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Sapphire (Saphir)

Pictures (139 Images total)

Sapphire
Views (File:
1423763864
): 3493
Sapphire
Large and perfect quality, double terminated, yellow corundum crystal, from Ratnapura, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka; Size 43 x 16 x 12 mm
Copyright: pegmatite; Contribution: pegmatite
Collection: pegmatite
Location: Sri Lanka/Sabaragamuwa, Provinz/Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt/Rathnapura (Ratnapura)
Mineral: Sapphire
Image: 1423763864
Rating: 10 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Sapphire

Large and perfect quality, double terminated, yellow corundum crystal, from Ratnapura, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka; Size 43 x 16 x 12 mm

Collection: pegmatite
Copyright: pegmatite
Contribution: pegmatite 2015-02-12
Locality: Rathnapura (Ratnapura) / Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt / Sabaragamuwa, Provinz / Sri Lanka
Sapphire
Views (File:
1423929268
): 8571
Sapphire
Perfect quality, double terminated, yellow corundum crystal, from Ratnapura, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka; Size 25 x 8 x 7 mm
Copyright: pegmatite; Contribution: pegmatite
Collection: pegmatite
Location: Sri Lanka/Sabaragamuwa, Provinz/Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt/Rathnapura (Ratnapura)
Mineral: Sapphire
Image: 1423929268
Rating: 9 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Sapphire

Perfect quality, double terminated, yellow corundum crystal, from Ratnapura, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka; Size 25 x 8 x 7 mm

Collection: pegmatite
Copyright: pegmatite
Contribution: pegmatite 2015-02-14
Locality: Rathnapura (Ratnapura) / Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt / Sabaragamuwa, Provinz / Sri Lanka
Sapphire
Views (File:
1488310395
): 3595
Sapphire
Perfect quality and DT, corundum crystal, from Ratnapura, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka; Size 35 х 13 х 11 mm
Copyright: pegmatite; Contribution: pegmatite
Location: Sri Lanka/Sabaragamuwa, Provinz/Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt
Mineral: Sapphire
Image: 1488310395
Rating: 9 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Sapphire

Perfect quality and DT, corundum crystal, from Ratnapura, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka; Size 35 х 13 х 11 mm

Copyright: pegmatite
Contribution: pegmatite 2017-02-28
Locality: Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt / Sabaragamuwa, Provinz / Sri Lanka
Saphir xx
Views (File:
1712938887
): 55
Saphir xx
Saphir xx, BB 1,7 mm, Eifel Mendig, Sammlung Kh. Grosch ex Heinz Förch, Willi Schüller
Copyright: Karlheinz Grosch; Contribution: Karlheinz Grosch
Collection: Karlheinz Grosch
Location: Deutschland/Rheinland-Pfalz/Mayen-Koblenz-Kreis/Mendig, Verbandsgemeinde
Mineral: Sapphire
Image: 1712938887
Rating: 9 (votes: 2)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Saphir xx

Saphir xx, BB 1,7 mm, Eifel Mendig, Sammlung Kh. Grosch ex Heinz Förch, Willi Schüller

Collection: Karlheinz Grosch
Copyright: Karlheinz Grosch
Contribution: Karlheinz Grosch 2024-04-12
Locality: Mendig, Verbandsgemeinde / Mayen-Koblenz-Kreis / Rheinland-Pfalz / Deutschland
Saphir
Views (File:
1204648982
): 8068
Saphir
Kurzprismatischer Saphirkristall mit Zonarer Färbung. Größe 8 mm, Fundort Ratnapura, Sri Lanka.
Copyright: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1); Contribution: Dieter1
Collection: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1)
Location: Sri Lanka/Sabaragamuwa, Provinz/Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt
Mineral: Sapphire
Encyclopedia: Sri Lanka
Image: 1204648982
Rating: 9 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Saphir

Kurzprismatischer Saphirkristall mit Zonarer Färbung. Größe 8 mm, Fundort Ratnapura, Sri Lanka.

Collection: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1)
Copyright: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1)
Contribution: Dieter1 2008-03-04
Locality: Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt / Sabaragamuwa, Provinz / Sri Lanka
Saphir
Views (File:
1204650774
): 3258
Saphir
Skuril gewachsener Saphirkristall, verzwillingt. Größe 30 mm, Fundort: Ratnapura, Sri Lanka
Copyright: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1); Contribution: Dieter1
Collection: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1)
Location: Sri Lanka/Sabaragamuwa, Provinz/Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt
Mineral: Sapphire
Encyclopedia: Sri Lanka
Image: 1204650774
Rating: 9 (votes: 1)
License: Usage for Mineralienatlas project only
Saphir

Skuril gewachsener Saphirkristall, verzwillingt. Größe 30 mm, Fundort: Ratnapura, Sri Lanka

Collection: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1)
Copyright: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1)
Contribution: Dieter1 2008-03-04
Locality: Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt / Sabaragamuwa, Provinz / Sri Lanka

You find additional specimen at the Geolitho Museum

Collectors Summary

Color blau / hellblau / ferner: grünlich oder gelb
Streak color weiß
Lustre Glasglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 9
Cleavages fehlt
Fracture muschelig, splittrig
Morphology plattig-tafelig von Chibiny; sonst: Doppelpyramiden; prismatische Kristalle; Rollstücke; körnige Aggregate; oft kommen Rutileinschlüsse vor, die bei geeignetem Schliff Asterismus hervorrufen.

