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Torbernite (Torbernit)

Pictures (293 Images total)

Torbernit xx
Views (Image: 1514667539): 926
Torbernit xx  E
Analysed with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy EDX

FO: Grube Clara/Schwarzwald; EDX-Analysiert; Bildbreite ca. 3,0mm

Collection: Volker Draxler
Copyright: etalon
Contribution: etalon 2017-12-30
Torbernit
Views (Image: 1268576673): 3733
Torbernit

Bildbreite: 2 mm; Fundort: Filon du Mazet, Echassières, Ebreuil, Allier, Département, Auvergne, Region, Frankreich

Copyright: Jean-Marc Johannet
Contribution: Hg 2010-03-14
Torbernit
Views (Image: 1312530629): 830
Torbernit

Größe: 1,05 mm; Fundort: Grube Clara, Wolfach, Schwarzwald, Deutschland

Collection: Domenico Preite
Copyright: Matteo Chinellato
Contribution: Hg 2011-08-05
Torbernit
Views (Image: 1384082466): 647
Torbernit

Bildbreite: 4 mm; Fundort: Prévinquières, Entraygues-sur-Truyère, Aveyron, Département, Midi-Pyrénées, Region, Frankreich

Copyright: Jean-Marc Johannet
Contribution: Hg 2013-11-10
Torbernit
Views (Image: 1476016629): 885
Torbernit (SNr: B006163)

von der Assuncao Mine bei Ferreira de Aves, Viseu, Portugal; tafelige grüne Kristalle; BB = 12,2 mm

Collection: Lithothek der Münchener Micromounter
Copyright: Hannes Osterhammer
Contribution: Münchener Micromounter 2016-10-09
Torbernit
Views (Image: 1321629248): 624
Torbernit

Größe: 4 x 3,5 x 2,5 cm, max. Kantenlänge der XX 9 mm; Fundpunkt: Kalolo Mine, Shinkolobwe, Katanga (Shaba), Demokratische Republik Kongo

Copyright: highgrader
Contribution: highgrader 2011-11-18

Collectors Summary

Color grasgrün, smaragdgrün
Streak color blassgrün
Lustre Glasglanz, Perlmuttglanz
Hardness (Mohs) 2 - 2.5
Solubility +++ Säuren
Crystal System tetragonal, P4/nnc
Morphology Meist dünntafelig, aber auch pulvrig und schuppig möglich; Kristalle als Tafeln, selten dipyramidal.

Chemism

Chemical formula

Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2·12H2O

Additional chem. information

Beimengungen von Ca,Ba,Mg

Chemical composition

Kupfer, Phosphor, Sauerstoff, Uran, Wasserstoff

Unit weight: 1009.7286964 u; Number of atoms in the formula: 53

Info

Empirical formula:

Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2·12H2O

Element

Symbol

Weight%

Atoms

Atoms%

Atom weight (u)

Sum weight (u)

Hydrogen

H

2.40

24

45.28

1.0079470

24.1907280

Oxygen

O

38.03

24

45.28

15.9994300

383.9863200

Phosphorus

P

6.14

2

3.77

30.9737612

61.9475224

Copper

Cu

6.29

1

1.89

63.5463000

63.5463000

Uranium

U

47.15

2

3.77

238.0289130

476.0578260

Analysis wt%

CuO : 7.73, UO3 : 57.03, P2O5 : 14.50, H2O : 20.30, SiO2 : 0.59 (Ref: Dana, 7th ed. 2)

Strunz 9th edition incl. updates

8.EB.05

8: Phosphate, Arsenate, Vanadate
E: Uranylphosphate und Arsenate
B: UO2:RO4 = 1:1
05:Autunit-Gruppe

Lapis Classification

VII/E.01-070

VII: PHOSPHATE, ARSENATE UND VANADATE ("Phosphate" des Registers immer einschließlich isotyper Arsenate und Vanadate!)
E: Uranyl-Phosphate/Arsenate und Uranyl-Vanadate mit [UO2] 2+- [PO4]/[AsO4] 3- und [UO2] 2+-[V2O8] 6-, sowie isotype Vanadate (Sincosit-Reihe)
1: Autunit-Gruppe

Classification by Hölzel

8.EA.110

8: PHOSPHATES ARSENATES VANADATES
E: Uranyl (Phospates-Arsenates-Vanadates)
A: Tetragonal Uranyl (Phosphates-Arsenates)
1: C small-medium Novacekite-Zeunerite-Group

Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals

19.11.10

19: Phosphates
11: Phosphates of U

Dana 8th edition

40.02a.13.01

40: Hydrated Phosphates, etc
02a: Hydrated Phosphates, etc where A++ (B++)2 (XO4) · x(H2O), containing (UO2)++

IMA status

anerkannt von der CNMNC

Mineral status

anerkanntes Mineral

Optical Properties

Color

grasgrün, smaragdgrün

Streak color

blassgrün

Diaphaneity (Transparency)

transparent bis teilweise durchscheinend

Lustre

Glasglanz, Perlmuttglanz

max. Birefringence

0.009

Birefringence chart\! Torbernite title=Birefringence chart Torbernite

Michel-Levy Color Chart viewed according to the maximum birefringence (at 30μm). Mineral color is not taken into account. Click on the image to enlarge or change thickness.

