Mineral: Conichalcite
Image: 1715961941
Rating: 10 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Konichalcit xx, Arsenogorceixit xx

Konichalcit xx, Arsenogorceixit xx, BB 4,0 mm, Lavrion Chistiana 132, Sammlung Harry Sniaschek

Collection: Harry Sniaschek, Lindau
Copyright: Karlheinz Grosch
Contribution: Karlheinz Grosch 2024-05-17
Locality: Christiana Mine Abbau 132 / Christiana Mine / Mercati Minen / Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza) / Lavrion (Laurion), Bergbaudistrikt / Lavreotiki / East Attica / Attika (Attikí, Attica) / Griechenland

You find additional specimen at the Geolitho Museum

Collectors Summary

Color gelblichgrün, smaragdgrün
Streak color hellgrün
Lustre Glasglanz,Fettglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 4.5
Solubility +++ Säuren
Crystal System orthorhombisch, P212121
Morphology kurzprimatisch bis isometrisch, nadelig

Chemism

Chemical formula

CaCu(AsO4)(OH)

Additional chem. information

Austinit und Konichalcit bilden eine Mischungsreihe; verschiedene Daten deuten darauf hin, dass im Bereich zwischen (Zn0.25Cu0.75) und (Zn0.50Cu0.50) eine Mischungslücke besteht.
Daniela Mauro; Cristian Biagioni; Jiří Sejkora; Zdeněk Dolníček: Occurrence and crystal chemistry of austinite, conichalcite and zincolivenite from the Peloritani Mountains, northeastern Sicily, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine Vol.87, Nr. 5 (2023) S. 659-669. Open Access doi:10.1180/mgm.2023.49

Chemical composition

Arsen, Calcium, Kupfer, Sauerstoff, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 259.551399 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 9

Info

Empirical formula:

CaCu(AsO4)(OH)

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

0.39

1

11.11

1.0079470

1.0079470

Oxygen

O

30.82

5

55.56

15.9994300

79.9971500

Calcium

Ca

15.44

1

11.11

40.0784000

40.0784000

Copper

Cu

24.48

1

11.11

63.5463000

63.5463000

Arsenic

As

28.87

1

11.11

74.9216020

74.9216020

Analysis wt%

CaO : 21.67, CuO : 29.83, V2O5 : 2.05, As2O5 : 42.90, H2O : 3.55 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 2)

Strunz 9th edition incl. updates

8.BH.35

8: Phosphate, Arsenate, Vanadate
B: Phosphate, etc., mit weitere Anionen, ohne H2O
H: Mit mittelgroßen und meist großen [Kationen] (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1
35:Adelit-Gruppe

Lapis Classification

VII/B.26-050

VII: PHOSPHATE, ARSENATE UND VANADATE ("Phosphate" des Registers immer einschließlich isotyper Arsenate und Vanadate!)
B: Wasserfreie Phosphate, mit fremden Anionen F,Cl,O,OH
26: Mittelgroße und große Kationen: Mg-Cu-Zn und Ca-Na-K-Ba-Pb; Adelit-Gruppe

Classification by Hölzel

8.BL.220

8: PHOSPHATES ARSENATES VANADATES
B: Phosphates (+Anions -Water)
L: Phosphates, very large: 2, Vmed: 2
2: Orthorhombic Adelite-Group

Dana 8th edition

41.05.01.02

41: Anhydrous Phosphates, etc. Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
05: Anhydrous Phosphates, etc. Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen where (A B)2 (XO4) Zq
01: Adelite Group

IMA status

Erstbeschreibung vor CNMNC-Gründung (1959), als Mineral meist anerkannt

Mineral status

anerkanntes Mineral

IMA Classification

IMA Classification

Adelite-Descloizite group

Optical Properties

Color

gelblichgrün, smaragdgrün

Streak color

hellgrün

Lustre

Glasglanz,Fettglanz

max. Birefringence

0.035

Birefringence chart\! Conichalcite title=Birefringence chart Conichalcite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.780

RI value β

1.795

RI value γ / ε

1.815

Ri mean

1.797

2V angle

Biaxial (-) 90°~

Crystallography

Crystal System

orthorhombisch

Class (H-M)

222

Space Group number

19

Space Group

P212121

Cell parameters a (Å)

7.42

Cell parameters b (Å)

9.20

Cell parameters c (Å)

5.85

Cell parameters a/b or c/a

0.807

Cell parameters c/b

0.636

Cell parameters α

90°

Cell parameters β

90°

Cell parameters γ

90°

Z

4

Volume (ų)

399.344

Crystal structure

aufgeklärt, siehe Daniela Mauro; Cristian Biagioni; Jiří Sejkora; Zdeněk Dolníček: Occurrence and crystal chemistry of austinite, conichalcite and zincolivenite from the Peloritani Mountains, northeastern Sicily, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine Vol.87, Nr. 5 (2023) S. 659-669. Open Access doi:10.1180/mgm.2023.49

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

4.10(50),
3.14(90),
2.84(100),
2.59(100),
2.56(50),
1.822(50),
1.720(60),
1.609(70)

XRD chart Conichalcite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Morphology

kurzprimatisch bis isometrisch, nadelig

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

4.5

VHN (Hardness Vickers)

280 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

4.33

4.317 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Instability

+++ Säuren

(Co-)Type locality

(Co-)Type locality

Spanien/Andalusien (Andalucía)/Córdoba, Provinz/Los Pedroches, Comarca/Sierra Morena/Los Pedroches Tal/Hinojosa del Duque/Mina Don Bonete

Type material

Mineralogische Sammlung der TU Bergakademie Freiberg

Collection number of type material

21297 / M 8,5

Paragenesis of type material

Quarz, Goethit

Preface

Author (Name, Year)

Breithaupt & Fritzsche, 1849

Additional Information

Mikro-Raman-Spektrum wird diskutiert in
Daniela Mauro; Cristian Biagioni; Jiří Sejkora; Zdeněk Dolníček: Occurrence and crystal chemistry of austinite, conichalcite and zincolivenite from the Peloritani Mountains, northeastern Sicily, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine Vol.87, Nr. 5 (2023) S. 659-669. Open Access doi:10.1180/mgm.2023.49

References

Handbook of Mineralogy (Anthony et al.), 4 (2000), 125

IMA group assignments

Other languages

Spanish

Conicalcocita

French

Conichalcite

English

Conichalcite

German

Konichalcit

Russian

Конихальцит

Traditional Chinese

砷鈣銅石

Simplified Chinese

砷钙铜石

Simplified Chinese

砷钙铜矿

Alternative Name

Conicalcite

German

Conichalcit

Spanish

Conichalcita

Higginsite

Staszicite

Polish

Staszycyt

Traditional Chinese

綠水砷鈣銅礦

Simplified Chinese

绿水砷钙铜矿

CNMNC symbol

Symbol

Con

Locations with GPS information

IDs

GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) XznBcRLJiEetYGBe4TzUtg
GUID (Global unique identifier) 71C1395F-C912-4788-AD60-605EE13CD4B6
Database ID 2027