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Sapphire (Saphir)

Pictures (117 Images total)

Sapphire
Views (Image: 1423763864): 195
Sapphire

Large and perfect quality, double terminated, yellow corundum crystal, from Ratnapura, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka; Size 43 x 16 x 12 mm

Collection: pegmatite
Copyright: pegmatite
Contribution: pegmatite 2015-02-12
Locality: Rathnapura (Ratnapura) / Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt / Sabaragamuwa, Provinz / Sri Lanka
Sapphire
Views (Image: 1425706484): 299
Sapphire

Double terminated, corundum crystal, from Ratnapura, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka; Size 29 х 10 х 10 mm

Collection: pegmatite
Copyright: pegmatite
Contribution: pegmatite 2015-03-07
Locality: Rathnapura (Ratnapura) / Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt / Sabaragamuwa, Provinz / Sri Lanka
Saphir
Views (Image: 1204652159): 16509
Saphir

Saphirkristall im Calcit, Größe 8 mm, Fundort: Rakwana, Sri Lanka

Collection: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1)
Copyright: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1)
Contribution: Dieter1 2008-03-04
Locality: Uva, Provinz / Sri Lanka
Tonneförmiger Saphirkristall
Views (Image: 1204634448): 1501
Tonneförmiger Saphirkristall

Für Sri Lanka eine seltene Ausbildung. Fundort: Ratnapura, Sri Lanka, Kristallgröße 12 mm

Collection: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1)
Copyright: Heinz Dieter Müller (Dieter1)
Contribution: Dieter1 2008-03-04
Locality: Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt / Sabaragamuwa, Provinz / Sri Lanka
Sapphire
Views (Image: 1423929268): 5340
Sapphire

Perfect quality, double terminated, yellow corundum crystal, from Ratnapura, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka; Size 25 x 8 x 7 mm

Collection: pegmatite
Copyright: pegmatite
Contribution: pegmatite 2015-02-14
Locality: Rathnapura (Ratnapura) / Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt / Sabaragamuwa, Provinz / Sri Lanka
Sapphire
Views (Image: 1488310395): 1367
Sapphire

Perfect quality and DT, corundum crystal, from Ratnapura, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka; Size 35 х 13 х 11 mm

Copyright: pegmatite
Contribution: pegmatite 2017-02-28
Locality: Rathnapura (Ratnapura), Distrikt / Sabaragamuwa, Provinz / Sri Lanka

Collectors Summary

Color blau / hellblau / ferner: grünlich oder gelb
Streak color weiß
Lustre Glasglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 9
Cleavages fehlt
Fracture muschelig, splittrig
Morphology plattig-tafelig von Chibiny; sonst: Doppelpyramiden; prismatische Kristalle; Rollstücke; körnige Aggregate; oft kommen Rutileinschlüsse vor, die bei geeignetem Schliff Asterismus hervorrufen.

Chemism

Chemical formula

Al2O3 mit Fe und Ti

Additional chem. information

kein eigenständiges Mineral; Korund-Varietät

Chemical composition

Aluminium, Eisen, Titan, Sauerstoff

Unit weight: 205.6736664 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 7

Info

Empirical formula:

Al2O3mitFeundTi

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Oxygen

O

23.34

3

42.86

15.9994300

47.9982900

Aluminium

Al

26.24

2

28.57

26.9815382

53.9630764

Titanium

Ti

23.27

1

14.29

47.8671000

47.8671000

Iron

Fe

27.15

1

14.29

55.8452000

55.8452000

IMA status

nicht anerkannt

Mineral status

Varietät

Variety / polytype of

Corundum

Optical Properties

Color

blau / hellblau / ferner: grünlich oder gelb

Streak color

weiß

Diaphaneity (Transparency)

durchscheinend bis transparent

Lustre

Glasglanz

Optical Data Luminescence

Luminescence

keine Fluoreszenz bekannt

Afterglow (Persistant Luminescence)

keine Daten

Crystallography

Morphology

plattig-tafelig von Chibiny; sonst: Doppelpyramiden; prismatische Kristalle; Rollstücke; körnige Aggregate; oft kommen Rutileinschlüsse vor, die bei geeignetem Schliff Asterismus hervorrufen.