Chemism

Chemical formula

Al2O3

Additional chem. information

mit Fe und Ti; kein eigenständiges Mineral; Korund-Varietät

Chemical composition

Aluminium, Sauerstoff

Unit weight: 101.9613664 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 5

Info

Empirical formula:

Al2O3

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Oxygen

O

47.07

3

60.00

15.9994300

47.9982900

Aluminium

Al

52.93

2

40.00

26.9815382

53.9630764

IMA status

nicht anerkannt

Mineral status

Varietät

Variety / polytype of

Corundum

Optical Properties

Color

blau / hellblau / ferner: grünlich oder gelb

Streak color

weiß

Diaphaneity (Transparency)

durchscheinend bis transparent

Lustre

Glasglanz

Optical Data Luminescence

Luminescence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Afterglow (Persistant Luminescence)

keine Daten

Crystallography

Morphology

plattig-tafelig von Chibiny; sonst: Doppelpyramiden; prismatische Kristalle; Rollstücke; körnige Aggregate; oft kommen Rutileinschlüsse vor, die bei geeignetem Schliff Asterismus hervorrufen.

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

9

Density (g/cm³)

3.9-4.1

Cleavages

fehlt

Fracture

muschelig, splittrig

Tenacity

spröde

Radioactivity

-

Chemical Properties and Tests

säureunlöslich, schmilzt nicht; Behandlung: Reinigung mit Wasser oder verdünnten Säuren.

Preface

Occurrences

kontakt- und regionalmetamorph; magmatisch; Pegmatite; Seifen; im Nephelin-Syenit von Chibiny; in den Seifen von Ratnapura, Sri Lanka; bei Mogok, Burma; Chantaburi, Thailand; Kaschmir - Gebiet von Zaskar, Indien; Provinz Jü-nan, China; Phailin, Kambodscha; Inverell, Australien; Montana, USA; Mato Grosso, Brasilien; Kenia; Malawi, Sambia; Umba, Tansania; Angola; Nordfinnland, Jizerska louka, Tschechische Republik;

Associations

Hercynit von Chibiny

Rareness

Common

Name from

grch. sappheiros = blau

Relevance, Usage

wird als Edelstein verarbeitet (Facetten, Cabochons, Tumblerarbeiten); bei Korund: Lagersteine in Geräten; Schneid-, Schleif-und Bohrwerkzeuge; Saphirnadeln für Schallplatten; Sammlerzwecke

Collector information

-

Additional Information

Edelstein-Varietät des Korund; ähnelt manchmal: Apatit, Zirkon, Spinell, Topas.

References

  • Richard W. Hughes, Wimon Manorotkul, E. Billie Hughes: Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide (2014)

  • Richard W. Hughes, Wimon Manorotkul, E. Billie Hughes: Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide (2017)

  • F. Lin Sutherland: Sapphire, a not so simple gemstone. American Mineralogist Vol. 102, Nr. 7 (2017) S. 1373-1374.

  • Aaron C. Palke, Christopher M. Breeding: The origin of needle-like rutile inclusions in natural gem corundum: A combined EPMA, LA-ICP-MS, and nanoSIMS investigation. American Mineralogist Vol. 102, Nr. 7 (2017) S. 1451-1461.
  • Ratthaphon Amphon, Chawalit Chankhantha, Chanisara Srimuang, Suchinda Vongsetskul, Saweat Intarasiri, Andy H. Shen: Changes in Blue Color of Sapphire Compared with Oxidation State Changes. Minerals Vol. 14, Nr. 4 (2024) Art.-Nr. 333. Open Access; DOI: 10.3390/min14040333

Varieties

Leukosaphir

farblose oder weiße Farbvarietät der Korund-Varietät Saphir.

Other languages

Dutch

Saffier

Estonian

Safiir

Finnish

Safiiri

Danish

Safir

Indonesian

Safir

Norwegian (Bokmål)

Safir

Romanian

Safir

Slovenian

Safir

Swedish

Safir

Turkish

Safir

Portuguese

Safira

Esperanto

Safiro

Lithuanian

Safyras

Czech

Safír

Latvian

Safīrs

German

Saphir

English

Sapphire

Latin

Sapphirus

Polish

Szafir

Italian

Zaffiro

Greek

Ζαφείρι

Bulgarian

Сапфир

Russian

Сапфир

Ukrainian

Сапфір

Hebrew

ספיר

Hindi

नीलम

Telugu

నీలమణి

Japanese

サファイア

Simplified Chinese

蓝宝石

Alternative Name

Azulinhas

Bengal Amethyst

Corindon hyalin

Hyacinthos

Arabic

Jacut

Orientalisk Rubin

Salamstein

Tlsie

Télésie

German

Ultralit

Spanish

Ultralita

Ultralite

寶石

Locations with GPS information

IDs

GUSID (Global unique identifier short form) zfdKeqonuEmcZvgkG2cAfg
GUID (Global unique identifier) 7A4AF7CD-27AA-49B8-9C66-F8241B67007E
Database ID 3386