RI value α / ω / n

1.591

RI value γ / ε

1.582

Ri mean

1.588

2V angle

Uniaxial (-)

Optical Data Luminescence

Luminescence

Keine; Cu = UV-Killer (bis in kurz und langwelligem UV-Licht schwach gelb)

Crystallography

Crystal System

tetragonal

Class (H-M)

4/mmm

Space Group number

126

Space Group

P4/nnc

Cell parameters a (Å)

7.06

Cell parameters b (Å)

-

Cell parameters c (Å)

20.54

Cell parameters a/b or c/a

2.909

Cell parameters c/b

-

Cell parameters α

90°

Cell parameters β

90°

Cell parameters γ

90°

Z

2

Volumne (ų)

1023.788

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

10.30 (10), 4.94 (9), 3.578 (9), 3.512 (8), 6.61 (4), 4.476 (4), 3.674 (4)

XRD chart Torbernite

Calculated from d-spacing and intensity at 0.1541838 nm (Cu)

Morphology

Meist dünntafelig, aber auch pulvrig und schuppig möglich; Kristalle als Tafeln, selten dipyramidal.

Crystals 3D

Open larger view

Crystal Structure 3D

Open larger view

Physical Properties

Hardness (Mohs)

2 - 2.5

VHN (Hardness Vickers)

42 (ungefähre Angabe abgeleitet aus der Mohshärte)

Density (g/cm³)

3.2 (gemessen) 3.264 (berechnet)

3.275 ( ρ calc. Mineralienatlas )

Radioactivity

Torbernit enthällt Uran und ist damit Radioaktiv !

Instability

+++ Säuren

Chemical Properties and Tests

löslich in HNO3, schmilzt vor dem Lötrohr zu schwarzen Kügelchen.

Preface

Occurrences

Sekundäre Bildung in der Oxidationszone von komplexen Uranlagerstätten

Associations

andere Uranglimmer, Limonit, Hämatit, Quarz

Name from

Benannt nach dem schwedischen Chemiker und Mineralogen Torbern Olaf Bergmann (1735-1784), Professor für Chemie an der Uppsala Universität, in Sweden.(Werner,1786)

Author (Name, Year)

von Born, 1772 / Werner, 1793

Additional Information

Bei Wasserverlust wird Torbernit zu Metatorbernit

References

Lyon, R.J.P. 1956. Anomalous fluorescence in torbernite from the Rum Jungle, Northern Territory, Australia. American Mineralogist, 41(9 - 10), 789 - 792

American Mineralogist 42 (1957), 905-908

American Mineralogist 49 (1964), 1578-1602.

American Mineralogist 50 (1965), 1-12.

Strunz Mineralogical Tables 9. Edition (2001).

The Canadian Mineralogist; April 2003; v. 41; no. 2; p. 489-502; [Chemische Formel]

Burns, P.C. (2005) U6+ minerals and inorganic compounds; insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist 43, 1839-1894.

Naturbuch Verlag: "Mineralien" von Duda - Rejl - Slivka (1995), S.149.

American Mineralogist, Volume 90, 1308–1314, 2005

IMA Mineralliste März 2007

Related minerals "Strunz Classification" (9. Edition) [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Autunite

Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2·10-12H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

8.EB.05

Heinrichite

Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10-12H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P2/c

8.EB.05

Kahlerite

Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10-12H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/n

8.EB.05

Metarauchite

Ni(UO2)2(AsO4)2·8H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

8.EB.05

Nováčekite-I

Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2·12H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/n

8.EB.05

Rauchite

Ni(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

8.EB.05

Saléeite

Mg[(UO2)(PO4)]2(H2O)10

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

8.EB.05

Torbernite

Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2·12H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nnc

8.EB.05

Uranocircite

Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2·12H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I4/mmm

8.EB.05

Uranospinite

Ca(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10 H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I4/mmm

8.EB.05

Xiangjiangite

(Fe3+,Al)[(UO2)4|OH|(SO4)2|(PO4)2]·22H2O

8.EB.05

Zeunerite

Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10-16H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nnc