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

9

Density (g/cm³)

3.9-4.1

Cleavages

fehlt

Fracture

muschelig, splittrig

Tenacity

spröde

Radioactivity

-

Chemical Properties and Tests

säureunlöslich, schmilzt nicht; Behandlung: Reinigung mit Wasser oder verdünnten Säuren.

Preface

Occurrences

kontakt- und regionalmetamorph; magmatisch; Pegmatite; Seifen; im Nephelin-Syenit von Chibiny; in den Seifen von Ratnapura, Sri Lanka; bei Mogok, Burma; Chantaburi, Thailand; Kaschmir - Gebiet von Zaskar, Indien; Provinz Jü-nan, China; Phailin, Kambodscha; Inverell, Australien; Montana, USA; Mato Grosso, Brasilien; Kenia; Malawi, Sambia; Umba, Tansania; Angola; Nordfinnland, Jizerska louka, Tschechische Republik;

Associations

Hercynit von Chibiny

Rareness

selten

Name from

grch. sappheiros = blau

Relevance, Usage

wird als Edelstein verarbeitet (Facetten, Cabochons, Tumblerarbeiten); bei Korund: Lagersteine in Geräten; Schneid-, Schleif-und Bohrwerkzeuge; Saphirnadeln für Schallplatten; Sammlerzwecke

Collector information

-

Additional Information

Edelstein-Varietät des Korund; ähnelt manchmal: Apatit, Zirkon, Spinell, Topas.

References

  • Richard W. Hughes, Wimon Manorotkul, E. Billie Hughes: Ruby & Sapphire: A Collector's Guide (2014)

  • Richard W. Hughes, Wimon Manorotkul, E. Billie Hughes: Ruby & Sapphire: A Gemologist's Guide (2017)

  • F. Lin Sutherland: Sapphire, a not so simple gemstone. American Mineralogist Vol. 102, Nr. 7 (2017) S. 1373-1374.

  • Aaron C. Palke, Christopher M. Breeding: The origin of needle-like rutile inclusions in natural gem corundum: A combined EPMA, LA-ICP-MS, and nanoSIMS investigation. American Mineralogist Vol. 102, Nr. 7 (2017) S. 1451-1461.

Varieties

Leukosaphir

farblose oder weiße Farbvarietät der Korund-Varietät Saphir.

Other languages

Dutch

Saffier

Estonian

Safiir

Finnish

Safiiri

Danish

Safir

Indonesian

Safir

Norwegian (Bokmål)

Safir

Romanian

Safir

Slovenian

Safir

Swedish

Safir

Turkish

Safir

Portuguese

Safira

Esperanto

Safiro

Lithuanian

Safyras

Czech

Safír

Latvian

Safīrs

German

Saphir

English

Sapphire

Latin

Sapphirus

Polish

Szafir

Italian

Zaffiro

Greek

Ζαφείρι

Bulgarian

Сапфир

Russian

Сапфир

Ukrainian

Сапфір

Hebrew

ספיר

Hindi

नीलम

Telugu

నీలమణి

Japanese

サファイア

Simplified Chinese

蓝宝石

Alternative Name

Azulinhas

Bengal Amethyst

Corindon hyalin

Hyacinthos

Arabic

Jacut

Orientalisk Rubin

Salamstein

Tlsie

Télésie

German

Ultralit

Spanish

Ultralita

Ultralite

寶石

Automatic Links to external internet sources (Responsibility is with the operator)

German pages

DeWikiPedia - search for: Saphir
Google-Bilder-Suche - search for: Saphir
Mineralogisch-Petrographisches-Institut Hamburg - search for: Saphir

English pages

Mindat - search for: Sapphire
Webmineral - search for:Sapphire
Handbook-of-Mineralogy - search for: Sapphire
RRUFF - Raman, XRD and other mineral data - search for: Sapphire
RRUFF - References and PDF downloads - search for: Sapphire
American-Mineralogist-Crystal-Structure-Database - search for: Sapphire
Athena - search for: Sapphire

Russian pages

Webmineral.ru - search for: Сапфир

Mineral Dealer

German pages

hausen - Mineralgroßhandel - search for: Saphir
Crystal-Treasure.com - search for: Saphir
Bosse - search for: Saphir

Locations with GPS information




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