8.EB.05

Related minerals "Lapis Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Trögerite

(H3O)(UO2)(AsO4)·3H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nmm

VII/E.01-010

Sabugalite

HAl(UO2)4(PO4)4·16H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

VII/E.01-020

Saléeite

Mg[(UO2)(PO4)]2(H2O)10

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

VII/E.01-030

Nováčekite-I

Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2·12H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/n

VII/E.01-040

Kahlerite

Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10-12H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/n

VII/E.01-050

Fritzscheite

Mn(UO2)2[(P,V)O4]2·10H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnam

VII/E.01-060

Rauchite

Ni(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

VII/E.01-065

Torbernite

Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2·12H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nnc

VII/E.01-070

Zeunerite

Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10-16H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nnc

VII/E.01-080

Autunite

Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2·10-12H2O

orthorhombisch : mmm : Pnma

VII/E.01-090

Uranospinite

Ca(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10 H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I4/mmm

VII/E.01-100

Uranocircite

Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2·12H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : I4/mmm

VII/E.01-110

Heinrichite

Ba(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10-12H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P2/c

VII/E.01-120

'Natroautunite'

Na(UO2)(PO4)·5-8H2O

VII/E.01-130

Related minerals "Hoelzel Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Nováčekite-II

Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2·9H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/n

8.EA.100

Nováčekite-I

Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2·12H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/n

8.EA.105

Torbernite

Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2·12H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nnc

8.EA.110

Zeunerite

Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10-16H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nnc

8.EA.115

Xiangjiangite

(Fe3+,Al)[(UO2)4|OH|(SO4)2|(PO4)2]·22H2O

8.EA.120

Kahlerite

Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10-12H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/n

8.EA.135

Metanováčekite

Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2·4-8H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P4/n

8.EA.150

Metakahlerite

Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2·8H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

8.EA.155

Metakirchheimerite

Co(UO2)2(AsO4)2·8H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/n

8.EA.160

Metarauchite

Ni(UO2)2(AsO4)2·8H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

8.EA.170

Rauchite

Ni(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

8.EA.175

Metazeunerite

Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2·8H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P4/n

8.EA.180

Metatorbernite

Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2·8H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P4/n

8.EA.185

Metalodèvite

Zn(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/m

8.EA.190

Related minerals "Dana 8. Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula : Crystal system : Class (H-M) | Space Group | Indenture number]

Metanováčekite

Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2·4-8H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P4/n

40.02a.10.02

Saléeite

Mg[(UO2)(PO4)]2(H2O)10

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

40.02a.11.01

Seelite

Mg(UO2)2(AsO3,AsO4)2·7H2O

monoklin : 2/m : C2/m

40.02a.12.01

Torbernite

Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2·12H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nnc

40.02a.13.01

Zeunerite

Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10-16H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nnc

40.02a.14.01

Metazeunerite

Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2·8H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P4/n

40.02a.14.02

Kahlerite

Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10-12H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/n

40.02a.15.01

Metakahlerite

Fe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2·8H2O

triklin : 1 : P1

40.02a.15.02

Bassetite

Fe2+[(UO2)(PO4)]2(H2O)10

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

40.02a.16.01

Lehnerite

Mn[UO2|PO4]2·8H2O

monoklin : 2/m : P21/n

40.02a.16.02

Metakirchheimerite

Co(UO2)2(AsO4)2·8H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/n

40.02a.17.01

Metalodèvite

Zn(UO2)2(AsO4)2·10H2O

tetragonal : 4/m : P42/m

40.02a.18.01

Chernikovite

(H3O)(UO2)(PO4)·3H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nmm

40.02a.19.01

Related minerals "Hey's Classification" [Mineral | Chemical formula | Crystal system : Class (H-M) : Space Group | Indenture number]

Torbernite

Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2·12H2O

tetragonal : 4/mmm : P4/nnc

19.11.10

Other languages

Dutch

Torberniet

German

Torbernit

Spanish

Torbernita

French

Torbernite

English

Torbernite

Russian

Торбернит

Traditional Chinese

銅鈾雲母

Simplified Chinese

铜铀云母

Alternative Name

English

Chalcolite

Chalcolith

Chalkolite

German

Chalkolith

Copper Uranite

Cuprouranit

Cuprouranite

German

Grüner Glimmer

German

Kupfer-Uranit

Kupferautunit

Kupferphosphoruranit

Kupferuranglimmer

Latin

Mica viridis cryst.

Orthotorbernit

Orthotorbernita

Orthotorbernite

Phosphate of Uranium and Copper

Phosphate of Uranium containing Phosphate of Copper

German

Torberit

Torberite

Uran-mica

French

Urane oxydé

Uranite

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